助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   rats 在 基础医学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.205秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
基础医学
中药学
神经病学
外科学
药学
生物学
中医学
心血管系统疾病
内分泌腺及全身性疾病
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

rats
相关语句
  大鼠
    Studies of GnRH and Its Receptor in Cultured Stomach Smooth Muscle Cells and Parietal Cells of Rats
    大鼠胃平滑肌细胞、壁细胞GnRH及其受体的研究
短句来源
    A Developmental Study on the Expression of Noggin and BMP4 in the CNS of Rats and Their Association with Learning and Memory
    Noggin与BMP4在大鼠中枢神经系统的发育学表达及与学习记忆的相关性研究
短句来源
    Effects of Cholecystokinin-octapeptide on Focal Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury and the Underlying Mechanisms in Rats
    八肽胆囊收缩素对大鼠局部脑缺血/再灌注损伤的作用及其机制探讨
短句来源
    cDNA Cloning and Identification of Hippocampal Differentially Expressed Genes Correlated to Morphine Dependent Memory and Application Study in Rats
    大鼠海马与吗啡依赖记忆相关差异表达基因cDNA的克隆、鉴定及应用研究
短句来源
    Alteration of Structure, Apoptosis, HSP70 and BDNFmRNA Expression of Medullary Cone in Compression Injury of Cauda Equina in Rats
    大鼠马尾神经受压后马尾与脊髓圆锥神经元的形态结构变化及脊髓圆锥神经元凋亡、HSP70、BDNFmRNA表达的改变
短句来源
更多       
  
    HISTOLOGICAL AND HISTOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN THE HEMATOPOIETIC TISSUES OF RATS AFTER TOTAL BODY X-IRRADIATION Ⅰ. THE SPLEEN
    全身X-射线照射后大白造血器官的组织学与组织化学变化 Ⅰ.脾脏
短句来源
    Experiment on Islet Transplantation of Fetal and Newborn Rat Pancreases in Totally Pancreatectomized Rats
    全胰切除糖尿病大胎、新生胰岛移植实验
短句来源
    Observation of Transcriptional Activity of Genomes on Albinol Rats during Dimethylaminoazobenzine (DAB)- hepatomized Process Ⅰ. Observing the Complexity of Activity of the Highly Repeated Sequence Genome during Carcinogenesis Process
    二甲基黄(DAB)诱发大白肝细胞癌变过程中,各基因组转录活性的观察——Ⅰ.癌变过程中高度重复顺序基因组活动的复杂性观察
短句来源
    Changes in the Contents of Water and Electrolytes in Cerebral Cortex of Rats at Simulated High Altitude of 6000m
    模拟6000m高原大白脑皮层含水量及其电解质变化
短句来源
    Experimental treatment of nude rats with human hepatocellular carcinoma with mixed bacterial vaccine
    混合菌苗裸人肝癌模型的实验性治疗
短句来源
更多       
  “rats”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Interrelation between Nematolysosome and Microtubule-associated Protein 5 in Cultured Neurons of Newborn Rats Spinal Cord
    培养脊髓神经元线状溶酶体与细胞骨架蛋白——微管相关蛋白5的相关性
短句来源
    Preliminary Observations on Effects of Lysophosphatidic Acid on Proliferation and Differentiation of Embryonic Neural Stem Cells of Rats
    溶血磷脂酸影响胚胎神经干细胞增殖和分化的初步观察
短句来源
    Autographic Studies on the Distribution of ~3H-ATP-MgCl_2 and ~3H-ATP-Mg~(++) Derive in Myocardium of Rats
    ~3H-ATP-MgCl_2和~3H-ATP-Mg~(++)在小鼠心肌组织内的分布
短句来源
    Effects of Morphine and Electroacupuncture on Substance P Level in Spinal Cord and Their Relation to Pain Threshold in Rats
    吗啡和电针对脊髓内P物质的影响及其与痛阈的关系
短句来源
    Effects of PAF Receptor Antagonists on Pulmonary Hypoxic Vasodilation and PAF-Induced-Vasodilation in Rats
    PAF受体拮抗剂对缺氧性肺血管收缩和PAF舒血管反应的影响
短句来源
更多       
查询“rats”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  rats
HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF PICROLIV IN ALCOHOL-FED ALBINO RATS
      
A slightly elevated fasting blood glucose profile, 1.5 fold higher serum insulin levels and impaired glucose tolerance was prevalent in ethanol treated rats.
      
In the present study, the effect of picroliv, an irridoid glycosidic fraction of Picrorhiza kurroa, on the above said parameters of these alcoholic rats was studied.
      
