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The following principle is well-known in Harmonic Analysis: If a real function has a spectral gap at the origin then it must have many sign changes.
      
The study shows that government has made some important changes after the signing of WTO agreement in 1994, but there are still some contentious issues that require attention.
      
The series of vasicine (1) analogues, an alkaloid from Adhatoda vasica Nees., were synthesized with changes in A, B or C rings.
      
Roridin P and Isororidin P induced morphological changes in Pyricularia oryzae, with a minimum concentration (MMCC) value of 6.2 ± 1.1?μmol/L and 7.9 ± 1.5?μmol/L.
      
Based on the literature [1], this paper changes the essential conditionα ∫g(t)/tr(s)ds ≤ 1 into∫g(t)/tr(s)ds ≤θ.
      
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Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization...

Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization was repeated 6 weeks after surgical repair of an interauricular septal defect or valvotomy of a stenotic pulmonic valve. In this paper the entire procedure of catheterization has been described in detail, particuhrly with regard to some technics of manipulation of the catheter in order to let it get through the tricuspid and pulmonic orifice, and to wedge it into the "pulmonary capillary". Indications, contraindications, complications and results of catheterization in our cases have been dicussed. Among the complications, cardiac arrhythmia was the most common but it was seldom serious. Electrocardiographic observation during the procedure showed that premature beats especially of ventricular origin occured nearly in every case. Two patients developed pulmonary edema shortly after catheterization. One of them survived, while the other unfortunately died in spite of energetic treatment. Both were cases of mitral stenosis with marked pulmonary hypertension. In the entire series of 112 cases, catheterization helped us to establish the diagnosis in 107 of them, among which 68 patients were operated upon after catheterization, and in 66 of them the preoperative diagnoses proved to be correct. According to the material presented, right heart catheterization appears to be a comparatively safe and useful procedure in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases.

一、本文分析报告112例住院心脏病病人,120次右心导管檢查的結果。二、本组病例檢查的指征主要是对先天性心脏病及二尖瓣病的診断和外科治疗的选擇。三、对檢查方法加以描述,对影响檢查成敗的因素加以討論。四、分析檢查的結果,认为右心导管檢查对上述心脏病的診断有重大的价值,而危險性不大,但檢查时仍应提高警惕,掌握禁忌証并注意安全防止严重并发症的发生。

The author analysed a series of 57 cases with cysticercosis of posterior fossa in this study. The cardinal clinical features are as tollows, intermittent destructive attacks of intracranial hypertension; less neurological deficit by involvement of cerebellum and brain stem and meningo-encephalitis like change of the cerebrospinal fluid. Cysticercosis of the posterior fossa may be classified as follows: ventricle type (fourth ventricle or aqueduct) pia mater type (cisterna Magna or cerebello pontine angle),...

The author analysed a series of 57 cases with cysticercosis of posterior fossa in this study. The cardinal clinical features are as tollows, intermittent destructive attacks of intracranial hypertension; less neurological deficit by involvement of cerebellum and brain stem and meningo-encephalitis like change of the cerebrospinal fluid. Cysticercosis of the posterior fossa may be classified as follows: ventricle type (fourth ventricle or aqueduct) pia mater type (cisterna Magna or cerebello pontine angle), cerebellar cortex type, and mixed type; end among them there are strikingly different clinical manifestations, treatments, and prognosis. The complement fixation reaction with the cerebrospinal fluid and the Conray Ventriculography are still effective examination methods in diagnosis of cystecercosis of posterior fossa. The surgical method was discussed for cysticercosis of posterior fossa. In this series, all of 57 cases were treated by operation. Its results were fairly good, the mortality of 3.5% was obtained.

本文对57例颅后窝脑囊虫病进行分析,其主要临床特点如下:颅内压增高呈间歇性梗阻性发作,小脑及脑干受损神经体征较少;脑脊液呈脑膜脑炎性变化。颅后窝脑囊虫病可分脑室型(第四脑室或导水管),软脑膜型(枕大池或桥脑小脑角),小脑皮质型和混合型,其临床表现、治疗和予后各有不同。脑脊液囊虫补体结合试验和脑室碘水造影仍是诊断颅后窝脑囊虫病有效检查方法。对颅后窝脑囊虫病的手术方法进行讨论,本组57例均行手术,手术效果较好,手术死亡率3.5%。

The relationship between sympathetic activity and acupuncture anesthetic effect was studied. It was shown that in patients with excellent effect the plasma dopamine-B-hydroxylase ( DBH ) activity was decreased and pros-taglandin E ( PGE ) in blood elevated. In most cases, more noradrenaline was visualized in sympathetic nerves and more adrenergic granular viscles in adrenergic fibers and endings in greater omentum and gastric wall under fluoelectronmicrosope. In cases with poor effects the changes were...

The relationship between sympathetic activity and acupuncture anesthetic effect was studied. It was shown that in patients with excellent effect the plasma dopamine-B-hydroxylase ( DBH ) activity was decreased and pros-taglandin E ( PGE ) in blood elevated. In most cases, more noradrenaline was visualized in sympathetic nerves and more adrenergic granular viscles in adrenergic fibers and endings in greater omentum and gastric wall under fluoelectronmicrosope. In cases with poor effects the changes were reversed.Thus, it is considered that there is a decreased release and an increas-ed storage of sympathetic transmitters in effective cases but in those with poor effects, an increased release and a decreased storage. These results . support that sympathetic nerves are in relatively stable state during operation in effective cases.

本文观察了针麻手术病人的交感神经活动与针麻效果的关系。针麻效果好者,外周交感神经去甲肾上腺素释放减少,储存增加,此时血浆多巴胺β羟化酶活性下降,大网膜、胃壁组织肾上腺素能纤维去甲肾上腺素荧光物质含量高,胃壁神经纤维膨体或终末内大颗粒小泡数目多,血中前列腺素E含量升高;针麻效果差者结果则相反.

 
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