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capillary vessel
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  毛细血管
     Study on TXB_2 and 6-k-PGF_1α of Rat's Plasma after Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning and Ultrastructural Changes of Cerebral Capillary Vessel Endothelial Cells
     急性CO中毒大鼠血浆TXB_2 6-k-PGF_1α动态研究及脑毛细血管内皮超微结构观察
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     Compared treatment group with control group at 28 days after gene transfer, the Rentrop scoring was increased (2 8±0 4 vs 1 3±0 8, P <0 001), collateral vessel development assessed by angiography was increased (4 8±0 8 vs 1 7±0 8, P < 0 001), the capillary vessel density was increased (210±19 vs 62±6, P <0 001).
     与对照组比较 ,基因转染 2 8d时治疗组Rentrop分级增高 ( 2 8± 0 4对 1 3± 0 8,P <0 0 0 1) ,侧支血管积分增高 ( 4 8± 0 8对 1 7± 0 8,P<0 0 0 1) ,缺血区毛细血管密度增高 ( 2 10± 19对 6 2± 6 ,P <0 0 0 1)。
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     ③Compared with model group,the enlargement of glomerulus and capillary vessel in TM group was obvious (P < 0.01,P < 0.05),and the difference of decrease of PAS-positive matter was also significant(P < 0.05).
     ③与模型组比较,糖肾康组肾小球及毛细血管丛增大明显(P<0.01,P<0.05),PAS阳性物质减少(P<0.05)。
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     To separate and cultivate cerebral capillary vessel endothelial cell (CCEC)and polymorphism nuclear leucocyte (PMN) of rat, and observe the change of character of CCEC and PMN in every group by mean of microburet suck technique.
     分离培养大鼠脑毛细血管内皮细胞 (Cerebral capillary vessel endothelial cell,CCEC)和多形核白细胞 (Polymorphism nuclearleucocyte,PMN) ,利用微管吸吮技术 ,观察各组 CCEC和 PMN间粘附力特性的变化。
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     The capillary vessel diameter significantly increased from 7.21±0.56μm in A group to18.32±1.96μm in B group and decreased to 2.23±0.27μm in C group,and correlated with the pericytes number. Conclusion Thepericyte/endothelial cell ratio and pericytes number in vascular malformations are decreased,correated positively with abnormal capillary vesseldilation.
     (5)A、B、C3组毛细血管直径分别为7.32±0.40μm、18.32±1.96μm、2.23±0.27μm,3组间差异具有显著性(P<0.01),B 组显著高于A 组和C 组(P<0.01),与周细胞数呈负相关(P<0.01)。
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  微血管
     The average amo unt of pericytes of capillary vessel per10×100microscope visual field was 4.68±0.528in diabetes group and6.74±0.532in control group ( P<0.01).
     其微血管周细胞密度为4.68±0.528个/油镜视野,对照组为6.74±0.532(P<0.01);
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     Result:FⅧ related antigen expressed in capillary vessel endothelial cell, and increased in 3d after lacking of blood supply(P<0.05), and continued increment.
     结果:FⅧ相关抗原主要在微血管内皮细胞中表达,在缺血后3d开始增加(P<0.05),并持续上升;
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     the quantity of capillary vessel increased gradually from 1d to 14d that was at most in CW+VEGF and at least in CW,after 7d,quantity of capillary vessel increased significantly,with statistical significance,P<0.05,comparing to in CW.
     与CW组相比,7天后微血管计数在CW+VEGF组及NW组增加显著,P<0.05。
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     Analysis and Strategy to Injury of Capillary Vessel in Digestive Tract of Newborn——with 96 Clinical Reports
     新生儿消化道微血管损伤的分析和对策——附96例临床报告
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     trial group:strong positive staining of VEGF was discovered in cytoplasm of VEC instantly after death,tapered with extension of PMI,and faded at 42 h postmortem with structure of capillary vessel demolishing.
