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general anaesthesia     
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  全身麻醉
     Group C: After epidural puncture at T8-9, Induced drugs of general anaesthesia were Fentanyl 3μg·kg-1,Propofol 2~2.5mg·kg-1,Succinycholine 2mg·kg-1,fentanyl was used if necessary.
     C组:在T8-9行硬膜外穿刺,之后行全身麻醉诱导,诱导药物为芬太尼3μg·kg-1,异丙酚2~2.5mg·kg-1,琥珀胆碱2mg·kg-1,必要时可加芬太尼2~3μg·kg-1。
短句来源
     Induced drugs of general anaesthesia were Fentanyl 3μg·kg-1,Propofol 1~1.5mg·kg-1,Succinycholine 2mg·kg-1. Group B: Fentanyl was not used in Induction and maintenance of general anesthesia and replaced by lidocaine 1~1.5mg·kg-1,other conditions were similar to group A.
     全身麻醉诱导药物为芬太尼3μg·kg-1,异丙酚1~1.5mg·kg-1,琥珀胆碱2mg·kg-1。 B组:诱导药物中不使用芬太尼,用利多卡因1~1.5mg·kg-1代替,术中也不使用芬太尼,其余条件同A组。
短句来源
     For local or general anaesthesia,cut and vaporize tumor with CO_2 laser in 4-20W of continuous output power,cut specimen as the pathologic segment.
     治疗:局部或全身麻醉后,以连续输出功率为4~20W的CO_2激光切割及气化肿瘤,切取获得标本可供病理切片。
短句来源
     ? Methods In the 48 ASA Ⅰ~Ⅲ patients requiring general anaesthesia, 34 cases of tracheal intubation were classified as Mallampati grade Ⅲ, 6 as grade Ⅳ,and 8 as no difficulty.
     方法48例需全身麻醉气管插管的成年患者,ASAⅠ~Ⅲ级,其中Mallampati困难插管评估Ⅲ级者34例,Ⅳ级6例,术前估计为非困难插管者8例。
短句来源
     Objective and Methods:To observe the effect of propofol on vomiting occurrence after general anaesthesia with fentanyl,we divided at randomly 130 cases into two groups; Group n_1 used fentanyl for general anaestesia and group n_2 used fentanyl plus propofol.
     目的和方法:为观察异丙酚对芬太尼全麻术后呕吐发生率的影响,将130例全麻患者随 机分配成两组,芬太尼全身麻醉组为 n_1组,芬太尼+异丙酚全身麻醉组为n_2组进行比较。
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  全麻
     Methods In general anaesthesia, hepatic arterial DSA was performed with 10 ml iodinated contrast medium (5 ml/s, 10 ml) in 5 normal swine, and then repeated hepatic arterial CO_2-DSA was performed with a total of 30-50 ml CO_2 injected by manually operated syringe at the velocity of 5-8 ml/s, followed by CO_2-CT angiography.
     方法健康实验猪5头,全麻下经股动脉插管至肝固有动脉,先行碘对比剂肝动脉DSA(5ml/s,10ml),再手推CO230~50ml(5~8ml/s)行CO2DSA,然后再行CO2CTA。
短句来源
     Methods Sixty ASA Ⅰ-Ⅱ patients undergoing peritoneoscope cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia. were divided into three groups:The patients in group Ⅰ was given remifentanil 1μg/kg,2μg/kg in group Ⅱ and 3μg/kg in group Ⅲ.
     方法全麻下行腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者60例,ASAⅠ~Ⅱ级,按雷米芬太尼剂量不同分为三组:Ⅰ组1μg/kg,Ⅱ组2μg/kg,Ⅲ组3μg/kg;
短句来源
     Methods: Seventy adult patients(ASA Ⅰ~Ⅱ) scheduled for elective biliary tract surgery were divided randomly into block group(E,n=30),general anaesthesia group(T,n=30) and combined group(E+T,n=20),HR,MAP,sPO_2 were recorded during operation.
     方法:择期胆道手术70例,ASAⅠ~Ⅱ级,随机分成3组,即硬膜外组(E组n=30),全麻组(T组,n=20),硬膜外复合全麻组(E+T组,n=20),监测并记录麻醉过程中的HR、MAPs、PO2的变化。
短句来源
     Conclusion It is better to adopt breath frequency 14~16 time/min and tidal volume 8 ml/kg after CO 2 pneumoperitoneum during LC under general anaesthesia.
     结论 全麻腹腔镜胆囊切除术气腹后采用 8ml/kg的潮气量和 14~ 16次 /min的呼吸频率较为合适
短句来源
     Patients in Group Ⅰ received epidural fentanyl 0.1 mg before general anaesthesia and repeated every 1.5 h in same dose during the operation.
     Ⅰ组(n=30)术前芬太尼0.1 mg注入硬膜外腔,术中每1.5 h重复注入与术前相同剂量,同时复合全麻
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  “general anaesthesia”译为未确定词的双语例句
     After right-side position restraint and general anaesthesia, the esophagus was resected by 3.0-4.0 cm, and then the carbon-fibre tube, 3.0-4.5 cm long, 1.0-1.2 cm in diameter, with thichness of 0.1-0.15 cm was implanted.
     植入的碳纤维人工食管长度为3~4.5cm,管径为1~2cm,管壁厚为0.1~0.15cm。
短句来源
     The patients received 0.05~0.2 mg/(kg·min) remifentanyl-2~3 mg/(kg·h) propofol-1.5%~2.5% isoflurane general anaesthesia after induction and tracheal intubation, and rocuronium were given for muscle relaxation.
     静脉诱导气管插管后采用丙泊酚 2~ 3mg/ (kg·h) 雷米芬太尼 0 .0 5~ 0 .2 μg/ (kg·min) 异氟醚 1.5 %~ 2 .5 %维持麻醉 ,罗库溴铵维持肌松。
短句来源
     and those in group D,with buprenorphine 0.1-0.3mg for general anaesthesia.
     一组为选用丁丙诺非0.1~0.3mg为镇痛液用于硬膜外镇痛。
短句来源
     All were general anaesthesia and fixed on vulnerating-bench. Group G animals were shot on L_1 or L_2 lumbar vertebra using 79 type submachine gun and 7.62 mm bullets,which performed by sharp-shooter from 8 m distant place.
     G组在L1和L2椎体处标记射击点,以79式微型冲锋枪及51式7.62mm手枪弹射击,由专业狙击枪手在8m处卧击点射。
短句来源
     Methods:78 patients with general anaesthesia laryngoscope was inserted through oral cavity to the larynx and microlaryngosurgery was done,28 patients with local anaesthesia was done.
     方法:经喉插管全身静脉复合麻醉支撑喉镜下喉显镜外科手术78例,局麻手术28例。
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  general anaesthesia
Abstract: Background: The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) can be used in general anaesthesia without neuromuscular block.
      
