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farmers
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  农民
     The Study of Farmers' Working Rights
     农民工作权研究
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     Study on Chinese Farmers' Vocational Education at the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century
     21世纪初中国农民职业教育研究
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     Study on the Interest of Current Farmers
     当代中国农民利益研究
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     Study on Long Effective Mechanism of Farmers' Income Increasing in China
     我国农民收入增长的长效机制研究
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     A Study of the Construction of Chinese Farmers' Ethics in the Contemporary Era
     当代中国农民道德建设研究
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  农户
     The results showed that 44% of surveyed farmers applied organic manure and the amounts of available N,P and K nutrients in organic manure averaged to N 170 kg hm-2,P2O5112 kg hm-2 and K2O 223 kg hm-2,respectively.
     结果表明,施用有机肥农户占总调查户的44%,平均由有机肥带入的氮磷钾养分量分别为N 170kg hm-2、P2O5112 kg hm-2、K2O 223 kg hm-2。
短句来源
     A Study on the Potentialities of the Farmers'Courtyard Economy in Jiangxi (Ⅱ)
     江西农户庭院经济资源潜力研究——(Ⅱ)农户庭院经营门类潜力研究
短句来源
     After the key counties of forest fruit in Hebei and special survey of 4200 farmers' income, the paper indicates that the development of forest fruit industry is boosting, the adjustment of fruit structure is rapid, and the system of forest service has primarily formed.
     通过对河北林果重点县进行典型调查和42个县(市、区)、4200个农户林果产业收入的专项调查,指出河北林果产业发展势头强劲,果品结构调整步伐加快,林板加工业快速发展,社会化服务体系初步形成。
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     Inflation, Real Interest Rate and the Farmer's Stock of Grain: An Empirical Analysis of the Grain-stocking Behavior of Chinese Farmers during 1980-2003
     通货膨胀、真实利率与农户粮食库存1980~2003年中国农户存粮行为的实证分析
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     The experiment increased 42.22% and 20.4% than the control and the average production of nearby farmers which produced 3780kg/hm 2 respectively.
     实验区产干草比对照区增加 42 .2 2 % ,比附近种植燕麦农户的平均 3780kg hm2 增加 2 0 .4%。
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  “farmers”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Economic and Farmers' Health Impacts of Bt Cotton in China
     我国采用Bt抗虫棉的经济和健康影响
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     Farmers'Forest Production Associations Are Effective in Protecting Forests
     Farmers' Forest Production Associations Are Effective in Protecting Forests
短句来源
     Influence of Nutritional Factors on Blood Pressure of Farmers in Jiangsu Province
     Influence of Nutritional Factors on Blood Pressure of Farmers in Jiangsu Province
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     FOUNDATION OF FORESTRY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT──ESTABLISHING A SYSTEM OF FARMERS' PARTICIPATION
     林业持续发展之根本──建立林农参与机制
短句来源
     The research analyzes the factors that influence farmers' dietary quality level in poor regions of our country with the multiple regression method.
     采用多元回归的方法对我国贫困地区农村居民膳食质量水平的影响因素进行了分析,结果表明,收入水平和食物消费水平对我国贫困人口膳食质量水平影响显著;
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  farmers
Direct observations through field visits accompanied by interviews to farmers, local officials, local knowledgeable individuals and higher officials were made.
      
The total function score value of every gradation unit is conformed to the results of farmers' assessment.
      
Technical and institutional innovations need to go hand in hand to provide viable livelihood opportunities for smallholder farmers in mountain watersheds.
      
Coping with pressures of modernization by traditional farmers: a strategy for sustainable rural development in Yunnan, China
      
While farmers are aware of ecological sustainability of traditional farming, they prefer Chinese fir forestry because it is less labour-intensive, has a high market value, and releases time for profitable off-farm work.
      
