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consolidation     
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  固结
     Spatial Probabilistic Characteristics of Geotechnical Parameters and Probability Analysis of Consolidation of Soft Clay Ground
     土工参数空间概率特性及软粘土地基固结概率分析
短句来源
     Consolidation Finite Layer Theory and Its Application
     固结有限层理论及其应用
短句来源
     Studies on the Analytical Theory of One Dimensional Large Strain Consolidation Problem
     一维大应变固结问题的解析理论研究
短句来源
     Computational Theory and Numerical Analysis for Consolidation and Deformation of Composite Foundation
     复合地基固结与变形的计算理论及数值分析
短句来源
     On the Theory of Large-Strain and Non-Linear Rheological Consolidation of Soft Clayey Soils
     软粘土地基大应变非线性流变固结理论研究
短句来源
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  加固
     The Study of Seepage Control and Consolidation Technique for Completed Earth Dams by Fracturing Grouting
     土坝坝体劈裂灌浆防渗加固技术的研究
短句来源
     GROUT CONSOLIDATION OF 222 SHAFT SYSTEM IN LUOXUE MINE, DONGCHUAN BUREAU OF MINES
     东川矿务局落雪矿222竖井系统注浆加固
短句来源
     Bessel Function Solution to the Problem of Three Dimensional Consolidation of Sand-well in Soft Soil Foundation
     软土地基砂井加固三向固结问题的Bessel函数解
短句来源
     THE USE OF PC-1500 COMPUTER IN TEST OF CHEMICAL GROUT AND GROUTING CONSOLIDATION
     PC-1500计算机在化学注浆材料试验及注浆加固中的应用
短句来源
     Foundation Consolidation Technique of Low PressureJet Grouting
     低压旋喷注浆加固地基技术
短句来源
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  整理
     Analysis of Problem of Land Consolidation and Environment
     关于土地开发整理与生态环境问题的分析
短句来源
     Study of Land Consolidation Based on GIS
     基于GIS的土地整理研究
短句来源
     Study on the Planning and Design System of Land Consolidation Based on GIS
     基于GIS的土地整理规划设计系统研究
短句来源
     Review and prospect of land consolidation in China
     中国土地整理事业发展的回顾与展望
短句来源
     At the same time,based on these hotspots and development of land quality research,the research framework of land quality for land consolidation is discussed from three aspects of its change mechanism and indicators composition,technical methods of survey and evaluation,and change processes combining with intrinsic demands and scientific essence of land consolidation.
     根据国际上土地质量的研究及其发展趋势,结合土地整理的内在要求和科学内涵,从土地整理中土地质量指标体系的构建、土地质量评价与调查的技术方法和土地质量变化的过程与机理研究等3个方面探讨了土地整理中土地质量的研究框架,以期对我国土地整理的发展与深化研究有所裨益,促进土地整理事业的良性发展。
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  巩固
     Mean relapse time in consolidation group was 25.3±9.3 months, and was 16.9±6.7 months in control group (P=0.019).
     肿瘤复发时间巩固化疗组为25·3±9·3个月,对照组为16·9±6·7个月(P=0·019);
短句来源
     Mean Disease-free Survival was 31.9±14.8 months in consolidation group, and was 22.7±12.9 months, in control group (P=0.033).
     无瘤生存时间巩固化疗组为31·9±14·8个月,对照组为22·7±12·9个月(P=0·033);
短句来源
     Enkephalin and the Modulation of Memory Consolidation Ⅱ. Effect of Bestatin on Retention
     脑啡肽与记忆巩固的调制——Ⅱ.氨基肽酶抑制剂Bestatin对记忆巩固的影响
短句来源
     ②The consolidation treatment with VP16+Ara-c.
     用VP16+Ara-c巩固治疗;
短句来源
     (3) the consolidation of the concept;
     (3)概念的巩固
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  consolidation
Analytical solutions are presented for the consolidation of a semi-infinite stratum and a finite soil layer with an impeding layer located on the surface subjected to a vertical point loading.
      
