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political parties
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  政党
    The Review on the Japanese Political Parties' Variation,Characteristics and Causes after the Cold War
    冷战后日本政党政治的变化、特征及原因述评
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    The Appearance of Interest Groups and the Force Changes of Political Parties in the course of German Industrialization
    工业化过程中德国诸种利益集团的出现和各政党力量的消长
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    Early System Reform of Russian Political Parties Re-examined
    对苏俄初期政党体制转型的再认识
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    A important factor is political parties to instigate religion emotion for themself profits;
    一个重要的因素是政党煽动宗教情绪为自己谋取现实政治利益;
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    internal factors include the government decision-making, political parties, interest groups' attitude, diplomatic tradition and public attitudes.
    内部因素主要包括:政府决策、政党政治、利益集团的态度、外交传统和公众的态度。
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  “political parties”译为未确定词的双语例句
    An Analysis of the Policy of America's Two Political Parties Toward China During the Post Cold War Period
    后冷战时期美国对华政策中的两党政治因素分析
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    Civil Service Reform in America during the Period of Social Transformation ——From the Political Parties' Booty-sharing System to the Merit System
    美国社会转型时期的文官制度改革——从政党“分赃制”到“功绩制”
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    The results of this can be seen in the political parties, which emerged in Suriname around 1950. The political arena became the battlefield for the latent conflict among the different ethnic groups.
    荷兰殖民者成功地将不同的族群群落分裂开来,其结果导致了1950年左右苏里南各种政党的出现。 政治竞技场已成为不同族群群落间潜在冲突的战场。
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    We can safely conclude that the referendums during the French Revolution denote some elements of conflict among the different political parties,though there was no phenomenon of manipulating the public opinion.
    全民公决虽不存在民意操纵问题,但却有政治派别斗争的成分掺杂其中。
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  political parties
21, para 2) political parties can be interdicted not only for violent and criminal acts, committed by their supporters, but also for proclaiming ?unconstitutional" aims.
      
Charles Boix: Political Parties, Growth, and Equality: Conservative and Social Democratic Economic Strategies in the World Econo
      
Most party researchers assume that today's political parties in Germany only have loose ties to their social origins.
      
The general relationship between environmental groups and political parties differs significantly in the two countries compared.
      
This article argues that media are not merely conduits for the government, political parties or citizens in post-apartheid South Africa, but have emerged as autonomous power centres in competition with other power centres.
      
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With an extensive development of the movement of Islamic revivalism,Islamism being an important ideology,has since the 1970s made its way into the Turkish political life.From then on,under the impetus of many and varied forces,a lot of changes have taken place in Islamic politico economy in Turkey,which is mirrored in discrepancies between the Refah Party and the National Salvation Party.In the 1990s,the Islamist political Parties have,under the pressure of secularism,come to be reconciled...

With an extensive development of the movement of Islamic revivalism,Islamism being an important ideology,has since the 1970s made its way into the Turkish political life.From then on,under the impetus of many and varied forces,a lot of changes have taken place in Islamic politico economy in Turkey,which is mirrored in discrepancies between the Refah Party and the National Salvation Party.In the 1990s,the Islamist political Parties have,under the pressure of secularism,come to be reconciled with secularism in many a respect,but this does not promote Turkish democracy very much.The emergence of the Virtue Party,again,brings about additional changes in Islamic politics in Turkey.

随着伊斯兰复兴运动的广泛发展 ,70年代以来 ,伊斯兰主义作为一种重要的意识形态进入土耳其的政治生活之中。从那时起 ,在多种力量推动下 ,土耳其的伊斯兰政治经历了许多变化 ,这从繁荣党和救国党之间的差异方面可以反映出来。 90年代土耳其的伊斯兰主义政党在世俗主义势力的压力下被迫在许多方面与世俗主义妥协 ,但这并没有促进土耳其的民主。道德党的出现将会给土耳其的伊斯兰政治带来新变化

At the turn from the 19th century to the 20th century,America was in the transformation from an agricultural society to an industrial and urban society.The political corruption got worse due to the transformation and became a huge obstacle to its social progress and development.Thus,the civil service reform was carried out by the government,changing the political parties' booty-sharing system to the merit system,which contained corruption to some extent and provided a personnel system to guarantee a smooth...

At the turn from the 19th century to the 20th century,America was in the transformation from an agricultural society to an industrial and urban society.The political corruption got worse due to the transformation and became a huge obstacle to its social progress and development.Thus,the civil service reform was carried out by the government,changing the political parties' booty-sharing system to the merit system,which contained corruption to some extent and provided a personnel system to guarantee a smooth transformation.

19世纪末、2 0世纪初 ,美国处于由农业社会向工业社会和城市社会转型的历史时期 ,政治腐败问题因社会转型而更加严重 ,成为美国社会进步与发展的巨大障碍。为此 ,政府进行了文官制度改革 ,改政党“分赃制”为“功绩制”。改革在一定程度上遏制了腐败现象的漫延 ,为美国顺利实现社会转型提供了人事制度保障。

From the middle of 1830's to the first World War Germany realized its industrialization, who transformed from an agricultural country into an industrial country. At the same time different social interest groups appeared. Through the founding of their interest associations these groups expressed their desire and safeguard their interest. And the forces of the political parties that were on behalf of different classes and interest groups also took changes.

1 9世纪 3 0年代中期到 1 91 4年第一次世界大战爆发 ,德国完成了工业化进程。这种转变一方面使德国从农业社会形态转向工业社会形态 ,另一方面则使得德国社会在工业化的多元分工状态下出现了多种的社会利益集团 ,他们通常通过建立利益协会来表达自己的愿望和维护自身的利益。同时 ,代表各阶级和社会集团利益的政党也相继出现并随着阶级和集团力量的变化而出现力量消长。

 
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