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The injurious insects of cotton of this province, however, have not hithertobeen carefully studied, especially the pink bollworm, which annually reducesthe cotton production by 10 to 30 per cent. The present authors spent twoyears in observing the life history and habits of this insect, in attempting tofind some effective control measures. The result is herewith summarized :- 1. In the vicinity of Wu-chang, the pink bollworm has three generationsa year. The first generation occupies May and July. The second...

The injurious insects of cotton of this province, however, have not hithertobeen carefully studied, especially the pink bollworm, which annually reducesthe cotton production by 10 to 30 per cent. The present authors spent twoyears in observing the life history and habits of this insect, in attempting tofind some effective control measures. The result is herewith summarized :- 1. In the vicinity of Wu-chang, the pink bollworm has three generationsa year. The first generation occupies May and July. The second one occursin mid-July and the last in late-August. Due to the lower temperature, theemergence of the first generation need about two months. 2. In day time, the adult is usually inactive, while in windless night,after seven o'clock, it becomes very active and lays eggs mostly on green bollsand calyx. about a week later, the eggs hatch and the newly-hatched larvaeare shortly getting into the bolls. After four days they often eat into theseeds. Ten days later, the lint is so stunted as to become dusky yellow incolor, thus both the yield and the quality of cotton are greatly lowered. Themature larvae appear about half a month after. 3. Field experiments have shown that three dustings of 10% DDT- sulfurpowder were very effective. In the severely damaged cotton area, the thirdspray may be simultaneously done with controlling the cotton leaf-hoppers andthe cotton leaf-rollers. 4. About 84% hibernating larvae in cotton seeds will come out when thecotton exposed in sun light and stored in the farmer's house. Hence it seemsadvisable to put cloth or other soft material covers on the cotton stored inorder to collect and kill the larvae under them. In addition, destruction of allremaining bolls on the cotton stalks, as early as possible in winter is important. 5. For controlling the bollworms in cotton store-houses, the followingresults have been obtained 50% wettable DDT diluted with 20 parts of water,91% of larvae were killed within 30 days; 6.5% 666 (benzene hexachloride)gave a mortality of 63% in four months. Wettable 6.5% 666 diluted withwater (1:100), has been proved to be the most effective ovicide which destroys99.4% of eggs while parathion (E605) also gave a very high mortality at97.7%. But 50% wettable DDT (1:100) Kills eggs at 64.2% and lead arsena-te only 16.2% respectively. 6. There were 39.1% overwintering larvae parasitized by parasitic mitesand wasps. Among them, most are the mite, Pediculoides ventricosus Newport,while the parasitic wasps Eurypterna arakawae Mats. less than 0.5%.

红铃虫在南方棉区为害棉花相当严重,除去脱落蕾铃外,僵黄花率为10—30%,我们针对这个严重问题,进行了红铃虫生活史的观察研究与防治方法试验,写出初步结果,提供防治参考。 1.红铃虫在华中武昌棉区一年有三代。第一代羽化在5至6月,7月中旬为第二代;8月下旬为第三代;第一代的蛹和幼虫所需时期均较第二、三代长。 2.成虫白天不活动,夜晚7时以后无风天气活跃最盛,产卵以在青铃上及花萼上为最多。孵化后三十多分钟即钻入棉桃内为害,4天即侵入棉籽内取食,10天棉瓤纤维呈僵黄状,半月后幼虫即可老熟(第三代的)。 3.田间防治红铃虫以10%滴滴涕硫磺粉喷三次效果显著,在后期棉虫严重地区可结合防治叶跳虫卷叶虫等同时进行。 4.籽花内的幼虫在群众家里及晒花时逃出84%,因此指导群众将籽花堆上加覆盖物,再结合帘架晒花是消减过冬红铃虫最经济有效的办法。 4.防治仓库越冬红铃虫以50%可混性滴滴涕1:30倍水溶液杀虫效果最佳。30天内死亡率达91%.6.5%可混性666(1:20)死亡率为63%。但是1:100倍的水溶液杀卵效率高到99.4%。稀释万分之一的E605为97.7%。50%可混性滴滴涕1:100杀卵率为64.2%,砒酸铃最差...

