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hydrogen     
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    The Nanosecond and Femtosecond Laser Photoionization and Initio Calculation Stndies of Some Hydrogen Bond Clusters
    若干键团簇的纳秒和飞秒激光光电离及从头计算研究
短句来源
    Theoretical Studies on Structures and Properties of Hydrogen Bond and Halogen Bond in Some Dimers
    若干二聚体的结构和键、卤键性质的理论研究
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    Microcosmic Dynamic Studies on the Several Important Hydrogen and Halogen Abstraction Reactions
    几类重要的及卤素迁移反应的微观动力学研究
短句来源
    Theoretical Studies on Some Kinetics of the Hydrogen and Halogen Abstraction Reactions
    几类重要的迁移和卤素迁移反应的理论研究
短句来源
    Steric Effects Promoted Intermolecular C—H…O Hydrogen Bonds in Solution
    立体效应促进的分子间C—H…O
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  氢气
    Studies on the Catalytic Conversion of Alkanes to Hydrogen/Syngas
    烷烃催化转化制氢气/合成气的研究
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    A Mossbauer study on thermal decomposition of supported K_3[Fe(CN)_6] in hydrogen
    穆斯堡尔谱研究负载型K_3[Fe(CN)_6]在氢气中的热分解
短句来源
    STUDIES ON THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF DODECAMOLYBDOPHOSPHORIC ACID AND ITS SALTS WITH HYDROGEN
    十二钼磷酸及其盐在氢气中热分解过程的研究
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    STUDIES ON THE EFFECT OF HYDROGEN ON THE MOLECULE BACKGROUND ABSORPTION IN GRAPHITE FURNACE AAS
    石墨炉原子吸收光谱中氢气对分子背景吸收影响的研究
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    THE STUDY OF ONE-STEP SYNTHESIS OF MIBK WITH ACETONE AND HYDROGEN CATALYZED BY RESIN-PD
    用离子交换树脂-Pd催化丙酮和氢气一步法合成甲基异丁基酮的研究
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  制氢
    A STUDY OF 9,10-DICYANOANTHRACENE PHOTOSENSITIZED SPLITTING WATER TO GENERATE MOLECULAR HYDROGEN
    9,10-二氰基蒽光敏分解水制氢反应的研究
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    The photocatalytic catalysts of Rose bengal-AlCl3-Pt-TiO2 and Rose bengal-Pt-TiO2 were prepared by impregnation method. The photocatalytic activities of the catalysts were investigated by the photocatalytic hydrogen generation from water under visible light.
    用浸渍法制备了Rose bengal-Pt-TiO2和Rose bengal-AlCl3-Pt-TiO2光催化剂,通过可见光下光解水制氢考察了催化剂的催化活性。
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    Catalytic Methanol Decomposition to Hydrogen over NiCu/ZnO Catalyst
    NiCu/ZnO催化剂的甲醇裂解制氢研究
短句来源
    Selective Production of Hydrogen by Partial Oxidation of Methanol over Cu/Cr Catalysts
    Cu/Cr催化剂上的甲醇部分氧化制氢
短句来源
    Partial Oxidation of Methanol to Hydrogen over Cu/Zn and Cu/Zn/Ni Catalysts
    Cu/Zn、Cu/Zn/Ni催化剂甲醇部分氧化制氢
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  氢能
    Different classes of catalytic waves such as parallel catalytic wave, catalytic wave of inorganic complex and catalytic hydrogen wave of platinum-group elements have been studied in detail and applied widely in geological, environmental and metallurgical areas.
    作为有机化合物极谱催化波的重要组成部分,平行催化氢波是指当氧化剂存在时,质子在电极表面还原产生的中间体原子态氢能迅速被氧化剂氧化使质子再生,为氢的平行催化波。
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    Hydride slurry is a novel technology of hydrogen storage, which shows great potentialities in hydrogen storage and utilities of fuel cells in hydrogen vehicles.
    浆液储氢是一种新型的储氢技术,在氢能的存储和利用,尤其是车载燃料电池等应用领域具有很好的前景。
短句来源
    Hydrogen is an alternative energy source with high efficiency and pollution free.
    氢能是高效、环保型替代能源。
短句来源
    The way to solve the energy and enviromental problems completely is to use reproducible resources, such as solar energy, water energy, wind energy, biology energy and hydrogen energy.
    解决能源和环境问题最根本的方法是采用太阳能、水能、风能、生物质能和氢能等可利用资源。
短句来源
    The essay briefly introduces the development of hydrochomis-try i.e. the new development from atom, molecule and compound of hydrogen to hydroisotope, thermonuclear energy and the future sole energyhy-droenergy.
    本文简要地介绍了氢化学的发展,即从氢原子、分子、氢的化合物直到氢同位素热核能源和未来的主要能源—氢能的新进展。
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      hydrogen
    In the CoMSIA model, steric, electrostatic, hydrophobic and hydrogen bond donating factors were correlated to the activity and later the favorable and unfavorable regions of interaction were obtained.
          
