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economic principles     
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  经济原则
     Economic Principles in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language
     对外汉语教学的经济原则
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     Economic Principles of Management for Controlling Total Amount of Pollutants Discharged to Water.
     水污染物排放总量控制管理的经济原则
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     On the Practice of and Lessons from Lenin's Classic Socialist Economic Principles
     列宁的经典社会主义经济原则实践及经验教训
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     According to the practice of emerging market countries, the choice of exchange rate regime should take into consideration not only the economic principles such as the independence of monetary policy, trade and investment promotion and monetary replacement, but also non-economic principles such as political system, party system and general election.
     新兴市场经济国家的实践表明,汇率制度的选择不仅要考虑诸如政策的自主性、促进贸易与投资、货币替代等经济原则,同时也必须考虑政治制度、政党制度、大选等非经济原则
短句来源
     An Analysis on the Economic and Non economic Principles for the Choice of Exchange Rate Regime
     汇率制度选择的经济与非经济原则分析
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  经济学原理
     Applying the economic principles of the third industry, this article analyses the process of value creation in library services and the distribution way of its service products and, points out the guiding meaning of the library service theory under market economy conditions.
     应用第三产业经济学原理,分析图书馆服务的价值创造过程及其服务产品的分配方式,阐明图书馆服务理论在市场经济条件下对图书馆工作的指导意义
短句来源
     But even more important is the application of economic principles, particularly pricing and markets.
     但是更重要的是要应用经济学原理,特别是定价和市场原则。
短句来源
     The article probes into the ways and methods of consolidation of higher education resources in China based on the economic principles of returns to scale and the analysis of the present situation and development of higher education in China and the present condition of education resources.
     依据规模与效益的经济学原理 ,通过分析中国高等教育的发展与现状 ,以及教育资源的现状 ,探讨实现中国高等教育资源整合的途径和方法。
短句来源
     Firstly, we apply economic principles to analyses the structure and efficiency of stock market, conclude the ideal market structure and its top efficiency梕quilibrium efficiency, then, according to the theory of unsymmetyical information, point out that perfect competition market doesn't exist in reality.
     首先从一般经济学原理出发,分析证券市场结构与效率的关系,得出理想证券市场的结构及其最高效率——均衡效率,然后由市场交易客观存在的信息不对称的特点,指明完全竞争市场在现实生活中不可能存在,并且用证券市场信息不对称原理分析证券市场的自身特点,表明任何资本市场不可能完全承担管理层赋予中国证券市场的使命。
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     The Economic Principles in Technology Stock
     技术股份化的经济学原理解析
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  经济原理
     Therefore the author systemically expatiate and study on legal regulation of insider trading,adopting a method of comparative study,mainly consulting juristic system of UK,USA,German and Taiwan,relating legal and economic principles and national legislation practice.
     因此本文采用比较研究的研究方式,主要参照英、美、德、台湾等国家和地区的法律制度,从各国内幕交易制度的演进历程、价值与功能取向、内容与形式等方面,结合内幕交易制度的固有法律、经济原理以及我国的立法实践,对内幕交易法律规制进行系统的阐述和研究。
短句来源
     Discuss the Two Basic Economic Principles of Circular Economy
     论循环经济的两大基本经济原理
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     So, this paper mainly explores mandatory information disclosure,voluntary information disclosure and independent information provider of third party,analyses their economic principles, information contents, information credibility and thereality that empirical research revealed.
     因此,本文主要从强制性信息披露、自愿性信息披露和独立的第三方信息提供者的角度,分析了这三种信息机制的经济原理、披露内容、信息可信性与鉴证以及实证研究中揭示的现实情况。
短句来源
     Economic Principles and Application of Financial Derivative Security
     金融衍生商品的经济原理及在我国的运用
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     This paper explores economic rational analysis about various shortening working period designs during the construction,utilizing the technology and economic principles,which contributes to increase the economic benefit of construction project.
     本文运用技术经济原理对项目建设过程中的各种缩短工期方案的经济合理性之分析方法进行了探讨 ,有助于提高项目建设的经济效益。
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  经济规律
     Ecologic Concept of Circulation Economy and Economic Principles
     循环经济的生态理念和经济规律
短句来源
     In the second part, based on the theories of strategy management, marketing management, and so on, we analyze the development strategies what China Merchants Bank has chosen in the volatile circumstances. We finally try to find some underlying objective economic principles for the development of middle&small commercial banks in China.
     案例分析部分,主要运用战略管理、市场营销等方面的理论,分析了招商银行所处的战略环境和由此而采取的发展策略,试图寻找出其中隐含的客观经济规律,为中小商业银行的发展提供借鉴意义。
短句来源
     In one word, the natural and economic principles of agricultural mechanization development had not been studied thoroughly under the pecific conditions.
     归总起来就是一条:从特定条件出发研究农业机械化发展的自然规律和经济规律不够。
短句来源
     It has been developed in accordance with the natural and economic laws, ecologic and ecologic economic principles as well as systems theory and systems engineering methodology.
     生态经济林业就是遵循自然规律和经济规律,按照生态学和生态经济学的原理,运用系统理论与系统工程的方法,组织经济林生产建设事业。
短句来源
     s: Though the GDP of our country has kept increasing at a high rate in resent years ,the prices have gone down and unemployment rate has been high,that is the phenomenon of “one high and one low” which does not fit the economic principles .
     近几年我国的GDP以高速率增长,但价格却出现下跌,失业率居高不下的局面,即"一高一低"有违经济规律的现象。
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      economic principles
    They will come increasingly to believe, as Hutt always did, that labor economics should be nothing more or less than the application of economic principles to the labor market.
          