     试验组死后肝内微血管的内皮细胞胞浆VEGF呈强阳性表达,但随着PMI延长逐渐减弱,在死亡后0~24 h减弱幅度较小,但21~36 h阳性染色程度下降较快,直至死后42 h随肝内微血管结构崩解而完全消失。
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  毛细管
     The chromatogram condition is: Size of the Capillary vessel column: PEG-20M,30m×0.32mm×0.25μm,temperature of the capillary vessel column: 165℃,temperature of the Entrance of the capillary vessel column:190℃,temperature of the detector: 200℃;
     色谱条件为:毛细管柱PEG-20M,30m×0.32mm×0.25μm,柱温:165℃,进行口温度:190℃,检测器温度:200℃;
短句来源
     Capillary Vessel Gas Chromatography and Nitrogen - Phosphorus Detector in Determining Raticide in Plasma
     血浆中毒鼠强的毛细管气相色谱/氮磷检测器测定法
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     Methods: The method use outside the sign law take heptane as extraction carries on the separation on the non - polar capillary Vessel Column, the effect is good.
     方法:采用外标法以庚烷作为萃取溶剂,在非极性弹性毛细管柱上进行分离,效果良好。
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     [Objective] To explore the determination of raticide in plasma using capillary vessel gas chromatography and nitrogen -phosphorus detector.
     目的探讨毛细管气相色谱/氮磷检测器测定血浆中的毒鼠强的可行性。
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  “capillary vessel”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results: There was significant difference(P< 0.05) in the degree of intimal hyperplasia,the number of ectoblast neonatal capillary vessel,the number of PCNA and NF-κB and TGF-β_1 positive cells between the control and the S group.
     结果支架组移植静脉内膜增生程度、PCNA指数、NF-κB和TGF-1β的表达均低于对照组(P<0.05),移植静脉外膜新生血管密度明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。
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     Results At the point of 30mins of ischemia,compare with control group,the diameters of microvascular,the blood flow velocity and the number of capillary vessel decreased remarkedly in IR group and IR+SM group (P<0.01).
     结果缺血30min时IR组、IR+SM组分别与对照组比较,微动静脉管径缩小,血流速度减慢,管袢数减少(P<0.01);
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     Results Compared with that of IRG seen during the same duration of experiment, the water content and capillary vessel permeability were significantly reduced (P<0.05,0.01) in IPG and NPG, accompanied with significantly increased survival number of neurons in hippocampal CA 1 region (P<0.05).
     结果①IPG组、NPG组与IRG组同期比较 ,脑含水量、伊文思蓝含量明显降低 (P <0 .0 5或 0 .0 1 ) ,海马CA1 区存活神经元数目明显增多 (P <0 .0 5 ) ;
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     The changes of jejunum tissue structure of at 7 to 28 day-old chickens of 400 mg/L were as follow: the villi epithelia cell swelling,the villi connective tissue edema,the capillary vessel in villus dilatation and the intestinal gland cyst.
     7~28日龄400 mg/L组空肠出现绒毛上皮细胞肿胀、结缔组织水肿、毛细血管扩张、肠腺囊肿等病变。
短句来源
     Conclusions: The biodegradable external stent PHA may inhibit intima hyperplasia and this effect maybe due to reducing expression of NF-κB and TGF-β_1 and increasing regeneration of ectoblast neonatal capillary vessel.
     结论血管外PHA可降解生物支架防治移植静脉狭窄有一定作用,其抑制移植静脉狭窄的机制可能与其下调NF-κB、TGF-1β的表达及促进移植静脉外膜血管生成有关。
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  capillary vessel
In porcine heart, embolization of small coronary arteries with microspheres in 25 μm in diameter induces collateral capillary vessel growth by angiogenesis in and around focal necrosis.
      
