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reserve
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  储备
    The Study of Coronary Flow Reserve by Intracoronary Papaverine
    冠脉内注射罂粟碱测量冠状动脉血流储备的研究
短句来源
    These results indicate that,in comparison with the young rats,theα_1-adrenoceptor reserve is decreased and the ratio of α_(1a)-subtype to α_(1b)subtype isincreased in blood vessels of old rats.
    上述结果提示:与年轻大鼠相比较,老年大鼠 α_(1-) 肾上腺素受体储备减少,α_(1a) 亚型相对 α_(1b)亚型的比率增高。
短句来源
    Differences in the vascular α_1-adrenoceptor reserve and α_(1a) to α_(1b)ubtyperatio between old(18 months)and young(3 months)rats were investigated byboth in vitro and in vivo experiments.
    本工作用离体与整体实验方法,研究了老年(18月龄)与年轻(3月龄)大鼠血管中 α_1肾上腺素受体储备和 α_1(?) 与 α_(1b)亚型比值的差别。
短句来源
    The result indicated that the bioavailability of CPZ in the rats would be 1.5 to 1. 9 times higher than that of zinc sulfate,and CPZ could increase the zinc reserve of the rats more effectively.
    结果提示实验大鼠对CPZ的生物利用率约为硫酸锌的1.5~1.9倍,CPZ能更有效地提高缺锌大鼠的锌储备
短句来源
    In order to explore the reliable method for measurement of coronary flow reserve(CFR),23 patients with heart diseases(group A)and 11 normal subjects(group B)were studied by intracoronary Papaverine.
    为了探讨测量冠状动脉血流储备(CFR)的可靠性方法,本研究在23例心脏病组(A组)和11例正常组(B组)中应用冠脉内注射罂粟碱测量了CFR。
短句来源
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  保护区
    A NOTE OF THE POLYPORACEAE IN THE CHANG BAI SHAN FOREST RESERVE IN NORTHEASTERN CHINA
    中国东北长白山森林保护区多孔菌科简记
短句来源
    THE NATURAL FEATURES AND MANAGED EXPERIENCE OF TNE NILGIRI BIOSPHERE RESERVE INDIA
    印度南部尼尔吉里(Nilgiri)生物圈保护区的自然特点和管理的经验
短句来源
    /km2, it has been estimated that there are about 5580 in the Nature Reserve of Kalamaili Mountain, and about 2 394 of them are distributed near the Kamasite Spring within a radius of 25km,covering an area of 625km2, which makes up 42. 90% of the total number of Goitred Gazelle in the Nature reserve.
    调查区域鹅喉羚平均种群密度大约为0.12只/km~2.初步估算卡拉麦里山自然保护区内鹅喉羚数量可在5580只左右,其中大约有2,394只鹅喉羚集中分布于距卡玛斯特泉25km半径的625km~2面积范围,占保护区内鹅喉羚总数的42.90%.
    Compared to the data from 1987, the population has decreased by 61.95% over the past ten years, while the population density by 67. 92% and means group size by 23.88%, with 19 groups apparently disappearing from the Reserve.
    与他人1987年的报道相比,十年间该区白头叶猴的种群数量下降了61.95%,种群密度下降了67.92%,平均群大小下降了23.88%,并有19群已从该保护区消失.
    the lowest was 0.0249 birds/ hm and occurred at Daping of Changqing reserve, where the forests had been seriously damaged in the past decades.
    在植被遭受严重破坏的长青保护区大坪地区,种群密度最低(0.0249只/hm~2);
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  “reserve”译为未确定词的双语例句
    THE CHEMICAL STRUCTURE OF ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE CHANGBAI MOUNTAIN NATURE RESERVE
    长白山自然保护区生态环境的化学结构
短句来源
    ANALYSIS OF SOIL IN WULINGYUAN NATURE RESERVE
    武陵源之土壤考察与分析
短句来源
    A Preliminary Survey of Amphibians and Reptiles Resources in the Longchiman Natural Reserve of Song County
    嵩县龙池漫自然保护区两栖及爬行动物的资源调查研究
短句来源
    Ecological studies of phytoplankton in waters around Xiamen Amphioxus Reserve Area
    厦门文昌鱼自然保护区周围海域浮游植物的生态
短句来源
    Characteristics of Mammal Fauna and Eec-Distribution in Baihua Mountain Nature Reserve
    百花山兽类区系特征及生态分布
短句来源
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  reserve
The protocol is founded on time division multiplex address and a different type of traffic is assigned to different priority, according to which a node should compete for and reserve the free slots in a different method.
      
