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equivalent dose     
相关语句
  等效剂量
     Radiation damage and its detailed thermal annealing behavior in a-A12O3 irradiated at the equivalent dose, respectively, by 5.28×1016 cm -2 85 MeV 19F ions and by 3×1020 cm -2 En ≥ 1 MeV neutrons have been investigated by the positron annihilation lifetime technique.
     采用正电子湮没寿命技术研究了等效剂量的5.28×1016cm-2 85 MeV氟离子和3×1020cm-2En≥1 MeV中子辐照的α-Al2O3中产生的辐射损伤及其细致的热退火行为。
短句来源
     The concentration is separately 3.56g·kg-1(1.6 time of equivalent dose), 2.16 g·kg-1 (1 time of equivalent dose). 1.08 g·kg-1 (0.5 time of equivalent dose).
     其浓度分别为3.56g·kg~(-1),(1.5倍等效剂量),2.16g·kg~(-1),(1倍等效剂量),1.08g·kg~(-1)(0.5倍等效剂量)。
短句来源
     As indicated, for 20 monitoring points at 1 m above ground inside and outside the facility, air absorption dose rate on average are 10.77×10 -8 Gy/h and 10.48×10 -8 Gy/h, respectively. In addition, equivalent dose rate from cosmic rays is 4.11×10 -4 Gy/h.
     测量结果表明:库区内、外20 个测量点地面上1 m 高处的空气吸收剂量率平均值分别为:10.77×10- 8 Gy/h、10.48×10- 8 Gy/h,其中宇宙射线所致等效剂量率为4.11×10- 8 Gy/h。
短句来源
     Theoretical Analysis and Computer Calculation of the Equivalent Dose of p,γ,β Irradiation Damages on CMOS Electronic Device
     CMOS器件p、γ、β辐照损伤等效剂量分析计算
短句来源
     Tables of equivalent dose in 2 Gy fraction-the application computed programs and clinical examples of the linear quadratic formula
     2Gy分割的等效剂量表─—线性二次模型的应用及临床举例
短句来源
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  当量剂量
     Methods On the basis of the reference values for skeleton mass of Chinese and Japanese adults,the committed equivalent dose of source organs and target organs in bones during a year for the 226 Ra and 239 Pu were calculated respectively.
     方法 依据我国和日本成年人骨骼重量的参考值,以226Ra 和239Pu 为例,分别计算了骨骼源器官和靶器官1 年期间的待积当量剂量,并与ICRP参考人相应参数计算所得的剂量相比较。
短句来源
     The results for the skin equivalent dose for the Aug.1972 solar particle event is 9 256 cSv which agrees well with the accepted value of 9 350 cSv in other references.
     估算出1972年8月太阳质子事件的皮肤当量剂量为9 256 cSv,与文献值9 350 cSv相近,验证了算法的可行性。
短句来源
     The new quantities,equivalent dose and effective dose,recommended in new ICRP publica-tion are discussed. Comparisons between old quantities and new ones have been made.
     本文简要地讨论了国际放射防护委员会(ICRP)新建议书中提出的新的放射防护剂量学量——当量剂量(Equivalent Dose)和有效剂量(Effective Dose),并从概念上和数值上比较了它们与剂量当量和有效剂量当量的差异。
短句来源
     EQUIVALENT DOSE AND EFFECTIVE DOSE
     当量剂量和有效剂量
短句来源
     This paper introduces X-ray intensity, absorbed dose, equivalent dose of X- CT radiation and the interaction between X-ray and human body. The theory and formulas related to the measurement of X-CT radiation dose are also involved in.
     介绍了X-CT辐射X线强度、吸收剂量、当量剂量、X线与人体的相互作用、X线哀减剂量测量的理论依据及有关公式推导计算测量。
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  剂量当量
     The equivalent dose to male and female residents of thoron from honeycomb briquette is 0.29 and 0.25 μSv.
     燃煤释放钍及子体所致男性和女性居民的剂量当量分别为0.29和0.25μSv.
短句来源
     The contribution of honeycomb briquette burning to indoor radon and thoron is 0.98 and 0.53 Bq/m~(3). The equivalent dose to male and female residents of indoor radon from honeycomb briquette is 15.91 and 13.98 μSv.
     蜂窝煤燃烧1 h对室内氡贡献为0.98 Bq/m3,对室内钍射气贡献为0.53 Bq/m3.燃煤释放氡所致男性和女性居民的剂量当量分别为15.91和13.98μSv.
短句来源
     Results The results showed that radioactive levels of granites were much higher and their extra values of annual effective equivalent dose of internal radiation to residents exceeded the national standard limit of 1 mSv, and only 47% of granites seemed to be suitable for room decoration;
     结果 花岗岩放射性水平较高 ,其致居民内照射年有效剂量当量附加值已超 1mSv的国家标准限值 ,仅有 47%的品种可用于室内装饰 ;
短句来源
     The new quantities,equivalent dose and effective dose,recommended in new ICRP publica-tion are discussed. Comparisons between old quantities and new ones have been made.
     本文简要地讨论了国际放射防护委员会(ICRP)新建议书中提出的新的放射防护剂量学量——当量剂量(Equivalent Dose)和有效剂量(Effective Dose),并从概念上和数值上比较了它们与剂量当量和有效剂量当量的差异。
短句来源
     It was also evaluated that the annual effective equivalent dose from radon progenies inhaled by people living in these underground buildings was 1. 24mSv.
     估算了地下建筑内作业人员接受地下室氡子体人均年有效剂量当量为1.24mSv。
短句来源
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  等效剂量值
     SMAR procedure (Wang et al., 2005) and SAR procedure were used to determine their equivalent dose (De).
     对于细颗粒混合矿物而言,由于长石矿物的异常衰退,对于等效剂量De>70Gy的样品,其IRSL等效剂量值均偏小;
短句来源

