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antagonistic
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  拮抗
    Expression of the Bioactive NS5 of Dengue Virus in Prokaryocytes and Screening Its Antagonistic Peptide
    登革病毒NS5蛋白在原核细胞中的活性表达及其拮抗肽筛选
短句来源
    ANTAGONISTIC EFFECTS OF ANGIOTENSIN Ⅱ AND MORPHINE ON SYNAPTOSOMAL CALCIUM UPTAKE
    吗啡和血管紧张素Ⅱ对大鼠脑突触小体Ca~(2+)摄取的拮抗效应
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    IDENTIFICACATION OF ANTAGONISTIC STRAIN TG26 ANDPURIFICATION OF ITS ANTIFUNGAL PROTEIN BI
    拮抗菌TG26的鉴定及其抗菌蛋白BI的纯化和部分特性
短句来源
    The library was screened for antagonistic activity against Ralstonia solanacearum strain P13 and a clone carrying a 50 kb inserted DNA was isolated,which was designated as GXN9527.Plate assay showed that the GXN9527 could inhibit the growth of plant pathogenic Gram-negative bacterium Xanthomonas oryzae pv.
    采用平板活性检测法筛选文库,筛选到1个对茄青枯假单胞菌菌株P 13具有拮抗活性的文库克隆GXN 9527,该克隆的重组质粒pGXN 9527含有50 kb的菌株B 11的DNA。
短句来源
    The subclone containing an individual 18 kb、12 kb、9 kb or 8 kb BamHⅠ fragment of pGXN9527 did not exhibit antagonistic activity against strain P13,indicating that genes involved in biosynthesis of antagonistic substance(s) might be clustered.
    分别含有pGXN 9527的18、12、9、8 kb B amHⅠ片段的亚克隆对P 13均没有拮抗活性,说明编码该拮抗物质的生物合成基因很可能成簇存在。
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  拮抗作用
    The Antagonistic Effect of Se on the T-2 Toxin-induced Changes of Ultrastructure and Function of Cultured Chicken Embryo Chondrocyte
    硒对T-2毒素引起培养软骨细胞超微结构与功能改变的拮抗作用
短句来源
    Calcium Antagonistic Effects of Praeruptorin C on Tail Artery in Renal Hypertensive Rats
    前胡丙素对肾型高血压大鼠尾动脉钙拮抗作用
短句来源
    The Distribution of Tetrodotoxin and the Antagonistic Mechanism Against TTX in Animals
    河豚毒素的分布及动物对它的拮抗作用
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    Combined toxicity analysis shows that the interactive effect between methmidophos and Cd2+ is antagonistic.
    甲胺磷、Cd~(2+)等毒性混合48h对坛紫菜叶状体POD活性的联合毒性作用为拮抗作用
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    The joint toxicity of the two toxicants to swordtail fish was synergistic in 24 h and antagonistic in 48h and 96h, both when treated as the ratio 1:1 of toxicity and concentration.
    在浓度和毒性比都为1:1的条件下,24h都表现联合作用,而48h、96h则为拮抗作用,结果还表明,剑尾鱼对汞和硒敏感,是一种较理想的环境污染指示生物。
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  “antagonistic”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Classification and Identification of Bacilli from Chinese Traditional Medicine and Food and Antagonistic Characterization of Bacillus Subtilis H110
    药食源芽孢杆菌的分类鉴定及枯草芽孢杆菌H110抑菌特性研究
短句来源
    ANTAGONISTIC EFFECT OF ORPHANIN FQ ON MORPHINE ANALGESIA IN RAT BRAIN
    孤啡肽在大鼠脑内对抗吗啡镇痛
短句来源
    Conclusion:The fermentation filtrate of strain 1# of Bacillus licheniformis is antagonistic against S. mutans.
    结论:1#菌株发酵滤液对口腔变形菌的抑制作用最强,稳定性最大,是一株很有应用前景的菌株。
短句来源
    ANALGESIC EFFECT OF DYNORPHIN A(1~13) AND ITS ANTAGONISTIC EFFECT ON MORPHINE ANALGESIA IN RAT BRAIN IN THE COLD WATER TAIL FLICK TEST ASSAY
    大鼠脑室注射强啡肽A(1~13)在冷水甩尾测痛中的镇痛及抗吗啡镇痛作用
短句来源
    Electrophysiological study on biphasic firing activity elicited by D_1 agonistic-D_2 antagonistic action of (-)-stepholidine in nucleus accumbens
    左旋千金藤啶碱D_1激动-D_2 阻滞作用引起伏核双相放电活动的电生理研究(英文)
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  antagonistic
All compounds were characterized by binding affinity determination for 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C subtypes and antagonistic activity for 5-HT2B receptor in rat stomach fundus.
      