Picroliv significantly reverted most of the above said altered blood and hepatic parameters in the alcohol-fed male and female rats to almost normal levels.
      
The pharmacokinetics of α- and β-diastereomers of Arteether, a well-known antimalarial drug and its active metabolite dihydroartemisinin (DHA) were studied in Sprague-Dawley rats, Rhesus monkeys and human volunteers.
      
更多          


Fifty-one male rats (body weights:200—350gm) were raised with laboratory diet, 39 of them were injected once a week with CCl_4 (0.015cc/100gm body weight) in li- quid paraffin through the mesenteric veins and 12 rats without treatment as controls. Rats with 1,2,3,and 4 injections were killed 7 days afterwards.Pieces of liver tissue were taken from the left anterior lobe of the rats from both experimental and control groups.Paraffin sections were prepared from materials fixed in:(1)Susa...

Fifty-one male rats (body weights:200—350gm) were raised with laboratory diet, 39 of them were injected once a week with CCl_4 (0.015cc/100gm body weight) in li- quid paraffin through the mesenteric veins and 12 rats without treatment as controls. Rats with 1,2,3,and 4 injections were killed 7 days afterwards.Pieces of liver tissue were taken from the left anterior lobe of the rats from both experimental and control groups.Paraffin sections were prepared from materials fixed in:(1)Susa or Stieve's for Heidenhain's Azan staining;(2)Regaud's for Bensley's acid fuchsin-methyl green staining of mitochondria;(3)cold Carnoy's for methyl green-pyronin staining of ribo- nucleic acid (RNA),with control sections extracted with 20% perchloric acid or 0.17 M NaCl at 56℃ for 2 hrs.;(4)Carnoy's for Yakovlev's ((?)) and Barrnett- Seligman's methods for protein-bound SH-group,with control sections blocked with 0.1M monoiodoacetic acid;(5)Formol-alcohol for Hotchkiss's periodic acid-Schiff's (PAS) reaction of glycogen,with control sections treated with salivary digestion;(6)cold ace- tone for alkaline phosphatase (ALP);and (7) 10% neutral formalin for frozen sections and Sudan Ⅲ testing for fats. After CCl_4-intoxication,during the development of cirrhosis,most of the parenchymal cells degenerated and finally became necrotic.Free fat droplets and hyperplastic fibrous tissues accumulated in the necrotic regions.The liver lobules thus were destroyed and blood sinuses were engorged with blood cells.Surviving cells showed compensative hyperplasia and were isolated into nodules by the developing fibrous tissues.Cirrhosis developed in all the rats treated with CCl_4. The parenchymal cells showed a progressive changes during the development of cirrhosis.There was an increase of fat droplets and a decrease of the number of mito- chondria in the cytoplasm.The mitochondria fragmented into granules or fused in a mass.There was a progressive decline in the content of RNA and glycogen,but an increase of the ALP activity.Those cells showing compensative hyperplasia enlarged in size,and their number of mitochondria,RNA and glycogen content progressively in- creased. Small-sized cells appeared in the necrotic regions among the fat droplets,necrotic cells and fibrous tissues.They decreased in number as the fibrous tissue developed. These cells contained mitochondria and showed positive reactions of PAS,RNA and ALP.Their origin was discussed and their relation to the formation of collagen fibers needs further investigation.

大白鼠肝在CCl_4中毒所引起肝硬化过程中,肝小叶结构被破坏。肝细胞中毒,坏死,脂肪游离增多。血窦因血流受阻而涨大。大部分肝细胞退变或坏死;部分残存而代偿性增生。结缔组织在坏变部分增生并包围肝小结而形成肝硬化。在肝硬化过程中,退变的肝细胞内脂滴增多。线粒体减少,成粒状或溶成一团。核糖核酸,糖元含量也随病变进展而减少。碱性磷酸酶反应增强。代偿性增生的肝细胞体积增大;肝细胞内线粒体增多,核糖核酸,糖元含量逐渐增多。在病变过程中出现冼多小型细胞。小型细胞出现在坏变的肝细胞区域,脂肪空泡附近及结缔组织内并随纤维的增加而减少。小型细胞含线粒体,核糖核酸,PAS反应及碱性磷酸酶反应均为阳性。文中讨论了肝细胞内细胞学和组织化学变化的意义;小型细胞的来源,与纤维形成的关系及纤维增生机制等问题。

Forty-nine adult male albino rats, each weighing from 140—210 gms, were selected for this experiment. Out of them, 9 were left without any treatment for control, and each of the rest 40 experimental animals received daily intramuscular injection of 25 mg. of cortisone or hydrocortisone. The experimental animals were sacrificed 24 hr. after 1, 3, and 6 injections and on 4, 5, and 9 days after the 6th injections. The control animals were killed at the same time intervals. The spleen of these animals were...

