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period
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  “period”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Role and Modulation of Kupffer cells on the Production of TNFα,IL-1β,IL-6 in early period of severe burn injury in rats
    枯否细胞在严重烧伤早期TNFα、IL-1β、IL-6产生中的作用及调控
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    CE (A) F scheme of treating breast cancer in later period ──with 75 gases of curative effect analysis attached
    CE(A)F方案治疗晚期乳腺癌──附75例疗效分析
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    Changes of oxygen kinetics in the early period after cardiopulmonary bypass
    体外循环术后早期氧动力学变化
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    A Study on the Safe Threshold of Apneic Period in Pediatric Patients during Anesthesia Induction
    小儿麻醉诱导中无通气间期SpO_2安全阈值的研究小儿麻醉诱导中无通气间期SpO2安全阈值的研究
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    Results Nine cases(8.824%) converted to laparotomy in the early period of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
    结果:发生在腹腔镜胆囊切除术早期9例,同期腹腔镜胆囊切除术102例,中转率8.824%。
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  period
Let 0≤g be a dyadic H?lder continuous function with period 1 and g(0)=1, and let.
      
The survival probability in finite time period in fully discrete risk model
      
To some two-period economies with countable infinite state spaces, the existence of expectation equilibrium of real asset economies with transaction costs is given.
      
Epidemiologic model of SIS type has a delay corresponding to the infectious period and disease-related deaths, so that the population size is variable.
      
This paper considers an SEIS epidemic model with infectious force in the latent period and a general population-size dependent contact rate.
      
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Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization...

Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization was repeated 6 weeks after surgical repair of an interauricular septal defect or valvotomy of a stenotic pulmonic valve. In this paper the entire procedure of catheterization has been described in detail, particuhrly with regard to some technics of manipulation of the catheter in order to let it get through the tricuspid and pulmonic orifice, and to wedge it into the "pulmonary capillary". Indications, contraindications, complications and results of catheterization in our cases have been dicussed. Among the complications, cardiac arrhythmia was the most common but it was seldom serious. Electrocardiographic observation during the procedure showed that premature beats especially of ventricular origin occured nearly in every case. Two patients developed pulmonary edema shortly after catheterization. One of them survived, while the other unfortunately died in spite of energetic treatment. Both were cases of mitral stenosis with marked pulmonary hypertension. In the entire series of 112 cases, catheterization helped us to establish the diagnosis in 107 of them, among which 68 patients were operated upon after catheterization, and in 66 of them the preoperative diagnoses proved to be correct. According to the material presented, right heart catheterization appears to be a comparatively safe and useful procedure in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases.

一、本文分析报告112例住院心脏病病人,120次右心导管檢查的結果。二、本组病例檢查的指征主要是对先天性心脏病及二尖瓣病的診断和外科治疗的选擇。三、对檢查方法加以描述,对影响檢查成敗的因素加以討論。四、分析檢查的結果,认为右心导管檢查对上述心脏病的診断有重大的价值,而危險性不大,但檢查时仍应提高警惕,掌握禁忌証并注意安全防止严重并发症的发生。

Traumatic hemorrhage of brain stem is a serious and irreversible brain damage.It consti- tutes one of the important causes of death in patients with acute cranio-cerebral injury.Un- fortunately,this condition is rarely diagnosed antemortemly,although much has been learnt recently regarding its clinical manifestations. In the present series of 33 fatal cases of acute cranio-cerebral injury,10 cases of brain stem hemorrhage were found on autopsy.Definite focal hemorrhages in the brain stem were seen grossly in...

Traumatic hemorrhage of brain stem is a serious and irreversible brain damage.It consti- tutes one of the important causes of death in patients with acute cranio-cerebral injury.Un- fortunately,this condition is rarely diagnosed antemortemly,although much has been learnt recently regarding its clinical manifestations. In the present series of 33 fatal cases of acute cranio-cerebral injury,10 cases of brain stem hemorrhage were found on autopsy.Definite focal hemorrhages in the brain stem were seen grossly in 6 cases and microscopically in another 4 cases.The most common site of hemorrhage, was found to be on the dorsal part of the pens, periaqueductal area and median raphe.In 3 cases Hemorrhage was also found in the segmental part of the mid-brain.Bleeding might have been either petechial or massive with clot formation. Death occurred to about half of these patients within 24 hours after injury,while the rest survived for varying periods,the longest being 53 days.

对10例外伤性脑干出血死亡病例进行了临床及病理资料的分析。发现致伤机制都属于加速性损伤。脑干出血部位均见于桥脑背部,大脑导水管周围或正中缝附近,其中3例同时伴有中脑被盖部出血。本组中半数于伤后24小时内死亡,但少数病例是尚可维持较长生存时间,最长者达58天。对脑干损伤综合征作了简单的描述。本组患者同时合并急性颅内血肿者5例,其中4例虽经血肿清除术,但未取得预期疗效,另一例钻孔探查阴性,尸检见巨大脑内血肿,并已破入脑室内。对产生脑干出血的机制作了简单的讨论。认为可根据病人(1)受伤当时的意识状态,(2)出现脑干损伤综合征的时间,及(3)致死时间,作为区别是原发性或继发性脑干损伤的标准,并提出外伤性脑干出血系脑干不可逆性损伤的一种表现,目前对脑干出血还不能找到其特征性的临床表现,因此仍是诊断中有待解决的问题。关于防治工作方面,强调提出对防止继发性脑干损伤的发生或防止其发展为不可逆性阶段的重要意义,因此应当仔细观察病情的发展动向,经常保持戒备状态,及时识别颅内血肿,迅速予以手术处理,并提出在清除血肿后尚有明显脑疝存在时的处理步骤及采用其他各种综合治疗的重要性。

Efficiency of acupuncture anesthesia is closely related with the preoperative lung function. During the course of operation, the volume of ventilation is increased, the flow speed of respiratory gas is accelerated and the airway resistance is elevated. As the PaCO_2 is elevated, the arterial blood pH decreased. Although the blood pH variation becomes more marked as the period of operation is lengthened, these changes are far less than that of general anesthesia group. Based on animal experiments and clinical...

Efficiency of acupuncture anesthesia is closely related with the preoperative lung function. During the course of operation, the volume of ventilation is increased, the flow speed of respiratory gas is accelerated and the airway resistance is elevated. As the PaCO_2 is elevated, the arterial blood pH decreased. Although the blood pH variation becomes more marked as the period of operation is lengthened, these changes are far less than that of general anesthesia group. Based on animal experiments and clinical observations that after thoracotomy the PaO_2 reduced significantly, and the percentage of blood shunting increased. It is resonable to have oxygen inhalation in order to correct hypoxemia, decrease the work of breathing and improve the efficiency of acupuncture anesthesia. As compared with patients of general anesthesia, the blood PO_2 in acupuncture anesthesia group is higher under the similar condition of oxygen inhalation. It is suggested that acupuncture may play sonde role in the regulation of respiratory function.

术前病人肺功能情况与针麻效果关系密切。术中可见通气量增加、呼吸气流速度增快,吸气时气道阻力增加,血液pH值降低,且PaCO_2升高,随手术时间延长而更明显,但这些变化远较全麻组为轻。据动物实验和临床观察,开胸后PaO_2明显降低,肺分流%增大,因而术中给O_2,有助于纠正低氧血症,减低呼吸功率,提高针麻效果。经与全麻病人对照,在同样给O_2条件下针麻组PO_2明显高于全麻组,提示针刺对调节呼吸功能有一定作用。

 
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