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fruit skin
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  果皮
     Experiment of bagging time of Fuji apple showed that, bagging 20 - 40 days after flowering, the content of chlorophll was from 1.11 to 1.093 μg/cm2, the ratio of anthocyanin to ( chlorophll + carotenoid) was from 0.053 to 0.055, the color of fruit skin was more bright , and fruit skin colored up quickly .
     不同时期套袋对长富2苹果外观品质的试验表明:花后20-40 d套袋处理的果皮叶绿素含量为1.011-1.093 μg/cm2,果皮花青苷与(叶绿素+类胡萝卜素)的比值为0.053-0.055,果皮色泽鲜艳,且果实着色快。
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     Chlorophyll in the fruit skin and starch in fruit were also inhibited by application of 1 -MCP.
     同时发现,1-MCP处理抑制了果实中淀粉和果皮叶绿素的转化和分解。
     The calcium content of bagged fruit was just 49%-63% of the control. The ratio of N/Ca of bagged fruit and control was 9.8 and 6.1, and K/Ca was 17.6 and 8.8 respectively. The calcium content in the fruit skin was control >bagged disease-free fruits >bagged diseased fruits.
     套袋果Ca含量仅为不套袋果的49%-63%,果皮钙素含量未套袋果>套袋健康果>套袋病果,套袋病果与不套袋果果皮N/Ca比值分别为9.8和6.1,K/Ca比值分别为17.6和8.8;
短句来源
     The fruit skin became thinner,flesh became thicker and seed num-ber reduced,resulting in higher edible rate(average 30.7%,maximum 50.4%).
     果实单果重增加,平均单果重在200 g以上,最大果重达546 g,果皮变薄,果肉增厚,种子数减少,可食率提高,平均可食率为30.7%,最高可食率达50.4%。
短句来源
     The paper studies the discharge of root injury, per - unit - area productivity of corner fruit skin, and the cost of the sterile and fertile plants 96F044D, 96P045D, and 96F057D of wild - cabbage - type hybrid rape.
     研究了甘蓝型油菜杂交组合96F044D、96F045D、96F057D不育株及正常可育株根系伤流量、单位面积角果皮生产力和经济性状。 万群体中不育株率以及3个杂交组合与常规油菜H045作对照的临界不育株率。
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  “fruit skin”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Effect of Xinshiji on fruit quality of Whangkeumbae was remarkable,the weight of individual fruit was up to 325 g,and the rate of fruit skin rust was 1.5%.
     用新世纪授粉对黄金梨的品质影响最大,平均单果重达325 g,锈果率1.5%。
短句来源
     The soluable solid content was 11.0% in center,9.0% in margin,fruit skin was 0.8~1.0cm thick. The average weight per fruit was 3~5kg. The yield was 30.0~37.5t·hm -2 .
     果实中心可溶性固形物含量11 .0 % ,边部9 .0 % ,皮厚0.8~1 .0 cm ,单瓜质量3 ~5 kg,商品率高,每667 m2 产量2 000 ~2 500 kg。
短句来源
     7. When the water loss of pear fruit by transpiration was over 8%, the fruit skin lost glossy, wrinkled and shrank and turned yellow.
     7、京白梨果实蒸腾失水超过8%,果实表皮就会失去光泽,出现皱纹,萎缩现象,表皮颜色变黄。
短句来源
     STUDY ON THE INHIBITION OF WATER EXTRACT OF Sabina vulgalis FRUIT SKIN ON SEEDS GERMINATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SEEDS WATER ABSORPTION
     臭柏果实浸泡液萌发抑制作用及种子吸水特性研究
短句来源
     ' Chunrui' , a new peach variety with white flesh , was selected from the germplasm resources of peach introduced from abroad. The fruit shape is nearly globe and the average fruit mass is 130. 5 g, with soluble solid content 10.9%. fruit skin is red.
     ‘春瑞’桃系从国外引进品种中选出的优良品种,果实近圆球形,平均单果质量130.5 g,果面全红,果肉白色,含可溶性固形物10.9%,果实生育期65 d,早果,丰产。
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  相似匹配句对
     Fruit
     水果
短句来源
     skin
     皮肤
短句来源
     Study on Preselection for Apple Fruit Skin Colour
     苹果杂种果皮色泽预先选择研究
短句来源
     Processing Technology of Watermelon Skin Candied Fruit
     西瓜皮果脯加工技术
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     Skin immunesystem
     皮肤免疫系统
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  fruit skin
The incidence of superficial scald, contents of α-farnesene and conjugated triene in fruit skin were analysed.
      
