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incubation
相关语句
  孵化
    STUDY OF INCUBATION PERIOD OF THE TOKAY (CEKKO GECKO LINNAEUS)
    蛤蚧卵的孵化期研究
短句来源
    A Study on the Distribution of Pores of Hen's Eggs During Various Incubation Periods
    不同孵化时期蛋壳气孔分布特点的研究
短句来源
    STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF He--Ne LASER TO THE INCUBATION AND SURVIVAL OF CHICKENS
    激光影响鸡孵化和幼雏存活的研究
短句来源
    Corona and Artificial Incubation of Silkworm Eggs
    电晕技术与家蚕的人工孵化──对冷藏蚕种的影响研究
短句来源
    UTILIZATION OF EGG ENERGY AND MATERIAL BY RHABDOPHIS TIGRINUS LATERALIS EMBRYOS DURING INCUBATION
    虎斑游蛇孵化期卵内物质和能量的利用
短句来源
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  培养
    The Influence of Incubation Conditions on Soil Nitrogen Mineralization
    培养条件对土壤氮素矿化的影响
短句来源
    The results showed that optimal solid culture medium was that the optimal C source was wheat straw∶wheat surface=4∶6,stuff∶water=1∶2.5,adding 1%(NH4)2SO4,0.1% Tween80,the optimal original pH is 5.0(for FPA) or 3.0(for CMC). The optimal culture temperature was 28 ℃,incubation time was 96 hours.
    结果表明:最佳碳源为小麦秸粉∶麦麸(4∶6),料∶水=1∶2.5,加入1%(NH4)2SO4,0.1%Tween80,初始pH值为5.0(滤纸酶活)或为3.0(CMC酶活),28℃下培养96 h时其产纤维素酶活力最高.
短句来源
    It has been observed that intracellular ROS decreased and GSH increased after incubation with SOD encapsulated liposomes for 2 h compared with direct incubating cells with SOD.
    用脂质体包裹的SOD与肝癌细胞共培养2h,与直接用SOD作用于肝癌细胞相比较,细胞内ROS明显降低,GSH明显提高。
短句来源
    The optimum conditions were reaction temperature 37℃, pH 4.5~5.5, the concentration of LA 0.1%, inoculation dosage 5%~7% and incubation time 24h. Under the optimum conditions the yield of CLA was 31.2%.
    其优化条件为:培养温度37℃、pH值4.5~5.5、LA浓度0.1%、接种量5%~7%、培养时间24h,此时CLA产率达31.2%。
短句来源
    The optimal conditions for bacteriocin production were incubation for 48 h at pH 7 and 30 ℃.
    研究表明,培养温度30℃、时间48h、pH值为7时是乳酸菌细菌素的最佳产生条件。
短句来源
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  孵育
    Results EGFP alone failed to transduce into human aortic smooth muscle cells, whereas PEP-1-EGFP fusion protein could transduce into them and distributed in cytoplasm and nucleus after 1h incubation.
    结果:EGFP蛋白不能进入细胞内,PEP-1-EGFP融合蛋白和人平滑肌细胞共同孵育1h后可见有明亮绿色荧光分布于胞浆和胞核。
短句来源
    During 30th-62nd day of incubation, the content of glycogen granules, G6Pase and MAO in liver cells increased gradually.
    孵育第30~62天肝细胞中的糖原颗粒、G-6-P酶及MAO含量渐增多。
    U14 cells were incubated with hybridoma culture supernatantcontaining AU1.41 at 370C for 30mm, and each of all three effector cells was added to thecultures respectively using effectors targets ratios of 25 1. MTT colorimetric assay wasapplied to the study of cytotoxicity of effector cells to U14 cells by incubation for 4hrs, 24hrs and48hrs respectively.
    将含AU_(14-1)的培养上清,与U14细胞在37℃孵育30分钟后,分别加入上述三种效应细胞,效:靶为25:1,用MTT比色法测试孵育4小时、24小时、48小时后的细胞毒效应。
短句来源
    We determined the YP/PI fluorescence intensities of the cells in 96-well plate, under optimized conditions: the final concentrations of YP and PI were 3pM and 4 g/ml respectively; the incubation was at 37 C for 8min; the wavelengths of Ex/Em filters used to measure YP and PI fluorescence were 485/538 and 530/590nm respectively.
    本研究优化了荧光分光光度计检测所需的各种条件,在96孔细胞培养板中,使用3μMYP,4μg/ml PI,于37℃孵育8min,用Ex/Em为485/538和530/590两组滤光片分别检测YP和PI的荧光强度。
短句来源
    Anti-PE serum and PEA were preincubated at 37癈 for 2 hour, then added to incubation.
    抗血清预处理的PEA为PEA(终浓度40On创ml)与抗PEA血清37℃预孵育2h。
短句来源
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  “incubation”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Long Incubation Period of Two Experimental Human Cases of Plasmodium Vivax multinucleatum
    间日疟原虫多核亚种(Plasmodium vivax multinucleatum)长潜伏期的实验研究
短句来源
    One Step Incubation ELISA for the Detection of HBsAg
    一步夹心法检测HBsAg的高灵敏度单克隆试剂ELISA技术
短句来源
    Experimental Study on Raising Incubation Rate by Laser Scanning
    用激光扫描法提高种蛋孵化率的研究
短句来源
    One Step Incubation ELISA for the Detection of Both HBsAg and Anti-HBs by Same Kit Using Monoclonal Antibody Reagents
    两孔一步法同时检测HBsAg与抗-HBs的ELISA技术
短句来源
    Chemiluminescence Single Incubation Multilayer Immune Technique Detection of Rotavirus in Excrement
    化学发光单孵多层免疫技术检测粪样中轮状病毒
短句来源
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  incubation
After 24h incubation, cellular DNA was isolated and analyzed for BP-derived DNA adducts by 32P-postlabeling technique.
      