These results further support the hypothesis of a functional connection between axon terminals and the capillary vessel wall in the CNS.
      
According to some ultrastructural studies, the pericapillary axon terminals in the central nervous system (CNS) are functionally connected with the capillary vessel wall.
      
These findings also emphasize that endothelial fenestrations seem to be characteristic for a certain segment of the microcirculatory system rather than for a distinct type of capillary vessel.
      
In human brain tissue fibronectin was located, as studied by immunofluorescence staining, to capillary vessel walls in a pattern corresponding both to the vessel lumen and the basement membrane of vessel wall.
      
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1.The external features and arterial supply of the papillary muscles of the leftventricle were studied in 54 human,52 dogs' and 110 rabbits' hearts.Radiopaquemedium or Chinese ink were injected into coronary arteries.After injection,arter-iography of some hearts were taken,and serial celloidin sections of the papillarymuscles of other hearts were made.The diameters of the papillary arteries and thedensity of the vessels were measured.2.The papillary muscles could be divided into three patterns,depending...

1.The external features and arterial supply of the papillary muscles of the leftventricle were studied in 54 human,52 dogs' and 110 rabbits' hearts.Radiopaquemedium or Chinese ink were injected into coronary arteries.After injection,arter-iography of some hearts were taken,and serial celloidin sections of the papillarymuscles of other hearts were made.The diameters of the papillary arteries and thedensity of the vessels were measured.2.The papillary muscles could be divided into three patterns,depending on theextent of their attachment to the ventricular wall and the relative length of theirfree part protruding into the ventricular cavity.The three patterns were as follows:(1)The attached type,the papillary muscle was largely adherent to the sucbjacentventricular myocardium,with only one third or less of its length protruding into theventricular cavity(34% in human hearts,100% in dogs' and 38% in rabbits').(2)The free type,the free end of the papillary muscle was one half of its length ormore(28% in human hearts,10% in rabbits').(3)The intermediate type,thelength of the free protruding part of the papillary muscle was intermediate between(1)and(2)(38% in human hearts,52% in rabbits').3.In the human and the dogs' hearts the anterolateral papillary muscle receivedbranches from the anterior descending artery and the diagonal left ventricularbranches or the left circumflex artery;while in the rabbits' it received branchesmainly from the anterior branches of the left ventricular artery.The posteromedialpapillary muscle received a variable supply from the left circumflex artery and orthe branches of the right coronary artery in the dogs' hearts and in the human hearts,while in the rabbits' hearts,it mainly received branches from the posteriorbranches of the left ventricular artery.4.The arrangement of the arterial vasculature of the papillary muscle seemedto be related to the different patterns of the papillary muscles.The free typereceived a large central artery which coursed through the entire papillary muscle toits apex(87.5%).The attached type had a segmental supply of 3~9 long penetrat-ing intramyocardial vessels(94.29%).The intermediate type had a combination ofboth types of vascular arrangement(98.5%).5.The average diameter of the central arteries was 617.50 μ in human hearts atits entry into the base of the papillary muscle,and 236.05 μ in rabbits.The dia-meters of the segmental arteries were 323.60 μ in human hearts,300.05 μ in dogs',121.78 μ in rabbits' respectively.The diameters of the capillary vessels were 5~8 μin human hearts,3~6 μ in dogs',2.5~6 μ in rabbits' respectively.The numbersof capillaries that observed in a length of 200μ were 15.45 in human hearts,16.2in dogs',19.3 in rabbits'.The specific values of the density of vessels per unitarea were 34.4% in human hearts,34.1% in dogs',56% in rabbits'.

本文采用冠状动脉造影、注射墨汁火棉胶切片法,观察了人心、狗心和兔心左室乳头肌形态和动脉分布的特点。乳头肌的形态,根据其附着心壁的程度分为:1.附着型,人心占34%;狗心占100%;兔心占38%。2.游离型,人心占28%;兔心占10%。3.中间型,人心占38%;兔心占52%。乳头肌动脉的主要来源:前外组乳头肌在人心及狗心多数由前降支发出的分支供应;兔心主要由左室支的左室前支供应。后内组乳头肌在人心、狗心主要由右或左冠状动脉的左室后支供应;兔心主要来自左室支的左室后支。乳头肌动脉的分布类型与乳头肌形态的关系:1.游离型乳头肌,主要为中央动脉型,占87.5%。2.附着型乳头肌,主要为节段动脉型,占94.29%。3.中间型乳头肌,主要为混合动脉型,占98.59%。本文测量了乳头肌血管的口径和密度,还讨论了乳头肌动脉的来源、分支分布类型在人、狗、兔的不同特点,以及对乳头肌梗塞的应用意义。

It has been found that there are largenumbers of leptospires in the liver of an in-fected guinea pig, but there are only fewleptospires found in its lungs where thepulmonary diffuse hemorrhage (PDH) takesplace. In order to study the relationshipbetween the two phenomena, we determineddynamically the radioactivity and thenumber of leptospires in the blood, lungs andlivers of the guinea pigs infected by labelled~(32)P and non-labelled leptospires. We have found that the primary leptos-pires with ~(32)P disappeared...

It has been found that there are largenumbers of leptospires in the liver of an in-fected guinea pig, but there are only fewleptospires found in its lungs where thepulmonary diffuse hemorrhage (PDH) takesplace. In order to study the relationshipbetween the two phenomena, we determineddynamically the radioactivity and thenumber of leptospires in the blood, lungs andlivers of the guinea pigs infected by labelled~(32)P and non-labelled leptospires. We have found that the primary leptos-pires with ~(32)P disappeared in the lungs andblood 8-10 hours after the inoculation, butincreased continuously in the liver after theinoculation. According to the results of theculture counting of leptospires, however, theleptospires in the blood and lungs began toincrease constantly twelve hours after theinfection, and the leptospires in the liverincreased from beginning to end. The PDHbegan twelve hours after the inoculation,its development being quite compatiblewith the increase in the number ofleptospires in the liver and blood in respectof time and degree. The increase ofleptospires in the hepatic vein and in theliver coincided very well. Between the num-bers of leptospires in the abdominal aortaand in the hepatic vein, there was nosignificant difference, and the variations ofboth the numbers were parallel. The above results suggest that the filialleptospires were reproduced in the liver,then went continuously into the blood andarrived at the iungs. When flowing throughthe pulmonary capillary vessels, they parti-cipated in the occurrence and developmentof PDH.