    tripos standard, hydrogen bonding, parabolic indicator in the case of CoMFA and steric, electrostatic, donor, acceptor, hydrophobic, donor and acceptor, steric and electrostatic in the case of CoMSIA.
          
    Flavonoid antioxidants act as scavengers of free radicals by rapid donation of a hydrogen atom.
          
    In addition, electrostatic, hydrogen-bonding, and dipole-dipole interactions are responsible for the above separations, which improve the selectivity of DNB for solutes.
          
    Both metalation reaction with n-butyllithium and hydrochlorination reaction with dry hydrogen chloride selectively and quantitatively occurred at the pendant reactive sites, generating polymeric benzyllithium and 1-chloroethylbenzene species.
          
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    1. A simple method is presented for determining double bond index of pure unsaturated hydrocarbons, petroleum fractions and other hydrocarbon mixtures based on a correlation of observed refractive index, calculated refrac-tive index, molecular weight and the number of double bonds per molecule. The data neccessary are: (a) mid-boiling point, (b) refractive index at 20℃ for sodium D line, (c) density at 20℃ and (d) weight percent hydrogen of the

    依据在20℃钠D线折光率实测值,在20℃钠D线折光率计算值,分子量及每一分子内所含双键数间之相互关系,推衍得一简易方法,用以测定纯不饱和烃及石油分馏油份之双键率(Double Bond Index).所需由实验测得之数据为试料之(甲)在20℃钠D线折光率,(乙)在20℃时之密度,(丙)中间沸点(Mid-boiling point),及(丁)含氢重量百分数.用本法测得双键率值,与用尼蒲金(Lipkin),圣金(Sankin)及马丁(Martin)三氏法测得双键率值适相吻合.因此,用本法所测得之双键率,足资用以鉴定石油分馏油份内所含芳香族烃及烯(?)烃之主要型式.惟需指明者,即在依据本法测得之双键率,用以鉴定石油分馏油份内所含不饱和烃之主要型式时,必须测定由石油分馏油份内提出仅含不饱和烃浓缩物之双键率.

    When ceric iodate is precipitated from acid solution by the addition of asoluble iodate,a gelatinous precipitate is obtained,which is difficult to filterand wash.The precipitate must be redissolved and reprecipitated as oxalatefor final ignition to ceric oxide.A method has been deviced to improve the form of the ceric iodateprecipitate by slow precipitation in homogeneous solution.Advantage is takenof the fact that cerium exists in two distinct valence states,the cerous and theceric.Cerous iodate is soluble...