Cell incubation experiments show that PLA-PU has biocompatibility comparable to that of pure PLA.
      
We studied the effects of nitrogen source, initial pH, temperature, incubation time, medium composition, and surfactants on cellulase production.
      
The only known Early Cretaceous bird embryo fossil has shown that precocial birds had occurred prior to altricial birds in avian history, and the size of the embryo and other analysis indicate it probably had a short incubation period.
      
Individuals of the species in pair-banding and nest-detecting periods have larger home ranges than those in incubation and rearing periods.
      
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The horsefly, Tabanus griseus Krober, is one of the commonest species ofTabanids found in Peking. It is widely distributed in north-eastern, north andeast parts of China. This paper reports the result of a study on its life history andhabits conducted in Peking during 1951-54. Our observations show that this Tabanid begins to appear in early June,becomes abundant during latter part of June and throughout July. Here after thenumber decreases and after the middle of September it is rarely found in thefield. The...

The horsefly, Tabanus griseus Krober, is one of the commonest species ofTabanids found in Peking. It is widely distributed in north-eastern, north andeast parts of China. This paper reports the result of a study on its life history andhabits conducted in Peking during 1951-54. Our observations show that this Tabanid begins to appear in early June,becomes abundant during latter part of June and throughout July. Here after thenumber decreases and after the middle of September it is rarely found in thefield. The seasonal activity therefore covers a period of about three and halfmonths. Six egg masses from which the issuing larvae were counted produced 456-842or in average 564 individuals. Under laboratory conditions, in the month of June andJuly, the average incubation period of the egg was found to be 4.5 days. Thelarvae molt within a few hours after hatching, and both the number and theduration of the larval stages are subject to a considerable variation. They normallypass through 7 or 8 larval stages but 6-10 larval stages also occurred. Under insec-tary conditions, the larval period for 52 individuals varied from 49 to 396 days.Those producing flies in the same year varied from 49-71 or in average 61.3 days,while those producing flies in the next year varied from 335 to 396 or in average 359 days. The average pupal duration for 52 individuals was 10.6 days. This Taba-nid is normally one generation per year. On a few occasions eggs daposited in Junecompleted their life histories in producing flies in early September. After feedingthese flies may deposit eggs and thus it is possible to have two generations a year. In the field, egg masses and larvae were found most frequently in rice fieldswhich seem to be the most suitable breeding place. Larvae have also been takenat the water edge of ponds with bulrush or other grasses growing, but on no occa-sion were larvae found near the sides of running water such as a river, a streamor a brook. This Tabanid passes winter in the larval stages, of which full-grownlarvae being the most common. In the field over-wintering larvae were usuallyfound in frozen soils 22-25 cm. below the surface on the edges of the rice fields. An egg-parasite, Telenomus sp., was found as a natural enemy. It is most com-mon in July and the parasiting rates of the egg masses of the Tabanid as found in1951 and 1953 were 34% and 23% respectively. Descriptions of immature and adult stages of Tabanus griseus are given; maleadult and the immature stages are described for first time. Measures for controling T. griseus are briefly suggested.

1.土灰虻是北京附近地区虻类的主要种类之一。它分布在东北、华北及华东等地。成虫为害牛、驴、骡等家畜。本文是1951—54年在北京进行生活史研究的一个报告。 2.土灰虻的成虫自6月上旬开始出现,6月下旬至7月下旬发生最多,9月中旬以后,则极少发现。全年的活动时间约为3(1/2)月。 3.本种虻的卵期平均为4.5日,每一卵块孵出的幼虫平均为564个。幼虫期在当年羽化的幼虫,平均为61.3日;在翌年羽化的幼虫,平均为359日。蛹期平均为10.6日。本种虻主要一年发生1代,仅有少数的个体当年可以发生第2代。 4.本种虻的孳生地主要在水稻田,在芦苇塘和长有窄长叶杂草的水塘亦常有孳生,但在河、溪等流动的水源则未有发现。本种以幼虫越冬,其中以成熟幼虫占极多数。越冬的处所多在堤岸下22—25厘米深的冻结土中。 5.本种虻有一种卵寄生蜂——黄胸黑卵蜂,寄生率达23—34%。这种卵寄生峰在7月间发生最多。 6.关于本种虻各虫期的形态,本文均有描述;其中雄虻及各幼期的形态,尚系初次记述。 7.根据生活史与习性的研究,对本种虻的防治问题,提出了几点意见;铲除田埂,清理池塘和积水洼地,利用天敌以及适当期间进行药治等。

