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commercial forestry
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  商品林业
     Suggestions on the Development of Commercial Forestry in China
     推动我国商品林业发展的几点建议
短句来源
     (2)The loan percent per annum or opportunity cost for China commercial forestry is measured by 4%~5%, which is fundamental for the determination of China basic discount rate.
     (2)据测算,中国商品林业建设的贷款年利率(机会成本)为4%~5%,这是制定我国林业行业基准贴现率的重要依据。
短句来源
     The results are the following, (1)Basic discount rate for short-term commercial forestry in those countries in Europe and North America is 3%~6%, which is valuable to choose China basic discount rate.
     研究结果如下:(1)欧洲和北美许多国家,短周期商品林业的基准贴现率为3%~6%,这些国家的林业贷款年利率为3%~5%,这两个指标对于我国基准贴现率的选定具有重要的价值。
短句来源
     Public ownership and commercial forestry investment and financing channels: establishing national proprietary forestry company to attract other business investment, through leasing land to attract workers investment;
     公有制商品林业投融资渠道:建立国家控股的林业股份公司吸引其他企业投资资金、通过租赁林地融资吸引职工投资;
短句来源
     Analyzes on the Dominant Power of the Innovation of the Commercial Forestry Investing and Financing System
     商品林业投融资制度创新的主导力量分析
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  商品林
     Commercial Forestry Management in Jiangxi ProvinceProblems and Solutions
     关于我省商品林经营管理问题与对策
短句来源
     Problems and countermeasures about commercial forestry management in jiangxi province
     江西省商品林经营管理问题与对策
短句来源
     Study on the Effects of Institution Factors on the Development of Commercial Forestry
     林业制度性因素对商品林发展的影响
短句来源
     This paper examines problems existing in the management of commercial forests and discusses the difference between commercial forestry and traditional forestry, points out the features of commercial forestry and analyzes the relationship between forestry that is meant to benefit the public and forestry industry.
     分析了当前商品林经营管理中存在的问题 ,探讨了商品林与传统林业的区别、商品林的基本特征、商品林理论以及与公益林和林产工业的关系 ,提出了商品林是实行林业分类经营改革的产物 ,它与传统林业具有本质区别 ; 商品林与公益林既有联系 ,又有区别 ,商品林主要是解决林业的次要问题 ;
短句来源
     Management Situation and Countermeasure of Commercial Forestry in Jiangxi Province
     江西省商品林经营现状与对策措施
短句来源
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  “commercial forestry”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Building Foothill Forestry and Creating Green Splerdid --On Building Again a High efficiency Commercial Forestry District in Foothill
     构建山下林业 铸绿色辉煌——在山下再建一个高效商品林区的思考
短句来源
     This dissertation has divided the new forestry micro-subject into the basic forestry enterprise and commercial forestry enterprise. And it has lucubrated economic character, basic target, business system, managerial system, allocation of resources and operating mechanism of the two kinds of enterprises and so on.
     本文把新的林业微观主体划分为基础性林业企业和商品性林业企业两大基本类型,并分别对这两类企业的经济特征、基本目标、企业制度、管理体制、资源配置以及运行机制等内容进行了深入的研究和具体设计。
短句来源
     Pinus caribaea has become an important plantation species in the tropical and subtropical zones of China with great potential for the development of commercial forestry.
     加勒比松已成为我国热带和南亚热带地区重要的人工造林树种,商品材人工林发展潜力很大。
短句来源
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  commercial forestry
The overwhelming majority of commercial forestry in the UK comprises blanket non-native coniferous species with low biodiversity levels.
      
Extensive research is needed for a better and new approach to social and commercial forestry.
      
Understanding the changes occurring within the forestry sector is complicated by socio-economic and demographic changes within rural communities - sometimes in areas where commercial forestry has a long tradition.
      
South Australia has a very limited area receiving adequate rainfall for commercial forestry.P.
      
South Australia has a very limited area receiving adequate rainfall for commercial forestry.
      