The standing crop of N in the plant community was 1,025.28 kg/hm2, accumulation in the litter layer was 224.88 kg/hm2, and reserve in the soil was 55,151 kg/hm2.
      
Interspecific relationships in a natural forest dominated by Pinus kwangtungensis, a rare and endangered pine species endemic to China, were studied based on inventory data from 7,200 m2 plots in Nanling National Nature Reserve.
      
kwangtungensis in Nanling National Nature Reserve.
      
After investigating and studying the vegetation, we have established that Makehe Forest, in Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve, Qinghai Province, is host to a total of 364 different species, representing 173 "genera" in 55 different vegetative families.
      
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The changes in the weights and constituents of the fat body and hemolymph of thefemale and male Eri-silkworm (Philosamia cynthia ricini Boisd.) before and after pupa-tion have been studied and their interrelations discussed. The main results of this inves-tigation are as follows: 1. The dry weight of fat body and the volume and dry weightof the hemolymph increase during the course of growth in the last larval instar and de-crease after the commencement of spinning. The values of the above mentioned quan-tities...

The changes in the weights and constituents of the fat body and hemolymph of thefemale and male Eri-silkworm (Philosamia cynthia ricini Boisd.) before and after pupa-tion have been studied and their interrelations discussed. The main results of this inves-tigation are as follows: 1. The dry weight of fat body and the volume and dry weightof the hemolymph increase during the course of growth in the last larval instar and de-crease after the commencement of spinning. The values of the above mentioned quan-tities of the female individuals are always higher than those of the male. However, thedry weight of the fat body begins to decrease in the prepupa stage. This fact indicatesthat the decrease of dry weight of the silkworm during spinning has nothing to do withthe fat body. 2. The major carbohydrate component of the larval hemolymph is tre-halose. Before spinning the blood sugar reserve attains the maximal level: 1513.5 mg/100ml in the female and 1405.4 mg/100 ml in the male. During pupation, sugar of lowmolecular weight other than trehalose appears in the hemolymph. Probably this newlyappeared sugar relates to the formation of chitin. The highest content of fatty acid inhemolymph appears before spinning: 351.6 mg/100 ml in the female and 327.3 mg/100 ml in the male. The change in the amount of the fatty acid in hemolymph isparallel with that of the blood sugar; but the content of the former is lower than that ofthe latter. The total nitrogen content in the hemolymph is much higher than carbo-hydrate and lipid: 2720 mg/100 ml in the female and 1840 mg/100 ml in the male. Itdecreases to about half of this value before spinning. This decrease may be correlatedwith the development of silk glands. 3. The major carbohydrate stored in the fat bodyis glycogen. Before spinning it is 20.0% of the dry weight in the female and 19.5% in the male, during the spinning stage part of the glycogen is hydrolyzed, and from theperiod of spinning to pupation about 70% of it is utilized. 4. The lipid content ofthe fat body increases with the growth in the last larval instar. Before spinning itconsists more than half of the dry weight of fat body: 50% in the female and 59% inthe male, but the weight of the total lipid in the former is higher than that in the latter.In the spinning stage, the lipid continues to be synthesized in the fat body. From theend of spinning to pupation about 33% and 30% of the lipid are expended respectivelyin the female and the male. 5. The change of nitrogenous constituents of fat bodydiffers from that of glycogen and lipid. From the 4th larval moult to the beginning ofspinning it decreases to about half of its highest value. After spinning it increases againto one and one half times its value before spinning. The above facts may indicate thatbefore spinning the nitrogenous constituents are chiefly used for the synthesis of silk andafter spinning the newly formed nitrogenous constituents are stored in the fat body. Thisaccumulation may be correlated to the future development of the reproductive system.This investigation has shown that during the metamorphosis of the Eri-silkworm, the fatbody and hemolymph have important functions in the storage, transportation and meta-bolism of nutrient materials and there is a sexual difference in their contents. It in-dicates that the fat body and hemolymph may play an important role in the maintenanceof normal growth, development and reproduction of insect in general.

