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acute     
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  急性
     Experimental and Clinical Study of Acute Spinal Cord Injury--High-field-strength MRI and MRS Study
     急性脊髓损伤的实验与临床研究——高场磁共振及磁共振波谱系列研究
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     The Clinical and Experimental Study on Adrenomedullin in Acute Myocardial Infarction
     肾上腺髓质素在急性心肌梗死中的临床与实验研究
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     The Study on Treatment of Acute Intracerebral Hemorrhage and Brain Edema with Cooling Blood and Clearing Stasis Therapy
     凉血通瘀法治疗急性脑出血及抗脑水肿的研究
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     Studies on the Mechanism of Imbalance of Inflammatory Mediators and Anti-inflammatory Mediators in the Development of Acute Lung Injury by Endotoxin and the Protective Effects of Interleukin-10 and Dexamethasone
     内毒素致急性肺损伤中炎症介质/抗炎介质失衡机制及白介素10、地塞米送的保护作用
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     Acute Renal Failure and Cell Cycle Regulatory Proteins cyclin E/CDK2 and p27~(kip1)
     急性肾衰竭与细胞周期调节蛋白cyclin E/CDK2和P27~(kip1)
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     Research on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in acute and chronic myocardial ischemia
     慢性心肌缺血心肌细胞凋亡的机制研究
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     The Study of Cerebral Tissue Channel in Normal,Acute and Chronic Hypertensive Rats
     正常与慢性高血压大鼠脑组织通道的研究
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     Effect of hTERT Antisense on Chemotherapeutic Drugs-Sensitivity of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemic Cells
     hTERT反义核酸对淋白血病细胞化疗药物敏感性的影响
短句来源
     Changes of Hippocampal NMDAR Subunit、[Ca~(2+)]_i、Apoptosis Induced by Acute or Chronic Lead Exposure and Relationship with Impairment of Learning and Memory in Pups of Mice
     、慢性铅暴露引起仔鼠海马NMDAR亚单位、[Ca~(2+)]_i、凋亡的变化与学习记忆损伤的关系
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     Investigation on Pathological Mechanism of Acute and Chronic Optic Nerve Injury in Cats
     猫慢性视神经损伤病理机制的探讨
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  急性期
     Blood-brain Barrier Opening and Vasogenic Brain Edema of Experimental Acute Ischemia of Rats: MRI Evaluation, and the Correlation with MMP-9 and VEGF Expression in Infarcted Brain Tissue
     实验性大鼠急性期脑缺血血脑屏障开放、血管源性脑水肿MRI与脑组织MMP-9、VEGF表达
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     Initial Study of Change of Syndrome's Regularity and Change of CGRP and ET in the Stage of Acute Cerbral Infarction
     缺血性中风急性期的证候演变规律与血浆CGRP、ET含量变化及意义
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     The Roles and Mechanism of Adenosine A2A Receptors in Acute Stage of Traumatic Brain Injury
     腺苷A2A受体在脑撞击伤急性期的作用及机制研究
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     Study of QingXiangSan's Therapeutic Effect and Its Mechanism on Acute Stage of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Rat Model
     清香散对炎症性肠病大鼠模型急性期疗效及机理研究
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     CLINICAL STUDY ON THE DETERMINATION OF FIBRINOLYSODYNAMICOGRAM AND α_2-MACROGLOBULIN IN THE ACUTE STAGE OF CEREBRAL VESSEL DISEASE
     脑血管病急性期纤溶活性动态图和α_2-巨球蛋白测定
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  急性的
     Results: The graft liver developed acute embolism in the liver sinus, followed by embolism of the hepatic vein and inferior vena cava.
     结果移植肝发生急性的肝窦内栓塞继发肝静脉栓塞,下腔静脉栓塞。
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     Results:The levels of TnT in three groups were of higher sensitivity than the levels of CK and CK-MB.Conclusion:The detection result of TnT is more specific,sensitive and stable for diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction.
     结果 :3组人群中TnT水平CK ,CK MB对急性的心肌梗死的诊断更具有特异性。
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     Conclussion The results show that during the hepatocellular caracimoa TACE therapy,Chemotherapy drugs and embolus can direct reach lung via hepatic artery- hepatic vein fistula and cause acute pulmonary injury that are similar to interstitial pneumonia.
     结论在肝癌 TACE治疗过程中,部分药物可经由肝动脉-肝静脉瘘途径直接达到肺部,引起急性的类似于间质性肺炎的肺损伤。
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     The acute breathes it is a kind of impatient respiratory failure that hard-pressed synthesizing advertise for,being caused by o lot of reasons,therefore in clinical each section.
     急性呼吸窘迫综合征是一种急性的呼吸衰竭 ,由很多原因导致 ,可见于临床各科。
短句来源
     Methods:The TnT levels in serum in three groups(acute myocardial infarction group,angina group and healthy controls)were comparatively analysed .
     方法 :通过急性的心肌梗死组 ,心绞痛组 ,正常对照组的血清肌钙蛋白T(TnT)水平及CK、CK MB水平进行对照分析。
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  acute
Investigation on the acute biochemical effects of light rare earths on rat serum by NMR-based metabonomic approaches
      
