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executive
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    A study of the memory and executive functions in the children with attention-deficit hyperkinetic disorder
    注意缺陷多动障碍儿童记忆和执行功能的研究(英文)
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    Sensory Integration Function and the Executive Function in Children with ADHD
    注意缺陷多动障碍儿童感觉统合与执行功能的相关分析
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    Prefrontal executive control in depressed patients-a study of ERPs
    抑郁症患者执行控制功能的事件相关电位研究
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    Comparison of memory and executive function between depression and mild Alzheimer's disease.
    抑郁症和早期阿尔茨海默病的记忆和执行功能
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    A Controlled Study of Working Memory and Executive Function in Heroin Addicts
    海洛因依赖者工作记忆、执行功能的对照研究
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  “executive”译为未确定词的双语例句
    (2) Compared with schizophrenic patients,patients with bipolar disorders (mania) had higher ability in expression [(72.54±16.70) vs (60.10±18.26) ,P<0.05)] and no difference in executive functions(P>0.05).
    (2)与精神分裂症患者相比,情感障碍患者语言能力总分[(72.54±16.70)分vs(60.10±18.26)分]显著升高(P<0.01)操作能力总分无显著变化(P>0.05)。
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    Results Compared with healthy control,TS had poor executive performances significantly in WCST(all P<0.01).
    结果TS患儿在WCST中的各项成绩均明显低于正常对照组(P均<0.01)。
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    Methods Negative symptoms,memory,attention,executive function were assessed with BPRS,SANS,WMS,WAIS-RC and WCST before and after treatment in 60 patients taking clozapine or risperidone.
    方法对60例具阴性症状的精神分裂症病人在氯氮平或利培酮治疗前后进行阴性症状评定量表(SANS)、简明精神病评定量表(BPRS)评定精神症状; 用Wisconsin卡片分类测验(WCST),Wechsler记忆测验(WMS)、Wechsler成人智力量表(WAIS-RC)评定认知功能;
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    When flanker conflict stimuli existed on response level, N38O showed the activation of left DLPFC and left temporal lobe during response selection and executive control processing in normal old people.
    患者组N2潜伏期较老年组显著延长,波幅无变化。
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    Results The depressed patients showed significant deficits in the alerting and executive control networks.
    结果 与正常组比较,抑郁组的警觉网络效率显著降低。
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  executive
Biochemical interventions (e.g., with inhibitors of poly-(ADP-riboso)-polymerase) into the signal and executive mechanisms of PCD can change the choice of the cell death form.
      
The Complementarity of Parallel Programs of the Regulation of Tracking Movements in the Virtual Space of an Executive Action
      
The mechanism underlying the process of coordination of tracking movements of humans in the virtual space of an executive action with a change in the semantic organization of a motor task was investigated.
      
Deficit in retention of expressive words and recognition of emotional states correlated with the severity of motor and cognitive disorders, particularly of attention and executive dysfunction.
      
Problems of Studying Executive Functions of Mental Activity in Humans
      
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Objective: To explore the relationship between regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) andexecutive functions in negative schizophrenia.Method: 12 negative schizophrenic patients were studied with single photon emission computer tomography(SPECT). Measures of rCBF were taken at rest and during a frontal activation task using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST).Results:Reliable inter-hermispheric differences in the frontal region were observed among patients during testing of WCST but not during rest...

Objective: To explore the relationship between regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) andexecutive functions in negative schizophrenia.Method: 12 negative schizophrenic patients were studied with single photon emission computer tomography(SPECT). Measures of rCBF were taken at rest and during a frontal activation task using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST).Results:Reliable inter-hermispheric differences in the frontal region were observed among patients during testing of WCST but not during rest condition. Significant correlation was also found between left frontal rCBF and the number of perseverative errors in WCST.Conclusion:These results suggest that negative symptoms of schizophrenia might be related to left frontal executive functions.

