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epidural block
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  硬膜外阻滞
     Changes of Serum TXB_2 and 6-keto-PGF_(1α) during Cesarean Section under Epidural Block in the Hypertensive Pregnant Women
     硬膜外阻滞下妊高征剖宫产患者血浆TxB_2、6-keto-PGF_(1α)的变化
短句来源
     Epidural Block with 0.25% Bupivacaine Hydrochloride for Abdomi- nal Surgery:Report of 300 Cases
     0.25%布比卡因硬膜外阻滞应用于腹部手术(附300例报告)
短句来源
     To investigate the effects of epidural block with lidocaine and bupivaine on the functions of liver and kidney, 16 adult goats were randomly divided into two groups (n=8), lidocaine group and bupivacaine group. Lumber epidural block was performed with 2% lidocaine (6 mg/kg) and 0.75% bupivacaine (2 mg/kg) after penetrating and posting catheter during L_(3-4).
     为研究利多卡因、布吡卡因硬膜外阻滞对山羊肝、肾功能的影响,将16只成年山羊被随机分成2组(n=8),L3-4之间行硬膜外穿刺、置管后,分别注入2%多利卡因6mg/kg和0.75%布吡卡因2mg/kg。
短句来源
     Methods: 16 abdominal operations of dogs were divided into two groups: epidural block (experiment group, n1=8) and pentothal sodium intravenous anesthesia (control group, n2=8).
     方法:16例犬腹部手术分成两组,硬膜外阻滞组(试验组,n=8)和硫喷妥钠静脉麻醉组(对照组,n=8)。
短句来源
     Epidural block was given to the patients in the group Ⅱ, lidocaine carbonate 1.73 %+adrenalin 1∶200000 was used and the first volume was 15 ml.
     第 2组硬膜外阻滞 ,应用 1.73%碳酸利多卡因 +1∶ 2 0万肾上腺素 ,首量 15 ml。
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  硬膜外
     Changes of Serum TXB_2 and 6-keto-PGF_(1α) during Cesarean Section under Epidural Block in the Hypertensive Pregnant Women
     硬膜外阻滞下妊高征剖宫产患者血浆TxB_2、6-keto-PGF_(1α)的变化
短句来源
     0.05%,0.075%,0.1%,0.15%and0.2%ropivacaine with1μg/ml fentanyl was given for epidural block in groups A,B,C,D and E and the loading dose was4~10ml/h.
     前5组分别采用0.05 %、0.075 %、0.1 %、0.15%、0.2%罗哌卡因 ,并辅以1μg/ml芬太尼 ,按需硬膜外隙泵注混合液4~10ml/h ;
短句来源
     Comparison of Efficiency Between Compound Injection of 0.25% Tetracaine and 1% Lidocaine and Single Use of 2% Lidocaine in Upper Abdomenal Operation by Epidural Block
     1%利多卡因复合0.25%丁卡因液与2%利多卡因应用于上腹部手术时硬膜外麻醉的比较
短句来源
     Cervical instability mainly took place at C 3 C 4 and C 4 C 5, occasionally at C 5 C 6 or C 6 C 7. Cervical epidural block was performed in 14 patients and it was effective in 11 patients.
     颈椎不稳主要发生于C3~C4 和C4 ~C5,偶见于C5~C6和C6~C7。 14例患者术前行颈椎高位硬膜外封闭 ,11例有效 ;
短句来源
     Epidural Block with 0.25% Bupivacaine Hydrochloride for Abdomi- nal Surgery:Report of 300 Cases
     0.25%布比卡因硬膜外阻滞应用于腹部手术(附300例报告)
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  “epidural block”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results The ED_(50)values of propofol combining with thoracic epidural block and with spinal block were 0.82 mg/kg(95% confidence intervals:0.71 mg/kg-0.94 mg/kg)and 0.8095 mg/kg(95% confidence intervals:0.7295 mg/kg-0.8974 mg/kg),respectively.
     腰麻下异丙酚的催眠ED_(50):0.8095mg/kg(95%置信区间为0.7295mg/kg~0.8974mg/kg)。
短句来源
     Results LF,LF /HF that indicated sympathetic were inhibited significantly in Group B with HR decreased after epidural block. LF:Fr om 526.90±397.77to 124.17±92.33(after epidural block,P<0.01)and 158.20±129.43(while making incision,P<0.01).
     结果A组术前的LF为494.60±241.87,阻滞后下降到308.05±148.05(P<0.01),切皮时上升至392.43±205.23,而B组由526.90±397.77降至124.17±92.33和158.20±129.43(两者P<0.01)。
短句来源
     group Ⅱ:spinal subarachnoid block with 2ml (15mg) of 0.75% bupivacaine + epidural block;
     组为蛛网膜下腔注入 0 .75 %布比卡因 15 mg(2 m l) +硬外腔阻滞组 ;
短句来源
     Methods: Forty ASA Ⅰ,Ⅱ patients undergoing elective tnoracotomy under general aneathesia and epidural block were randomly divided into two groups: Ⅰ(20 patients, 0.2% ropivacaine 200 ml including fentanyl 2 ug/ml and ondansetron 8 mg) and Ⅱ(20 patients, 0.15% bupivacaine 200 ml including fentanyl 2 ug/ml and ondansetron 8 mg).
     随机分为2组,每组20例。 Ⅰ组(0.2%罗哌卡因200ml内含芬太尼2μg/ml、枢丹8mg),Ⅱ组(0.15%布比卡因200ml内含芬太尼2μg/ml、枢丹8mg)。
短句来源
     Anesthesia was initiated with intravenous fentanyl 2μg/kg, propofol 1. 5mg/kg and tracheal intubation was facilitated with succinylcholine 1 .5mg/kg when the epidural block was initiated 12 minutes later.
     待平面确定后12min行麻醉诱导,Ⅱ、Ⅲ组服用药均为fentanyl 2μg/kg+propofol1.5mg/kg。
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  epidural block
In addition, postoperative pain management using a continuous epidural block proved to be a useful method.
      
