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   fungal infection 在 呼吸系统疾病 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.181秒
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呼吸系统疾病
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fungal infection
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  fungal infection
Fungal infection of insects increases total esterase and glutathione S-transferase activities in the hemolymph.
      
Fungal infection increased the resistance of greater wax moth caterpillars to organophosphorus insecticide malathion 1.46 times relative to intact caterpillars.
      
It is proposed that the modulating effect of SA on oxidoreductase activities is involved in the induction of protective response to fungal infection in wheat plants.
      
At the onset of germination, fungal infection caused a considerable increase in the dry matter concentration in both roots and shoots due to the enhanced mobilization of seed reserves.
      
This fact seems to reflect an enhanced formation of epicuticular waxes rich in these FAs on the shoot and root surfaces as an adaptive response of plants to fungal infection.
      
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Objective To find out the clinical features, therapeutic outcome,prognosis and the major predisposing diseases of pulmonary fungal infection(PFI). Method 127 cases with PFI were retrospectively analyzed. Results Various predisposing diseases were found in 95% of total cases, among them, COPD,systemic lupus erythromatus(SLE),leukemia and chronic renal disease were main predisposing diseases. Primary pulmonary fungal infection was rare. All the clinical manifestations of PFI were not specific,...

Objective To find out the clinical features, therapeutic outcome,prognosis and the major predisposing diseases of pulmonary fungal infection(PFI). Method 127 cases with PFI were retrospectively analyzed. Results Various predisposing diseases were found in 95% of total cases, among them, COPD,systemic lupus erythromatus(SLE),leukemia and chronic renal disease were main predisposing diseases. Primary pulmonary fungal infection was rare. All the clinical manifestations of PFI were not specific, reontgenographic features showed mainly bronchitis type(61%). Monilia (Candida) was ranked the first pathogen (79 5%). The mortality of PIF was high. Chronic renal and hematological diseases might be the risk factors for mortality (RR, relative rate, 5 14). Conclusions PFI is an important cause of the secondary infection in many diseases. The clinical features of PFI is non specific and the morbidity is rising. Clinicians should pay more attention to it

目的 探讨肺部真菌感染发病的易患因素、临床特征、治疗和预后。方法 应用回顾性调查的方法对 12 7例肺部真菌感染患者进行分析。结果  95 % (12 0 / 12 7)的病例患有基础疾病 ,其中以慢性阻塞性肺疾病 (COPD)、系统性红斑狼疮、白血病和慢性肾病为多见。肿瘤性疾病也占有重要位置 ,原发性肺部真菌感染少见。肺部真菌感染的临床表现无特异性 ,X线表现以支气管肺炎多见(6 1% ) ,病原菌主要以酵母菌属为主 (79 5 % ) ,早期诊断仍困难。肺部真菌感染病死率较高 ,基础病为慢性肾病和血液系统疾病其死亡风险的RR值较其他疾病大。结论 肺部真菌感染是多种疾病继发感染的重要原因 ,其临床表现特异性少 ,病死率高 ,发病呈上升趋势 ,应引起临床高度重视。

Objective: To investigate the distribution and the susceptibility of complex pathogens complicated by nosocomial MRSA pneumonia. Methods: The complex pathogens isolated from sputum diagnosed as nosocomial MRSA pneumonia were surveyed and their resistance in vitro against curently used antibiotics were tested by K B and E test. Results: Of 64 complex pathogens, bacterial and fungal infections accounted for 71.88% and 28.13%, respectively. Bacteria appeared diversely high resistance to 13 antibiotics....

Objective: To investigate the distribution and the susceptibility of complex pathogens complicated by nosocomial MRSA pneumonia. Methods: The complex pathogens isolated from sputum diagnosed as nosocomial MRSA pneumonia were surveyed and their resistance in vitro against curently used antibiotics were tested by K B and E test. Results: Of 64 complex pathogens, bacterial and fungal infections accounted for 71.88% and 28.13%, respectively. Bacteria appeared diversely high resistance to 13 antibiotics. In addition to aspergillus, the minority of Candida albicans developed resistance to fluconazole; amphotericin B and itraconazole having broadly antifungal activities. Conclusion: Nosocomial pneumonia caused by MRSA often complicate complex infections difficult to treat due to highly resistant pathogens. Strict surveillance of bacteria and fungi must be carried out for rational use of antimicrobial agents.

