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mycorrhizal fungi     
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  菌根真菌
     Thirty-five species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in 7 genus, including 5 of Acaulospora, 1 of Archaespora, 1 of Entrophospora, 18 of Glomus, 3 of Gigaspora, 1 of Paraglomus and 6 of Scutellospora, were isolated from rhizosphere of wild plants grown in the islands of the Bohai Bay.
     从渤海湾岛屿上的天然植被根围土壤中分离到丛枝菌根真菌7属35种, 其中无柄囊霉属Acaulospora5种,原囊霉属Archaespora1种,内养囊霉属 Entrophospora 1种,球囊霉属Glomus属18种,巨孢囊霉属 Gigaspora3种, 类球囊霉属Paraglomus属1种,盾巨孢囊霉属Scutellospora6种。
短句来源
     We conclude that DHL——16,DHL——17 and DHL——19 should be used as the mycorrhizal fungi for orchids.
     因此,DHL--16、DHL--17、DHL--19这3个菌株初步确定是兰科植物的菌根真菌.
短句来源
     Three Rhizobium spp. , Rhizobium sp. CYY3302, Rhizobium sp. HCY9101, Rhizobium sp. JMC1402, which isolated from nodules on ricebean (Vigna umbellate L.) were co-inoculated with Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi(AMF) to ricebean.
     将从饭豆(Vigna umbellate L.)分离的不同代时的饭豆根瘤菌(Rhizobium sp.CYY3302,Rhizobium sp HCY9101,Rhizobium sp JMCl402)与AMF(Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi,丛枝状菌根真菌)共同接种于饭豆,进行饭豆、玉米田间小区间作试验。
短句来源
     Ecological effects of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF),Glomus mosseae(G.m),Glo-mus versifome(G.v),Sclerocystis sinousa(S.s)on the growth of maize were investigated on non-fertilizer field in 1996-1998. The results showed that the root vigor of maize plant treated by AMF was 2.32-3.05 times as much as the control.
     1996~1998年试验研究了大田不施肥条件下3种泡囊丛枝菌根真菌Arbuscular mycor-rhizal fungi(AMF),即Glomus mosseae(G.m)、Glomus versifome(G.v)、Sclerocystis sinousa(S.s)对玉米生长的生态效应。
短句来源
     Effect of polyamine(PuT, SPD, SPM) and polyamine biosynthesis inhibitor (MGBG) on spore germination character and hyphal growth and development of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus mosseae, Gigaspora margarita) in vitro culture condition was studied.
     研究离体培养条件下多胺 (PUT,SPD,SPM) 及多胺生物合成抑制剂 (MGBG) 对丛枝菌根真菌 (Glomus mosseae, Gigaspora margarita) 孢子萌发特性及菌丝生长发育的影响。
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  菌根菌
     We field investigated and specimen consulted for mycorrhizal fungi in Guizhou province. The results showed that thereare 10 families 162 species including Cantharellaceae ,Clavariaceae,Boletaceae,Amanitaceae,Cortinariaceae,Hygrophoraceae,Tricholomataceae,Russulaceae,etc.
     通过对贵州菌根真菌野外考察,标本采集,查阅标本资料、研究结果表明,贵州菌根真菌有10 科,162 种,以牛肝菌科Boletaceae、毒伞科Amanitaceae、口蘑科Tricholomataceae、红菇科Russulaceae、蜡伞科Hygrophorace ae、珊瑚菌科Clavariaceae、鸡油菌科Catharelluceae中的菌根菌最为常见。
短句来源
     Mechanisms of plant disease resistance induced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
     丛枝菌根菌诱导植物抗病的内在机制
短句来源
     VA Mycorrhizal Fungi and Host-Plant Resistance to Disease
     VA菌根菌与植物的抗病性
短句来源
     Application of Mycorrhizal Fungi Supplement Inoculation Pinus tabulaeformis Forestation
     菌根菌补充接种在油松造林中的应用研究
短句来源
     Study on Inoculation of VA Mycorrhizal Fungi and Ectomycorrhizal Fungi on Populus tomentosa Carr. Seedling
     毛白杨苗期VA菌根菌与外生菌根菌接种的研究
短句来源
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  菌根
     of the VA mycorrhizal fungi that was investigated to infect plants,Arum type accounted for 68.75% and Pris type accounted 31.25%;
     所调查植物的VA菌根结构类型Arum型占68.75%,Pris型占31.25%;
短句来源
     Thirty-five species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in 7 genus, including 5 of Acaulospora, 1 of Archaespora, 1 of Entrophospora, 18 of Glomus, 3 of Gigaspora, 1 of Paraglomus and 6 of Scutellospora, were isolated from rhizosphere of wild plants grown in the islands of the Bohai Bay.
     从渤海湾岛屿上的天然植被根围土壤中分离到丛枝菌根真菌7属35种, 其中无柄囊霉属Acaulospora5种,原囊霉属Archaespora1种,内养囊霉属 Entrophospora 1种,球囊霉属Glomus属18种,巨孢囊霉属 Gigaspora3种, 类球囊霉属Paraglomus属1种,盾巨孢囊霉属Scutellospora6种。
短句来源
     We conclude that DHL——16,DHL——17 and DHL——19 should be used as the mycorrhizal fungi for orchids.
     因此,DHL--16、DHL--17、DHL--19这3个菌株初步确定是兰科植物的菌根真菌.
短句来源
     Preliminary Studies on Molecular Genetic of 11 Strain Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi from 5 Tree Species
     5种林木的11个丛枝菌根菌株分子遗传初步研究
短句来源
     candidum had been promoted by the mycorrhizal fungi. So it was proved that GS222,GDB162,GDB254,MLX102,CLN103,CLX104 were good mycorrhizal strains of D. candidum.
     由此可认为GS222、GDB162、GDB254、MLX102、CLN103、CLX104是铁皮石斛优良的菌根菌株。
短句来源
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  菌根真菌的
     A study on the effect on greening trees inoculated by mycorrhizal fungi VA
     绿化树种接种VA菌根真菌的生长效应研究
短句来源
     Isolation and Identification of VA Mycorrhizal Fungi on Radix gentianae
     龙胆VA菌根真菌的分离和鉴定
短句来源
     Screening of Mycorrhizal Fungi and Structure Study of Mycorrhiza of Several Endangered Wild Orchids in Yunnan Province
     云南几种濒危野生兰花菌根真菌的筛选及菌根结构研究
短句来源
     Some climatic factors such as mean temperature,rainfall and sunshine time significantly affected the spore density,species richness and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
     同时分析了气候因素(平均温度、降雨量和日照时间等)对丛枝菌根真菌的影响。 结果表明,气候因素对孢子密度、物种丰富度和多样性指数均有显著影响。
短句来源
     This paper reviews the effect of the elevated atmospheric CO_2 on mycorrhizal fungi, the action of mycorrhiza in responses of plants to the elevated atmospheric CO_2 and the function mycorrhizal fungi in the whole ecosystem, and discusses the present problems and future development related with mycorrhizal fungi.
     本文对全球CO2浓度升高对菌根真菌的影响、菌根真菌在植物对大气CO2增加响应中的作用、菌根真菌在大气CO2浓度增加条件下对整个生态系统的作用等进行了综述,同时对当前存在的问题和未来的发展做了探讨.
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      mycorrhizal fungi
    Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on leaf solutes and root absorption areas of trifoliate orange seedlings under water str
          