Forty-nine adult male albino rats, each weighing from 140—210 gms, were selected for this experiment. Out of them, 9 were left without any treatment for control, and each of the rest 40 experimental animals received daily intramuscular injection of 25 mg. of cortisone or hydrocortisone. The experimental animals were sacrificed 24 hr. after 1, 3, and 6 injections and on 4, 5, and 9 days after the 6th injections. The control animals were killed at the same time intervals. The spleen of these animals were immediately fixed for both histological and histochemical studies. With repeated injections, as the time advanced, the spleen gradually atrophiel; after the 6th injection or 4 and 5 days after it, its size reached only 1/3 of the normal. Correspondingly, its internal structures showed conspicuous changes. Lymphocytes in the red and white pulps decreased in number, and almost vanished on 4 and 5 days after the last injections. The whole spleen was almost entirely occupied by the red pulp, the white pulps were difficult to identify. These changes tended to recover on the 9th day after the last injection, but never reached the normal level. The content of RNA decreased in lymphocytes of the spleens of the experimental animals, especially in the large and median sized lymphocytes. Pyknotic and fragmented lymphocyte nuclei were universally observed, especially in the Malpigian corpuscles; some were found in phagocytes. Granulocytes accumulated at the periphery of the Malpigian corpuscles. There was an increased amount of macrophages and their engulfed hemosiderin. Proteins and protein-bound SH groups in the cell elements of the spleen of the experimental animals showed no obvious changes in content, but due to the decrease in number of lymphocytes, their total amount in spleen was decreased. The changes of acid and alkaline phosphatases after the injections of cortisone were evident. The activity of ALP showed an initial elevation, reaching the maximum after 3 injections, and then followed by a continuous fall. The activity of ACP, on the other hand, showed consistent increasing, and was most prominent on the 4th and 5th days after the last injections. The former chiefly resided in neutrophils and latter in reticular cells. The activity of adenosine triphosphatase elevated first after injections, but gardually dropped to normal level. 5-Nucleotidase, non-specific esterase and non-specific phosphatase showed little or no changes during the course of administration of cortisone.

一、实验共用成年雄性大白鼠49只,体重为140-210克。其中9只不加任T可处理作为对照。其余40只分别经臀部肌肉注射可的松或氢化可的松25毫克/每日一次。注射分一次、三次、六次以及注六次后恢复4,5和9日后杀死取材。二、随注射次数的增加和实验时间的延长大鼠脾脏逐渐萎缩。到注六次或注六次后恢复4和5日时可缩小到正常的1/3以上。其内部结构也相应地引起了十分明显地变化。红白髓中淋巴细胞迅速减少,到注六次恢复4和5日时脾小体几乎完全消失,红白髓难于辨认。此时整个脾脏几乎被红髓占据。注射六次后恢复9日时,虽有些恢复,但仍未达正常水平。三、实验动物脾脏淋巴细胞中RNA合量减少,尤其大中淋巴细胞较为明显。固缩和破碎的淋巴细胞核普遍存在,尤其脾小体处为多,有些已被亘噬细胞吞噬。而中性粒细胞的数量增加,井多量的堆积于脾小体周围。旦噬细胞及其吞噬的含铁血黄素显著增多。 蛋白质、蛋白质结合一SH和DNA含量未见变化。四、磷酸酶的活性变化,以ALP和ACP较为显著。ALP在注射初期升高,以注射三次者为最明显,随后酶活性一值下降。而ACP活性在实验时期一直上升。前者以中性粒细胞为代表,后者以网状细胞为代表。三磷酸腺普酸酶在注...