None of the new compounds showed affinity for 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C subtypes, but some of them displayed antagonistic activity in rat stomach fundus at micromolar concentrations.
      
However, a combined antagonistic effect was observed in the treatment of K562 cells with hemin (30 μM, 48 h) followed by thermal stress (42°C, 30 min).
      
The results showed that Cd and As had an antagonistic effect on enhancing the growth of Rorippa globosa plants and Cd uptake and accumulation under the low concentration Cd and As treatments.
      
The antagonistic activity of these bacteria towardsEscherichia coli 08,E.
      
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1. The respiration of S. aureus in ordinary broth is strongly inhibited by emodin, aloe-emodin and rhein of minimal gro-wth-inhibitory concentration. The percentages of inhibition are 83, 75 and 42 respectively.2. Emodin also inhibits the oxidation and dehydrogenation of most amino acids(with the exception of cystine and cysteine), glucose and the intermediate products of carbohydrates metabolism in S. aureus. In the case of the oxidation of glutamate and arginine, the percentages of inhibition range as high...

1. The respiration of S. aureus in ordinary broth is strongly inhibited by emodin, aloe-emodin and rhein of minimal gro-wth-inhibitory concentration. The percentages of inhibition are 83, 75 and 42 respectively.2. Emodin also inhibits the oxidation and dehydrogenation of most amino acids(with the exception of cystine and cysteine), glucose and the intermediate products of carbohydrates metabolism in S. aureus. In the case of the oxidation of glutamate and arginine, the percentages of inhibition range as high as 82 to 85.3. Riboflavin, nicotinic acid and thiol-compounds, as cysteine and glutathione, exhibit antagonistic activity to the action of emodin.4. From the present studies, it seems that the anthraquinone derivatives interfere with the nicotinamide adenine dinudeotide, flavoprotein, and the SH-requiring enzyme systems.

(1)大黄酸、大黄素和芦荟大黄素对金黃色葡萄球菌在培养基中的呼吸有很強的抑制作用,1抑菌单位浓度,60分钟內,抑制率分别为42%、83%和75%。(2)大黄素对金黃色葡萄球菌氨基酸、糖和糖代謝中間产物的氧化和脫氫都有不同程度的抑制作用,其中以对谷氨酸和精氨酸的氧化抑制最強,其抑制率可达80%以上。(3)核黃素、烟酸及巯基化合物对大黄素抑制金黃色葡萄球菌的呼吸及氧化某些氨基酸和糖代謝中間产物有竞爭性拮抗作用。文中討論了大黄蒽醌衍生物抑制金黄色葡萄球菌呼吸的作用机制,可能是由于它影响了吡啶核苷酸、黄素核苷酸及必需巯基的酶系,尤其是前二者。

The electromyographies were made on 12 healthy young adult males to investigate the function of supinators and pronators in the extended and flexed elbows during pro- nation and supination.The potentials were picked up with the needle electrode from the pronator teres,pronator quadratus,the supinator,the biceps brachialis and the bra- chioradialis.The study revealed the following facts: 1.During slow pronation,regardless whether the elbow was flexed or extended, the potentials from the pronator quadratus were...

The electromyographies were made on 12 healthy young adult males to investigate the function of supinators and pronators in the extended and flexed elbows during pro- nation and supination.The potentials were picked up with the needle electrode from the pronator teres,pronator quadratus,the supinator,the biceps brachialis and the bra- chioradialis.The study revealed the following facts: 1.During slow pronation,regardless whether the elbow was flexed or extended, the potentials from the pronator quadratus were always more active than that from the pronator teres.The former showed the activities from “marked” to “most marked” and the latter from “slight” to “moderate”.When the pronation was resisted,the activities increased in both muscles. 2.During slow supination,both pronators showed activities of various degree as antagonistic muscles.During slow supination in the extended elbow,the potentials ap- peared in the supinator alone,but no activities were seen in the biceps unless the supina- tion was resisted.The biceps was,therefore,not proved to be a supinator when the elbow was in an extending position.When the flexed elbow was supinated from a prone position,the activities were recorded from the supinator immediately but none from the biceps at first.When the forearm reached an intermediate position,it began to show “slight” activity whereas the supinator showed “marked”.When the forearm moved to- ward full supination the activities of the supinator decreased gradually,reaching “no activity” at the end,but the activities of the biceps increased gradually.It was proved that the supinator was a primary supinator and the biceps a reinforcer. 3.The brachioradialis is usually described as a pronator when the forearm is in supine position and a supinator in prone position.This present study showed it was neither a pronator nor a supinator in the extended forearm,and it was only so when supinating a flexed forearm from a prone to semiprone position.In the further course of supination the activities were not increased at all.Thus the brachioradialis could be considered as an axillary supinator from prone to semiprone position.