    When ceric iodate is precipitated from acid solution by the addition of asoluble iodate,a gelatinous precipitate is obtained,which is difficult to filterand wash.The precipitate must be redissolved and reprecipitated as oxalatefor final ignition to ceric oxide.A method has been deviced to improve the form of the ceric iodateprecipitate by slow precipitation in homogeneous solution.Advantage is takenof the fact that cerium exists in two distinct valence states,the cerous and theceric.Cerous iodate is soluble in dilute acid solution,while ceric iodate isinsoluble.Cerium is first reduced to the cerous state by hydrogen peroxide innitric acid solution.Ammonium iodate is added and no precipitation occurs atthis moment.The precipitation is brought about by the slow formation ofceric ion in the iodate solution by ammonium persulfate.Thus a denseprecipitate is formed slowly.This compact volume of the precipitate facilitatesfiltration and washing.The precipitate is ignited directly to ceric oxide,part of which is always stained with a brown color.This is remedied by evapora-tion of the ignited precipitate to dryness with a few drops of concentratedsulfuric acid and ignition to ceric oxide for final weighing.For samples containing 10-50 mg of ceric oxide,a total volume of 300-400 ml gives best results.The optimum concentration of the nitric acid presentis 0.4-0.5 N.A starting temperature of 40-60℃ favors the denseness of theprecipitate.Precipitation is continued at an elevated temperature(70-80℃ )on a hot plate.Stirring not only improves the crystallinity of the precipitateand may decrease the occlusion of impurities,but also shortens the time forcomplete precipitation.Dilute iodic acid solution(1-2%)is used as washsolution.This method is good for samples containing 2.5-250 mg of cericoxide.The composition of the precipitate is not reproducible.The precipitate is abasic iodate and the ratio of IO_3~-found/IO_3~- theoretical for Ce(IO_3)_4 increaseswith the concentration of the nitric acid present(up to 0.5 N)to a maximumvalue of about 0.92.The ratio never reaches unity.An analysis of the pre-cipitate dried at 40-45℃ for 2-3 days shows a fairly constant ratio of IO_3~- found/IO_3 theoretical for Ce(IO_3)_4 From the ratio of Ce:IO_3,an approximate formulaCe_2(IO_3)_7(OH)·XH_2O has been proposed for the precipitate obtained under theconditions described.The number of water molecules in the formula is in-definite,varying from 3 to 5.

    1.在均匀溶液中沉淀的碘酸铈,性质紧密,便利于过滤和洗涤。烧灼成为氧化铈后,适合于作为铈的定量分析。2.利用碘酸亚铈能溶解于稀酸溶液而碘酸铈则不溶的区别,先用过氧化氢把全部铈离子还原,再加入碘酸铵,然后进行氧化,使碘酸铈在均匀溶液中沉淀出来。3.本方法适用于含氧化铈2.5—250毫克的样品。4.所得沉淀的分子式经初步测定为 C_(e2)(IO_3)_7(OH)·x H_2O,其中 x 的数值不定,涨落在3与5之间。

    In this paper a new method has been proposed for computing the potential functions of internal rotations.Applying this method,we have calculated the potential functions of several important molecules,such as 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1,2-trichloroethane,1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane,n-butane,2-methyl butane,2,3- dimethyl butane,etc.All the calculated results agree with the experimental data. According to our theory,the potential functions of the three types of molecules CX_2Y-CX_2Y,CXY_2-CXY_2 and CX_2Y-CXY_2 are intimately...

    In this paper a new method has been proposed for computing the potential functions of internal rotations.Applying this method,we have calculated the potential functions of several important molecules,such as 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1,2-trichloroethane,1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane,n-butane,2-methyl butane,2,3- dimethyl butane,etc.All the calculated results agree with the experimental data. According to our theory,the potential functions of the three types of molecules CX_2Y-CX_2Y,CXY_2-CXY_2 and CX_2Y-CXY_2 are intimately related,if the poten- tial function of the first molecule is written as V_1(φ)=A_1+Bcosφ+Ccos2φ+D_1cos3φ. Then those of the second and the third will be of the following forms: V_2(φ)=A_2+Bcosφ+Ccos2φ+D_2cos3φ V_3(φ)=A_3-Bcosφ-Ccos2φ+D_3cos3φ where D_i~'s(i=1,2,3)can be calculated from the potential barriers of CX_3-CX_3, CY_3-CY_3,CX_3-CY_3 or similar kinds of molecules,while the A_i~'s are not important for actual problems. In this paper we have also discussed the structures of hydrazine,ethyl alco- hol,hydrogen peroxide,and the meso and active forms of the CXYZ-CXYZ type of molecules.Besides,we have pointed out that the potential functions of both the meso and the active forms of the CXYZ-CXYZ type can be calculated from those of the CX_2Y-CX_2Y,CY_2Z-CY_2Z and CZ_2X-CZ_2X types.