    Cocultivation of pRi T-DNA transformed roots with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi makes possible vital study of all stages of obligate symbiont development and interaction with plant roots.
          
    amabilis, fungal hyphae and/or their half-degraded remains were detected, which testifies to the presence of mycorrhizal fungi in this plant.
          
    Nested multiplex PCR-A feasible technique to study partial community of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in field-growing plant root
          
    Plant can be infected by different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, but little is known about the interaction between them within root tissues mainly because different species cannot be distinguished on the basis of fungal structure.
          
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    Two citrus mycorrhizal fungi, found in China, were named C C-l and C C-2 for the present. According to microscopical anatomy observation and pot inoculation experiments, both of them belong to Phytomycetus endophytic fungi and are of highly distinctive vesicular-arbuscular type mycorrhizal in associa-tion with citrus. C C-l possesses the characteristics of producing plenty of ve-sicles more than C C-2 and forming arbuscles in the parenchyma cells of root cortex. Hyphae of C C-l extend into...

    Two citrus mycorrhizal fungi, found in China, were named C C-l and C C-2 for the present. According to microscopical anatomy observation and pot inoculation experiments, both of them belong to Phytomycetus endophytic fungi and are of highly distinctive vesicular-arbuscular type mycorrhizal in associa-tion with citrus. C C-l possesses the characteristics of producing plenty of ve-sicles more than C C-2 and forming arbuscles in the parenchyma cells of root cortex. Hyphae of C C-l extend into rhizosphere soil to enlarge the absorptive area of roots and hyphae tip forms knotty microverru.