本文在12个健康男性青年的旋前方肌、旋前圆肌、旋后肌、肱二头肌及肱桡肌,以Ediswan脑电墨水描记仪,用肌内电极引出电位进行分析,结果认为:旋前方肌无论在肘的伸位或屈位,当前臂慢旋前时,它的电位都比旋前圆肌更活动。给以抵抗力时二肌电位活动都增加。旋后肌在肘伸位前臂慢旋后时,即出现了电位活动,但肱二头肌无活动只是给以抵抗力时始出现电位活动。肘屈位,前臂从旋前位旋后时,旋后肌首先出现电位活动。肱二头肌自中间位到完全旋后位电位活动逐渐增加,而旋后肌则逐减小。肱桡肌使旋前位或旋后位的前臂迴旋到中间位的作用,只是在肘屈位特别自旋前位旋后至中间位的电位较明显。

(1) The biosyntheses of RNA, DNA and protein in S. aureus in ordinary broth containing glucose are strongly inhibited by emodin and rhein of minimal growthinhibitory concentration (10γ/ml and 15γ/ml respectively). The percentages of inhibition for rhein are 90, 84 and 72 respectively, while those for emodin are 100, 100 and 93 respectively.(2) Folic acid exhibits antagonistic activity to the inhibitory action of emodin on RNA and DNA snytheses. In presence of 3.6×10~(-5)M emodin and 5.6×10~(-4) M folic...

(1) The biosyntheses of RNA, DNA and protein in S. aureus in ordinary broth containing glucose are strongly inhibited by emodin and rhein of minimal growthinhibitory concentration (10γ/ml and 15γ/ml respectively). The percentages of inhibition for rhein are 90, 84 and 72 respectively, while those for emodin are 100, 100 and 93 respectively.(2) Folic acid exhibits antagonistic activity to the inhibitory action of emodin on RNA and DNA snytheses. In presence of 3.6×10~(-5)M emodin and 5.6×10~(-4) M folic acid, the percentages of recovery of RNA and DNA syntheses are 47 and 41 respectively.(3) At the minimal growth-inhibitory concentration of emodin, the assimilation of ammonia in S. aureus is inhibited by 92%.(4) Emodin, even at a concentration of 200γ/ml, shows only very slight inhibition on the glutamate-alanine transamination system, as far as can be judged from paper chromatogram.(5) Emodin also inhibits the oxidative deamination of certain amino acids in S. aureus. Among the amino acids studied, glutamate and arginine are affected notably, glycine and alanine are also affected but to a lesser extent, while aspartate and serine are almost unaffected.

本实驗初步观察了大黃酸和大黃素对金黄色葡萄球菌核酸与蛋白质的合成,氨氮的同化利用,氨基酸的氧化脫氨和轉氨作用的影响。(1)大黄酸和大黄素对金黃色葡萄球菌在葡萄糖-肉湯培养基中RNA、DNA和蛋白质的合成具有很强的抑制作用。1抑菌单位濃度的大黄酸(15微克/毫升),其抑制百分率分別为90、84和72;大黄素(10微克/毫升)分別为100、100和93。(2)叶酸对大黄素抑制金黄色葡萄球菌核酸的合成有拮抗作用,大黃素在最低抑菌濃度(3.6×10~(-5)M),叶酸濃度为5.6×10~(-4)M时,可使RNA和DNA的合成分別恢复47&和40%。(3)大黄素对金黄色葡萄球菌在含葡萄糖和硫酸銨培养基中氨氮的同化也有抑制作用,在最低抑菌濃度抑制率为92%。(4)大黄素即使高至200微克/毫升的濃度,对金黃色葡萄球菌谷氨酸-丙氨酸轉氨作用的影响不明显。(5)大黄素对金黄色葡萄球菌氨基酸的氧化脫氨具有抑制作用,对谷氨酸和精氨酸的抑制最强,甘氨酸和丙氨酸次之,門冬氨酸和絲氨酸最弱。对耗氧和脫氨的抑制有平行的关系。

 
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