Fruit shape varied widely from globose to pyriform, fruit skin colour from light yellow and glossy to brown and dull.
      
Based on the original 'Pinkerton' progeny as well as on the half sibs progeny, the fragment P8 was found to be associated with black-purple fruit skin color.
      
The resistance against this disease appears to be based on one recessive gene in linkage with the dominant gene D for dull green fruit skin colour.
      
The results demonstrate the benefits of delaying fruit harvest to improve quality attributes such as fruit skin colour at harvest and during storage, to reduce weight loss and to obtain higher SSC during storage.
      
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Eight characters of inheritance of pears had been studied.The fruit skin colour and the resistance to the pear rust were considered as the inheritance of qualitatiye characters. The genes controlling skin colour of pears seemed to be influenced by subsidiary genes including "R" and "H" genes. Resistance to the pear rust disease was controlled by more than one pair of dominate genes.Precocity, period of maturing, fruit weight, fruit shape, flesh colour, amount of flesh stone cells were...

Eight characters of inheritance of pears had been studied.The fruit skin colour and the resistance to the pear rust were considered as the inheritance of qualitatiye characters. The genes controlling skin colour of pears seemed to be influenced by subsidiary genes including "R" and "H" genes. Resistance to the pear rust disease was controlled by more than one pair of dominate genes.Precocity, period of maturing, fruit weight, fruit shape, flesh colour, amount of flesh stone cells were considered as the inheritance of quantitative characters.

本文报道了以不同品种为亲本的36个杂交组合的早实性等8个状状的遗传规律。结果表明,早实性,果实成熟期,果重,果形,果肉色泽和石粒细胞属于数量性状遗传,杂种有广泛而连续的分离,表明梨在杂交和实生繁殖下经济性状衰退和趋中变异的普遍现象;果实皮色和抗锈病性属于质量性状遗传,控制皮色遗传的基因除R和H外,还受其它辅助基因的影响,抗病受显性基因所控制,但控制该性状的基因不只一对。证实西洋梨品种是抗性基因纯合体,而杂种西洋梨品种为杂合体。

In 1974--1984, apple varieties "Fuji" and "Xiushui" were treatedwith differcnt doses of Co~(60)γ-rays, "Co6~(60)γ-rays+microwave" andfast neutron. The results showed that there was a high percentageof bifurcation among the shoots treated with high neutron fluenceand more blind shoots among the shoots treated with γ--rays. It hasbeen found in this experiment that there was a high percentage ofmorphological aberration among the shoots re--radiated with γ--rays.In 1981 a 1-NIV_1--1 branch, which was exposed with...

In 1974--1984, apple varieties "Fuji" and "Xiushui" were treatedwith differcnt doses of Co~(60)γ-rays, "Co6~(60)γ-rays+microwave" andfast neutron. The results showed that there was a high percentageof bifurcation among the shoots treated with high neutron fluenceand more blind shoots among the shoots treated with γ--rays. It hasbeen found in this experiment that there was a high percentage ofmorphological aberration among the shoots re--radiated with γ--rays.In 1981 a 1-NIV_1--1 branch, which was exposed with 1×10~(10)N/cm~2neutron fluence. bore a red coloured fruit. Its colourable ability wasmuch stronger than the control. In 1982, 1--NIV_1--1 red colour mutantwas grafted onto a mature tree of "FuJi" and eight shoots of 1--NIV_2-1were obtained. Their fruit colour was much more beautiful than CK,"Chong Fu 1" and "Chong Fu 2 coloured line" cutured in locality, In1981, we observed the fruit skin cells containing cyanidin and foundthat in 1-NIV_1-1 the percentage of cells containing cyanidin in fruiton the shoulder of fruit was 637.7% of that of CK. In the body offruit the amount of cyanidin contained cells was 268% of that of CK,and at the bottom of fruit the cyanidin--contained cells were even muchmore than that of CK. In 1984, we found the percentage of cyanidin-contained cells on the shoulder in 1--NIV_2--1 was 247% of that of CKand 188% of that of "Chong Fu l coloured line". In the body of fruitthe percentage of cyanidin-contained cells was 262% of that of CK and167.9% of that of "Chong Fu 1 coloured line" On the bottom of fruit,the percentage of cyanidin-contained cells was 251% of that of CK and183.3% of that of "Chong Fu 1 coloured line"