    Whether the new dispensation will adhere to the general economic principles of fiscal decentralization will in the first instance depend on the principles enshrined in the new constitution.
          
    None-the-less, the authors conclude that the declining trend in economics majors in the 1990s is still cause for concern because understanding economic principles is important in the development of a globally competitive workforce.
          
    A note on the contents of the economic principles course
          
    New Zealand antitrust draws on recent US microeconomics for its underlying economic principles, but more on the Australian Trade Practices Act for its legal framework.
          
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    The development of agricultural mechanization should bring about significant economic benefits. This is not only a basic principle theoretically in promoting agricultural mechanization, but also has been proved valid by a great amount of practical successful results both in this country and abroad. However, viewing the past 30 years' course of agricultural mechanization in Heilongjiang province, it is noticed that not all of the counties, communes and brigades have obtained the expected economic benefit as they...

    The development of agricultural mechanization should bring about significant economic benefits. This is not only a basic principle theoretically in promoting agricultural mechanization, but also has been proved valid by a great amount of practical successful results both in this country and abroad. However, viewing the past 30 years' course of agricultural mechanization in Heilongjiang province, it is noticed that not all of the counties, communes and brigades have obtained the expected economic benefit as they should. This is also true for the nation as a whole. The main reasons are. the related sectors of national economy had not been well compatiable, the course of mechanization had been separated apart to certain extent from the development of agricultural prodaction,the supply of some agricultural machineries did not meet the needs, the economic returns from machine investments had been neglected, etc. In one word, the natural and economic principles of agricultural mechanization development had not been studied thoroughly under the pecific conditions. Especially, not enough attention was paid to the research Work on "mechanization". The major contents of the scientific and technological system of mechanization includes five aspects. agricultural machinery system, energy resources of agriculture, management and administration of agricultural mechanization, technical extention service on operation, maintenence and repair, and technical economy of agricultural mechanization. It is recommended to generalize all these five aspects into a new field named as "agricultural mechanization engineering". Through study of this new dis- cipline, a scientific basis will be provided to implement the development of the agricultural mechanization in our country, and gradually develop a Chinese pattern of agricultural mechanization. In view of the situation that China is a socialistic country, not very rich in natural resources per capita, rather poor in industrial and agricultural expertise, as well as short of economic foundation, our way of agricultural mechanization should have the following features, to provide employment for each rural labor displaced by mechanization, to promote energy saving type of mechanization with major goal of increasing yield, to integrate self-reliance of commune-brigade and the support from the state for fund of mechanizatlion, to adopt appropriate technology, not too rush for complete mechanization, to concern the benefit of state, collective and individual simutaneously, to permit partial farmers become rich ahead but set co-prosperity as a goal.

    发展农业机械化应能带来明显的经济效果,这不仅从理论上说应当是推行农业机械化不可违背的根本原则,也早已为国内外大量成功的实践所证实。但从黑龙江省三十年来农业机械化的历程来看,许多县和社队并未因推行机械化都获得应有的经济效果。从全国来看也大致如此。主要原因是:国民经济有关部门配合不够,同农业生产发展有些割裂,某些农机产品供应同需要脱节和投放机器不注重经济核算等等。归总起来就是一条:从特定条件出发研究农业机械化发展的自然规律和经济规律不够。特别是没有认真把农业机械“化”的科学研究开展起来。农业机械“化”科学技术体系的主要内容可归纳为:农业机器系统、农业生产能源、农机化经营管理、农机化技术推广服务和农机化技术经济五方面。建议用“农业机械、化工程”这一新学科名称来概括。通过农业机械化工程的研究,可以为我们社会主义国家提供积极干预农机化事业发展的科学依据,逐步走出一条中国式的农业机械化道路来。针对我们是社会主义国家和人均自然资源较少,工农业技术和经济基础都比较薄弱等情况,我国农业机械化道路应具有以下主要特点:搞农业机械化要给每个农业劳动力安排出路;要搞以增产为主要目标的能源节约型的机械化;机械化资金要社队自力更生与国家资...