红铃虫在南方棉区为害棉花相当严重,除去脱落蕾铃外,僵黄花率为10—30%,我们针对这个严重问题,进行了红铃虫生活史的观察研究与防治方法试验,写出初步结果,提供防治参考。 1.红铃虫在华中武昌棉区一年有三代。第一代羽化在5至6月,7月中旬为第二代;8月下旬为第三代;第一代的蛹和幼虫所需时期均较第二、三代长。 2.成虫白天不活动,夜晚7时以后无风天气活跃最盛,产卵以在青铃上及花萼上为最多。孵化后三十多分钟即钻入棉桃内为害,4天即侵入棉籽内取食,10天棉瓤纤维呈僵黄状,半月后幼虫即可老熟(第三代的)。 3.田间防治红铃虫以10%滴滴涕硫磺粉喷三次效果显著,在后期棉虫严重地区可结合防治叶跳虫卷叶虫等同时进行。 4.籽花内的幼虫在群众家里及晒花时逃出84%,因此指导群众将籽花堆上加覆盖物,再结合帘架晒花是消减过冬红铃虫最经济有效的办法。 4.防治仓库越冬红铃虫以50%可混性滴滴涕1:30倍水溶液杀虫效果最佳。30天内死亡率达91%.6.5%可混性666(1:20)死亡率为63%。但是1:100倍的水溶液杀卵效率高到99.4%。稀释万分之一的E605为97.7%。50%可混性滴滴涕1:100杀卵率为64.2%,砒酸铃最差为16.2%。 6.越冬幼虫被寄生的平均有39.1%,发现天敌有二种,其中绝大多数是榖痒螨(Pediculoides ventricosus

Using the micromethod of Farmer and Abt, plasma vitamin C content of 9S boys and girls in a middle school was determined throughout the year 1954 to 1955. A dietary survey was also carried out every month of the year, for calculating the vitamin intake. The results of the present study are as follow:1. When the diet contains ample amount of fresh leafy vegetables in season, a satisfactory plasma vitamin C level can be maintained. When the diet is limited in fresh vegetables, plasma vitamin C readily decreases...

Using the micromethod of Farmer and Abt, plasma vitamin C content of 9S boys and girls in a middle school was determined throughout the year 1954 to 1955. A dietary survey was also carried out every month of the year, for calculating the vitamin intake. The results of the present study are as follow:1. When the diet contains ample amount of fresh leafy vegetables in season, a satisfactory plasma vitamin C level can be maintained. When the diet is limited in fresh vegetables, plasma vitamin C readily decreases in those seasons.2. There is a significant seasonal variation of plasma vitamin C content Highest values are obtained in winter, the maximal content occurring in December. The minimal value is observed in June. This corresponds to the variation in the. level of vitamin C intake in different seasons. There is no significant difference between Autumn and Winter.3. No definite correlation between plasma vitamin C content and the condition of the gums was observed in the present study.4. The plasma vitamin C content of Chinese and English school children observed by some other authors was lower than that obtained in the present investigation. It is believed that the increase plasma vitamin C of the subjects in this study is mainly due to improvement of the living condition of the population and widespread education of the people in the fundamentals of nutritional science in recent years.

此次用Farmer与Abt二氏微量测定血中维生素C的方法,前后测定了99名中学 生在一年四季血中该种维生素的含量,同时又以查账与秤重两种方法计算每人每日食物中维生素C的摄取量,借以观察两者之间的关系。结果发现由于不同食物中所供给维生素C的多寡与血中维生素C的含量有密切的关系。在冬季中,受检者血中维生素C的含量有显著的增加,而夏季则又有显著的降低,但在春秋之间并无显著的差别。再将此次所得的结果与过去国内外其他作者所报告的血中维生素C含量相比,则发现此次所得的结果较高,这可能是由于该校膳食改善的结果。从此次受检者血中维生素C的含量与齿龈健康情况检查的结果,很难看出两者之间有明显的关系。

Four 14 to 19, year old boys are used as subjects in this study. The first part of this study attempts to investigate the vitamin C status of these subjects when they are consuming the ordinary diet served in the college staff dining room. The vitamin C content of the whole meal is determined by the dye titration method for ten days. During the first 2 days, blood samples are taken from finger tips and the plasma analyed for vitamin C by the Farmer and Abt method. 24-hour urine samples are also collected...