The consolidation degree, excess pore water pressure, vertical total stress, and the shear stress of the consolidating layer are analyzed in this study.
      
The consolidation rate decreases with the increase in the thickness of the impeding layer.
      
Stresses of the consolidating layer vary during the consolidation due to the coupling of the excess pore water dissipation and the soil skeleton deformation.
      
The consolidation tests indicated that the vertical strains of undisturbed soft clay could be divided into three stages with load increasing, however, the remolded clays were almost independent of stress level.
      
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In recent years, the geotectonic problem of China engages the attentionof many Chinese and Soviet geologists, but different opinions are confessed by different authors. After studying the structural characters of the fundamentalfloor and its later geological development, theauthor of this paper agrees withthe statement of the Soviet geologist, B. M. Синицын. In 1952 he pointed outthat the Chinese platform in eastern China, may bs divided into: (1) theSine-Korean platform; and (2) the Southern-Chinese platform,...

In recent years, the geotectonic problem of China engages the attentionof many Chinese and Soviet geologists, but different opinions are confessed by different authors. After studying the structural characters of the fundamentalfloor and its later geological development, theauthor of this paper agrees withthe statement of the Soviet geologist, B. M. Синицын. In 1952 he pointed outthat the Chinese platform in eastern China, may bs divided into: (1) theSine-Korean platform; and (2) the Southern-Chinese platform, consolidatedas a result of the Luliang movement. This Chinese platform especially in its southern part shows a very peculiarphenomenon as it is called "Activization" of the platform. During Sinian andPaleozoic, its sediments belonged to the pronounced epi-continental type, duringthe mesozoic the south-eastern part of the Southern-Chinese platform wasneither a stable shelf nor a geosyncline, but an intermediate type between them.Its characters were really not geosynclinal, but sometimes showed geosynclinalaffinities, as for instances, the immense granitic intrusions, the eruptions oflavas, and the rather strongly folded geosynclinal structures. These imply thelimited mobility or the incomplete consolidation of the underground. Accor-dingly, referred to the structural type of this region, P. Misch called it"Sinotype". Furthermore, in the Southern-Chinese platform, two strong "Activizingunits" are recognized as follows: 1) The Hunan-Kwangsi activizing andsubsiding region; 2) The Cathaysian activizing oldland. The "Activization"of these regions lasted for a long geological time. It began in Sinian, throughCaledonian, Variscian, Indo-Sinian, Yenshanian and even Himalayan. BeforeMesozoic, the Caledonian was the most intensive and widely distributed one.But as pointed out by A. H. Мазарович, the Caledonian of the Southern-Chineseplatform was merely a fold-belt within the platform. According to its geotectonic history, its character of sedimentation, itsregional metamorphism, its igneous activity and its geotectonic systems, suchas "Kwangsi ∈ system", "North-Kwangtung ∈ system", "Meso and Neo-Cathaysiansystem", and the "Nanling eastwest tectonic zone", it is the author's opinionthat the "Imtermediate type (Sinotype)" of the Southern-Chinese platform wasdeveloped gradually through a long "Activizing process". This "Sinotype" is anintermediate type between the stable shelf and the geosynclinal region.

作者同意B.M.西尼村的意见,认为中国地台是中国东部的一个大的构造单位,它是在吕梁运动后造成的。中国地台由两个主要部分构成,它的北部称中朝地台,南部称华南地台。中国地台有一很重要的特征,就是一个“活化”的地台。华南地台的东南部“活化”尤其强烈而显著,在中生代的太平洋运动时,差不多具有类似地槽的特征。但是它的“活化”是有悠久历史的,即开始於震旦纪,所以加里东运动给与很大的影响,但加里东运动只是地台内部的褶皱。地台“活化”直到中生代太平洋运动才得到高度发展,产生巨大的火成活动以及“中国式”的构造型式。新生代时地台还有中等强度的运动和火成活动。自第四纪冰期之后,地台仍在较弱的升降运动中。华南地台无论从沉积岩相、区域变质及火成活动,或从山字型、华夏式及南岭东西褶皱的构造体系等构造型式发育史的研究,都可以看到它的“活化”过程,在这过程里发育了“过渡类型”的构造形态,这都是不同放地槽或地台的构造形态的。本文是作为学习心得性质的初步尝试,文中不成熟和谬误之处尚多,希望得到大家的指正。如果能在集体的讨论和研究之下将我国大地构造研究清楚的话,这是作者所衷心期望的。