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The key problems the industrialized countries are now confronted with are theincreasingly serious large scale forest withering and mortality caused by atmospheric pollu-tion. Forest management sectors, especially those responsible for national forest man-agement meet with grave financial crisis; the objective of multi--purpose utilization has notbeen realized; some countries (USA, Japan, the former Germany) still get along by exces-sive reliance on timber import; and there exists a superhigh ratio of private...

The key problems the industrialized countries are now confronted with are theincreasingly serious large scale forest withering and mortality caused by atmospheric pollu-tion. Forest management sectors, especially those responsible for national forest man-agement meet with grave financial crisis; the objective of multi--purpose utilization has notbeen realized; some countries (USA, Japan, the former Germany) still get along by exces-sive reliance on timber import; and there exists a superhigh ratio of private forests which arescattered, not facilitating modern management. The forest industry policy and relevantmeasures of developed countries are: protection and remodelling of existent pure coniferousplantations, and carrying out a strategy of classsified forest management. The industry withsilvicultural responsibility is tending towards development in three independent fields: (1)industrial (or commercial) forestry, (2) public welfare (or ecologic) forestry, (3) multi-functional forestry; development of private forests is guided with administrative meanscombined with economic means; readjustment is made of the forest industry policy and pri-ority is set on developing the production and export of high value--added forest products.The main features of these policies are: (1) under consistent volume of cutting or slight in-crease of cutting to increase the forest product output by developing integrated wood utiliza-tion, (2) to increase the output value of per unit area timber stock by setting priority on de-veloping the finish work (panel, paper, paper board, furniture) and augmenting the process-ing levels, (3) using the non--veneer panel and board as structural and surfacing materialsinstead of sawtimber and plywood which consume great quantity of high quality logs, (4) totake the road of combined forestry and industry with forestry helping the industry and in-dustry promoting the development of forestry. Positive effort has been made to develop theindustry responsible for timber development, and to establish raw material supplying base for sustained forest utilization. But economic returns still remain a problem to be resolved.

工业化国家林业产业当前面临的主要问题是环境污染对大面积森林构成的严重危胁和对分散的私有林无法进行现代化经营。此外,尚有财政危机和某些国家的林产品过度依赖进口等问题。在90年代,甚至更长的时期内,发达国家林业产业政策的调整方向是,保护和改造现有林,通过实施分类经营战略发挥森林的多种效益,兼用行政和经济手段引导私有林的发展,进一步调整林产品结构和大力发展木材培育业。

Pinus caribaea has become an important plantation species in the tropical and subtropical zones of China with great potential for the development of commercial forestry. In this paper the author gave a very detailed review of silviculture system,disease and insect problems and utilization of this species in China. It is critical for increasing productivity of caribbean pine plantations to match sites with different varieties or provenances,to use ge- netically improved seed and accelerate vegetative propagation...

Pinus caribaea has become an important plantation species in the tropical and subtropical zones of China with great potential for the development of commercial forestry. In this paper the author gave a very detailed review of silviculture system,disease and insect problems and utilization of this species in China. It is critical for increasing productivity of caribbean pine plantations to match sites with different varieties or provenances,to use ge- netically improved seed and accelerate vegetative propagation of selected genetic materials. It is also addressed that more attention should be paid to the maintenance of site productivity for long term and establishment of mixed plantations of this species with eucalyptus or aca- cias for the security of ecological environment.

加勒比松已成为我国热带和南亚热带地区重要的人工造林树种,商品材人工林发展潜力很大。建立科学的经营栽培措施对当前和今后加勒比松的发展十分重要。选择适于不同立地类型的变种或种源、改良种子的遗传品质和促进优良遗传材料的无性繁殖是提高加勒比松生产力的基础;在经营措施上要注意维持林分的长期生产力和环境安全。

In the light of present conditions of forestry in Jiangxi Province, put forward about pushing on forestry classifing management, adjusting industrial structure the composition reasoning, developing dominant industrial, industrialization management the commercial forestry and polydeveloping.

针对江西林业现状 ,提出推进林业分类经营 ,调整产业结构 ,合理产业布局 ,培育主导产业 ,商品林产业化经营 ,多元发展的思路

 
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