探讨医院内 MRSA肺炎严重混合感染的病原体分布及其对常用抗生素药物敏感性。选择本实验室近 4年来确诊医院内 MRSA肺炎病人痰标本分离的致病菌 ,采用 K- B纸片及 E- test方法分别检测混合感染细菌和真菌对常用抗生素的体外敏感性。结果 6 4例次院内混合感染病原体中细菌 46例次占 71.88% ,真菌 18例占 2 8.13%。细菌对 13种常见抗生素呈现不同程度的严重耐药。其中除曲霉耐氟康唑外 ,部分白念珠菌也出现耐药 ,伊曲康唑和两性霉素 B效果较好。提示医院内 MRSA肺炎常合并多重高度耐药菌感染 ,治疗困难 ,必须进行严格的细菌学分析和耐药监测 ,及时选用有效抗生素。

Objective To study the clinical of pulmonary infection caused by fungi and to investigate the sensitivity of antifungal agents.Methods We made a clinical study and tested the drug sensitivity to 5 kinds of antimycoin in 105 cases (111 strains)from 1988 to 1998 according to the standards confirmed by the nosocomial infections monitoring and coordinating group of Ministry of Health.Results The nosocomial fungal infection occurred...

Objective To study the clinical of pulmonary infection caused by fungi and to investigate the sensitivity of antifungal agents.Methods We made a clinical study and tested the drug sensitivity to 5 kinds of antimycoin in 105 cases (111 strains)from 1988 to 1998 according to the standards confirmed by the nosocomial infections monitoring and coordinating group of Ministry of Health.Results The nosocomial fungal infection occurred in 139 cases,and105(75.54%) of them were cases of pulmonary fungal infection.All of the 105 patients had underlying diseases such as hepatocirrhosis,COPD,severe hepatitis,and so on,and among them 81(71.14%) cases had been treated with antibiotics,37(35.24%)cases were mixed infection with presence of other bacteria,most of which were P.aeruginosa and K.pneumoniae.The chief symptoms were fever(71.43%),cough(81.9%)and non-specific manifestions.The candida albicans and C.tropcalis were the major pathogens(71.17% and 10.81% respectively).In vitro antifungal agents sensitive test demonstrated that 56.19% of fungal strains were sensitive to Amphotericin B,55.24% to 5 FC,61.90% to Ketoconazole,31.43% to Nystatin,and 64.76% to Fluconazol.The effective rate of Fluconazol was 80.85%.Conclusion Attention must be accorded to the pulmonary fungal infection.The measure necessary to prevent pulmonary fungal infection comprises treatment of original disease,rational treatment with antibiotics and adrenocorticoids,intensive fungal monitoring,etc.Fluconazol has efficacy in treating pulmonary fungal infection.

目的 了解医院肺真菌感染的临床特征及药物敏感状态。方法 对医院肺真菌感染危险因素、诊断、抗真菌药物敏感性及疗效进行分析。结果  10 5例肺真菌感染者均有严重基础疾病 ,81例 (77.14% )用过抗生素 ,临床表现无特异性 ,对有呼吸道症状者及时作痰培养确诊 ;培养出真菌 111株 ,白色念珠菌及热带念珠菌分别为 71.17%及 10 .81% ;抗真菌药物敏感性分别为 AMB 5 6 .19%、5 - FC 5 5 .2 4%、KCZ 6 1.90 %、NYS 3 1.43%及 FCZ 6 4.76 % ;氟康唑治疗有效率80 .85 %。结论 严重基础病及长期用抗生素者肺部真菌感染率较高 ,积极治疗原发病、合理使用抗生素及肾上腺皮质激素等有利于预防肺部真菌感染 ,氟康唑治疗有效

 
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