1971--1984年,曾用不同剂量~(19)Coγ射线,~(60)Coγ+微波14Mev快中于处理苹果品种“富士”及“秀水”的休眠枝。结果表明高注量的快中子处理枝有较高百分数的叉状畸变,而γ射线处理枝出现较多的盲枝。γ射线的重复照射发现较高百分数的形态畸变。1981年在中子注量1×~10(10)中子/厘米~2处理中,发观1-中IV_1-1枝系全红果实的实变系,其着色程度显著优于对照。1982年把该枝系转接后,于1984年获1-中ⅠV_2-1八个枝系,仅采收到2个果实,其着色显著优于对照及当地高接的“长富1”及“长富2”。1981年经果实果皮色素细胞观察发1-1中IV_1-1的果实肩部果皮舍花青素细胞百分数为对照的637.7%;胴部果皮色素细胞为对照的2681%;底部果皮的色素细胞为对照的比数更大。1984年对转接鉴定的1-中IV_2-1果实的果皮色素细胞观察,肩部果皮含花青素细胞百分数为对照的247%,为“长富1”着色系的188%;胴部果皮的色素细胞为CK的262%,为“长富1”着色系的167.9%;底部的果皮色素细胞为CK的251%,为“长富1”着色系的183.3%。

Through a breeding program initiated in 1973 , four new table grape cultivars were released .Zao Ma Nao (Agate Early) from Muscat Hamburg×Jing Zao Jing is a high quality , attractive appearance cultivar , and produces bunches each weighing 388 g with purplish red, enlongated ellipsoidal berries each weighing 4. 2 g on average. The fruit flesh is firm and delicately flavored . The fruit skin is thin and tender. During 1981- 85 it produced 13.2 kg /plant . The berries contain 16. 3 % sugar and 5.2 g/l titratable...

Through a breeding program initiated in 1973 , four new table grape cultivars were released .Zao Ma Nao (Agate Early) from Muscat Hamburg×Jing Zao Jing is a high quality , attractive appearance cultivar , and produces bunches each weighing 388 g with purplish red, enlongated ellipsoidal berries each weighing 4. 2 g on average. The fruit flesh is firm and delicately flavored . The fruit skin is thin and tender. During 1981- 85 it produced 13.2 kg /plant . The berries contain 16. 3 % sugar and 5.2 g/l titratable acidity . The fruit ripens a week later than pearl of Csaba.Zi Zhen Zhu (Purple Pearl ) was derived from the cross Muscat Hamburg ? Pearl of Csaba. Its general appearance resembles that of Muscat Hamburg , but the period of maturity is earlier than 20 days . It yields 16. 3kg/plant and sugar content is 14.3%.Cui Yu (Emerald) is a cross of Muscat Hamburg × Jing Zao Jing. The vines are vigorous and very productive . The bunch weighs 633 g on average . The berry , with greenish yellow, firm pulp, is medium in size, weighing 3.8 g on average , co-ntains 14.4%sugar, with a slight muscat aftertaste, and ripens in mid August. Cui Yu is highly resistant to fungus diseases.It yields 22.4 kg /plant .Yan Hong (Beauty red) from Muscat Hamburg?Jing Zao Jing , forms bunches weighing 415 g each and purplish red berries weighing on average 5. 2 g each , with attractive appearance . The berries are enlongated ellipsoidal , neutral in flavor. The fruit flesh is firm and the skin is thin but tough. It yields 20.6 kg/plant and sugar content is 15.1% . The fruit ripens in mid September, just after that of Muscat Hamburg .The four new cultivars have been used in Beijing grape growing area and spread to some northern provinces .

1973年开始了生食葡萄育种,目标为培育早熟或无核优良新品种.选用了玫瑰香为母本,莎芭珍珠和京早晶为父本,进行有性杂交.通过对杂种单株的调查观察,1981年选出五个优株,进行了品种比较试验.其中三个早熟优系和一个中晚熟优系的主要性状显著优于同期成熟的对照品种.解决了北京市场缺乏早熟葡萄的问题,并延长了鲜食葡萄的供应期.三个早熟优系分别命名为早玛瑙、紫珍珠和翠玉;中晚熟优系定名为艳红.对这四个新品种进行了描述.这些新品种已在生产上试种成功并开始推广.

 
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