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renal calculi
相关语句
  肾结石
    ESWL and PCNL management of pediatric renal calculi
    小儿肾结石的ESWL和PCNL治疗
短句来源
    Methods:The clinical documents of 62 children with urolithiasis treated by ESWL(38 men,24 women; age 3~15 years, an average of 8.6 years;16 renal calculi, 41 ureteral calculi, 5 vesical calculi) were restrospectively reviewed and analyzed.
    方法:回顾行分析ESWL治疗小儿尿路结石62例诊治资料,男性38例,女性24例,年龄3~15岁,平均8.6岁。 肾结石16例,输尿管结石41例,膀胱结石5例。
短句来源
    Objective To evaluate the surgical techniques and clinical effects of mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-PCNL)in pediatric renal calculi.
    目的探讨经皮肾穿刺微造瘘取石术(mini-PCNL)治疗儿童肾结石的手术技巧及临床应用价值。
短句来源
    TREATMENT OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE PERCUTANEOUS NEPHROLITHOTOMY IN PEDIATRIC RENAL CALCULI
    微创经皮肾穿刺取石治疗小儿肾结石
短句来源
    Treatment of pediatric renal calculi with mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy
    经皮肾穿刺微造瘘取石术治疗儿童肾结石
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  renal calculi
The influence of amino acids on the formation of particles of synthetic analogs of hydroxyapatites of renal calculi with different degrees of nonstoichiometry is investigated.
      
The results obtained allow the assumption that, under the normal physiological conditions, free amino acids are natural inhibitors for the formation of renal calculi in the human organism.
      
It thus accelerates the formation of renal calculi.
      
In clinical diagnosis creatine, creatinine and uric acid are important parameters for the evaluation of renal diseases, and are partially responsible for gout and the formation of renal calculi.
      
Determination of trace amounts of oxalate in renal calculi and related samples by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
      
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Objective To determine the role of antioxidant vitamins and calcium channel blockers in pr eventing or alleviating acute renal injury in children during extracorporeal sho ck wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Methods Twenty-six children with renal calculi were recr uited in the prospective without anaesthesia ESWL study. They were randomized i nto the therapeutic group and control group (13 cases for each group). In the t herapeutic group, vitamin E?C and nifedipine were given orally for 3 days prior to ESWL,...

Objective To determine the role of antioxidant vitamins and calcium channel blockers in pr eventing or alleviating acute renal injury in children during extracorporeal sho ck wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Methods Twenty-six children with renal calculi were recr uited in the prospective without anaesthesia ESWL study. They were randomized i nto the therapeutic group and control group (13 cases for each group). In the t herapeutic group, vitamin E?C and nifedipine were given orally for 3 days prior to ESWL, while the control group received no medication. 24 h urine samples were analyzed for endothelin (ET-1), malonyldehyde (MDA) and N-acetyl-a-D-g lucosamonidase (NAG). Doppler ultrasonography was carried out to measure the intrarenal vascular resistance index (RI) of the treated kidney before, 1 and 7 days after ESWL. The results were compared between the groups and within the groups. Results In the control group, a significant elevation of the excretion of ET,MDA, NAG and increase of RI were observed 1 day after ESWL c ompared with those before ESWL ( P < 0.01 ) and with those in the drugs g roup 1 day after ESWL ( P < 0.01 ) respectively; MDA, NAG and RI hadn't re turned to the baselines of pre-ESWL on the 7th day after ESWL. In the therapeu tic group, NAG was significantly higher one day after ESWL than before ( P < 0.05 ) and returned to the baseline of pre-ESWL within one week after; ET, MDA and RI increased mildly without statistical significance 1 day after ESWL th at compared with pre- ESWL ( P > 0.05 ). Conclusions Antioxidant vitamins combined with calcium ch a nnel blockade pretreatment may have a protective function by alleviating the act ion of lipids oxidation, improving the blood perfusion of the kidney and decreas ing the degree of renal injury induced by ESWL in renal calculous disease in chi ldren.

目的 探讨抗氧化维生素和钙通道阻滞剂对体外冲击波碎石术 (ESWL)所致儿童急性肾损伤的保护作用。方法  2 6例肾盂内结石患儿 ,男 1 8例 ,女 8例 ;年龄 7~ 1 2岁 ,平均 9.8岁。右肾结石 1 1例 ,左肾结石 1 5例 ,结石直径 6~ 1 3mm ,平均 8.6mm。经腹部平片和B超确诊。血清肌酐、尿素氮值均在正常范围。常规静脉尿路造影检查 ,显示结石侧肾无积水或轻度积水 ,轻度肾积水者其远端尿路通畅无梗阻 ;对侧肾功能正常。 2 6例接受ESWL的儿童肾结石患者随机分为用药组和对照组 ,每组 1 3例。用药组在术前 3d口服维生素E、C和硝苯地平 ,对照组不用药物。观察术前 1d、后 1d、后 1周 2 4h尿内皮素 (ET 1 )、尿丙二醛 (MDA)和尿N 乙酰 β D氨基葡萄糖苷酶 (NAG)变化 ,同时测定肾内血管阻力指数 (RI)。结果 对照组术后 1dET 1 (44.84± 1 6 .2 4 )ng/L、MDA(3 .97± 1 .1 6)nmol/L、NAG(56 .42± 1 2 .34)u·g- 1 ·cr- 1 和RI(0 .70 2± 0 .0 38)比术前...

