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   transition theory 在 经济理论及经济思想史 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.204秒
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transition theory
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  transition theory
In this work, an experimental verification for the transition theory from gray to white cast iron solidification is presented.
      
A new theory of electronic energy transfer is constructed taking into account the electronic transition theory.
      
Both processes (fracture and crystallization) are analyzed from the standpoint of phase transition theory.
      
Exact Solutions to the Variational Problem of the Phase Transition Theory in Continuum Mechanics
      
We first discuss nonlinear aspects of phase transition theory applied to a particular liquid crystal phase transition.
      
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At the beginning of economic transition, form point of neoclassical economics doctrine, some economists held that restructure a brand new market economy by abrogate old planned economy system once and for all. However, privatization has not improved corporate governance and state-owned assets reorganization. In fact, China's the reform and opening achieved many breakthroughs; and the basis of a socialist market economy was established. Economic transition theory has changed since 1990's, economists have...

At the beginning of economic transition, form point of neoclassical economics doctrine, some economists held that restructure a brand new market economy by abrogate old planned economy system once and for all. However, privatization has not improved corporate governance and state-owned assets reorganization. In fact, China's the reform and opening achieved many breakthroughs; and the basis of a socialist market economy was established. Economic transition theory has changed since 1990's, economists have paid more attention to importance of supportive system of market system and the long-lasting of institutional change. Economists argue that competition, decentralization, incentive and control mechanism, administration of justice, accounting system are more important than privatization in transition economies.

经济转型之初 ,一些经济学家基于新古典经济学信条提出 ,可以通过“激进”措施将原来的计划体制一次性破除而重建一个全新的市场经济。但迅速私有化并没有带来企业治理结构的改善和原国有资产的有效重组。与此形成鲜明对照的是 ,中国的渐进改革却取得了成功 ,并得到了越来越广泛的认可。 2 0世纪 90年代中期以来 ,经济转型理论开始发生变化 ,“制度演进主义”的影响日渐扩大 ,经济学家开始强调市场经济支持性制度的重要性以及制度变革的长期性 ,认为分权、激励、竞争、良好的司法和会计制度等比私有化更重要 ,并在政治经济学层面上分析了不确定性、利益集团、政府、改革秩序与步骤对制度变迁的影响。

After coordinating the Market Transition Theory and grasping the paradigm of neoinstitutionalism, the article points out that the paradigm emphasis on the institution should include the formal institution and the informal institution. However, the discussing about this has ignored the informal institution. So, the article points out the shortage and find more field making use of K.Polanyi' idea-type conception.

本文通过对市场转型理论的梳理,新制度主义研究范式的把握,指出新制度主义范式中对制度的强调应该包括正式制度和非正式制度。而有关市场转型理论的探讨却似乎忽视了非正式制度这一块。于是,本文借用卡尔·波兰尼的理想类型划分来指出研究者们在运用新制度主义研究范式时存在的不足,以及进一步研究的空间。

There some typical theories in capital research area. These are classical theory, surplus value theory of Max based on labor theory of value, supply and need theory or general equilibrium theory which is brought forward by marginal economists and based on utility theory of value, and a transition theory of the above two so called Srafa theory. Although these three theories are greatly different in a lot of views, they still have two common grounds - a hypothesis that there is no technological...

There some typical theories in capital research area. These are classical theory, surplus value theory of Max based on labor theory of value, supply and need theory or general equilibrium theory which is brought forward by marginal economists and based on utility theory of value, and a transition theory of the above two so called Srafa theory. Although these three theories are greatly different in a lot of views, they still have two common grounds - a hypothesis that there is no technological change and a shortage that they can not explain economic benefit because they have not clearly classify benefits and interests. When technological advance is taken into consideration in capital theory, it is found that technological advance can be a resource of benefit and the advancing rate of technology will determine the rate of benefit. Based on this foundation, capital has extended its bound to some core items those can increase production and promote technological advance. Furthermore, there are many differences in the areas of capital resources, determination of value of capital and etc. between old theories and capital theory of technological advance.

资本理论的研究中产生了以古典学派和马克思为代表的、以劳动价值论为基础的剩余理论 ,以边际主义经济学家为代表的、以效用价值理论为基础的供求论或一般均衡理论 ,以及介于这两种学说之间又自成体系的斯拉法理论。这三种理论对资本的认识存在众多的区别 ,但有两个共同点 ,其一是存在着技术不变的前提 ,其二是未严格区分利润和利息 ,从而无法充分解释经济利润的存在。将技术进步条件引入资本理论之后可以发现 ,利润可以来源于技术进步 ,技术进步率决定了利润率 ,由此可以将资本的范围扩展到可以带来较高生产力和促进技术进步的核心资本 ,并可以发现在资本来源、资本价值决定等方面与传统的资本理论存在很多区别

 
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