一、实验共用成年雄性大白鼠49只,体重为140-210克。其中9只不加任T可处理作为对照。其余40只分别经臀部肌肉注射可的松或氢化可的松25毫克/每日一次。注射分一次、三次、六次以及注六次后恢复4,5和9日后杀死取材。二、随注射次数的增加和实验时间的延长大鼠脾脏逐渐萎缩。到注六次或注六次后恢复4和5日时可缩小到正常的1/3以上。其内部结构也相应地引起了十分明显地变化。红白髓中淋巴细胞迅速减少,到注六次恢复4和5日时脾小体几乎完全消失,红白髓难于辨认。此时整个脾脏几乎被红髓占据。注射六次后恢复9日时,虽有些恢复,但仍未达正常水平。三、实验动物脾脏淋巴细胞中RNA合量减少,尤其大中淋巴细胞较为明显。固缩和破碎的淋巴细胞核普遍存在,尤其脾小体处为多,有些已被亘噬细胞吞噬。而中性粒细胞的数量增加,井多量的堆积于脾小体周围。旦噬细胞及其吞噬的含铁血黄素显著增多。 蛋白质、蛋白质结合一SH和DNA含量未见变化。四、磷酸酶的活性变化,以ALP和ACP较为显著。ALP在注射初期升高,以注射三次者为最明显,随后酶活性一值下降。而ACP活性在实验时期一直上升。前者以中性粒细胞为代表,后者以网状细胞为代表。三磷酸腺普酸酶在注射初期上升,之后则逐渐恢复正常。5一核试酸酶、非特异性磷酸酶和醋酶的活性虽有变化,但不明显。

Sixty four albino mice (aged 50 days) and 41 albino rats (aged 124 days) were

用50天小白鼠64只及124天大白鼠41只,各分4组:Ⅰ组均切除左肾;Ⅱ组均在皮下注射ACTH隔日一次,剂量为每百克体重0.33国际单位,但其中大白鼠在注射前10天先切去左肾,小白鼠不切;Ⅲ组均先切除左肾,10天后注射ACTH,其中小白鼠所用剂量与Ⅱ组同,大白鼠则用15倍于Ⅱ组的剂量;Ⅳ组大、小白鼠均作对照。小白鼠自注射25次开始分批取材,最后一批注射达78次。大白鼠在注射24次后即全部杀死。两批材料均取颈膨大处的脊神经节及同节脊髓,用福尔马林固定,制成石蜡切片。在苏丹黑及PAS染色的切片上观察了神经细胞内呈阳性反应的脂褐色素,计算了在不同处理下含色素细胞所占百分率。并根据色素在细胞内含量的不同等级,比较了不同处理下含各级色素的细胞数量。对所得数据进行了统计分析。结果表明各项实验处理都没有使含色素的神经细胞比对照有所增多,也没有提高细胞内的色素含量。以大白鼠为例,上述四组中含色素的神经细胞所占百分率由Ⅰ到Ⅳ分别为3.31、4.00、3.40及3.70%。各实验组与对照的差异均无统计学意义。以上结果与Sulkin在1960年发表的研究结果不同。他认为去肾及去肾后注射ACTH的大白鼠神经细胞比对照有更多的色素沉积...

用50天小白鼠64只及124天大白鼠41只,各分4组:Ⅰ组均切除左肾;Ⅱ组均在皮下注射ACTH隔日一次,剂量为每百克体重0.33国际单位,但其中大白鼠在注射前10天先切去左肾,小白鼠不切;Ⅲ组均先切除左肾,10天后注射ACTH,其中小白鼠所用剂量与Ⅱ组同,大白鼠则用15倍于Ⅱ组的剂量;Ⅳ组大、小白鼠均作对照。小白鼠自注射25次开始分批取材,最后一批注射达78次。大白鼠在注射24次后即全部杀死。两批材料均取颈膨大处的脊神经节及同节脊髓,用福尔马林固定,制成石蜡切片。在苏丹黑及PAS染色的切片上观察了神经细胞内呈阳性反应的脂褐色素,计算了在不同处理下含色素细胞所占百分率。并根据色素在细胞内含量的不同等级,比较了不同处理下含各级色素的细胞数量。对所得数据进行了统计分析。结果表明各项实验处理都没有使含色素的神经细胞比对照有所增多,也没有提高细胞内的色素含量。以大白鼠为例,上述四组中含色素的神经细胞所占百分率由Ⅰ到Ⅳ分别为3.31、4.00、3.40及3.70%。各实验组与对照的差异均无统计学意义。以上结果与Sulkin在1960年发表的研究结果不同。他认为去肾及去肾后注射ACTH的大白鼠神经细胞比对照有更多的色素沉积现象。本文在讨论中对比了双方的工作,就Sulkin室实验中的动物只数、研究方法以及他所提出的“应激”反应进行了评述。最后指出,神经细胞内脂褐素的实验性形成问题还远未解决。因此还没有理由完全否认色素沉积是一种内生的衰老变化的指标。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关rats的内容
在知识搜索中查有关rats的内容
在数字搜索中查有关rats的内容
在概念知识元中查有关rats的内容
在学术趋势中查有关rats的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社