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foliar application     
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  叶面喷施
     5 Foliar application of 250mg·L-1 , 500mg·L-1 , 1000mg·L-1 FA increased net photosynthetic rate of tomato leaf, but application of 4000mg·L-1 decreased net photosynthetic rate 7 days after spraying.
     5 苗期叶面喷施黄腐酸,喷施浓度为250mg·L~(-1)、500mg·L~(-1)、1000mg·L~(-1)的处理提高了番茄单叶的净光合速率,而喷施浓度为4000mg·L~(-1)的处理在喷后7天内降低了番茄单叶的净光合速率。
短句来源
     Results show that foliar application of Na2SeO3 at a rate of Se 10 g hm-2 could raise significantly Se content in rice up to 255.3~586.5 μg kg-1,which was 7.9~11.0 times higher than that in CK.
     结果表明:叶面喷施亚硒酸钠10ghm-2,可使该地区水稻籽粒硒含量达255.3~586.5μgkg-1,是不喷硒的7.9~11.0倍。
短句来源
     2 Foliar application of 2g/L KH2PO4 could increase the seed yields and improve the seed quality, which influenced seed yields, 1000 seed weight, seed size and germination energy most markedly.
     2.胡萝卜种株抽薹后叶面喷施2g/L 的KH_2PO_4可以提高种子产量和质量。
短句来源
     The overall evaluation of the yield, quality and economic result showed that it is feasible entirely decreasing amount of applied chemical fertilizer or controlling N, P and K contents within 20kg/666.7m~2 in growing welsh onion, and the combination of foliar application with the treatment 2 or treatment 4 of the experiments can be popularized in production.
     综合产量结果、产品品质和经济效益等评价及增产机理探讨,大葱栽培实施化学肥料减量,将化学肥料氮磷钾总养分含量控制在20kg/666.7m2以下是完全可行的。 本试验可确定处理2或处理4结合叶面喷施的立体施肥措施为宜推广方案。
短句来源
     The results could be concluded as follows: 1 Foliar application of 2g/L KH2PO4 could raise photosynthetic rate, prolong the growth phase, improve the resistance and promote the steckling growth in the latter phase of carrot steckling development.
     1.胡萝卜种株抽薹后叶面喷施2g/L 浓度的KH_2PO_4,可增强叶片光合作用而延缓植株衰老,提高植株抗逆力,增强植株生长势。
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  叶面施肥
     YIELD EFFECT OF FOLIAR APPLICATION OF UREA
     尿素叶面施肥的效果
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  叶面施用
     The results showed that foliar application of betaine increased the contents of chlorophyll,soluble sugar and proline in leaves,maintained the appropriate water content and K~(+)/Na~(+)ion equilibrium,and alleviated inhibition of stems and leaves by salt stress.
     试验结果表明:在盐胁迫条件下,叶面施用甜菜碱可以提高叶片中叶绿素、可溶性糖及脯氨酸的含量,并保持叶片适当含水率和K+/Na+离子平衡,减轻盐胁迫对桑树枝叶生长的抑制作用。
短句来源
     The possibility of foliar application of nitrogen-fixing bacteria has been discussed.
     探讨了叶面施用固氮菌剂的可能性。
短句来源
     Foliar application not only increased N, P and K content of plants, but also changed their distribution in organs and stimulated translocation of N to grain. Absolute protein contents of wheat and corn grains increased by 22 g/kg and 4.9g/kg, respectively, due to foliar feeding during the middle and latter growing periods.
     叶面施用N、P、K肥不仅提高了作物体内N,P,K的含量,而且改变了它们在不同部位的分配,促进N素向籽粒运转,10g/L尿素+10g/LKH2PO4处理可分别提高小麦和玉米籽粒的蛋白质含量的绝对值22g/kg和4.9g/kg。
短句来源
     Selenium foliar application might have stimulated the absorption and accumulation of selenium in tea, subsequently, transferred inorganoselenium to organoselenium.
     茶叶叶面施用亚硒酸钠可能刺激了茶叶机体对外源硒的吸收和利用 ,将无机形态的硒转化为有机硒
短句来源
  “foliar application”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Foliar application of CaCl 2、FeSO 4、Na 2B 4O 7 and MnSO 4 before harvest increased the content of Ca、Fe、B and Mn in fruit respectively.
     采前喷布CaCl2,FeSO4,Na2B4O7和MnSO4可增加果实Ca,Fe,B和Mn的含量。
短句来源
     Foliar application 1% of zinc fertilizer could increase fruit weight by 40.2%,Vc by 20.4%,soluble sugar by 26.7% and anthocyanin by 75% respectively in comparison with control treatment.
     喷施1%浓度的锌肥,株产量比对照增加40.2%,Vc含量提高了20.4%,可溶性糖增加了26.7%,花青苷含量提高了75%。
短句来源
     The results could be concluded as follows:1 Yield of tomato was significantly increased by foliar application of 500mg·L-1, 1000mg·L-1, and increased over the CK by 19.4%, 27.4% respectively.
     1 喷施浓度为500mg·L~(-1)一、1000mg·L~(-1)的处理显著提高了番茄的产量,分别比对照增产达19.4%、27.4%。
短句来源
     When foliar application of KH2PO4 was 2g/L, the net photosynthetic rate and transpirational rate were both higher than that of 5g/L and control group.
     当KH_2PO_4喷施浓度为2g/L 时,种株净光合速率、蒸腾速率均显著高于浓度为5g/L 的和清水处理的。
短句来源
     For the trees with fruit yield of 50 kg,the effects of combined KCl 1.0~1.5 kg and borax 50 g/tree on fruit yield and quality were best. When foliar application was carried out,the effects of foliar application of 0.5% KCl or 0.5% KH-2PO-4 on the yield and quality were best.
     株产50 kg果实的杨梅树以施用1.0~1.5 kg氯化钾并配施50 g硼砂的效果较好,杨梅进行叶面施钾时以喷施0.5%KCl或0.5%磷酸二氢钾的效果较佳。
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  foliar application
However, soil application of FeSO4 or foliar application of FeSO4 or EDTA·Na2Fe resulted in the significant increase of Cd accumulation in rice plants including rice grain compared with the control.
      