It is pointed out that the settlement due to deviatoric stresses is incorrectly disregarded in conventional methods of calculation. It is shown that the deviatoric tensor of stress can not be neglected, whereas the time dependent response of the soil skeleton to deviatoric stresses should be taken into account. On the base of his theory on the consolidation and flow of clay-layers "the author presents an analysis on several two dimensional problems. It is shown that the total settlement may bo considored...

It is pointed out that the settlement due to deviatoric stresses is incorrectly disregarded in conventional methods of calculation. It is shown that the deviatoric tensor of stress can not be neglected, whereas the time dependent response of the soil skeleton to deviatoric stresses should be taken into account. On the base of his theory on the consolidation and flow of clay-layers "the author presents an analysis on several two dimensional problems. It is shown that the total settlement may bo considored as consisting of three main compouents, viz. instantaneouss settlement, and settlements due to flow and due to consolidation. Settlement formulas are presented for large values of time. It is concluded that settlements in practice can not be predicted merely from oedometer tests. The consolidation in two dimensional problems turns out to behave quite differently from that of the classical one-dimensional case, as the soil can always deform laterally. The deviatoric stresses are responsible for the instantaneous deflection and the continuous flow of the clay mass.

本文指出現行的沉陷計算方法不考虑因均差应力(Deviatorie stresses)而产生的沉陷是不正确的。文中証明了均差应力張量不能忽略,而土壤的結構对均差应力的反应(与时間因素有关)则必須考虑。作者根据他自己的关于粘土層固結与流变的理論,提供几个二維問題的分析,証明了总沉陷可以分为三部分,卽瞬时下沉,因流变而产生的和因固結而产生的沉陷,并且提出了时間为很大数值时的沉陷公式。可以断言,在实际中,沉陷不能單从压縮試验来估計。在二維問題中,土壤的固结与古典的一維固結情形迥然不同,因为土壤总是有横向膨脹的。均差应力就是粘土在荷載下瞬时下沉(Instantaneous deflection)和不断流变的原因。

In this paper is presented an analysis of the consolidation and viscous flow oflaterally confined clay layers. It is pointed out that secondary time effects aremainly due to the action of shearing stresses. The write's theory is based onthe assumption, that the clay may be regarded as a Maxwell material. Thedifferential equations for the one dimensional case are solved and the approximatesolutions for the semi infinite mass of clay and for the clay layer with finitethickness are discussed. It is shown...

In this paper is presented an analysis of the consolidation and viscous flow oflaterally confined clay layers. It is pointed out that secondary time effects aremainly due to the action of shearing stresses. The write's theory is based onthe assumption, that the clay may be regarded as a Maxwell material. Thedifferential equations for the one dimensional case are solved and the approximatesolutions for the semi infinite mass of clay and for the clay layer with finitethickness are discussed. It is shown that the settlement according to this theoryis always larger than that predicnd by Terzaghi or Biot. It is pointed out thatsecondary time effects should start in the early beginning of the process of con-solidation. The final settlement calculated by the write's theory has been foundto be one to three times that given by Terzaghi or Biot.

本文对受侧限的粘土层的固结和滞流进行了分析,并指出了次时间效应的发生主要是由于剪应力的作用。笔者以粘土可认为是一种麦克斯威尔材料的假设作为他的理论基础,解算了单向情况的微分方程,讨论了无限粘土体及有限厚度粘土层的近似解。本文又指出,根据此理论所得的沉陷总是比特扎基和比阿所预估的要大些;次时间效应应该在固结过程的初期就开始,算出的最后总沉陷为特扎基和比阿给出的一到三倍。

 
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