目的:为探讨阴性精神分裂症患者脑结构与认知功能缺陷的关系。方法:运用单光子发射计算机断层扫描(SPECT),测定了12例阴性精神分裂症患者在安静状态与威斯康星卡片分类测验的负荷状态下的局部脑血流。结果:在安静状态下阴性精神分裂症病人的脑局部放射性分布是对称的,但在威斯康星卡片分类测验的刺激状态下左、右侧额叶的局部脑放射性计数是不对称的。结论:提示精神分裂症的阴性症状与左侧额叶的功能状态有关。

Objective:To explore the relationship of negative schizophrenic cognitive function improvement with HVA and 5 HIAA. Method:Thirteen negative schizophrenic patients were treated with clozapine for 8 weeks.Memory,attention,executive function were assessed separately with Waise memory scale (WMS),cancellation test (CT) and Wisconsin card sorting test (WCST) before and after treatment,and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) HVA and 5 HIAA levels were determined with HPLC ECD. Results:Part of short memory was improving...

Objective:To explore the relationship of negative schizophrenic cognitive function improvement with HVA and 5 HIAA. Method:Thirteen negative schizophrenic patients were treated with clozapine for 8 weeks.Memory,attention,executive function were assessed separately with Waise memory scale (WMS),cancellation test (CT) and Wisconsin card sorting test (WCST) before and after treatment,and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) HVA and 5 HIAA levels were determined with HPLC ECD. Results:Part of short memory was improving with decreasing of HVA or increasing of 5 HIAA,while significant correlation were not found between improvement of memory quotient (MQ),attention,executive function and change of HVA,5 HIAA. Conclusion:The great part of negative schizophrenic cognitive function improvement has marked correlation with change of DA and 5 HT.

目的 :探讨阴性精神分裂症认知功能的改善与 HVA和 5-HIAA变化的关系。 方法 :对 13例阴性精神分裂症在氯氮平治疗前和治疗 8周后分别采用韦氏成人记忆量表 ( WMS) ,数字划消测验和威斯康星卡片分类测验 ( Wisconsin card sorting test,WCST)评估其记忆、注意及执行功能 ,采用高效液相色谱 -电化学检测测定其治疗前和治疗后脑脊液中 DA代谢产物高香草酸 ( HVA)和 5-HT代谢产物五羟吲哚乙酸 ( 5-HIAA)的浓度。 结果 :部分短时记忆随 HVA降低或 5-HIAA的增高而改善。而总的记忆商数 ( MQ) ,注意及执行功能的改善与 HVA和 5-HIAA的变化无明显相关。 结论 :大部分阴性精神分裂症认知功能的改善与 DA和 5-HT浓度变化无明显相关

Objective:To discuss the features of cognitive impairment in remited inpatients with schizophrenia. Method:26 remited inpatients with schizophrenia and 25 normal controls were studied on their cognitive functional impairment. Results:There were significant differences between the two groups in attention,memory,information integration and executive function. Conclusion:Cognitive impairment of remited inpatients with schizophrenia was one of their nuclear symptoms. The general criteria that combined with...

Objective:To discuss the features of cognitive impairment in remited inpatients with schizophrenia. Method:26 remited inpatients with schizophrenia and 25 normal controls were studied on their cognitive functional impairment. Results:There were significant differences between the two groups in attention,memory,information integration and executive function. Conclusion:Cognitive impairment of remited inpatients with schizophrenia was one of their nuclear symptoms. The general criteria that combined with positive and negative symptoms for schizophrenia was not well enough. To assess the cognitive impairment should be taken into precise account.

目的 :研究恢复期精神分裂症患者认知功能损害特点。 方法 :对 2 6例病情已达显著进步以上的精神分裂症患者及 2 5例健康者评定认知功能障碍的状况。 结果 :所有实验组患者与对照组相比较 ,在注意、记忆及信息整合与执行功能方面均有不同程度缺损。 结论 :认知功能障碍是精神分裂症的核心症状之一 ,以阳、阴性症状为主的临床诊疗标准存在一定的局限性 ,应增补认知功能和评定内容

 
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