蓖麻蚕末龄幼虫的脂肪体干重、血淋巴体积和干重,均随幼虫的生长而增加:并且雌体经常高于雄体。在蜕皮过程和吐丝以后的绝食期间,这两种组织的含量减少;其中,脂肪体的干重在前蛹期后才开始降低,表明吐丝过程虫体干重的减少与脂肪体无相应关系。蓖麻蚕末龄幼虫血淋巴中主要醣类是海藻糖。上簇前血淋巴含醣量到达最高峰:雌体为1513.5毫克/100毫升,雄体为1405.4毫克/100毫升。化蛹前后,血淋巴中出现另种低分子醣,此成分可能与几丁质的形成有关。血淋巴中脂肪酸含量的变化与血糖平行,但份量较少:最高含量是在上簇前:雌雄分别为351.6毫克/100毫升和327.3毫克/100毫升。熟蚕期,血淋巴中含氮物质的含量远比醣和脂肪酸为高:雌雄的血淋巴总氮分别到达2720毫克/100毫升和1840毫克/100毫升;但在上簇前总氮减少近一半,其变化与丝腺的发育有关。糖元是蓖麻蚕脂肪体贮存的主要醣类,它的含量随幼虫的生长而增加。上簇前雌雄幼虫的脂肪体分别含糖元20.0%和19.5%:在吐丝过程中脂肪体中的糖元显然发生水解。从上簇到化蛹,糖元消耗达70%以上。此外,脂肪体中的脂肪也随末龄幼虫的生长而增多:但雌雄幼虫的脂肪体中脂肪含量与糖元不...

蓖麻蚕末龄幼虫的脂肪体干重、血淋巴体积和干重,均随幼虫的生长而增加:并且雌体经常高于雄体。在蜕皮过程和吐丝以后的绝食期间,这两种组织的含量减少;其中,脂肪体的干重在前蛹期后才开始降低,表明吐丝过程虫体干重的减少与脂肪体无相应关系。蓖麻蚕末龄幼虫血淋巴中主要醣类是海藻糖。上簇前血淋巴含醣量到达最高峰:雌体为1513.5毫克/100毫升,雄体为1405.4毫克/100毫升。化蛹前后,血淋巴中出现另种低分子醣,此成分可能与几丁质的形成有关。血淋巴中脂肪酸含量的变化与血糖平行,但份量较少:最高含量是在上簇前:雌雄分别为351.6毫克/100毫升和327.3毫克/100毫升。熟蚕期,血淋巴中含氮物质的含量远比醣和脂肪酸为高:雌雄的血淋巴总氮分别到达2720毫克/100毫升和1840毫克/100毫升;但在上簇前总氮减少近一半,其变化与丝腺的发育有关。糖元是蓖麻蚕脂肪体贮存的主要醣类,它的含量随幼虫的生长而增加。上簇前雌雄幼虫的脂肪体分别含糖元20.0%和19.5%:在吐丝过程中脂肪体中的糖元显然发生水解。从上簇到化蛹,糖元消耗达70%以上。此外,脂肪体中的脂肪也随末龄幼虫的生长而增多:但雌雄幼虫的脂肪体中脂肪含量与糖元不同,雌体高于雌体(雄体为59%,雌体为50%)。在吐丝过程中脂肪继续在脂肪体中合成。从吐完丝?

Supplementing previous studies of stained smears of the hemocytes of Pseudaletiaseparata the present communication reports on the results of investigations made withthe aid of phase contrast microscope. Eight of the nine types of insect hemocytes, asrecognized by Jones (1962), have been identified in the hemolymph of Pseudaletia se-parata, namely, prohemocyte, plasmatocyte, granular hemocyte, cystocyte, spherule cell,oenocytoid, adipocyte, vermiform cell. The constant occurrence and numerical variationof each...

Supplementing previous studies of stained smears of the hemocytes of Pseudaletiaseparata the present communication reports on the results of investigations made withthe aid of phase contrast microscope. Eight of the nine types of insect hemocytes, asrecognized by Jones (1962), have been identified in the hemolymph of Pseudaletia se-parata, namely, prohemocyte, plasmatocyte, granular hemocyte, cystocyte, spherule cell,oenocytoid, adipocyte, vermiform cell. The constant occurrence and numerical variationof each of these types in the different stages from the first instar to the adult have beendetermined. A characteristic appearance of the granular hemocytes is the sending off of spinelikeextentions from a semitransparent homogeneous border of the cell-body. Occasionallyhemocytes with extensions distributed radially over the surface may be observed. By con-tinuous observation under the microscope and determination of its reaction to stain intro-duced under the coverslip, it was ascertained that the ultimate form of these two typesshows no difference and that the chemical reaction is identifical. From this it is con-cluded that both these types are granular hemocytes, altho it is easy to confuse the granu-lar hemocyte with radial extentions with the podocyte. It is stressed that the criterionfor identifying a podocyte is the continuation of the cell cytoplasm into the extensions.A small number of hemocytes conforming to this criterion has been observed but wewould like to reserve our opinion on the presence of podocytes in Pseudaletia separatauntil further studies shall have been made. In the course of the present study it was also clearly demonstrated that pathologicalmodifications of the hemocytes—such as vacuolation of the cytoplasm, crenulation or ir-regularity of the cell border, uneven distribution of the cytoplasm, eccentricity of thenucleus, condensation of granules in the nucleus—occur prior to the entry of the patho-gen, Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis into the blood of the armyworm. While thesignificance of such a phenomenon will be discussed in another paper, it is here pointedout that the occurrence of these modifications in the hemocytes affords a ready means forstudies on the pathology of bacteriosis in Pseudaletia separata, one of the worst pests toagriculture in this country.