    发展农业机械化应能带来明显的经济效果,这不仅从理论上说应当是推行农业机械化不可违背的根本原则,也早已为国内外大量成功的实践所证实。但从黑龙江省三十年来农业机械化的历程来看,许多县和社队并未因推行机械化都获得应有的经济效果。从全国来看也大致如此。主要原因是:国民经济有关部门配合不够,同农业生产发展有些割裂,某些农机产品供应同需要脱节和投放机器不注重经济核算等等。归总起来就是一条:从特定条件出发研究农业机械化发展的自然规律和经济规律不够。特别是没有认真把农业机械“化”的科学研究开展起来。农业机械“化”科学技术体系的主要内容可归纳为:农业机器系统、农业生产能源、农机化经营管理、农机化技术推广服务和农机化技术经济五方面。建议用“农业机械、化工程”这一新学科名称来概括。通过农业机械化工程的研究,可以为我们社会主义国家提供积极干预农机化事业发展的科学依据,逐步走出一条中国式的农业机械化道路来。针对我们是社会主义国家和人均自然资源较少,工农业技术和经济基础都比较薄弱等情况,我国农业机械化道路应具有以下主要特点:搞农业机械化要给每个农业劳动力安排出路;要搞以增产为主要目标的能源节约型的机械化;机械化资金要社队自力更生与国家资助相结合,要采用“适当技术”,不要急于追求全面机械化;要兼顾国家、集体、个人三方面的利益,要既允许部分农民先富,又要以共同富裕为目标。

    A Simplified dynamic model of relations between accumlating rate and nationaleconomy is established depending on the general economic principle.The model issolved by using the maxima principle of control theory and giving accordingly a set ofoptimal accumulating rates for various economic goals.It includes that (1) the opti-mal accumulting rate should be about 25.3%,if a rapid economic growth is the pri-mary consideration;(2)the reasonable figures of accumulating rates should be al-ways...

    A Simplified dynamic model of relations between accumlating rate and nationaleconomy is established depending on the general economic principle.The model issolved by using the maxima principle of control theory and giving accordingly a set ofoptimal accumulating rates for various economic goals.It includes that (1) the opti-mal accumulting rate should be about 25.3%,if a rapid economic growth is the pri-mary consideration;(2)the reasonable figures of accumulating rates should be al-ways in the range of 23.3%~33.7%,whichever economical goal may be;(3)the ac-cumulating rates should be assured to increase per annum with the appropriate figu-re at 29%,and the upper limit at 33.7%,if higher accumulating rate is the basicconcern;(4)the accumulating rates should be assured to decrease per ann(?)m,withthe appropriate figure at about 23% and the lower limit at 21.3%,if higher comsu-mption is emphasized;(5)as a comprehensive trade-off among accumulating,com-sumption and economic growth rates,the moderate accumulating rate should be inthe range of 23%~28%,the figure of 25.5% recommended.

    本文根据经济规律建立了一个国民收入与积累率的简化动态模型,并利用最优控制理论中的最大值原理,求出了各种不同经济目标下的最优积累率:(1)从强调经济发展速度考虑,最优积累率应约为25.3%; (2)无论何种经济目标,积累率的合理取值应在21.3~33.7%的范围之内;(3)单纯强调多积累时,积累率取值应逐年增加,但不能超过33.7%;(4)单纯强调多消费时,积累率取值应逐年减少,但不能低于21.3%(5)综合考虑积累、消费和国民经济发展速度的整体效果,积累率取值范围应在23%~28%之间,以25.5%左右为宜。

    In this article the relationship between agro-ecosystem and agricultural resources is being discussed. The process of the movement of agro-ecosystem and that of the use of agricultural resources are identified in nature . In order to give full play to the advantages of agricultural resources, the principles of ecological economics must be applied in the use of those resources. Four major eco-economic principles and their application approaches are mentioned in this papers i. e. the principle of the...

    In this article the relationship between agro-ecosystem and agricultural resources is being discussed. The process of the movement of agro-ecosystem and that of the use of agricultural resources are identified in nature . In order to give full play to the advantages of agricultural resources, the principles of ecological economics must be applied in the use of those resources. Four major eco-economic principles and their application approaches are mentioned in this papers i. e. the principle of the integration of reforming and conforming the ecological environment, the principle of the use and conservation of the components of ecosystem, the principle of the application of value flow of agro-ecosystem, and the principle of food chain of agro-ecosystem. For the purpose of transforming the advantage of resources into the advantage of the whole economy, research on the issues of eco-economics is considered extremely important. At present, the problem of rational combination in the use of resources, the relation between the regional specialization in production and the development of social economy, and the issue of the renewal of agricultural resources related to economic growth are recognized as the urgency of study.

    本文论证了农业生态系统与农业资源的关系,农业生态系统运动过程与农业资源利用过程在本质上是一致的。为了充分发挥农业资源的优势,在利用过程需要应用生态经济原理。文章论述了四条主要原理及其在农业资源利用过程的应用方法。这些原理包括:生态环境的改造与适应原理;生态系统组成成分的利用与保护原理;农业生态系统价值流原理和农业生态系统食物链原理。为了把资源优势转化为经济优势,必须加强生态经济的研究。亟待研究的如资源利用的合理组合问题;地区分工与社会经济发展的关系和经济发展与资源更新问题。

     
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