A 52-year-old malnourished man with rectal cancer had been treated with continuous epidural block for the relief of pain in the left thigh.
      
Syncope after therapeutic caudal epidural block: report of two cases
      
After a lumbar epidural block (0.5% mepivacaine), the skin temperature of his affected lower extremities rose by 7.0°C and became close to that of the intact side, and the distance he was able to walk with his cane increased from 2 to 8?m.
      
Is penile block better than caudal epidural block for postcircumcision analgesia
      
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Advances of epidural block, balanced anesthesia and anesthesia for extracorporeal cardiac surgery during the past sixteen years (1966-1982) were reviewed.Epidural block is quite popular and well accepted in our country. For the puncture, small needle with a slender catheter in correspondence has its advantages but not without limitations. Unilateral block hasn't been conformed in our hand. How to give the initial and maintaining doses of local anesthetics should be seriously considered. Taking...

Advances of epidural block, balanced anesthesia and anesthesia for extracorporeal cardiac surgery during the past sixteen years (1966-1982) were reviewed.Epidural block is quite popular and well accepted in our country. For the puncture, small needle with a slender catheter in correspondence has its advantages but not without limitations. Unilateral block hasn't been conformed in our hand. How to give the initial and maintaining doses of local anesthetics should be seriously considered. Taking proper precautions and avoiding serious complications are of paramount importance.Though a lot of new anesthetics and adjuvents being accepted nowadays, balanced anesthesia, composed of intravenous together with inhalation agents, still has its definite advantages. It is better than either total intravenous or inhalation anesthesia. The benifit of using procaine to potentiate the muscular relaxation of suxamethonium has been well established. Lidocaine could be used as a substitute, of which 1/6 by weight is efficient as compared with procaine. The site of action of potentiation has been proved to be located mainly at the neuromuscular junction, while the action of plasma, pseudocholinesterase is negligible.Experiences with anesthesia for extracorporeal cardiac surgery had been summarized. The choice of body-surface or bloodcircuit cooling, the selection of proper anesthesia, monitoring during and after operation and some details for success were presented.

