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   fungal infection 在 儿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.01秒
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fungal infection
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  fungal infection
Fungal infection of insects increases total esterase and glutathione S-transferase activities in the hemolymph.
      
Fungal infection increased the resistance of greater wax moth caterpillars to organophosphorus insecticide malathion 1.46 times relative to intact caterpillars.
      
It is proposed that the modulating effect of SA on oxidoreductase activities is involved in the induction of protective response to fungal infection in wheat plants.
      
At the onset of germination, fungal infection caused a considerable increase in the dry matter concentration in both roots and shoots due to the enhanced mobilization of seed reserves.
      
This fact seems to reflect an enhanced formation of epicuticular waxes rich in these FAs on the shoot and root surfaces as an adaptive response of plants to fungal infection.
      
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In this article the oral manifestation of 33 patients with AIDS and AIDS-related complex and high rist for AIDS was reported, including fungal infection (7 cases of Candidiasis), viral infections (6 cases of "Hairy" leukoplakia and 2 cases of Candyloma acuminatum), malignant neoplasms(12 cases of Kaposi's sarcoma, 9. cases of squamous cell carcinoma and 1 case of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma)and periodontal diseases(2 cases of AIDS-virus-associated periodontitis and 1 case of acute necrotizing ulcerative...

In this article the oral manifestation of 33 patients with AIDS and AIDS-related complex and high rist for AIDS was reported, including fungal infection (7 cases of Candidiasis), viral infections (6 cases of "Hairy" leukoplakia and 2 cases of Candyloma acuminatum), malignant neoplasms(12 cases of Kaposi's sarcoma, 9. cases of squamous cell carcinoma and 1 case of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma)and periodontal diseases(2 cases of AIDS-virus-associated periodontitis and 1 case of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis). The etiology, infective way, course, prognosis, oral manifestation and prevention of the disease were discussed briefly in this paper.

本文报告了33例艾滋病患者、艾滋病相关综合征及高危险人群的口腔表现。并对艾滋病病因、感染途径、病程、预后、口腔表现及预防进行了简要讨论。

Objective To investigate the clinic characteristics of deep fungal infection and effect of treatment.Methods A clinical trial was conducted with 50 childhood acute leukemia undergoing intensified chemotherapy,laboratory examination such as fungal culture and smear were made for suspected patients,diagnostic methods and effective criteria were proposed.Patients with deep fungal infection were treated with fluconzole,supportive treatment and antibacteria prophylaxis were used.Result 21 of...

Objective To investigate the clinic characteristics of deep fungal infection and effect of treatment.Methods A clinical trial was conducted with 50 childhood acute leukemia undergoing intensified chemotherapy,laboratory examination such as fungal culture and smear were made for suspected patients,diagnostic methods and effective criteria were proposed.Patients with deep fungal infection were treated with fluconzole,supportive treatment and antibacteria prophylaxis were used.Result 21 of 50 patients were confirmed to have deep fungal infection,all patients have neutropenia and fever,86.4% was cured with fluconzole,not obvious side effect was observed.Deep fungal infection was related to neutropenia and its prolonged duration,it was more likely to occur in induce chemotherapy than intensified chemotherapy (P<0.01).Conclusion It is suggested that deep fungal infection is a frequent complication.in patients with severe neutropenia,fluconazole is effective for deep fungal infection.

目的研究儿童白血病深部真菌感染的临床特征及治疗效果。方法对50例急性白血病实施强烈化疗,可疑病人作真菌培养等检查,并提出深部真菌感染的诊断方法及疗效标准,对确诊深部真菌感染的病例以氟康唑治疗,并采取积极的支持治疗及抗生素预防治疗。结果50例患者中21例22例次发生深部真菌感染,全部病例均有严重的骨髓抑制及高热,予氟康唑治疗,治愈率86.4%,无明显毒副作用;深部真菌感染的发生与粒细胞减少程度以及持续时间有关,与疾病的种类无关,P>0.05;缓解前的诱导治疗较缓解后的巩固强化治疗易发生深部真菌感染,P<0.01。结论中性粒细胞严重减少的病人易发生深部真菌感染,诱导治疗阶段尤为多见,氟康唑是治疗深部真菌感染的有效药物

Objective In recent years, the morbidity of deep mycosis has been increasing, the mortality and the rate of misdiagnosis were high. The present study aimed at understanding the clinical and pathological characteristics of deep fungal infection in autopsy confirmed cases in our hospital.Methods Between Feb.1983 and Oct.1999, 18 cases with deep mycosis were identified out of 1 000 consecutive necropsies. Pathologic diagnosis was made based on hematoxillin and eosin (HE) and special stainings such as PAS...

