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feudal society
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  封建社会
     Therefore, the research no the gentry class is very important for analyzing the development the feudal society of China,understanding the historic development process of China, and concluding the experiences and lessons during the course of development of china's modern society.
     因此,对士绅阶层演变过程的研究,对于分析中国封建社会的发展、演化及其最后的历史命运,对于把握近代中国社会的发展、演化的历史进程,探索近代中国社会发展演变的历史规律和总结中国社会近代化进程中的经验教训,具有非常重要的意义。
短句来源
     Therefore, the research on the gentry class is very important for analyzing the development the feudal society of China, understanding the historic development process of China, and concluding the experiences and lessons during the course of development of China's modern society .
     因此,对绅士阶层及其演变的研究,对于分析中国封建社会的发展演化及其最后的历史命运,对于把握中国近代社会发展演化的历史进程,探讨中国近代社会发展演变的历史规律和总结中国社会近代化进程中的经验教训,具有非常重要的意义。
短句来源
     The Establishment and Development of the Administrative System in Burmese Feudal Society
     缅甸封建社会行政制度的形成与发展
短句来源
     Imperial examination system established an administrative employ system from political employ to political part to China feudal society,and it has become an important part of the feudal culture in China.
     科举制度以考试选拔政治官员的方式,在中国封建社会建立起了一个从政治录用到政治角色养成的行政录用机制,成为中国封建文化的重要组成部分,对中国封建社会的上下沟通、互动起着非常重要的作用,带来了中国古代封建社会的稳定。
短句来源
     On Causes of Turbulence in Countryside in Feudal Society in China——Historical Thinking on the Construction of the Socialist Harmonious Society of the Present Age
     中国封建社会农村治乱探因——当代构建社会主义和谐社会的历史思考
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  封建历史
     The Tang Dynasty is one of the most prosperous dynasties in the Chinese feudal society as it attained the highest political, economic and cultural development in the whole world then.
     唐代是中国封建历史上较为繁荣的朝代 ,政治、经济和文化都达到了当时世界的最高水平。
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  “feudal society”译为未确定词的双语例句
     It is in the process of the transformation from traditional patriarchy of feudal society into the modern freedom and democratic society that makes the emergence of the female literature possible.
     只有在人类历史由传统的母系制到父权制再到近现代由传统的封建父权社会向现代自由民主社会的转型过程中,才有可能出现属于女性自己的文学。
短句来源
     Common Characteristics of the Oriental Female Culture in the Late Feudal Society
     论封建末世东方女性文化的共同特征
短句来源
     Structure of Economy in China’s Feudal Society and Its Operation
     关于中国封建经济结构
短句来源
     He accepts the influence of Western bourgeoisie law viewpoint,esposes and criticizes the law system and viewpoint of extreme autocracy by the end of feudal society,and plays a positive role in development of China law and law ideology.
     他受西方资产阶级法律的影响 ,对封建末期极端专制主义的法律制度和法学观点进行了揭露和批判 ,对中国近代法学和法律思想的发展起到了积极的作用
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     Education during Feudal society,earlier and middle stage of capitalist society and the past fiftyyears of China all gave priority to efficiency while neglected equity.
     封建教育、资本主义前中期教育和我国过去 5 0年的教育 ,都优先强调效率而忽视公平。
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  feudal society
They thus served as a vehicle for the transformation of feudal society to the early capitalism which generated our modern world.
      
In feudal society, it was of decisive importance from the beginning to be in control of production; as time went by, however, it turned out to be just as essential to control distribution as well.
      
However, in all three milieus, Hegel's social theory, particularly his theory of the break-up of feudal society, was a looming point of reference.
      
Only then did Yan Fu first equate "feudalism" with "fengjian," and China was believed to have experienced a "feudal society" in the same sense as Europe.
      
When one applies the Feudal Society metaphor, these agreements bear some resemblance to feudal pledges of loyalty and fealty, and they 167.
      
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This group of articles address in different ways the problem of why modern mathematics failed to emerge in China. These articles discuss the political and educational systems of China's feudal society and other historical causes; They also study the intrinsic defects of the theorectical and system of symbols of China's traditional mathematics and approach the different patterns of development of Chinese and western mathematics. The interesting problem of whether it was porssible for modern mathematies...