1H-NMR spectroscopy and pattern recognition (PR) method were used to assess the acute biochemical effects of light rare earths.
      
High holding torque and acute response make it suitable as an accurate positioning actuator.
      
Proteomic approach for acute-phase proteins of hemolymph and muscles in Scylla serrata challenged by a pathogenic bacterium
      
Acute-phase response is documented to be a significant mechanism of innate immunity in vertebrates and invertebrates.
      
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1. In South Sinkiang, eggs deposited by the migratory locust, Locusta migra-toria migratoria L., in Aug. 1952 hatched ih the latter part of April, and adultsemerged on June 6 the following year. This species has only one generation ayean and the eggs remain underground for a period of 8 months. 2. Calliptamus italicus L. can be easily identified by the presence of a longprosternal spine between the fore coxae. The distal portion of the cercus inthe male individual is divided into three lobes, the middle one...

1. In South Sinkiang, eggs deposited by the migratory locust, Locusta migra-toria migratoria L., in Aug. 1952 hatched ih the latter part of April, and adultsemerged on June 6 the following year. This species has only one generation ayean and the eggs remain underground for a period of 8 months. 2. Calliptamus italicus L. can be easily identified by the presence of a longprosternal spine between the fore coxae. The distal portion of the cercus inthe male individual is divided into three lobes, the middle one being shorterthan the upper one. 3. Heavy damage was done to pasture land by Gomphocerus sibericus L.. Thisspecies is characterized by the swellen terminal segments of the antennae. Inthe male individuals, the tibiae of the fore legs are also enlarged. 4. Dociostaurus kraussi Ing. may be identified by the presence of an X-shaped marking on the pronotum and the much eniarged markings on themetazone. 5. Ramburiella turcomana F-W. has a slant face Which meets the vertexat an acute angle. Besides the X-shaped marking on the pronotum, there isanother broad line running along the median ridge. 6. The distinguishing Character of the grasshopper Oedaleus decorus Germ.is the blackish band that runs across the hing wings. The pronotal medianridge is high, with a very promineat X-shaped marking on its sides. 7. In Sphingonatus salinus (Pall) the small prozone with a high median ridge,and the two bands across the hind wings are quite characteristic. 8. In this paper distributions of the above-mentioned species are listed. Des-criptions of the egg capsules and the sculpturing on the egg shells have beenmade for the purpose of facilitating specific identification in the field.

(一)新疆蝗虫种类繁多,发生为害面积亦大。1953年全新疆发生面积为762,000公顷,共防治95,703公顷。经两年来的初步观察,蝗虫中为害性较大,分布较普遍的有下述九种。 1.迁移飞蝗一年发生一代。1952年8月所产之卵,最早于1953年4月下旬孵化,至6月6日变为成虫。蝗卵在地下发育阶段,长达8月之久。 2.意大利蝗主要特征在其突出之前胸腹板刺;前胸背板有中脊和侧脊;雄虫尾须末端分裂为三叶,中叶之末端不及上叶末端。 3.西伯利亚蝗为牧区中牧草的大敌害。成虫主要特征为触角末端变粗;雄虫前足胫节膨大如梨状。 4.克鲁斯蝗沟后区上之花纹变宽,成三角形;前翅不超过后足膝部;后足胫节红色。而鞑靼蝗沟后区上的花纹前端并不变粗。 5.侧视土克曼蝗头部倾斜;前胸背板上除有较长大的X形图案外,中脊上尚有纵行花纹;后足腿节和胫节黄色,间隔以黑色斑纹。 6.轮翅蝗前胸背板之中脊拱起,其两侧有X形图案;后翅基部淡黄绿色,中部有一条宽而弯曲的黑色条纹,不及后翅的后缘。 7.盐地圆背蝗沟前区小而狭隘;后翅基部淡红色,中部及翅端各有—条宽的黑色条纹。与盐地圆背蝗相似者,尚有八纹圆背蝗。 (二)对上述九种蝗虫之分布,卵囊及卵壳上之花纹...