Sulfur levels were applied at sowing while N levels were applied by three methods (100% soil application, 90% soil+10% foliar application, and 80% soil +20% foliar application).
      
Evaluation of adjuvants for foliar application of Steinernema carpocapsae against larvae of the diamondback moth (Plutella xylos
      
Soil plus foliar application of exhaust dusts did not affect soil/nodule rhizobial population, nodule initiation, and possible N2-fixing capacity inCajanus cajan, Vigna radiata, Vigna mungo,Vigna catjung, andGlycine max.
      
Foliar application of distillery-spent wash as a liquid fertilizer for betterment of growth ofSorghum vulgare andCajanus cajan
      
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From early work, ethrel (2-chloroethylphosphonic acid) was confirmed as an effective male-sterilizing agent for wheat. The results obtained in our tracing trials with C14-ethrel reveal that ethrel can be absorbed easily when foliar application, and transported to other locations of plant through the conductive tissues, especially to the spikes. A significant difference was observed in the distribution of incorporated amounts comared between pistils and stamens. Obviously, there was a phenomenon of polar...

From early work, ethrel (2-chloroethylphosphonic acid) was confirmed as an effective male-sterilizing agent for wheat. The results obtained in our tracing trials with C14-ethrel reveal that ethrel can be absorbed easily when foliar application, and transported to other locations of plant through the conductive tissues, especially to the spikes. A significant difference was observed in the distribution of incorporated amounts comared between pistils and stamens. Obviously, there was a phenomenon of polar distribution. It was evident from the tracing trial P32 which applied to root that ethrel treatments caused a definite influence on the normal phosphorous metabolism in various parts of plants, and that the synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins in stamens were inhibited so heavily as to cause pollen abortion, while in pistils the influence was not so serious as seen in stamens. It was determined with paper chromatography and radioactive scanning that C14-ethrel was still in original form both in pistils and stamens, after 15 days entered into wheat plants. Moreover, the residues of ethrel in kernels was estimated also in this paper by means of artificial pollinations and seedsetting capacity. These results considered preliminarily that ethrel used as a male gametocide for hybrid seed production in wheat was harmless either to men or to animals.