    在我国发现了两种柑桔菌根真菌,暂编号为中柑1号和中柑2号。通过显微解剖观察和盆栽接种试验证明二者均属于藻菌类内囊霉属的“泡囊-丛状(V-A)型内生菌根真菌。中柑1号在锦橙根的皮层组织内产生丰富的泡囊和丛状体,菌丝伸出根外形成瘤状吸盘结构。 取七个柑桔品种的实生苗,在盆栽灭菌土的条件下,分别人工接种这种菌根真菌,均使柑桔的根系感染而形成菌根。但不同柑桔品种的菌根感染程度不同,以锦橙对中柑1号和粗柠檬对中柑2号的感染率为最高,枳对两种菌根真菌的感染程度极低,甚至不感染。 菌根显著地促进柑桔植株的生长,但同一种菌根菌对不同的柑桔品种的生长反应不一致。中柑1号使锦橙实生苗的枝茎和根的长度为对照的2倍以上;中柑2号使粗柠檬的长度为对照的2.8倍。以菌根的依赖和根穗比值也说明了菌根对柑桔生长的反应。

    Rough lemon seedlings were grown in sterilized purple soil in a pot experiment to study the effect of a vesicula:-arbuscular ( VA ) mycorrhizal fungus on the uptake of insoluble phosphate. Four treatments with three replications in each case were made as follows. 1) seedlings inoculated with an endotrophic mycorrhizal fungus ( Glomus sp. cc-1 ) ,2) fertilized with rock phosphate alone, 3) combined with above two treatments, 4) control without inoculation and applying p.

    粗柠檬实生苗经“泡囊一丛枝”菌根真菌的接种和施用磷矿粉作盆栽四个处理,用以测验菌根对柑桔吸收难溶性磷肥的效应。观察表明,中柑1号菌根菌种对粗柠檬的感染率可达96%以上。在四个处理中,接种菌根加施磷矿粉的植株生长反应最好,其枝茎长度和整株鲜重增长最快,分别为单施磷肥植株的2.9和4.3倍以上,主干粗增加2倍左右,其整株含磷量增加7倍。植株的干物质重,叶片含磷量和绝对含磷量等都比其他三个处理明显增多。单施磷肥的植株生长和含磷量与对照的差异不显著。结果证明柑桔根系必需形成内生菌根才能增强对难溶性磷肥的吸收。

    Inoculation with an endomyeorrhizal fungus (Glomus sp.CC-1)on roots of sunki (Citrus reticulata) and trifoliata orange (Poncirus trifoliata),which are the most useful rootstocks of Citrus in our country,was carried out in pot experiments.The soil used was an nutrient poor especial phosphate deficient red earth,sterilized by autoclave. Seedlings of either species were dealt with four treatments,including soluble and inso- luble phosphate fertilizer application and with or without mycorrhizal inoculation.Each...

    Inoculation with an endomyeorrhizal fungus (Glomus sp.CC-1)on roots of sunki (Citrus reticulata) and trifoliata orange (Poncirus trifoliata),which are the most useful rootstocks of Citrus in our country,was carried out in pot experiments.The soil used was an nutrient poor especial phosphate deficient red earth,sterilized by autoclave. Seedlings of either species were dealt with four treatments,including soluble and inso- luble phosphate fertilizer application and with or without mycorrhizal inoculation.Each treatment was replicated three pots,consisting of 9 seedlings.Both phosphate fertilizers were labelled with radioactive isotope ~(32)P to examine the absorption of phosphorus by Citrus plants. The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of mycorrhizal infection on P uptake by Citrus seedlings.Microautoradiographs clearly showed that ~(32)P was ta- ken up by hyphae of mycorrhizal fungus and was accumulated in arbuscles and vesicles, inside the roots.Macro-autoradiograph demonstrated that ~(32)P was translocated in shoots of mycorrhizal seedlings much more than it was in nonmycorrhizal seedlings.Phosphorus analysis and seediling growth response indicated that endomycorrhizae increased phos- phate absorption from fertilizer and from soil as well.

    接种一种球囊霉 Glomus sp.编号 CC-1于红壤中,使酸桔和枳实生苗的根系感染形成泡囊丛枝内生菌根。应用放射性同位素~(32)P 标记的可溶性磷肥和难溶性磷肥来研究菌根真菌对柑桔吸收磷肥的作用。放射性宏观自显影和显微自显影表明菌根真菌加强了柑桔对两类磷肥的吸收。放射性测量和化学分析证明有菌根柑桔实生苗的地上部含磷量以及从红壤中和从肥料中吸收的磷量比无菌根的增多,有菌根实生苗的生长反应也较好。

     
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