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financing gaps
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  financing gaps
There has been much research highlighting that structural financing gaps exist for high technology firms.
      
This Column is very critical in that it reflects financing gaps that may exist.
      
SEI recognises that the financing gaps are different in different sectors and at different enterprise scales.
      
Programs are necessary to address commercialization, pre-seed and seed financing gaps.
      
First, look to countries to identify specific needs and the associated financing gaps.
      


This paper studies the financing issue of Ningbo's small-and-medium sized enterprises, trying to draw out some general conclusions. The rigid financing gap results from the lack of creditworthiness environment, the asymmetry between incentives of government and banks and their earnings and over-demands for financing. Accordingly, as a policy suggestion, a creditworthy arrangement should be the key issue.

本文从宁波市中小企业融资问题个案分析入手 ,试图引申出纾解中小企业融资难问题的一般性结论。本文认为 ,中小企业存在着刚性的金融缺口 ,主要源于 :(1 )中小企业群体信用的短缺 ;(2 )政府的努力不对称 ;(3 )国有银行收益不对称和激励不对称 ;(4)资金的过度需求。文章还进一步运用银企信贷动态博弈模型来论证通过降低银企交易成本来缩小金融缺口的重要性。文章认为 ,纾解我国中小企业融资难问题可从五方面入手 :(1 )尽快建立中小企业征信系统 ,有效降低银行的信息成本 ;(2 )实行企业信用合作 ,增加中小企业的信用度 ;(3 )提高担保抵押制度效率 ,降低银企交易成本。 (4)强化中小企业的金融支持系统 ,有效纾解金融缺口 ;(5 )积极探索融资制度的创新 ,缓解金融缺口压力。

In developed countries, SMEs hold a very important place in their national economies, which is the same in our country. But SMEs belong to the weak group in the economic sector, as the financing gap is always holding back the development of them. The paper analyzes the relationship between banking system, interests regulation and SMEs debt financing gap. the author finally puts forward some suggestions relating to policies.

中小企业在国民经济中占有十分重要的地位 ,在欧美等发达国家是这样 ,在我国也是如此。但是由于中小企业属于弱势群体 ,其融资问题始终困扰着其发展。本文对银行体制与中小企业融资的关系以及利率管制与中小企业融资的关系进行了研究 ,最后得出了发展我国中小企业融资的一些政策建议。

Adverse selection and moral risk of non - stated owned business generated by the information asymmetry in the credit market leads to enomous bank credit risk. The credit system adopted by commercial bank in order to regulate and avoid such risk makes the asymmetry between non - state business' s capital demand and capital supply of indirect financial system.Thus there exists rigid financial gap in the non - state ovvned business' s capital provenance. To minish the finance gap we must innovate the...

Adverse selection and moral risk of non - stated owned business generated by the information asymmetry in the credit market leads to enomous bank credit risk. The credit system adopted by commercial bank in order to regulate and avoid such risk makes the asymmetry between non - state business' s capital demand and capital supply of indirect financial system.Thus there exists rigid financial gap in the non - state ovvned business' s capital provenance. To minish the finance gap we must innovate the financial system to reduce the transaction cost between bank and enterprise and to enhance the information symmetry.

从深入分析民营企业面临的金融抑制入手,根据信息不对称条件下的信贷风险的形成机理,构建了一个民营企业间接融资问题的分析框架,发现:信贷市场上由信息不对称所引致的逆向选择和道德风险造成了大量的银行信贷风险,为规避这种信贷风险,商业银行对民营企业实行信贷配给,造成了民营企业资金需求与间接融资体系资金供给的非对称,致使民营企业的资金来源存在着刚性缺口。因此为纾解民营企业的融资困境,必须进行金融体制创新,建立健全的信用担保体系,以降低银企交易成本、提高信息对称度来填补其金融缺口。

 
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