    本文对分子内旋转问题作了以下的贡献:首先在理论上,提供了一种分子内旋转势函数的新的计算方法。这种新方法不仅理论上来得谨严,避免了以往旧方法中的一些缺点,而且比较简单,应用范围也因此比较广泛。其次,应用这种方法到一些具体问题,得到了下列结果:1.严格的得到了 Pitzer 方程,并估计了它的准确程度。2.证明了 CX_2Y-CX_2Y、CY_2X-CY_2X 和 CX_2Y-CXY_2内旋转势函数间的连系性,设第一种分子的势函数为V_1(φ)=A_1+B cosφ+C cos 2φ+D_1 cos 3φ第二和第三两种分子的势函数分别为V_2(φ)=A_2+B cosφ+C cos 2φ+D_2 cos 3φ和V_3(φ)=A_3-B cosφ-C cos 2φ+D_3 cos 3φ具体讨论了两类很重要的相关的分子:一类是 CH_2Cl—CH_2Cl、CHCl_2—CHCl_2和CHCl_2—CH_2Cl,另一类是 CH_2(CH_3)—CH_2(CH_3)、CH(CH_3)_2—CH(CH_3)_2和CH_2(CH_3)—CH(CH_3)_2。理论上得到的结果和实验全都符合。3.批判了以往一些人建议的乙醇的内旋...

    本文对分子内旋转问题作了以下的贡献:首先在理论上,提供了一种分子内旋转势函数的新的计算方法。这种新方法不仅理论上来得谨严,避免了以往旧方法中的一些缺点,而且比较简单,应用范围也因此比较广泛。其次,应用这种方法到一些具体问题,得到了下列结果:1.严格的得到了 Pitzer 方程,并估计了它的准确程度。2.证明了 CX_2Y-CX_2Y、CY_2X-CY_2X 和 CX_2Y-CXY_2内旋转势函数间的连系性,设第一种分子的势函数为V_1(φ)=A_1+B cosφ+C cos 2φ+D_1 cos 3φ第二和第三两种分子的势函数分别为V_2(φ)=A_2+B cosφ+C cos 2φ+D_2 cos 3φ和V_3(φ)=A_3-B cosφ-C cos 2φ+D_3 cos 3φ具体讨论了两类很重要的相关的分子:一类是 CH_2Cl—CH_2Cl、CHCl_2—CHCl_2和CHCl_2—CH_2Cl,另一类是 CH_2(CH_3)—CH_2(CH_3)、CH(CH_3)_2—CH(CH_3)_2和CH_2(CH_3)—CH(CH_3)_2。理论上得到的结果和实验全都符合。3.批判了以往一些人建议的乙醇的内旋转势函数经验式,从理论上提出了乙醇势函数的正确形式,并推断了乙醇的内旋转异构体。4.由内旋转势函数推得过氧化氢的结构,并推得联氨的可能结构,和实验结果相符合。并提供了一种实验方法,来判断联氨分子中的——因此也就是氨分子中的氮原子上独对电子的性格,是 s 还是 sp~3,或者接近于哪一种。 5.讨论了 CXYZ-CXYZ 内旋消式和活性式的内旋转问题,证明了它们的内旋转势函数,和 CX_2Y-CX_2Y、CY_2Z-CY_2Z 以及 CZ_2X-CZ_2X 的密切相关联。知道了后三者的势函数,前者的也就立刻可以计算。同时推测了 CXYZ-CXYZ内旋消式有两种内旋转异构体,活性式有三种,都以对位结构为最稳定。根据我们所讨论的,可以很清楚地看出:Pitzer 和 Crawford 等人所造的计算表已经不够用了。为了使得分子内旋转问题很好的向前发展,需要造一种以V_(φ)=A+B cosφ+C cos 2φ+D cos 3φ为内旋转势函数的计算表。

     
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