The presed paper gives a report on a study of life history of a destructive pestof citrus, Chelidonium argentatum (Dalman), in Foochow during 1951-1952. It hasbeen found that the adult appears from the second decade of May to the first de-cade of July, and some of them lengthened out to the first decade of August. Eggsare laid on the slender branch. Incubation period lasts from 18 to 19 days. After hat-ching, the larvae feeds on wood about 180 to 200 days, and make a long burrow in thebranch. Overwintering...

The presed paper gives a report on a study of life history of a destructive pestof citrus, Chelidonium argentatum (Dalman), in Foochow during 1951-1952. It hasbeen found that the adult appears from the second decade of May to the first de-cade of July, and some of them lengthened out to the first decade of August. Eggsare laid on the slender branch. Incubation period lasts from 18 to 19 days. After hat-ching, the larvae feeds on wood about 180 to 200 days, and make a long burrow in thebranch. Overwintering of the larvae generally begins in December or the followingJanuary. Pupation takes place about mid-April. The pupal period lasts from 23 to 25days. Chelidonium argentatum has one generation per year in Foochow. Morphologicaldescriptions of the different stages and some habits of this insect are also given inthis paper.

柑桔光楯枝绿天牛在福州地区一年发生一代,亦有极少数为二年完成一代者。成虫5月间出现,盛期在5月下旬至6月中旬,雌虫产卵于树梢之分叉处。6月间幼虫开始孵化为害,6月中旬至7月上旬为孵化为害盛期。1月间幼虫进入休眠越冬,为害时间达180—200天。4月间化蛹,化蛹盛期在4月下旬至5月下旬。 该虫成虫寿命为15—30天;卵期18—19天;幼虫期为290—320天;蛹期23—25天。文中对该虫之各期形态与生活习性,亦有简要叙述。

A study was made on the local methods of incubating geese eggs in Foochow. 25-30 eggs were put in each net bag, and five bags of eggs were arranged in six levels in a large wooden barrel. Temperature was maintained by putting a pot of slowly burning charcoal underneath the barrel. The technicians measured the temperature of eggs by putting them over the eyelid. Turning and cooling of eggs was accomplished by rearranging the net bags four times a day.In studying the tenperature flutuations during incubation,...

A study was made on the local methods of incubating geese eggs in Foochow. 25-30 eggs were put in each net bag, and five bags of eggs were arranged in six levels in a large wooden barrel. Temperature was maintained by putting a pot of slowly burning charcoal underneath the barrel. The technicians measured the temperature of eggs by putting them over the eyelid. Turning and cooling of eggs was accomplished by rearranging the net bags four times a day.In studying the tenperature flutuations during incubation, clinical thermometers were put near by the eggs at different levels. It was found that during the first day the temperature was about 37°C., about 40°C. on the second, third and fourth days. From the fifth day to the ninth day the temperature was lowered down to about 37°C., from the tenth day on, the thmperature was slightly raised to about 38.5°C.By using these local methods, about 62% of the eggs hatched. Some of the embryos died during the latter period of incubation. The possible causes of death of the embryos are disccussed.Because of the fact that only simple equipments are needed, these methods of incubating geese eggs are suitable to be used in the rural districts, especially those places where electricity is lacking. However, they need further improvements in order to obtain a higher hatching percentage.

1. 福州市孵育场系采用?孵法孵鹅蛋.每?可孵鹅蛋125-150粒,分五层安置.第一层(最下一层)为1-5日的蛋,第二层为6-10日的,第三层为11-15日的,第四层为16-20日的,第五层为21-25日的.?下放火盆一个,以保持?内温度.温度的调节全完依靠技工的经验.2. 经作者等用体温计测定鹅蛋孵化的温度变化:第一天温度较低,约37℃左右,因蛋刚入?,温度不能立即上升;第二、第三、第四天温度较高,约40℃,以促进胚胎之发育;第五天温度渐渐降到38℃.第十天以后又开始升高至38.5℃左右. 3. 土法孵鹅蛋的孵化率,平均约62%;在孵化后期,胚胎死亡率较大,这可能由于孵化后期,温度变化较大,使胚胎忍受不了温度的急骤变化而死亡.4. 用土法孵鹅蛋,设备简单,操作方便,不需要电力.在各地人民公社、农村、山区,特别是缺乏电力的地区,甚为适用,但需进一步的改进,以便使孵化率提高.

 
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