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female workers
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  女工
     Results The spontaneous abortion of female workers was significantly associated with GSTM1 (absent) (OR=2.07, 95% CI: 1.15-3.71), but not MSP1 (present) and exposure to aromatic solvent.
     结果 单因素分析发现:GSTM1缺失基因型可致女工自然流产的危险度显著增加[OR=2.07(95%,CI:1.15-3.71)],但未观察到MSPI基因及芳香烃溶剂暴露对女工自然流产的影响。
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     Acute change rate of pulmonary function(FEV_(1.0))in exposed female workers(52.2%)was significantly higher than that in control ones(9.4%)(P<0.01).
     接尘女工肺功能FEV1.0异常急性改变率为52.2%,对照女工为9.4%,差异有显著性(P<0.01)。
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     Objective To investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 MSP1 gene and the glutathione s-transferase GSTM1 gene in female workers exposed to aromatic solvents and spontaneous abortion.
     目的 探讨女工芳香烃溶剂暴露和细胞色素P450氧化酶MSP1基因和谷胱甘肽S转移酶GSTM1基因的多态性对自然流产的影响。
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     Digit span, sarta ana manual dexterity test, digit symbol and correct aiming of pursuit aimingⅡin female workers exposed to niose were significantly lower than those of controls ( F=4.10-26.58,P <0.05,0.01).
     噪声作业女工的数字跨度、手提转捷度、数字译码及目标追踪Ⅱ正确打点数均低于对照组,差异有显著性( F= 4.10~26.58, P< 0.05,0.01)。
短句来源
     After adust-ment for major confounders including education, age, shift work, body mass index, passive smoking and occupational stress, the multiple logistic regression analysis showed that GSTM1 gene (absent) significantly increased the risk of spontaneous abortion of female workers (OR=2.15, 95% CI: 1.17-3.98).
     采用多元Logistie回归模型,经文化程度、年龄、倒班、体重指数、被动吸烟、职业紧张混杂因素调整后,可见GSTM1缺失基因型能显著致女工自然流产危险度增加[OR=2.15(95%,CI:1.17~3.98)]。
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  女职工
     Results of general health check of 342 female workers in Hainan Normal College in 2005.
     2005年海南师范学院女职工普查342例结果分析
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     [Methods]The female workers (aged from 35 to 60) were divided into 4 groups according to BMI: obesity group (BMI≥28),overweight group(24≤BMI<28),normal group(18.5≤BMI<24) and 1owweight group(BMI<18.5).
     方法调查对象为35~60岁的铁路女职工,按体重指数(BMI)分为4组:①肥胖组,BMI≥28; ②超重组,24≤BMI<28;
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     Comparative Study on Chinese Standards of Female Workers Labor Protection with International Labor Standards
     我国女职工劳动保护标准与国际劳工标准比较研究
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     Relationship between Estrogen,Blood Lipid,Blood Pressure and Obesity in Female Workers
     女职工肥胖与雌激素、血脂及血压的关系
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     Life-long Learning and the Improvement of Quality of Female Workers and Staff
     终身学习与女职工素质的提高
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  女工人
     Especially,the percentages of nasal obstruction in male and female workers were 25 7% and 26 7% respectively,while for snivel,30 0% and 25 0%,and for allergic rhinitis,11 4% and 11 7% respectively.
     其中 ,接尘组男、女工人鼻塞阳性率分别达 2 5 7% ,2 6 7% ,流鼻涕阳性率达 30 0 % ,2 5 0 % ,过敏性鼻炎阳性率达 11 4 % ,11 7%。
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     Methods:Using symptom check list (SCL-90) to test 240 outside workers (including 102 male workers and 138 female workers) in 2 factorys in Futian district of Shenzhen city.
     方法 :采用症状自评量表 (SCL - 90 )对深圳市福田区 2间工业企业 2 4 0名外来工 (男工人 10 2人 ,女工人 138人 )进行测试。
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  “female workers”译为未确定词的双语例句
     ⑶Psychological problems occured at higher rates ranging from 5.5% to 38.7% (average 20.4±13.2) among the male workers, and from 12.9% to 41.8%(average 24.2±8.9) among the female workers. Psychological problems in the female workers occured at a significantly higher rate than that in the male workers, especially in depression, hostility, phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and psychotic symptoms.
     ⑶“三资”企业男劳工心理问题的发生率为5.5%~38.7%(20.4±13.2)%,女劳工心理问题的发生率为12.9%~41.8%(24.2±8.9)%,女劳工心理问题的平均发生率比男劳工高;
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     With FEP as the standard, the article made repective comparisons on the female workers' intelligence quotient (IQ) and the symptom occurrence of the neural system. People with IQ value between 60 to 79, 80 to 89, 90 to 109 or 110 to 119, the rates of showing positive report with FEP≥0 90μmol/L were 27 6%,22 6% and 15 0% respectively.
     智商 IQ值为 6 0~ 79、80~ 89、90~ 10 9、110~119者 FEP≥ 0 .90 μmol/ L的阳性检出率分别为 2 7.6 %、2 2 .6 %、15 .0 %和 0 %。
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     Result In the contact group, male workers are exposed to TCE longer than female workers (P<0.01), the concentration of TCA in the urine is much lower (P<0.05).
     结果 接触组内男性比女性接触TCE的时间长(P<0.01) 尿中TCA的浓度小(P<0.05)。
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     The results indicated that the incidence of menstrual disturbance in female workers exposed to vibrationwas significantly higher(30.0%) than that of control group (19.8%),p<0.05.It mainly manifested dysmenorrhea (7.1%),and irregular menstrual cucle (15.3%).
     结果表明,当女司售人员接触全身振动一年以上,月经异常发生率(30.0%)显著高于对照组(19.8%),其中重度痛经发生率女司售人员组(7.1%)显著高于对照组,P<0.05。
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     It was calculated that the net rates of work hour of the major operations perworkday in the organization were 93.49±3.88% for male and 92.36±13.05%for female workers on the average,which was higher than any other occupa-tion in our country.
     结果表明,广东农垦主要作业工作日净劳动时间率平均男:93.49±3.88%,女:92.36±13.05%,较国内其它行业工种高。
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  female workers
The law fails to protect workers with short tenure and low wages, for example female workers, because trial costs often exceed damages.
      