(一)新疆蝗虫种类繁多,发生为害面积亦大。1953年全新疆发生面积为762,000公顷,共防治95,703公顷。经两年来的初步观察,蝗虫中为害性较大,分布较普遍的有下述九种。 1.迁移飞蝗一年发生一代。1952年8月所产之卵,最早于1953年4月下旬孵化,至6月6日变为成虫。蝗卵在地下发育阶段,长达8月之久。 2.意大利蝗主要特征在其突出之前胸腹板刺;前胸背板有中脊和侧脊;雄虫尾须末端分裂为三叶,中叶之末端不及上叶末端。 3.西伯利亚蝗为牧区中牧草的大敌害。成虫主要特征为触角末端变粗;雄虫前足胫节膨大如梨状。 4.克鲁斯蝗沟后区上之花纹变宽,成三角形;前翅不超过后足膝部;后足胫节红色。而鞑靼蝗沟后区上的花纹前端并不变粗。 5.侧视土克曼蝗头部倾斜;前胸背板上除有较长大的X形图案外,中脊上尚有纵行花纹;后足腿节和胫节黄色,间隔以黑色斑纹。 6.轮翅蝗前胸背板之中脊拱起,其两侧有X形图案;后翅基部淡黄绿色,中部有一条宽而弯曲的黑色条纹,不及后翅的后缘。 7.盐地圆背蝗沟前区小而狭隘;后翅基部淡红色,中部及翅端各有—条宽的黑色条纹。与盐地圆背蝗相似者,尚有八纹圆背蝗。 (二)对上述九种蝗虫之分布,卵囊及卵壳上之花纹,均分别叙及;并附有作者原绘图六幅。在调查蝗虫分布密度及蝗种鉴别上,识别卵囊较有根据。

Observations were made to compare the effect of HCl introduced into the small intestine of dogs on pancreatic secretion in the following three conditions: (1) Acute experiments with barbiturates(pentothal sodium or pentobarbital sodium) as an(?)sthesia; (2) Chronic experimental dogs with Thomas pancreatic fistula; (3) Chronic dogs in(2) an(?)sthetized by means of the same barbiturates as in the acute experiments. The results indicated that in the acute experiments, the latent period of pancreatic...

Observations were made to compare the effect of HCl introduced into the small intestine of dogs on pancreatic secretion in the following three conditions: (1) Acute experiments with barbiturates(pentothal sodium or pentobarbital sodium) as an(?)sthesia; (2) Chronic experimental dogs with Thomas pancreatic fistula; (3) Chronic dogs in(2) an(?)sthetized by means of the same barbiturates as in the acute experiments. The results indicated that in the acute experiments, the latent period of pancreatic secretion was about 3-5 minutes and the amount secreted was usually below 20 drops in the first 30 minutes after the introduction of the acid. But in the case of chronic experiments, the results were quite different. The latent period was shorter, usually less than 2 minutes and the amount of pancreatic secretion was usually 10 times as much as in the acute experiments. Moreover, the pancreatic secretion of the chronic fistula dogs was not changed either in latent period or in amount when under the barbiturate an(?)sthesia. From the above results, it is quite natural to assume that the influence of the barbiturate an(?)sthetics, pentothal sodium and pentobarbital sodium on pancreatic secretion induced by HCl in the intestine of dogs is negligible. The great difference in the pancreatic secretion between the acute and the chronic experiments might, therefore, be due to the operative trauma which is unavoidable in acute experiments. Another observation was made to determine the effect of atropine on pancreatic secretion induced by HCl in chronic fistula dogs. The result showed that atropine distinctly reduced the response of pancreas to the acid. The latent period was increased and the amount of pancreatic secretion was decreased as compared with the result obtained in normal chronic fistula dogs. Hence it is quite suggestive that there might exist a nervous component in the mechanism of pancreatic secretion induced by HCl in the small intestine. We wish to express our gratitude to Comrade for his valuable advice and to professors T. C. Shen and T. F. Liu for their encouragement throughout this work.