Four 14 to 19, year old boys are used as subjects in this study. The first part of this study attempts to investigate the vitamin C status of these subjects when they are consuming the ordinary diet served in the college staff dining room. The vitamin C content of the whole meal is determined by the dye titration method for ten days. During the first 2 days, blood samples are taken from finger tips and the plasma analyed for vitamin C by the Farmer and Abt method. 24-hour urine samples are also collected and the vitamin C content determined.After the first 3 days, in addition to the vitamin C in the diet, the subjects are subjected to vitamin C saturation by taking orally 400 mg of vitamin C form orange juice for two days followed by 5 days of 100 mg supplementation of crystalline vitamin C. Plasma vitamin C and 24-hour urinary vitamin C are ag(?) studied. Following this procedure, the subjects are considered ready for experimentation. They are put on an experimental diet similar to their ordinary d(?) but devoid of vitamin C. The vitamin C intake level is controlled. Three lev(?) are tried: 70 mg, 50 mg, and 30 mg daily. Each level is fed for 14 days. The vitamin C of the first seven days is provided by vegetables frequently used (?) Canton and crystalline vitamin C is used during the latter 7 days for comparison. Cantonese cabbage(Brassica chinensis L.), Kan Lan Tsai(Brassica alboclabia, R.) and Chinese celery cabbage(Brassica pekinensis, R.)are used for supplying vitamin C during the 70, 50 and 30 mg levels respectively. Plasma vitamin C and 24-hour urinary excretion are determined for the last 5 days of each period.The vitamin C content of the medical college diet averages 43.7 mg per day for the 10 days analyzed. Plasma vitamin C of the subjects ranges from 0.25 to 0.61 mg percent, averaging 0.37 mg percent. 24-hour urinary excretion varies between 3.3 and 74.8 mg daily.During saturation, plasma vitamin C of one subject increases after the first dose, while its content in the plasma of the other three subjects also shows gradual rise. Urinary excretions show immediate and considerable increases on the first day with each of the subjects.During the 70 mg vitamin C daily intake level, plasma vitamin C average 0.45 mg percent and 0.48 mg percent for Brassica chinensis, L. and for crystalline vitamin C respectively. Daily urinary excretions average 19.4 and 18.4 mg. for the two periods. When the vitamin C intake is reduced to 50 mg daily, an average of 0.40 mg percent of plasma ascorbic acid is found for Brassica alboclabia, L. and 0.32 mg percent for crystalline vitamin C. Urinary excretion decreases to 15.2 and 11.9 mg daily. At the 30 mg daily intake level, plasma vitamin C falls to 0.32 mg percent for Chinese celery cabbage and 0.31 mg percent for crystalline vitamin C. Total urinary vitamin C falls to 9.9 and 9.0 mg.The vitamin C from these 3 vegetables are at least as efficiently utilized as crystalline vitamin C.While it is not quite possible to draw definite conclusions in regard to vitamin C requirement of these subjects from the results of this study, there are suggestions however that a daily intake of about 50 mg of vitamin C may be able to maintain a fairly satisfactory state of vitamin C nutrition.

本研究的目的在于初步探讨广州市一般维生素C的营养水平,测定广州所产的三种蔬菜所含维生素C在人体内的利用率,并观察在每日维生素C进食量为70、50、30毫克时,血浆维生素C与尿液维生素C排量的变化,从而商讨广州地区人民的维生素C需要量问题。

 
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