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  esthetics
Within-group comparisons revealed that men and women shared the same nine most significant domains: education, friends, biological needs, leisure, family, health, couple, esthetics, and physical activities.
      
Industrial esthetics: A guarantee of safe and healthy working conditions
      
Scientific organization of labor and production esthetics
      
Working conditions and industrial esthetics at the sintering plant of the Southern Mining and Concentration Combine
      
Biocompatability and, in some applications, esthetics make all-ceramic prostheses compelling choices but despite significant improvements in materials properties and toughening mechanisms, these still have significant failure rates.
      
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The prognathism are frequentlyoccurred in adult. Maxillary and man-dibular discrepancy,which produce theclinical appearance of mandibular pro-gnathism, and mandibular overclosurecombined with a poorly supported up-per lip, thus it is distressing for theaffected individual. The facial appea-rance is like dish and the co--existingabnormal occlusion is frequently thecauses of temporomandibular joint pa-thology and masticatory problems.Usually these patients have particulardento--facial deformities. The application...

The prognathism are frequentlyoccurred in adult. Maxillary and man-dibular discrepancy,which produce theclinical appearance of mandibular pro-gnathism, and mandibular overclosurecombined with a poorly supported up-per lip, thus it is distressing for theaffected individual. The facial appea-rance is like dish and the co--existingabnormal occlusion is frequently thecauses of temporomandibular joint pa-thology and masticatory problems.Usually these patients have particulardento--facial deformities. The application of diphyosont den-ture in the prosthodontic prognathismwere described in this article. Tech-niques were for establishing the oc-clusal vertical dimension of occlusion,and support for the upper. lip. Thecombination of these treatment plan-nings aids the prosthodontic rehabilita-tion for four adult cases,from 1973 to1980, one male and three females. This article reported twe cases, withparticular dento--facial deformities forapplication of the diphyosont dentureto the prothodontic rehabilitation. Case A. A female of 34 years oldwas referred who has symptoms of tem-poromandibular joint dysfunction dur-ing mastication, with class Ⅲ maloc-clusion. This patient was distressedaware of her prognathic and dish likeappearance. Case B. A female of 24 years oldwhose teeth 4321|1234/54321|1234 were cross-bite. Lower anterior teeth bite in thegingivae of the labial surface of theupper anterior teeth during mastication. The diphyosont denture in the pros-thodontic prognathism is an effectivemethod. Altogether five removablepartial dentures were constructed andobtained satifactory results, for examplein esthetics and functions. The indication and prostheticmethod were discussed.

本文报导应用双牙列修复体矫治4例下颌前突畸形,达到矫正畸形,恢复功能,增进美观的目的。并对修复体的适应症,矫治方法等进行讨论。

Malocclusion and dentofacial deformity in class Ⅲ is always characterized by maxillary skeletal retrusion and/or mandibular protrusion. It affects function and facial esthetics. An orthopedic mask appliance with class Ⅲ extraoral traction made by the authors was applied in 48 cases from Aug.1985 to Oct. 1991. The study population included 5 patients with deciduous dentition, 30 with permanent dentition, and 13 with mixed dentition. The second deciduous molars or permanant first molars are a class 33333333...

Malocclusion and dentofacial deformity in class Ⅲ is always characterized by maxillary skeletal retrusion and/or mandibular protrusion. It affects function and facial esthetics. An orthopedic mask appliance with class Ⅲ extraoral traction made by the authors was applied in 48 cases from Aug.1985 to Oct. 1991. The study population included 5 patients with deciduous dentition, 30 with permanent dentition, and 13 with mixed dentition. The second deciduous molars or permanant first molars are a class 33333333 relationship. These exhibited bilateral crossbites and negative overjet greater than 5 mm severe arch length discrepancies existed in both arches, maxillary skeletal retrusion and/or mandibular protrusion. The results of these 48 cases were very satisfactory. The relationship between maxillary and mandibular second deciduous molar or permanent first molar all showed centric occlusal position.Dentofacial orthopedics therapy is one of the most important treatments of malocclusion and dentofacial deformity. The choice of therapy and orthodontic force must follow the age and endurance of the patient. Also, exercise of the tongue muscle must be considered.

用自己设制的Ⅲ类口外固力预成矫治装置,对48例Ⅲ类骨面型错(牙合)进行矫治,疗效满意。口外牵引是骨面型错(牙合)正畸治疗的重要手段之一,应根据患者的年龄、耐受力及病情选择最佳治疗时机及矫治力,并应注意舌肌功能的训练。

Forty-five patients with various mandibular tumors had undergone the immediate reimplantation of frozen autogenous mandible based on a successful animal experiment and primary application in clinics. Clinical, radiographical, isotopic and histological observations were made on thirty-six patients during follow-up from six months to seven years. The results of frozen autogenous mandible reimplantation were compared with that of fresh autogenous bone graft. The study shows that reimplantation of frozen autogenous...

Forty-five patients with various mandibular tumors had undergone the immediate reimplantation of frozen autogenous mandible based on a successful animal experiment and primary application in clinics. Clinical, radiographical, isotopic and histological observations were made on thirty-six patients during follow-up from six months to seven years. The results of frozen autogenous mandible reimplantation were compared with that of fresh autogenous bone graft. The study shows that reimplantation of frozen autogenous mandible involved by tumors is the effective method to eradicate lesions and reconstruct defects in mandible so that the function of mandible and esthetics on maxillofacial region are improved well after operation.

基于实验研究和临床初步应用获得成功的基础上,作者对45例下颌骨肿瘤患者施行了冷冻自体肿瘤下颌骨再植术。本研究通过临床、X线片、同位素扫描以及组织病理学检查,并与新鲜自体骨移植相比较,对36例患者进行了6月~7年的随访观察。结果表明:冷冻自体肿瘤下颌骨再植术是根治下颌骨肿瘤、修复术后缺损的有效方法,具有恢复下颌骨功能与防止面部畸形的双重功效。

 
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