本實驗比較急性實驗狗、慢性胰瘻狗和經過麻醉的慢性胰屢狗對於鹽酸注入小腸所引起的胰液分泌量和潛伏期,結果證明: (1)在急性實驗情况下,狗胰腺對鹽酸刺激小腸所引起的胰液分泌量遠較在慢性實驗時為少,且潛伏期較長。 (2)巴比妥類麻醉劑:硫賁妥鈉(sodium pentothal)和戊烷巴比妥鈉(sodiumpentobarbital)對鹽酸所引起的胰液分泌量及潛伏期影響極微。 (3)在急性實驗情况下,由鹽酸所引起的胰液分泌量的減少和潛伏期的加長,似乎不是由於巴比妥類麻醉劑的作用,而可能是由於手術創傷的影響。 (4)注射阿托平後,胰腺對於鹽酸刺激小腸所引起的反應顯著减小,故推测在鹽酸引起胰液分泌的機制中可能有神經反射作用的參與。本工作在进行過程中,承蘇聯專家同志親切地給予指導,并承沈(?)淇、劉曾復二教授关懷和支持,(?)此誌謝。

It has been shown in our previous paper that intravenous injection of adrenalin and stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in the dog produced an inhibition of gastric secretion induced by histamine. Baxter, working on cats under experimental conditions comparable to ours, however, reported that intravenous injection of adrenalin either had no marked effect or a slightly augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, and that stimulation of the splanchnic nerve yielded similar results. The question thus...

It has been shown in our previous paper that intravenous injection of adrenalin and stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in the dog produced an inhibition of gastric secretion induced by histamine. Baxter, working on cats under experimental conditions comparable to ours, however, reported that intravenous injection of adrenalin either had no marked effect or a slightly augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, and that stimulation of the splanchnic nerve yielded similar results. The question thus arose as to whether the discrepancy between Baxter's and our reports was due to the use of different experimental animals. Experiments were therefore carried out on cats in our laboratory in an attempt to throw some light on the question. It was observed that, in both acute and chronic experiments, intraveous injection of adrenalin in most cases produced a marked diphasic effect on the secretion induced by histamine. The effect consisted of an initial phase of inhibition followed by one of augmentation, the two phases being usually about equal in size, sometimes the second phase somewhat larger than the first. When a dose of 0.02-0.1mg of adrenalin was administered in a single injection intravenously, the total duration of the diphasic response lasted 10-15min. It would be evident that if rather long intervals, e.g. 10-30min. were chosen for the collection of gastric juice, the diphasic feature of the response would be missed, and one might easily come to the conclusion that in the cat adrenalin either had no marked effect or an augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, as Baxter did. In acute experiments, the stimulation of the splanchnic nerve showed an inhibitory effect on the secretion, disregarding whether the adrenal veins were ligated or not. In contrast with the adrenalin effect, that of splanchnic stimulation was rarely diphasic. We wish to express our deep gratitude to Prof. T. P. Feng for his constant guidance throughout this work.

(一)靜脈注射腎上腺素對組織胺引起的貓胃分泌不論在急性或慢性實驗,通常是双相的,開頭抑制分泌,接着增加分泌,兩相大小相似,有時第二相還稍為大些。在一次注射0.02—0.1毫克腎上腺素之後,整個效應過程歷時約10—15分钟。若用較長的間隔如每10—30分鐘收集一次胃分泌,則此双相效應就會被掩蓋,因而得出腎上腺素對貓胃分泌無明顯效應或有增加分泌的效應的結論,如Baxter等人所得到的一樣。 (二)在急性實驗中,刺激大内臟神經對组織胺引起的貓胃分泌有顯著的抑制效應。与腎上腺素的效應不同,刺激大內臟神經的效應通常是單相的。我們在工作中经常得到馮德培所长的指导。谨致谢意.

 
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