The realism of the simulation is provided by a supporting data base which includes such data points as average income of male and female workers, types of employment and their salary levels, and time unit allowances for life-style choices.
      
In addition, supervisors, compared with male co-workers, reported more favorable attitudes toward female workers.
      
This study examined possible differential treatment by and negative attitudes of civilian male co-workers and male supervisors toward civilian female workers in traditionally male-dominated blue-collar jobs.
      
Female workers' acceptance in traditionally male-dominated blue-collar jobs
      
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236 female workers exposed to vinyl chloride(VC) and 239 women not exposed to this occupational hazard were examined. The concentrations of VC in workplaces was 1-7 times as the MAC(30mg/M~3) in the examined vinyl chloride polymerization plant and lower in the polyvinyl chloride plastic finishing works. Maternal exposure did not appear to influence on the involuntary infertility and out come of pregnancies or the frequency of major congenital abnomalities, but the incidence of pregnancy toxaemia was found...

236 female workers exposed to vinyl chloride(VC) and 239 women not exposed to this occupational hazard were examined. The concentrations of VC in workplaces was 1-7 times as the MAC(30mg/M~3) in the examined vinyl chloride polymerization plant and lower in the polyvinyl chloride plastic finishing works. Maternal exposure did not appear to influence on the involuntary infertility and out come of pregnancies or the frequency of major congenital abnomalities, but the incidence of pregnancy toxaemia was found to be higher among the female workers exposed to higher VC. Among 11 pregnant women exposed to VC, the Hb% level and the thrombocyte number were lower than that of the mated control group.The results of animal experiment indicated that the effects of teratogenesis were not found in rats and mice which had been exposed to 5000 ppm VC during pregnancy, however, the embryotoxicity was found. At 10 ppm VC, the embryotoxicity was not appeared. The conception abilities of female animals were not affected at both concentrations.