"Mercedes hymenal incision" was performed in general anaesthesia.
      
Since the advent of short acting anaesthetic drugs the failure of a patient to awaken after general anaesthesia is a rare event.
      
The patient also reported a history of a serious complication during emergency general anaesthesia and cataracts of both eyes.
      
???Because of the clinical and chemical findings, the history of cataracts and complications during general anaesthesia, a systemic congenital disease of the muscular tissue was suspected.
      
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Rabbits were made to inhale mixed gas with low oxygen contents (7% and 9%). Before and after anoxia CO_2 (5%, 7%, 9%) was inhaled at the fixed intervals for 15—30 seconds, and the ensuing changes of blood pressure, cardiac contractility, heart rate and respiratory minute volume (RMV) were recorded. Before anoxia inhalation of 5%, 7% or 9% CO_1 all led to a marked increase in RMV and with the higher concentrations of 7% and 9% also produced a slight increase of blood pressure and cardiac contractility. During...

Rabbits were made to inhale mixed gas with low oxygen contents (7% and 9%). Before and after anoxia CO_2 (5%, 7%, 9%) was inhaled at the fixed intervals for 15—30 seconds, and the ensuing changes of blood pressure, cardiac contractility, heart rate and respiratory minute volume (RMV) were recorded. Before anoxia inhalation of 5%, 7% or 9% CO_1 all led to a marked increase in RMV and with the higher concentrations of 7% and 9% also produced a slight increase of blood pressure and cardiac contractility. During anoxia, however, inhalation of CO_2 at any of the above concentrations all caused a decrease of blood pressure, cardiac contractility and heart rate. The extent of the fall of blood pressure so caused increased with the degree of anoxia and the concentration of CO_2. This fall was not affected by the respiratory movement, but was significantly slowed clown after general anaesthesia, bilateral vagotomy, sectioning of all the four buffer nerves or bilateral extirpation of the sympathetic ganglia.

(一)家兔在急性缺氧前对短时間吸入5%、7%和9% CO_2的反应是:呼吸分間量明显增加,血压不变或微升,心縮力量稍增强。急性缺氧时,約有91%的动物,吸入CO_2則引起了降压反应。 (二)CO_2的降压程度,多和吸入CO_2的濃度以及缺氧发展的速度成平行关系。而降压維持的时間,在一定范圍內与吸入CO_2时間的长短成平行关系。 (三)急性缺氧后CO_2的降压作用,不受呼吸运动改变的影响。但在全麻、切断四条緩冲神經、切断两侧頸迷走神經或摘除頸交感神經节以后,則明显地使之减弱。

It has been shown clinically that the analgesic effect of electricalacupuncture anaesthesia (EAA) for cranial operatjons was more effec-tive than that for other parts of the body. Among all cranial opera-tions the analgesic effect of prefrontal craniotomy was the best. Since1975, 43 patients with pituitary adenoma were operated on under EAAand the result was "good to excellent" in 95.3%. In this series thepatients' general condition and mental status were quite similar. Theoperation was carried out as a small...