目的 探讨抗氧化维生素和钙通道阻滞剂对体外冲击波碎石术 (ESWL)所致儿童急性肾损伤的保护作用。方法  2 6例肾盂内结石患儿 ,男 1 8例 ,女 8例 ;年龄 7~ 1 2岁 ,平均 9.8岁。右肾结石 1 1例 ,左肾结石 1 5例 ,结石直径 6~ 1 3mm ,平均 8.6mm。经腹部平片和B超确诊。血清肌酐、尿素氮值均在正常范围。常规静脉尿路造影检查 ,显示结石侧肾无积水或轻度积水 ,轻度肾积水者其远端尿路通畅无梗阻 ;对侧肾功能正常。 2 6例接受ESWL的儿童肾结石患者随机分为用药组和对照组 ,每组 1 3例。用药组在术前 3d口服维生素E、C和硝苯地平 ,对照组不用药物。观察术前 1d、后 1d、后 1周 2 4h尿内皮素 (ET 1 )、尿丙二醛 (MDA)和尿N 乙酰 β D氨基葡萄糖苷酶 (NAG)变化 ,同时测定肾内血管阻力指数 (RI)。结果 对照组术后 1dET 1 (44.84± 1 6 .2 4 )ng/L、MDA(3 .97± 1 .1 6)nmol/L、NAG(56 .42± 1 2 .34)u·g- 1 ·cr- 1 和RI(0 .70 2± 0 .0 38)比术前及用药组明显增高 (P <0 .0 1 ) ;术后 1周MDA、NAG及RI仍高于术前水平 (P <0 .0 1 )。用药组术后 1d ,ET 1、MDA和RI较术前无明显增高 (P >0 .0 5) ;NAG较术前增高 (P <0 .0 5) ,但 1周内恢复术前水平。结论 抗氧化维生素和钙通道阻滞剂能减轻ESWL的脂质过?

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (Mini -PCNL) in treatmenting pediatric renal caculi .Methods:We retrospectively reviewed the treatment and outcome of 33 cases during a 15-year period (1988~2003).The series consists of 15 girls and 18 boys,3 to 14 years old (mean age 8.7years ).Ten of 33 children(30.3%) had anatomically abnormality. The mini-PCNL was undertaken in 33 children.Four cases who had residual stone fragments were combined with ESWL.Results:Thirty-three...

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (Mini -PCNL) in treatmenting pediatric renal caculi .Methods:We retrospectively reviewed the treatment and outcome of 33 cases during a 15-year period (1988~2003).The series consists of 15 girls and 18 boys,3 to 14 years old (mean age 8.7years ).Ten of 33 children(30.3%) had anatomically abnormality. The mini-PCNL was undertaken in 33 children.Four cases who had residual stone fragments were combined with ESWL.Results:Thirty-three children underwent mini-PCNL due to complex stones.Twenty-four (72.7%) underwent one-stage PCNL ,9(27.3%)had two sessions .Three patients with UPJ obstruction underwent antegrade pyeloureterotomy at the same time .Stones were cleared using one PCNL session in 24(72.7%),two sessions in 29(87.9%), four patients were combined with ESWL.Thirty-two of 33 children (97%) were cleared of their stones.Total children did not presented complication at followup.Conclusions:Mini -PCNL is treatment of the efficacy and safety for renal calculi in children ,will be the first -line treatment for complex renal calculi in children in future.

目的 :探讨微创经皮肾穿刺取石治疗小儿肾结石的效果和重要性。方法 :我们复习了 1 5年间 (1 988~2 0 0 3) 33例小儿肾结石mini-PCNL的治疗和结果 ,其中男 1 8例、女 1 5例 ,年龄 3~ 1 4岁 ,平均 8.7岁 ,伴尿路畸形 1 0例 (30 .3 % )。 33例均行mini -PCNL治疗 ,4例联合ESWL。结果 :33例复杂肾结石经过mini-PCNL治疗 ,一期PCNL为 2 4例 (72 .7% ) ,二期PCNL为 9例 (2 7.3 % ) ;3例伴UPJ梗阻同时行顺行肾盂输尿管内切开术 ,一期结石完全清除率 2 4例 (72 .7% ) ,二期结石完全清除率 2 9例 (87.9% ) ,联合ESWL4例 ,总的结石清除率为 97%。所有患儿随访没有发现并发症。结论 :微创PCNL是治疗小儿肾结石安全、有效的方法 ,有望成为治疗小儿复杂肾结石的首选方法

Objective To summarize the experience of ES WL and PCNL management for pediatric renal calculi. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data 105 cases.The series consists of 33 girls and 72 boys.The average age was 8.7 years.Of the 105 children,21(20. 0%) had urinarytract abnormality.68 cases were treated with ESWL,33 with mini-P CNL,and 4 cases with residual stone fragments were treated with min-PCNL and ES WL.Four children underwent open procedures. Results 92 s essions of ESWL were performed...