本文观察了氯乙烯(VCM)对女工及雌性动物妊娠机能及胎儿(仔)发育的影响。共调查了236名氯乙烯作业女工,其中氯乙烯聚合工厂女工106名,车间空气中氯乙烯浓度经常超过卫生标准1—7倍;聚氯乙烯塑料加工女工130名,车间空气中VCM一般不超过卫生标准;以机械加工女工及女售货员239名为对照。结果为氯乙烯作业女工原发性不孕、自然流产及子代先天缺陷的发病率均不高。但氯乙烯聚合工厂女工的妊振高血压综合征发病较高。第一胎妊娠时的发病率为22.6%,相当于对照组女工的1.8倍。11名妊娠女工妊娠28~29周时,血色素含量及血小板计数低于对照女工(p<0.01)。大、小鼠于妊前2周及整个妊娠期以5000 ppm VCM吸入染毒时均未出现致畸,但胎鼠有皮下出血、骨骼发育迟缓、小鼠胎鼠体重低于对照组(p<0.05)。10 ppm染毒时无此等改变。结果认为女工可以参加空气中VCM浓度低于卫生标准的氯乙烯作业,但须加强对妊娠女工的劳动保护。

Dietary survey in lactating mothers and analysis of composition of breast milk were performed. 73 healthy women, full term and normal delivery, 21-32 years of age, without family history of "insufficient milk secretion" or environmental, psychiatric and emotional disturbance were included in this study. 33 of them were female workers in the urban district and 40 of them were peasant women in the countryside. By comparing the daily dietary nutrient intakes of the urban and rural groups of lactating mothers...

Dietary survey in lactating mothers and analysis of composition of breast milk were performed. 73 healthy women, full term and normal delivery, 21-32 years of age, without family history of "insufficient milk secretion" or environmental, psychiatric and emotional disturbance were included in this study. 33 of them were female workers in the urban district and 40 of them were peasant women in the countryside. By comparing the daily dietary nutrient intakes of the urban and rural groups of lactating mothers with that recommended by the Chinese Nutrition Society (1981 revised), one can see that except iron and thiamine, all the others were below the standard recommended. Among these, total calories were only 82.7% and 77.3% respectively, protein 80.6% and 73.1%, riboflavin 96.7% and 41.1%, calcium 21.9% and 25.2% respectively. Intake of animal protein, total fat and fat energy ratio of the urban group were higher than that of the rural group, meanwhile the content of protein, fat and zinc in the breast milk of the urban group were also higher than that of the rural group, By stepwise regression analysis the following regression function was conducted;Y = 0.9-107 + 0.007x, Y represent the estimated protein content in the breast milk, and x, the fat energy ratio in the mothers diet. Positive correlation was seen between the dietary intake of animal protein and zinc content in the breast milk. r=0.47, p<0.01. Sum of 17 kinds of amino acid of 14 mothers in urban district was 902.9 and that of 10 mothers in rural district was 795.5mg/100ml. Linoleic acid in the breast milk of the two groups were 17.8% and 19.1%, it was higher than that of the foreign data. Method of taking milk sample: breast on right side was evacuated by hand compressing and drawing by manual sucker while the mothers were nursing their babies on the left side. As the fat content in the breast milk varied prominently at the beginning and the end of suckling, the milk sample taken in this study represented the milk secreted under the stimulation of suckling and contained both the premilk and the post milk.The conclusion drawn from the survey was: deficient nutrient intake of the lactating mothers lead to the production of lower grade quality of bre- ast milk. Dietary intake of protein, calories and calcium of the urban grop in the present study should be iacreased, and intake of fat of the rural group should be increased in addition.

