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dynamic mechanisms
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  dynamic mechanisms
The reactions occur in the excited state via static and dynamic mechanisms.
      
It has been shown that the quenching occurs in alcohols according to both static and dynamic mechanisms.
      
A distinction is made between dynamic mechanisms, which appear in nearly all realizations, and statistical mechanisms, which are observed only after averaging.
      
The homicidal act seemed "determined" more by an environment of violence than by specific dynamic mechanisms or individual psychopathology.
      
Objective: The dynamic mechanisms underlying the three-dimensional invasive paradigm of C6 astrocytoma cells has been assessed.
      
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International capital flow study originated in classic economics, developed in international finance and international trade. After World War Two, politics, sociology, biology and geography got involved,but economics used to take the main stem in capital flow study. In 1990s it became a hot spot in geography as international investment increased fast. Comparing geography with economics, the author pointed that geographical in research in capital flow had three characteristics. Firstly, using spatial analysis...

International capital flow study originated in classic economics, developed in international finance and international trade. After World War Two, politics, sociology, biology and geography got involved,but economics used to take the main stem in capital flow study. In 1990s it became a hot spot in geography as international investment increased fast. Comparing geography with economics, the author pointed that geographical in research in capital flow had three characteristics. Firstly, using spatial analysis method which is very profitable for geography to study the spatial flow process and distributive pattern for capital flow, geography not only widened research field,but also relatively enriched and consummate theory of international capital flow. Secondly, since capital flow study in geography lagged 16 years in China than that in foreign country,there was no integrated science system and methodology in geography. Thirdly, research in geography was confined to as foreign capital instead of domestic capital. In fact, geographers mainly focus on industrial investment instead of wide field in economics including money market, loan, etc. It also studied less theory and regular pattern but more cases. Therefore,the paper suggested geographer should pay more attention to four problems. (1) The negative impact of capital inflow to host coutries because it brought about host people worry their industrial security, spoiling ecological environment, technology control, convey price, and problems caused by large-scale movement of labor force flow, etc. (2) The scale of capital inflow should be harmonized the host industrial capability, natural resources capacity, environment acceptance and domestic fund supply. (3) Study of capital flow procedure. According to geography, capital flow in space should be divided into two patterns as spatial centralization and dispersion. And spatial pattern usually changed from the former to the later. Dispersion consists of increment capital(new incremental investment)shift and existent capital(customary foreign capital enterprise in host land )movement. It is very important for geographers to find out when the capital centralized and diffused. (4) Capital flow dynamic mechanism which will show us the interaction between capital flow and influencing factors and help us find the way to adjust and guide international capital flow so that its distribution get reasonable.

资本流动研究是 90年代以来区域经济地理学前沿的研究热点之一 ,本文通过经济学与地理学在国际资本流动研究方面的比较 ,指出了目前经济地理学研究中存在的问题 ,并建议加强资本流入的负面影响研究 ,外资流入的适度规模研究 ,资本流动过程研究和动力机制研究。

The present paper is focused on third draft of financial risk supervision and information disclosure framework put forward in the New Basel Agreement. Firstly, international coordination in regard to the system of China?'s financial accounting is dealt with. Then component factors of financial risks such as credit risks, market risks and operational risks are analyzed and problems that exist in current information supervision and accounting systems are discussed. At the same time, characteristics of China?'s...

The present paper is focused on third draft of financial risk supervision and information disclosure framework put forward in the New Basel Agreement. Firstly, international coordination in regard to the system of China?'s financial accounting is dealt with. Then component factors of financial risks such as credit risks, market risks and operational risks are analyzed and problems that exist in current information supervision and accounting systems are discussed. At the same time, characteristics of China?'s new "Accounting System Of Financial Enterprises" that regulates the disclosure and supervision of financial risks are evaluated; impact of the new system on public companies in the banking industry is examined; and a framework of supervision system with accounting disclosure of risk measurement as the core is proposed. Finally, suggestions are given concerning supervision principle in coordination with the new Basel Agreement; formation of a complete information disclosure framework for the banking industry and dynamic mechanism of information disclosure.

本文着眼于巴塞尔新资本协议第三次征求意见稿提出的金融风险监管和信息披露框架,以我国金融会计制度的国际化协调为切入点,分析了信用风险、市场风险和操作风险等金融风险的构成要素,指出现有监管信息系统和会计体系存在的问题。同时,本文还评价了我国新《金融企业会计制度》等规范对金融风险的披露和监管特征,分析了新制度对银行类上市公司所产生的影响,并提出了建立以风险计量会计披露为核心的监管体系的构想。本文最后对协同新巴塞尔协议的监管原则,建立完整的银行业信息披露框架,形成动态信息披露机制提出了一些建议。

Narrow capital sources and lack of an operational dynamic mechanism that can readily replenish capital are considered the main cause of low capital adequacy in Chinese commercial banks. Domestic commercial banks have a strong increasing demand for capital replenishment. To meet the challenge from WTO, they should hasten to replenish their capital and set up a dynamic mechanism for capital replenishment. There are ways of capital replenishment. Each has its positive and negative sides. Whichever way...

Narrow capital sources and lack of an operational dynamic mechanism that can readily replenish capital are considered the main cause of low capital adequacy in Chinese commercial banks. Domestic commercial banks have a strong increasing demand for capital replenishment. To meet the challenge from WTO, they should hasten to replenish their capital and set up a dynamic mechanism for capital replenishment. There are ways of capital replenishment. Each has its positive and negative sides. Whichever way is to be employed, share structure and debt ratio of commercial banks will be changed, affecting the nature of commercial banks and controlling power of shareholders. Therefore, to set up a dynamic mechanism for capital replenishment, commercial banks should combine various ways effectively to keep share structure stable for a long time by relying on internal-source-oriented financing method.

资本金来源渠道狭窄,未能建立起动态的可随时补充资本金的良好机制是中国商业银行资本充足率偏低的主要原因。目前国内商业银行资本金补充的需求量相当大并且是动态增长的,为了应对WTO的挑战,需要尽快补充资本金并建立资本金补充的动态机制。资本金补充的方式多种多样,各种补充方式既有其积极的一面,也有其局限性。而且无论以何种方式补充资本金,都会使商业银行的股权结构和债务比率发生变化,影响商业银行的性质及其股东的控制权。因此,商业银行建立资本金补充的动态机制,就必须对各种补充方式进行有效组合;并且依靠内源融资方式,才能在长期内保持股权结构的稳定。

 
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