This group of articles address in different ways the problem of why modern mathematics failed to emerge in China. These articles discuss the political and educational systems of China's feudal society and other historical causes; They also study the intrinsic defects of the theorectical and system of symbols of China's traditional mathematics and approach the different patterns of development of Chinese and western mathematics. The interesting problem of whether it was porssible for modern mathematies to emerge from Chinese mathmatics according to it own law of development is also discussed.

数学已成为一个庞大、严谨、优美的理论体系。它也渗透进每一门精密科学的理论,是各门学科的共同语言,也是科学探索的有力工具。数学在科学技术中的地位及其对于科学技术历史进展的深刻影响是毋庸置疑的。中华民族的文明中包括许多杰出的数学成就,我国古代的数学研究达到了相当高的水平,居世界领先地位。可是为什么近代数学却未能在中国出现呢? 针对这个问题我们选编了以下这组文章。梁宗巨的文章论述了中国近代数学落后的历史原因。郭金彬概括了中国数学理论的某些特点。梅荣照、王渝生根据李善兰尖锥术的历史资料对于中国数学按其本身规律发展能否产生近代数学理论作了有意义的分析。乐秀成则分析了中国和西方数学理论不同的发展模式。

The period of semi-colonial and semi-feudal society in the Chinese history (1840-1949) is a stage in which our geographical science developed from ancient traditional geography to the modern geography. This paper gives a brief account of the general development in economic geography, social geography, political and military geography, and historical geography of this period. It also tries to analyse their political and economic background, and their influence upon the development of the geographical thought...

The period of semi-colonial and semi-feudal society in the Chinese history (1840-1949) is a stage in which our geographical science developed from ancient traditional geography to the modern geography. This paper gives a brief account of the general development in economic geography, social geography, political and military geography, and historical geography of this period. It also tries to analyse their political and economic background, and their influence upon the development of the geographical thought in China before the liberation.The statement was divied into two stages. In the first stage, from Opium War to the May 4th movement of 1919, the Chinese human geography still remained in the description stage of informations. The introduction of the western geographical thought and knowledge had begun to be widely known. This was the initial stage.In the second stage, from the May 4th movement of 1919, the western human geography gave a great influence on the development of Chinese geographical science.The Chinese geographical workers began to research into the problems of the Chinese geography with the methods of modern geographical science.Modern human geography of China had a notable advance in thought, method and contents. No doubt, it was, of course, a natural result of the special social and economic condition when the production relations of the semi-colonial and semi-feudal society prevented the development of productive forces, thus hindering the further progress of the Chinese modern geography. Many Chinese geographical workers, however, had made important achievements worth-mentioning and should not be forgotten. This paper recommended the works on human geography done by Zhu Kezhen, Zhang Xiangwen, Ding Wenjiang, Weng Wenhao, Hu Huanyong, Zhou Lisan, Wu Chuanjun, Ren Meie, Li Xudan, Wang Chengzu, Zhou Lisan, Wu Chuanjun and others (See the References attached in the Chinese context) in the fields of economic geography, social geography, political geography, historical geography etc.

本文简述了中国近代经济地理、社会地理、政治地理和军事地理、历史地理的发展概况;並初步分析了当时中国社会的政治、经济情况,及其对中国人地思想发展的影响。

In the summer of the ninth year of emperor Tongzhi's reign,it caused a sensation throughout the dynasty that Ma Xinyi,the gover- nor-general of Jiangsu and Jiangxi provinces,was assassinated. Although the assassin was sen- tenced to dismemberment,the base conduct of Ma Xinyi—who had let his friend down for seeking carnal pleasure—was ruthlessly exposed and strongly condemned.Finally, the case was brought perfunctorily to conclusion without clues to the handling of this matter.It is such clear that,in the feudal...

In the summer of the ninth year of emperor Tongzhi's reign,it caused a sensation throughout the dynasty that Ma Xinyi,the gover- nor-general of Jiangsu and Jiangxi provinces,was assassinated. Although the assassin was sen- tenced to dismemberment,the base conduct of Ma Xinyi—who had let his friend down for seeking carnal pleasure—was ruthlessly exposed and strongly condemned.Finally, the case was brought perfunctorily to conclusion without clues to the handling of this matter.It is such clear that,in the feudal society,the muddleheaded bureaucrats per- verted the law and treated human life as grass.

同治九年夏,两江总督马新贻遇剌身亡,举朝轰动。凶手虽被凌(?),却无情揭露并谴责了马新贻渔色负友的卑劣行径。最终案件“了无端绪”而“敷衍奏结”。封建官僚昏愦枉法,草管人命,于此可见一斑。

 
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