汇报了我院临床麻醉1966~1982年的经验,分为硬膜外阻滞、静吸复合全麻和体外循环心内直视手术的麻醉三个方面。硬膜外阻滞国内应用很广,采用细针细导管并非全无缺点。单侧硬膜外阻滞,从理论到实践都还存在着问题。给药时应注意初量和维持量,操作和管理要仔细,从而避免并发症。静吸复合全麻有一定的优点,胜于全凭静脉全麻或单纯吸入全麻。普鲁卡因能促使琥珀胆碱增效,利多卡因用量仅及普鲁卡因1/6时同样有效。作用点主要在神经肌肉接头.血浆胆碱醛酶活性的抑制非关键所在。体外循环心内直视手术的麻醉,总结了体表降温与血流降温的异同,四种麻醉用药的评价;麻醉中和后十项监测中有八项不可偏废,应列为常规;以及一些麻醉成功的心得。

In the selection of the best drug for postoperative analgesia, the following drugs were injected respectively into retained continuous epidural block catheter, namely, pethidine 20mg(n=50), morphine 2mg(n=50), phenoperidine 0.2mg(n=25), fentanyl 0.02mg(n=25), fentanyl 0.05mg(n=25), saline 10ml(n=25) and cold saline 10ml(n=25). It was found that the duration of postoperative analgesia, 21.58±3.69 h, of morphine group was the longest, although the onset of analgesia, 7.89±2.21 rain, was slower. The BP and...

In the selection of the best drug for postoperative analgesia, the following drugs were injected respectively into retained continuous epidural block catheter, namely, pethidine 20mg(n=50), morphine 2mg(n=50), phenoperidine 0.2mg(n=25), fentanyl 0.02mg(n=25), fentanyl 0.05mg(n=25), saline 10ml(n=25) and cold saline 10ml(n=25). It was found that the duration of postoperative analgesia, 21.58±3.69 h, of morphine group was the longest, although the onset of analgesia, 7.89±2.21 rain, was slower. The BP and pulse rate were not significantly changed, and no complications were encountered except 4 cases with urinary retention. The keys to the successful use of epidural morphine are epidural catheter at appropriate spinal segment, adequate volume(10 ml) of solution injected and adequate dose(2 mg) of morphine used.

连续硬膜外阻滞下手术225例,术后保留导管。在麻醉作用消失后,经导管注入麻醉性镇痛药(吗啡、哌替啶、酚哌啶、芬太尼)或生理盐水(对照组)观察镇痛效果。其中以吗啡组效果最好,镇痛持续时间为21.58±3.69小时,≥24小时者占70%。225例中除发生7例尿潴留、9例恶心及6例呕吐外,无其他不良反应,对血压、呼吸及脉搏均无明显影响。

This paper reports a clinical trial of 0.25% bupivacaine hydrochloride for epidural block in 300 patients undergoing lower abdominal and upper abdominal surgery. The initial dose was 8-25 ml with a mean 19 ml. Excellent clinical results were obtained in 291 patients (97%). Hypotension after local anesthetic injection occurred in 12.7% of the patients, less than those with 0.75% bupivacaine or 2% lidocaine. The results show that 0.25% bupivacaine is satisfactory and effective for epidural block in...

This paper reports a clinical trial of 0.25% bupivacaine hydrochloride for epidural block in 300 patients undergoing lower abdominal and upper abdominal surgery. The initial dose was 8-25 ml with a mean 19 ml. Excellent clinical results were obtained in 291 patients (97%). Hypotension after local anesthetic injection occurred in 12.7% of the patients, less than those with 0.75% bupivacaine or 2% lidocaine. The results show that 0.25% bupivacaine is satisfactory and effective for epidural block in abdominal surgery.

本文总结国产低浓度(0.25%)盐酸布比卡因硬膜外阻滞应用于腹部手术300例,并与30例同类手术采用0.75%布比卡因进行比较,结果0.25%组首回剂量平均18.61±3.5ml,比0.75%组多约1/3;有效麻醉持续时间平均123.4±33.84分钟,短于0.75%组,但无统计学意义;0.25%组肌松一般相当于1.5%利多卡因,部分病人与2%相似;麻醉后血压下降者占29.7%,低血压发生率比0.75%布比卡因或2%利多卡因明显减少。0.25%布比卡因适当增加容量,可满足一般腹部手术要求,尤其适用于老年、体弱病人及剖腹产手术。

 
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