 

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    Though only two esters showed antiinflammatory activity similar to that of the parent drug at equivalent dose levels, all the esters were equipotent to indomethacin in the mouse acetic acid-induced writhing assay for analgesic action.
          
    In a linear approximation, computational formulae are derived for the depth profile of equivalent dose rate for front- and back-side laser illumination, subject to optical absorption, multiple reflections, and doping level.
          
    Formulae are presented by which to compute equivalent dose rate for standard silicon chips.
          
    They should be useful for accurate evaluation of equivalent dose rates in laser simulations of ionizing-radiation effects on different types of IC.
          
    Computed equivalent dose rates are presented for silicon devices and ICs exposed to high-intensity laser radiation.
          
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    The mice were administered ig or im with 100mg base/kg pyronaridine 15 days before (D-15) ip inoculation (D0) of Plasmodium yoelii-infected erythrocytes, and parasitemia did not occur in most of the drugged mice on D6 and D10. Similar results were obtained, with 10mg base/kg of pyronaridine given ig or im on D_10, 5mg/kg im on D_6 and 5mg/kg ig on D_4. Nevertheless, a dose of 400mg base/kg of chloroquine given either ig or im on D_3 failed to protect mice from P. yoelii infection, since the P. yoelii strain...

    The mice were administered ig or im with 100mg base/kg pyronaridine 15 days before (D-15) ip inoculation (D0) of Plasmodium yoelii-infected erythrocytes, and parasitemia did not occur in most of the drugged mice on D6 and D10. Similar results were obtained, with 10mg base/kg of pyronaridine given ig or im on D_10, 5mg/kg im on D_6 and 5mg/kg ig on D_4. Nevertheless, a dose of 400mg base/kg of chloroquine given either ig or im on D_3 failed to protect mice from P. yoelii infection, since the P. yoelii strain 265 used in the experiment had a low level of innate resistance to chloroquine.It was revealed in the expertments with P. berghei that the duration of schizonto-cidal effect of pyronaridine was markedly longer than that of chloroquine. A. dose of 10mg/kg pyronaridine ( 1.47 times ED50, or 0.7% LD50) given on D_6 exerted apparently suppressive action on blood schizonts, while an equivalent dose of 67mg/kg chloroquine (1.47 times ED50, or 10% LD50) showed slightly suppressive activity only when the drug was administered on D-2.