It has been shown clinically that the analgesic effect of electricalacupuncture anaesthesia (EAA) for cranial operatjons was more effec-tive than that for other parts of the body. Among all cranial opera-tions the analgesic effect of prefrontal craniotomy was the best. Since1975, 43 patients with pituitary adenoma were operated on under EAAand the result was "good to excellent" in 95.3%. In this series thepatients' general condition and mental status were quite similar. Theoperation was carried out as a small osteoplastic flap craniotomy in theright frontal region. All acupuncture points used in these cases wereclose to the branches of sensory nerves around the operative field.According to puncture locations the cases were divided into two groups.In Group A the points were very close to the nerves distributed in thefronta1 operative field, such as, Zanzhu (攒竹),Yuyao (鱼腰), Ermen (耳门)and Shangguan(上关). In Group B the point Chuanliao(颧髎) was locatednear the infraorbibital nerve with another point at the ipsilateral lobeof ear as a coupling point, and both of them were a little fartheraway from the oprative field. The rate of "good to excellent" in GroupA was 96.5%, in Group B 92.8% (statistically insignificant) .Althougha few patients had some complaints or goraned a little, they could stillcooperate till the end of the operation. EAA for such operation usuallyavoided the complications of both general anaesthesia and local anaesthe- sia, such as vomiting and instability of vital signs. Clinically itappeared that the nearer the points to the sensory nerves round theoperative field the better was the analgesia. A test using a G-6805electric pulse stimulator on cat's superficial radia1 nerve proved thatthe conductivity of the nerve was depressed under EAA. It seemed toshow that the EAA effect of the points of Group A was related to themodification of the conductivity of the sensory nerves of the soalp.On the other hand, Chuanliao point of Group B was close to thebranches of infraorbital nerve which was farther away from the opera-tion field. However the analgesic effect was almost as good as that ofGroup A. Here the assumption of depression of conductivity of sensoryuerves in the operative field could not be the adequate explanation.The authors believe that neuroanatomical segmentation is probably connec-ted with the relief of pain, because all points of Group A and B wereclose to the sensory branches of trigeminal nerve, and/or with changesof some neurochemical materials within the central nervous system (e.g.endorphine, 5HT). Whatever mechanism might it be the authors'experience is that points close to the sensory branches nearer to thecentral nervous system have better analgesic effect of EAA.

本文总结在电针麻醉下摘除垂体腺瘤43例的临床经验,临床麻醉效果良好。通过动物实验观察,证明电针对感觉神经有局部阻滞作用,其效果与所用的电流强度、刺激频率及电针与近感觉神经干的距离有关。作者认为采用这种方法经前额剖颅施行垂体腺瘤摘除术,是一较为适宜的麻醉方法。

The present puper sums up 533 cases of foreign bodies in the trachea and the bronchus.Among these patients. 44.29% were 1~2 years of age, 25.3% had foreign bodies in the trachea.42% had them in the right bronchus, and 32.6% in the left bronchus. Foreign bodies of plant origin made up 82.9% of the cases, metalic foreign bodies made up 8.3%,and foreign bodies of various nature made up the remaining 8.9%. 97.7% of the cases had a dear history of inhaling a foreign body into the air passages. Among the cases with...

The present puper sums up 533 cases of foreign bodies in the trachea and the bronchus.Among these patients. 44.29% were 1~2 years of age, 25.3% had foreign bodies in the trachea.42% had them in the right bronchus, and 32.6% in the left bronchus. Foreign bodies of plant origin made up 82.9% of the cases, metalic foreign bodies made up 8.3%,and foreign bodies of various nature made up the remaining 8.9%. 97.7% of the cases had a dear history of inhaling a foreign body into the air passages. Among the cases with foreign bodies in the trachea, a fluttering sound could be heard in 45.93% of the patients. In those with foreign bodies in the bronchus. 82.16% showed a diminished breathing sound on the affected side,70.85% showed deviations of the mediastinium in fluoroscopy, 27.64% had atecectasis. 25.88% had lung abscess, and 11.6% had pneumonitis. Of these foreign bodies 23.3% were removed by direct laryngoscopy, and 75.6% by tracheoscopy. Patients who coughed out the foreign bodies and those in whom the foreign bodies were removed through thoracotomy each comprised 0.6% of the cases. 50% of the metalic foreign bodies were removed under general anaesthesia under fluoroscopy.

本文总结气管及支气管异物533例,1~2岁占44.29%。正气管异物占26.3%,右支气管异物占42%,左支气管异物占32.6%:植物性异物占82.9%,金属异物占8.3%,其他异物占8.9%。有明确异物吸入史者占97.7%,出现气管拍击音者占正气管异物的45.93%,支气管异物中患侧呼吸音低者占82.16%,胸透有纵膈摆动者占70.85%,肺不张占27.64%,肺气肿占25.88%,肺炎占11.6%。经直达喉镜取出者占23.3%,经气管镜取出者占75.6%,咳出及开胸各占0.6%。金属异物50%在全麻透视下取出。

 
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