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life circle
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  life circle
The life circle and bionomics ofLymantria dispar was studied from the May to the July of 1997 in Tulihe Forestry Enterprise of Inner Mongolia.
      
This material can be used and reused throughout its life circle from production and collection, through to recycling and eventually energy recovery.
      
Even if programmers work with greatest deliberation testing is still one of the most important steps in the software development life circle.
      


As an important modern theory of Europe and America on archival science, the theory of documental life circle has its reasonability and scientific nature. But because of differences in understanding the concept of archives and documents, it must be divorced from our country's reality to introduce the theory into our country and use it,and,inevitably,leading to confusion both in theory and practice. The archival work and archival science in our country have their own features, and to insist on the theory...

As an important modern theory of Europe and America on archival science, the theory of documental life circle has its reasonability and scientific nature. But because of differences in understanding the concept of archives and documents, it must be divorced from our country's reality to introduce the theory into our country and use it,and,inevitably,leading to confusion both in theory and practice. The archival work and archival science in our country have their own features, and to insist on the theory of relationship between documents and archives with our own characteristics or to use the foreign theory of documental life circle in China is a matter of principle and involved a matter of how to treat our own archival science and how to learn it from abroad. The author thinks that the theory of documental life circle should not be highly appraised and it isn't suitable to China. At the same time the author points out that the views that think the theory would provide a theoretical basis for unified managements of our country's documents and archives are ill grounded in reasons.

作为欧美现代档案学的重要理论,文件生命周期理论有其合理性与科学性。由于国内外关于档案与文件概念理解上的差异,将该理论引入国内,必然脱离我国实际去认识档案概念,理论和实践中的混乱将不可避免。我国档案工作与档案学有自己的特色,坚持我国特色的文件与档案关系理论,还是将文件生命周期理论中国化,涉及如何对待自己的档案学与学习国外档案学问题,这是一个原则性问题。文章作者认为,对文件生命周期理论不宜评价过高,该理论也不宜中国化。作者同时指出,有一种认为该理论能为我国的文书与档案工作一体化管理提供理论依据的看法,其理由也是不充分的。

The life course of concrete records has its speciality. The institution of record management can’t be established strictly according to the stage of life course of records. So there is no necessary connection between the theory of life circle of record and the record center. In ancient and modern time and most of the contemporary countries there are no record centers. The American record center was established on the base of economy instead of the theory of life circle of records and only less than...

The life course of concrete records has its speciality. The institution of record management can’t be established strictly according to the stage of life course of records. So there is no necessary connection between the theory of life circle of record and the record center. In ancient and modern time and most of the contemporary countries there are no record centers. The American record center was established on the base of economy instead of the theory of life circle of records and only less than 40% the records were transferred from federal offices to the record center. The federal office records that are more important are not transferred to the record center. The practice of managing records of every country denies the view that there is a necessary connection between the theory of life circle of records and the record center.

具体文件的生命过程有其特殊性,人们不可能严格按照文件生命过程的阶段设置文件管理机构。这就决定了文件生命周期理论与文件中心不存在必然联系。古代、近代各国和现代多数国家没有文件中心,美国的文件中心是根据经济上的节约原则而不是依据文件生命周期理论设置的,而且联邦机构移交文件中心的文件只占文件总数的40 % 以下,越是重要的联邦机构的文件越不向文件中心移交。各国文件管理的实践,否定了文件生命周期理论与文件中心存在必然联系的观点。

: The philosophy of sustainable development is increasingly necessary and important for the enterprise's survival and progress. From the sustainable development view, it is pointed out in the paper how an enterprise can establish its developing strategy based on the products' life circle. Four phases of the products' life circle including product exploitation, product manufacture, product utilization and product final disposition are dissertated. The basic way for an enterprise to establish its...

: The philosophy of sustainable development is increasingly necessary and important for the enterprise's survival and progress. From the sustainable development view, it is pointed out in the paper how an enterprise can establish its developing strategy based on the products' life circle. Four phases of the products' life circle including product exploitation, product manufacture, product utilization and product final disposition are dissertated. The basic way for an enterprise to establish its sustainable development strategy, set up green enterprise culture and realize its harmony with environment has been formulated in detail.

可持续发展思想对于企业的生存和发展显得日益必要和重要。本文从可持续发展的角度,阐述了企业如何在划分产品生命周期的基础上制定企业的发展战略,并从产品生命周期的各个阶段——产品开发,产品制造,产品使用和产品最终处置四个方面,详细论述了企业制定可持续发展战略,树立绿色企业文化,实现与环境的和谐与兼容的基本途径。

 
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