    小鼠在腹腔注射(D_0)约氏鼠疟原虫前15天(D_(-15))肌注或灌胃咯萘啶100mg/kg,可使大部分小鼠不出现原虫血症。D_(-10)肌注或灌胃10mg/kg,D_(-5)肌注5mg/kg或D_(-4)灌胃5mg/kg亦有抑制原虫血症的作用。因该株原虫对氯喹具固有的抗药性,故即使在D_(-3)肌注或灌胃400mg/kg氯喹(>(2/3)LD_(50))亦不能保护小鼠不受感染。 应用伯氏鼠疟原虫的实验证明:咯萘啶杀裂殖体的持效作用明显比氯喹的为长。咯萘啶剂量为10mg/kg(ED_(50)的1.47倍,或LD_(50)的0.7%)时,D_(-6)灌胃一剂即能抑制原虫血症的出现,但相应剂量的氯喹67mg/kg(ED_(50)的1.47倍,或LD_(50)的10%),仅于D_(-2)给药有微效。

    In anesthetized rats, arrhythmia induced by aconitine and BaCl_2 was shown to be antagonized by intravenously or orally administered puerarin, the main constituent of puerariae isoflavones. These two types of arrhythmia were also attenuated after oral administration of daidzein, the basic structure of puerariae isoflavones, and by equivalent doses of the alcoholic extract of puerariae which contains 40% of total isoflavones. Furthermore, ventricular fibrillation induced by CaCl_2 in rats and by chloroform...

    In anesthetized rats, arrhythmia induced by aconitine and BaCl_2 was shown to be antagonized by intravenously or orally administered puerarin, the main constituent of puerariae isoflavones. These two types of arrhythmia were also attenuated after oral administration of daidzein, the basic structure of puerariae isoflavones, and by equivalent doses of the alcoholic extract of puerariae which contains 40% of total isoflavones. Furthermore, ventricular fibrillation induced by CaCl_2 in rats and by chloroform in mice was prevented by daidzein or the alcohol extract of puerariae given orally. The duration of the ventricular fibrillation produced by occlusion of the coronary artery in rats was significantly decreased by daidzein given orally for 4 days. In anesthetized cats, the duration of monophasic action potentials and the effective refractory period of heart in situ were prolonged significantly by intravenous injection of puerarin. These results indicate that puerariae isoflavones can decrease myocardial excitability and may be beneficial in the treatment of myocardial ischemia.

    本实验比较了黄豆甙元、葛根素和葛根乙醇提取物对实验性心律失常的对抗作用。结果表明:静脉注射或灌服葛根素能明显对抗乌头碱和氯化钡引起的大鼠心律失常。灌服相应克分子的黄豆甙元或葛根乙醇提取物也能明显对抗以上两种心律失常,并能预防氯化钙所致的大鼠室颤和氯仿所致的小鼠室颤。连续灌服黄豆甙元能减少结扎大鼠冠脉后所致的心室纤颤发作时间。静注葛根素还能明显延长在体猫心的动作电位时程和有效不应期,反映有降低心肌兴奋性的作用。

    The incorporation of 3H-leucine or 3H-uridine into rabbit follicles was observed in order to investigate the effect of tyrosine on protein the RNA synthesis. Results showed that tyrosine (50 μg/ml medium) significatly inhibited eAMP formation with concomitant derease the protein and RNA synthesis and progesterone production induced by hCG (10 IU/ml medium), while an equivalent dose of dopamine or phenylalanine had no effect. Tyrosine (100 μg/ml medium) caused a depression of protein and RNA synthesis provoked...

    The incorporation of 3H-leucine or 3H-uridine into rabbit follicles was observed in order to investigate the effect of tyrosine on protein the RNA synthesis. Results showed that tyrosine (50 μg/ml medium) significatly inhibited eAMP formation with concomitant derease the protein and RNA synthesis and progesterone production induced by hCG (10 IU/ml medium), while an equivalent dose of dopamine or phenylalanine had no effect. Tyrosine (100 μg/ml medium) caused a depression of protein and RNA synthesis provoked by exogenous cAMP.It is therefore suggested that the inhibitory effect of tyrosine on progesterone production induced by hCG may be related to the depression of RNA and protein synthesis by tyrosine in the follicle.

    为了深入探讨酪氨酸抗hCG致孕酮生成作用的机制,本文利用~3H-亮氨酸和~3H-尿嘧啶掺和入兔离体卵泡的方法,观察了酪氨酸对蛋白质及RNA合成的影响。结果显示,酪氨酸对hCG诱导的蛋白质、RNA合成具有明显的抑制作用,但同剂量的多巴胺或苯丙氨酸却无效。酪氨酸还抑制cAMP的生成,并可拮抗外源cAMP诱导蛋白质及RNA的合成。上述结果表明,酪氨酸可通过使cAMP生成减少和进入细胞内直接发挥作用两种方式抑制hCG诱导的兔卵泡蛋白质及RNA的合成。酪氨酸的这一作用可能与其抑制孕酮生成有密切的关系。

     
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