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   transition theory 在 中国政治与国际政治 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.191秒
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transition theory
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  transition theory
In this work, an experimental verification for the transition theory from gray to white cast iron solidification is presented.
      
A new theory of electronic energy transfer is constructed taking into account the electronic transition theory.
      
Both processes (fracture and crystallization) are analyzed from the standpoint of phase transition theory.
      
Exact Solutions to the Variational Problem of the Phase Transition Theory in Continuum Mechanics
      
We first discuss nonlinear aspects of phase transition theory applied to a particular liquid crystal phase transition.
      
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We used to hold that our country is still in the transitional stage even after the completion of socialist transformation. This transitional stage has been gradually elongated, which sees the evolution from “short transition theory” to “medium transition theory” followed by “long transition theory”. The mistake with this understanding shows that our country has been in the primary stage of socialism but not the transitional stage.

我们曾经认为 ,社会主义改造任务完成以后 ,我国仍处在过渡时期 ,并且把过渡时期的期限越拉越长 ,从“小过渡”理论演变为“中过渡”理论 ,而后又演变为“大过渡”的理论。这一认识的失误说明 ,我国已处于社会主义初级阶段 ,而不是过渡时期

This study develops a“power generation theory”to explain the mechanism of social stratification in contemporary China. The author argues that in the process of marketization and reform featuring decentralization and profit-sharing, public power, while operating as a redistributive power, generates“rent-seeking”abilities by which the power elite gain private interests and which play a role in social stratification in a different way from redistributive power. Meanwhile, marketability also has an effect...

This study develops a“power generation theory”to explain the mechanism of social stratification in contemporary China. The author argues that in the process of marketization and reform featuring decentralization and profit-sharing, public power, while operating as a redistributive power, generates“rent-seeking”abilities by which the power elite gain private interests and which play a role in social stratification in a different way from redistributive power. Meanwhile, marketability also has an effect on social stratification in so far as the market mechanism counts. Thus, the institutional arrangement of the market economy in present-day China determines that redistributive power, rent-seeking ability and marketability constitute together the dynamic basis of social stratification. The hypotheses of income distribution based on the proposed theory are well supported by a sampling survey data collected in Wuhan, Hubei province, in 2003. The research findings suggest that the“power generation”theory offers better explanations than the previously dominant“power transitiontheory and“power persistence”theory for the phenomena of elite circulation/reproduction in contemporary China.

本文提出了用以解释当前中国社会阶层分化机制的“权力衍生论”。作者认为,在放权让利的改革和市场化过程中,公共权力除了以再分配权力的形式发挥作用外,其中一部分还衍生成权力精英牟取私利的“寻租能力”,并以与再分配权力不同的机制对阶层分化产生影响;而随着市场机制的发育,市场能力也在阶层分化中起着作用。因此,当前中国市场经济的基本制度安排决定了再分配权力、寻租能力和市场能力共同构成阶层分化的动力基础。基于此论的关于收入分配的研究假设,得到2003年取自武汉的抽样调查资料的支持。研究结果表明,权力衍生论比“权力转移论”和“权力持续论”都能更好地解释当前中国社会的精英循环/再生现象。

This study develops a “power generation theory" to explain the mechanism of social stratification in contemporary China. The author argues that in the process of marketization and reform of decentralization and profit-sharing, public power generates “rent-seeking ability" while it exerts as redistributive power. Rent-seeking ability plays a role in social stratification in a different way that redistributive power has been taking, and power elite incumbents are able to use rent-seeking ability to gain private...

This study develops a “power generation theory" to explain the mechanism of social stratification in contemporary China. The author argues that in the process of marketization and reform of decentralization and profit-sharing, public power generates “rent-seeking ability" while it exerts as redistributive power. Rent-seeking ability plays a role in social stratification in a different way that redistributive power has been taking, and power elite incumbents are able to use rent-seeking ability to gain private interests. Meanwhile, marketability also has an effect on social stratification in so far as the market mechanism counts. Thus, the basic institutional arrangement of socialist market economy determines that redistributive power, rent-seeking ability, and marketability co-constitute the dynamic basis of social stratification. The hypotheses about income inequality based on the proposed theory are well supported by a sampling survey data collected in Wuhan in 2003. The research findings suggest that the “power generation theory" offers a better explanation than the previously dominant “power transition theory" and “power persistence theory" for the phenomena of elite circulation/reproduction in Contemporary China.

作者认为,社会分层机制总是嵌入特定社会经济形态之中,并由规定着社会经济形态特征的产权所有制及其与国家权力之间的关系来解释的。在中国计划经济体制下,国家垄断生产资料并以行政性的委托—代理方式经营,人力资本产权残缺;这样的基本制度安排,决定了人力资本只能以非市场贸易的方式同生产资料结合,经营剩余以国家租金的形式存在;国家公共权力不但表现为索取剩余的租金权力,也表现为分配这些租金的再分配权力。再分配者在再分配过程中偏向自己而导致阶层分化。在当前中国市场经济情形下,公有资产的既具行政性又具契约性的委托—代理制度,以及嵌入在政治权威结构之中的市场制度,共同构成了阶层分化的制度基础。如此制度安排,决定了国家公共权力持续地但只是部分地表现为再分配权力;同时它还衍生成了权力精英谋取私利的寻租能力;市场能力对生活机遇的分配产生着影响。再分配权力、寻租能力、市场能力共同构成了阶层分化的动力基础。以这些动力基础为依据,作者构建了一个由十个阶层构成的框架,以呈现当前中国城市社会分层结构的轮廓。

 
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