“乙烯利”(2-氯乙基膦酸)是一种有效的小麦化学杀雄剂。用C~(14)标记的“乙烯利”进行示踪结果表明,它易被小麦叶片吸收,并通过输导组织,运转到植株的其他不同部位,尤以进入穗部为多。雌蕊、雄蕊之间分配差异较大。P~(32)根施示踪试验证实,“乙烯利”处理,对小麦植株各部分正常磷代谢有一定的影响,雄蕊的核酸和蛋白质合成受到严重的抑制,从而导致败育;雌蕊部分则受影响较小。“C~(14)-乙烯利”进入小麦植株15天后,经纸层析和放射扫描鉴定,在雌蕊和雄蕊中仍以“C~(14)-乙烯利”形式存在。同时通过人工授粉结实,测定了“C~(14)-乙烯利”在籽粒中的残留情况,初步认为应用“乙烯利”进行小麦化学杀雄制种,对人畜是没有危害的。

The antibiotic was proved to be quite effective against the yellow shoot disease of citrus for about a year. As to the heavy diseased trees,only a few innovation shoots recovered from the disease, and maintained only very few new healthy shoots for a short period of 8~12 months. After that, the disease appeared again. Although foliar application of the antibiotic had some effect of control, yet it could not last long and not so effective as compared with the injection method. The application of antibiotic...

The antibiotic was proved to be quite effective against the yellow shoot disease of citrus for about a year. As to the heavy diseased trees,only a few innovation shoots recovered from the disease, and maintained only very few new healthy shoots for a short period of 8~12 months. After that, the disease appeared again. Although foliar application of the antibiotic had some effect of control, yet it could not last long and not so effective as compared with the injection method. The application of antibiotic to the roots was not practical. Dipping the diseased scions in the antibiotic solution for 1~2 hrs. or treatment with hot wet air for 50 minutes at 49℃ gave good results. Among the antibiotics treatments with oxytetracycline(500units/ml.)showed good control, only two tangerine trees showed disease development. In general, the viability of grafting was 80~90%. Trees treated with chlortetracycline 1000 units/ml. gave the lowest viability of grafting only 0~12.1% and the treated trees grew weak and slow. With hot moist air treatment, trees also grew poorly. The citrus trees treated with other antibiotics all grew fairly normal.

柑桔黄龙病经用抗菌素树干灌注法治疗轻病树可以恢复健康,疗效一年,重病树仅见少数新梢生长正常,8~12个月后又重现症状;采用抗菌素叶面喷布法治疗,对抑制病情发展有一定作用,但效果差且不持久;采用抗菌素根际浇灌法治疗无效。病接穗用抗菌素浸泡1~2小时,或49℃温热处理,50分钟,疗效颇佳。除土霉素500单位/毫升组有2株福桔苗木发病外,迄今三年未见一株发病。嫁接成活率:大部分处理组为80~90%,金霉素1000单位/毫升组成活率最低,仅0~12.1%,苗木生长较弱且缓慢。热处理组苗生木长较弱。抗菌素各处理组苗木生长正常。

A pot-culture experiment has been performed for three years to investigate the effect of drought treatment during critical moisture period on the yield, and to determine if foliar application of fulvic acid (FA), and humic acid (HA) might improve conditions for drought resistance and increase the yield of winter wheat.

临界期干旱使小麦后期分蘖不能成穗,总穗数减少,每穗的不孕小穗数增加,穗粒数减少,产量明显降低。临界期干旱时喷施腐殖酸类物质能使小麦叶片气孔开张度减小,蒸腾降低,水分消耗速度减慢,从而使小麦体内水势提高,叶片含水率上升,水分亏缺程度减轻;同时,叶绿素含量提高,下层叶片衰老推迟,根系活力保持较高,每穗粒数及千粒重都有增加。叶面喷施腐殖酸类物质有抗旱增产的作用。

 
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