Objective In recent years, the morbidity of deep mycosis has been increasing, the mortality and the rate of misdiagnosis were high. The present study aimed at understanding the clinical and pathological characteristics of deep fungal infection in autopsy confirmed cases in our hospital.Methods Between Feb.1983 and Oct.1999, 18 cases with deep mycosis were identified out of 1 000 consecutive necropsies. Pathologic diagnosis was made based on hematoxillin and eosin (HE) and special stainings such as PAS and hexamine silver. Under the microscope, the hyphae and/or spores could be seen in various tissues. In addition, the authors also reviewed the clinical records. Results The total rate of autopsy detection of deep mycosis was 1.8% (18/1 000); it was 1.4% (13/964) between Feb.1983 and Dec.1996; but during recent 3 years, it increased to 14% (5/36). During the same periods, the numbers of the patients with Cryptococcal meningitis which were diagnosed by ink stain of cerebrospinal fluid were 13 and 8, respectively. Necropsies of the 18 cases indicated that only one organ was affected in 7 cases, whereas 2 or more organs were affected in 11 cases. The species of fungi included Aspergillus, Candida, and mucormycosis; they were identified in 12 cases, 5 cases, 1 case, respectively. Pulmonary involvement was reported in 14 case, followed by the gastrointestinal (8/18), kidney (7/18), liver (6/18), spleen (5/18), brain (5/18) and various other organs. Sixteen cases had complete records, their initial clinical diagnoses included sepsis (7), pneumonia (8), tuberculosis (2) malignancy, et al. The clinical manifestations included fever, cough, dyspnea, vomiting, diarrhea and seizure. All the 16 cases were treated with antibiotics; 13 of them were treated with more than 3 antibiotics. Dexmathesone or prednisone was used in 11 cases and chemotherapy was applied for 2 cases. Four cases were suspected of having systemic mycosis during the clinical course; only 2 of them were treated with antifungal drugs. Conclusions The morbidity of deep mycosis has been increasing in recent years. The conditions known to predispose deep mycosis included cytotoxic drugs, corticosteriods, prolonged antibiotic administration or severe underlying diseases. The lung was the most commonly affected organ. The yield of fungal culture was low. Since diagnosis of deep mycosis is usually difficult, more alertness and frequent diagnostic assessment are important for finding the problem early.

目的 了解 1983年 2月~ 1999年 10月 ,北京儿童医院尸体检查 (尸检 )病例深部真菌感染检出情况及其临床特点。方法  10 0 0例尸检病例 ,其中深部真菌感染者 18例。病理诊断根据HE染色和特殊染色 ,显微镜下见器官或组织中有真菌菌丝或孢子。结果 尸检病例中深部真菌感染总检出率为 1.8% (18/10 0 0 ) ;1997年以前的病例共 13例 ,占尸检总数 1.4% (13/96 4) ,1997年以来共5例 ,占尸检总数 14% (5 /36 )。在 18例中 ,病理检查提示单个器官受累的有 7例 ,两个以上器官受累的共 11例。所见真菌种类主要有曲霉菌、念珠菌及毛霉菌 ,分别为 11例、5例和 2例。 18例中 ,16例资料记录完整 ,临床诊断败血症 7例 ,肺炎 8例 ,肺结核 2例 ,以及迁延性腹泻、泛发性湿疹、恶性肿瘤、获得性自身免疫性溶血性贫血等。 16例中出现过发热者 12例次 ,3例次体温不升 ;呼吸道受累的11例中 ,6例次有咳嗽 ,8例次有气促及肺部音 ;消化道受累的 8例有呕吐、排稀水便、黑便等 ;3例次脑受累的病例有 2例有惊厥发作。 16例均应用了抗生素 ,...

目的 了解 1983年 2月~ 1999年 10月 ,北京儿童医院尸体检查 (尸检 )病例深部真菌感染检出情况及其临床特点。方法  10 0 0例尸检病例 ,其中深部真菌感染者 18例。病理诊断根据HE染色和特殊染色 ,显微镜下见器官或组织中有真菌菌丝或孢子。结果 尸检病例中深部真菌感染总检出率为 1.8% (18/10 0 0 ) ;1997年以前的病例共 13例 ,占尸检总数 1.4% (13/96 4) ,1997年以来共5例 ,占尸检总数 14% (5 /36 )。在 18例中 ,病理检查提示单个器官受累的有 7例 ,两个以上器官受累的共 11例。所见真菌种类主要有曲霉菌、念珠菌及毛霉菌 ,分别为 11例、5例和 2例。 18例中 ,16例资料记录完整 ,临床诊断败血症 7例 ,肺炎 8例 ,肺结核 2例 ,以及迁延性腹泻、泛发性湿疹、恶性肿瘤、获得性自身免疫性溶血性贫血等。 16例中出现过发热者 12例次 ,3例次体温不升 ;呼吸道受累的11例中 ,6例次有咳嗽 ,8例次有气促及肺部音 ;消化道受累的 8例有呕吐、排稀水便、黑便等 ;3例次脑受累的病例有 2例有惊厥发作。 16例均应用了抗生素 ,其中 13例使用 3种以上 ;有 11例用过地塞米松、泼尼松等皮质类固醇激素 ;有 2例使用了化疗药物。住院过程中怀疑过真菌感染的 4例 ,只有 2例用过抗真菌药。结论 儿童深部真菌感染发病率近年

 
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