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   endoscopic surgery 在 神经病学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.159秒
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endoscopic surgery
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  “endoscopic surgery”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Endoscopic surgery for hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage with intraventricular hematoma,a randomized controlled trial
    神经内镜治疗高血压脑出血破入脑室的随机对照研究
短句来源
    Method 40 consecutive patients with intracranial cystic tumor were treated in stereotactic surgery combined with gamma knife radiosurgery. Of total series, single stereotactic aspiration were performed in 19 cases, stereotactic aspiration with Ommaya reservoir implantation in 19 cases, stereotactic endoscopic surgery in 2 cases.
    方法分析颅内囊性肿瘤40例,单纯立体定向穿刺抽液19例,留置Ommaya囊抽液19例,内窥镜下手术切除肿瘤并排除囊液2例。
短句来源
    1 case with papillary adenoma underwent endoscopic surgery, and 5 cases underwent surgery by external approach.
    1例乳头状腺瘤行鼻内窥镜下蝶窦开放术 ,其余 5例经鼻外筛窦径路手术。
短句来源
    Objective To report diagnostic and therapeutic experiences of endoscopic surgery on hy-drocephalus.
    目的 探讨神经内镜在脑积水诊断治疗中的应用方法及价值。
短句来源
    Objective To investigate the efficacy of endoscopic surgery for hypertensive intraventricular hemorrhage.
    目的研究应用神经内镜治疗高血压脑出血破入脑室的疗效。
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  endoscopic surgery
Motion order system for the end effector of an instrument used in endoscopic surgery
      
Case studies have demonstrated that endoscopic surgery appears to be the optimal approach to ventricular cysts.
      
The most recent minimally invasive approach is natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), which limits morbidity because this surgery does not require incision.
      
We developed a transparent guiding sheath and other surgical instruments for endoscopic surgery and established a novel, ultra-early stage surgical procedure using those instruments.
      
Between 1 October 1994 and 7 May 1995, 46 patients who underwent endoscopic surgery on 55 hands were documented in a prospective study.
      
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Objective To evaluate the potential role of stereotactic aspiration combined with gamma knife radiosurgery for intracranial cystic tumor. Method 40 consecutive patients with intracranial cystic tumor were treated in stereotactic surgery combined with gamma knife radiosurgery. Of total series, single stereotactic aspiration were performed in 19 cases, stereotactic aspiration with Ommaya reservoir implantation in 19 cases, stereotactic endoscopic surgery in 2 cases. Gamma knife radiosurgery was performed...

Objective To evaluate the potential role of stereotactic aspiration combined with gamma knife radiosurgery for intracranial cystic tumor. Method 40 consecutive patients with intracranial cystic tumor were treated in stereotactic surgery combined with gamma knife radiosurgery. Of total series, single stereotactic aspiration were performed in 19 cases, stereotactic aspiration with Ommaya reservoir implantation in 19 cases, stereotactic endoscopic surgery in 2 cases. Gamma knife radiosurgery was performed after intracystic content aspirated. The total tumor volume were grouped into both pre-aspiration and post-aspiration, and the corresponding risk probability analysised by integrated logistic formula. Difference between the two groups were measured by paired-test. Result After stereotactic aspiration, both cysts disappearence and tumor volume diminution in all 40 patients, statistic results demonstrated signifieant differences between the two groups of volume (P <0.001) and risk probability groups (P <0.001), respectively. Follow-up ranged from 6 to 42 months (mean 17.5 months), the image study revealed tumor disapearence in 10 cases, deminished in 12 cases, remained stable in 17 cases, increased in 1 case. Conclusion Stereotactic aspiration combined with. gamma knife radiosurgery is an effective method for intracranial cystic tumors, the selection of stereotactic procedures which depend on the tumor's pathological type may be of great importance.

目的探讨立体定向穿刺抽吸手术与伽玛刀联合治疗颅内囊性肿瘤在立体定向放射外科治疗中的作用。方法分析颅内囊性肿瘤40例,单纯立体定向穿刺抽液19例,留置Ommaya囊抽液19例,内窥镜下手术切除肿瘤并排除囊液2例。肿瘤体积缩小后再行立体定向磁共振成像(MRI)定位、伽玛刀治疗,并计算抽液前后肿瘤体积的变化。依据Logistic综合方程计算抽液前后风险概率的变化,将抽液前后的肿瘤体积和风险概率进行配对t检验。结果抽液后瘤囊完全消失,病灶体积明显缩小。抽液前后肿瘤容积和风险概率均显著降低(容积变化:t=8.108,P<0.001;风险概率:t=5.933,P<0.001)。随访时间6个月~42个月,平均17.5个月。经伽玛刀治疗后,瘤结节消失10例,缩小12例,无变化17例,增大1例。结论颅内囊性肿瘤立体定向穿刺抽液后肿瘤体积缩小,使立体定向放射外科治疗并发症的风险概率显著降低,是联合伽玛刀治疗囊性肿瘤一种有效方法;针对肿瘤病理类型的不同采用伽玛刀放射外科联合单纯穿刺或置管抽取囊液、结合囊内治疗是囊性肿瘤治疗成功的关键。

Purpose:To study the diagnosis and surgical treatment of isolated spheniod sinus neoplasms. Methods:6 cases with isolated sphenoid sinus neoplasm were analyzed. All patientes had headache, five had visual-neural symptoms. In all cases, the isolated space-occupying lesions in sphenoid sinus were verified by CT scan, and biopsies were made under nasal endoscopy before operation. Two cases were benign, including 1 inverting papilloma, 1 papillary adenoma. Four cases were malignant, including 2 sphenoidal sinus...