作者采用同位素~(32)P标记钩端螺旋体放射性强度测定法和连续倍比稀释培养计数法,动态观察豚鼠血液、肝及肺组织中钩端螺旋体数量的变化,发现后腔静脉和肝中繁殖的钩端螺旋体数量的增加,与肺弥漫性出血的发生密切有关,并与出血的发展在时间和程度上均十分一致。表明在肝中新繁殖并经血液到肺的活钩端螺旋体本身与肺弥漫性出血有直接关系。

Photodynamic therapy is a method for treatment of malignant tumors through photodynamic effect caused by laser radiation, based on the characteristics that HPD can be taken in and preserved by tumor more easily. This report reaches the following conclusions after animal and clinical application:1. The contents of HPD are very small in cerebrum, cerebellum, thalamus, brain-stem of normal rabbit brains, ranging from 0.067—0.137 μg/ml. But they are apparently higher in pituitary than in other tissue reaching up...

Photodynamic therapy is a method for treatment of malignant tumors through photodynamic effect caused by laser radiation, based on the characteristics that HPD can be taken in and preserved by tumor more easily. This report reaches the following conclusions after animal and clinical application:1. The contents of HPD are very small in cerebrum, cerebellum, thalamus, brain-stem of normal rabbit brains, ranging from 0.067—0.137 μg/ml. But they are apparently higher in pituitary than in other tissue reaching up to 1.194 μg/ml, P<0.01. This indicates brain-blood barrier is available in brain tissue therefore HPD can not pass easily. While pituitary can intake much more HPD because there is no synapse of gliocells around the capillary vessels of anterior and posterior lobes. The dynamic distribution of HPD in normal brain laid the foundation for the treatment of malignant brain tumors by PDT.2. The determination of HPD dynamic distribution in experimental brain glioma showed that the contents of HPD taken from tumors at different intervals were on the average 9.3—92.5 times that of the normal. The highest contents were taken at 2 and 4 hours after an injection, being 82.8 and 92.5 times that of the normal respectively, p<0.01. The postinjection HPD contents at 24 and 48 hours showed a marked eduction, only accounting for 13.8% and 7.6% of that at 4 hours. The electromicroscope observation in accordance with the above HPD contents suggested that the higher the HPD in tumors the worse the damage to the tissues after the exposure to light. It is considered that brain PDT should be performed earlier after HPD injection with 2—4 hours being the optimum time.3. Through the application of PDT in 22 clinica cases, it is initailly demonstrated a close relation between fluorence seen by the naked eye and the nature of tumors. 16 cases out of 17 malignant tumor showed fluorence (94.1), and only 1 case out of 5 in other diseases iemitted fluorence, p<0.01. This makes fluorence determination useful in the judgement of tumor nature and accurate collection of pathologica specimen.

光动力学疗法是利用HPD可以更多地被肿瘤摄取和潴留的特性,达到治疗恶性肿瘤的一种方法。本文研究得出以下结论: 1.HPD在正常兔脑的大脑、小脑、脑干、丘脑中含量甚微,0.067~0.137μg/ml。但垂体内含量明显高于其它组织,1.194μg/ml,P<0.01 说明脑内因血脑屏障的存在,HPD不易透过,而垂体无论是前叶还是后叶,都没有胶质细胞的突触,可摄取较多HPD。HPD在正常脑中的这种动态分布为PDT治疗恶性肿瘤奠下了基础。 2.HPD在实验性脑胶质瘤中不同时间的动态分布平均是正常脑的9.3~92.5倍,最高含量在注射HPD后2和4小时,分别是82.8和92.5倍,P<0.01,注射HPD后24和48小时,其含量明显降低,仅为4小时组的13.8%和7.6%。据此含量而进行PDT后的电镜观察提示,肿瘤内HPD含量越高,PDT后破坏越重,认为注射HPD后2或4小时是PDT的最佳时机。 3.22例临床应用初步显示,肉眼所见荧光与肿瘤的性质有密切关系。17例恶性肿瘤中16例显示荧光,而5例其它疾病中仅1例显荧光。P<0.01。荧光检验在判断肿瘤的良恶和取活检标本上有一定帮助。

 
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