1982年以天津市区乳母33人和农村乳母40人为对象进行了膳食调查与乳汁成分分析。乳母21—32岁,产后2—6月,无“乳汁减少”家族史,母婴健康,无显著的环境、精神与情绪的变化。膳食调查表明除硫胺素与铁外,城市组与农村组其他营养素均稍低于供给量标准。热能为供给量标准的82.7%与77.3%,蛋白质为供给量标准的80.7%与73.1%,核黄素为96.7%与41.1%,钙为21.9%与25.2%。城市乳母动物蛋白质与脂肪摄入量及脂肪热比显著高于农村组。城市乳母乳汁中蛋白质、脂肪、锌皆显著高于农村组,而乳精则显著低于农村组,乳汁蛋白质含量与膳食中9种因素的逐步回归分析,膳食中脂肪热比(x)为影响乳汁蛋白质含量(y)最有关的因素y=0.9407+0.007x。膳食中动物性蛋白质摄入量与乳汁锌含量有显著正相关r=0.47,P<0.01。城市15人农村40人乳汁中17种氨基酸总量分别为902.9与795.5mg/100ml。城、乡乳母乳汁中亚油酸占脂肪酸总量的17.8%与19.1%,高于国外水平。城市奶量不足者占33.3%,农村占25%。在中午左侧喂奶的同时将右侧乳房的奶全部抽空作为“一次单侧奶量”,以此量乘2乘平均喂奶...

1982年以天津市区乳母33人和农村乳母40人为对象进行了膳食调查与乳汁成分分析。乳母21—32岁,产后2—6月,无“乳汁减少”家族史,母婴健康,无显著的环境、精神与情绪的变化。膳食调查表明除硫胺素与铁外,城市组与农村组其他营养素均稍低于供给量标准。热能为供给量标准的82.7%与77.3%,蛋白质为供给量标准的80.7%与73.1%,核黄素为96.7%与41.1%,钙为21.9%与25.2%。城市乳母动物蛋白质与脂肪摄入量及脂肪热比显著高于农村组。城市乳母乳汁中蛋白质、脂肪、锌皆显著高于农村组,而乳精则显著低于农村组,乳汁蛋白质含量与膳食中9种因素的逐步回归分析,膳食中脂肪热比(x)为影响乳汁蛋白质含量(y)最有关的因素y=0.9407+0.007x。膳食中动物性蛋白质摄入量与乳汁锌含量有显著正相关r=0.47,P<0.01。城市15人农村40人乳汁中17种氨基酸总量分别为902.9与795.5mg/100ml。城、乡乳母乳汁中亚油酸占脂肪酸总量的17.8%与19.1%,高于国外水平。城市奶量不足者占33.3%,农村占25%。在中午左侧喂奶的同时将右侧乳房的奶全部抽空作为“一次单侧奶量”,以此量乘2乘平均喂奶次数作为24小时奶量估计值。城市奶量充足与不充足者一次单侧奶量为39.8与15.4ml,农村为35.6与11.9ml。农村乳母奶量不足者摄入的热能与脂肪显著

This paper reports the hematological changes in counting peripheral blood cells of 85 high-voltage workers in Chongqing City. It was divided into three stages. The first was prior-test of high-voltage discharge (control group). The second was post-test (discharged group). The third was after-test for one and two months-period (recovered group). It shows that the indices of relationship dose-effect of blood cells are significantly changes between the discharged and the control group. The results also show that...

This paper reports the hematological changes in counting peripheral blood cells of 85 high-voltage workers in Chongqing City. It was divided into three stages. The first was prior-test of high-voltage discharge (control group). The second was post-test (discharged group). The third was after-test for one and two months-period (recovered group). It shows that the indices of relationship dose-effect of blood cells are significantly changes between the discharged and the control group. The results also show that the hematological changes on male high-voltage workers are greater than the female workers. It trends towards to recovery after separating from high-voltage discharge test for a period.

本文对重庆市85例高电压工作者作高压放电试验前、后以及脱离放电试验1—2月后的外周血细胞效应进行了动态分析,结果表明:高压放电组血细胞效应的各项指标与对照组相比均有统计学意义的变化,男性高电压工作者血细胞的辐射效应较女性明显;脱离高压放电试验后,血细胞效应有恢复的趋势。

 
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