Purpose:To study the diagnosis and surgical treatment of isolated spheniod sinus neoplasms. Methods:6 cases with isolated sphenoid sinus neoplasm were analyzed. All patientes had headache, five had visual-neural symptoms. In all cases, the isolated space-occupying lesions in sphenoid sinus were verified by CT scan, and biopsies were made under nasal endoscopy before operation. Two cases were benign, including 1 inverting papilloma, 1 papillary adenoma. Four cases were malignant, including 2 sphenoidal sinus low differentiated carcinoma, 1 adenoidocystic carcinoma, 1 inverting pallilloma with malignant change. 1 case with papillary adenoma underwent endoscopic surgery, and 5 cases underwent surgery by external approach. Results:Among the 4 malignant cases, 3 patient did not recurren after surgery and radiotherapy for 18 to 28 months. 1 patient was lost to follow-up. Among the 2 benign cases, 1 case with papillary adenoma was cured after 40 months, the symptoms of the other was improved after 15 months. Conclusions:Nasal endoscopic and imaging study is very important for the diagnosis and surgery of lesions in isolated sphenoid sinus neoplasm. The benign lesion is operated by nasal endoscope, and malignant lesion is treated by operation and radiotherapy. External ethmoidectomy is a method of choice for malignant lesions.

目的 :研究孤立性蝶窦肿瘤的诊断和治疗。方法 :6例孤立性蝶窦肿瘤 ,全部病人均有头痛症状 ,其中5例有眼 神经症状 ,所有病人均经CT证实为孤立性蝶窦占位性病变 ,并在鼻内窥镜下取病检。其中良性 2例 ,包括乳头状腺瘤 1例 ,内翻性乳头状瘤 1例。恶性肿瘤 4例 ,包括蝶窦低分化鳞癌 2例 ,腺样囊性癌 1例 ,内翻性乳头状瘤恶变 1例。 1例乳头状腺瘤行鼻内窥镜下蝶窦开放术 ,其余 5例经鼻外筛窦径路手术。结果 :2例良性肿瘤中 ,1例乳头状瘤治愈随访 40月 ,1例内翻性乳头状瘤手术后随访 15月症状改善。 4例恶性肿瘤中 3例术后放疗观察18— 2 8月无复发。 1例失访。结论 :鼻内窥镜、影像学检查对本病的诊断起重要作用 ,并对手术有指导意义。良性肿瘤以鼻内窥镜手术为主。恶性肿瘤以手术加放疗治疗 ,鼻外筛窦径路是治疗此类恶性肿瘤的优选术式。

Objective To report diagnostic and therapeutic experiences of endoscopic surgery on hy-drocephalus. Methods There were 99 patients with hydrocephalus underwent endoscopic neurosurgery in Beijing Tiantan hospital from October, 1998 to January, 2001 .The indication, complication and outcome are discusscd on septa pellucidum fenestration, the third ventriculostmy, cysto - ventriculostomy and ventriculo -peritoneal shunt. Results 98 cases improved clinically with anatomic changes of ventricles radiologically,...

Objective To report diagnostic and therapeutic experiences of endoscopic surgery on hy-drocephalus. Methods There were 99 patients with hydrocephalus underwent endoscopic neurosurgery in Beijing Tiantan hospital from October, 1998 to January, 2001 .The indication, complication and outcome are discusscd on septa pellucidum fenestration, the third ventriculostmy, cysto - ventriculostomy and ventriculo -peritoneal shunt. Results 98 cases improved clinically with anatomic changes of ventricles radiologically, l case had no change clinically and radiologically, there were no infection, no catheter obturation, no disorder mortality postoperatively. Complication: patients had transient fever af ter third ventriclostomy, l case had ventricular hemorrhage while the catheter being pulled out. Conclusions Neuroendoscope offers a minimally invasive technique for the diagnosis and the treatment of hydrocephalus, as well as reliable effect.

目的 探讨神经内镜在脑积水诊断治疗中的应用方法及价值。方法 1998年10月~2000年1月我院应用神经内镜治疗99例各类脑积水病人,采用4种手术方法(包括三脑室底造瘘,透明隔造瘘术,囊肿脑室造瘘术,脑室-腹腔分流术),对手术适应症,并发症及预后等做了初步探讨。结果 98例效果满意,临床症状消失或明显缓解,影像学脑室变小,分流管位置满意;1例临床症状、影像学均无变化。并发症;2例三室底造瘘病人术后短期出现发热、头痛加重;1例分流管调整拔管时脑室内出血;无感染、分流管梗阻、致残及死亡。结论 神经内镜在脑积水的诊断和治疗中可以发挥重要作用,利于明确诊断,选择适宜的手术方案。同时在直视下准确操作,具有微创,高效,并发症少的优势。

 
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