Objective To summarize the experience of ES WL and PCNL management for pediatric renal calculi. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data 105 cases.The series consists of 33 girls and 72 boys.The average age was 8.7 years.Of the 105 children,21(20. 0%) had urinarytract abnormality.68 cases were treated with ESWL,33 with mini-P CNL,and 4 cases with residual stone fragments were treated with min-PCNL and ES WL.Four children underwent open procedures. Results 92 s essions of ESWL were performed in 68 children,57(83.8%)became stone-free.Among them 47 cases ( 69.1 %) were cured by one ESWL session,18 cases(26.5%)had two sessions,three children had three sessions.Two cases who had ureteral steinstras se were rendered stone-free by ureteroscopy.Among 33 children managed by mini- PCNL,24 (72.7%) were cured by one PCNL session,9(27.3%) by two sessions,three pa tients with UPJ obstruction underwent antegrade pyeloureterotomy at the same tim e.Stones were cleared using one PCNL session in 24(72.7%),2 sessions in 29(87.9% ),4 patients were cured with ESWL and mini-PCNL.The overall success rate was 97 .0%.2 of 4 cases in open procedures were performed by means of pyeloplasty,one p atient had residual stone fragments after open surgery. Conclusions ESWL is the first-line treatment for renal calculi in children.PCN L is a option but based on stones status,instrumental and technical conditions. Combining PCNL with ESWL had better outcome.

目的 总结小儿肾结石ESWL和经皮微造瘘输尿管镜取石术 (mini PCNL)治疗经验。 方法 回顾性分析 10 5例小儿肾结石诊治资料 ,男 72例、女 3 3例 ,平均年龄 8.7岁。其中伴尿路畸形 2 1例 (2 0 .0 % )。ESWL治疗 68例 ;mini PCNL治疗 3 3例 ,4例联合ESWL ;改行开放手术 4例。 结果  68例ESWL治疗 92次 ,结石完全排空 57例 (83 .8% ) ,1次ESWL治疗成功 47例 (69.1% ) ,2次治疗 18例 (2 6.5% ) ,3次治疗 2例 (4.4% ) ;2例石街经输尿管镜治疗成功。 3 3例mini PCNL治疗者 ,一期PCNL成功 2 4例 (72 .7% ) ,二期PCNL治疗 9例 (2 7.3 % ) ;3例伴肾盂输尿管连接部梗阻者同时行顺行肾盂输尿管内切开术 ,一期结石清除率 2 4例 (72 .7% ) ,二期结石清除率 2 9例(87.9% ) ,联合ESWL 4例 ,总结石清除率为 97.0 %。 4例开放手术中 2例同时行肾盂输尿管成形术 ,1例多发结石术后有残余结石。 结论 ESWL是治疗小儿肾结石安...

目的 总结小儿肾结石ESWL和经皮微造瘘输尿管镜取石术 (mini PCNL)治疗经验。 方法 回顾性分析 10 5例小儿肾结石诊治资料 ,男 72例、女 3 3例 ,平均年龄 8.7岁。其中伴尿路畸形 2 1例 (2 0 .0 % )。ESWL治疗 68例 ;mini PCNL治疗 3 3例 ,4例联合ESWL ;改行开放手术 4例。 结果  68例ESWL治疗 92次 ,结石完全排空 57例 (83 .8% ) ,1次ESWL治疗成功 47例 (69.1% ) ,2次治疗 18例 (2 6.5% ) ,3次治疗 2例 (4.4% ) ;2例石街经输尿管镜治疗成功。 3 3例mini PCNL治疗者 ,一期PCNL成功 2 4例 (72 .7% ) ,二期PCNL治疗 9例 (2 7.3 % ) ;3例伴肾盂输尿管连接部梗阻者同时行顺行肾盂输尿管内切开术 ,一期结石清除率 2 4例 (72 .7% ) ,二期结石清除率 2 9例(87.9% ) ,联合ESWL 4例 ,总结石清除率为 97.0 %。 4例开放手术中 2例同时行肾盂输尿管成形术 ,1例多发结石术后有残余结石。 结论 ESWL是治疗小儿肾结石安全、有效的首选方法 ;选择PCNL治疗应根据结石和设备技术情况 ,联合ESWL成功率更高

 
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