利用相差显微镜,并辅以涂片染色、化学反应方法,将粘虫各虫态虫龄的血细胞分为8个类型。他们是:原血胞、浆血胞、粒血胞、珠血胞、类绛血胞、囊血胞、梭血胞及脂血胞。并统计出各类血细胞在粘虫一生中的数量变化。本文认为足血胞与粒血胞不同之处在于前者的伸延部分含有细胞质。符合这一标准的足血胞在此次工作中看到的不多,因此对粘虫足血胞的存在问题暂作保留。 苏芸金杆菌处理后,粘虫血细胞产生了明显的病态变化,随着病症的进展,非正常血胞自2%上升为30%,50%,83%左右。直到死亡,血淋巴内未发现杆菌出现。

This report deals with the brain and spinal cord of a porencephalic nursling of 8months. Intermittent serial colloidin sections were cut and stained by Nissl and Weiltechniques. The left cerebral hemisphere is smaller with deeper sulci and narrower gyri. Theinsular lobe is non-existent; and the frontal parietal and temporal opercula are all miss-ing. A cavity underlies this region and communicates with the lateral ventricle beingcovered Iaterally by a thickened membrane about 4×0.8 cm in area. Most of the front-al,...

This report deals with the brain and spinal cord of a porencephalic nursling of 8months. Intermittent serial colloidin sections were cut and stained by Nissl and Weiltechniques. The left cerebral hemisphere is smaller with deeper sulci and narrower gyri. Theinsular lobe is non-existent; and the frontal parietal and temporal opercula are all miss-ing. A cavity underlies this region and communicates with the lateral ventricle beingcovered Iaterally by a thickened membrane about 4×0.8 cm in area. Most of the front-al, parietal and temporal lobes and the whole occipital lobe are present. The left pyramidal tract is undeveloped. Compensatory hypertrophy is shown byvarious central structures such as the right pyramidal tract (together with the aberrantpyramidal bundles), and the extrapyramidal gray masses-lenticular, caudate and sub-thalamic nuclei and substantia nigra. In the cerebellar system, the brachium conjunc-tivum on the left side and the red nucleus and the inferior olivary nucleus on the rightare over-developed. Other hypertrophied structures include the left gracile and cuneatenuclei, the right lemniscus medialis, together with the anterior funiculus, posterior hornand the nucleus dorsalis in the right half of the spinal cord. The postnatal heightened use of bodily organs naturally induces an over-developmentof, besides others, the central structure. With a short life-span and retarded develop-ment, the present case had a too limited activity to influence the size of its central or-gans. Moreover, a number of central nuclear masses manifest a compensatory enlarge-ment, thus indicating a heightened mitotic activity of the nerve cells in the embryonicperiod. This hypertrophy is, them, largely prenatal. The current theories of compensation such as self-regulation, substitution and trans-fer of functions, are not explanatory and, thus, unsatisfactory. Behind such concepts,there shou1d exist a more fundamental and yet unspecified factor of growth. The pre-sent study has demonstrated more facts of compensatory development than the previousauthors. As to the theories of compensation, it is better to reserve a definite judgement.

本文描述一例八个月乳婴的脑和脊髓的异状。它们经甲醛固定,用棉胶包埋,作30微米的间歇连续切片,每隔一定距离留取一片,分装两套。此两套切片,分别用Weil和Nissl法染色。此例属脑孔洞症。左侧的大脑半球小于右侧,脑沟较深,脑回也比右侧狭窄。在此侧,岛叶缺如,也无额、顶、颞部岛盖。空缺区与侧脑室相通,表面被有增厚的膜(4×0.8厘米)。额叶、顶叶和颞叶的大部以及枕叶还都存在。左侧的锥体束不发育。中枢系有些部分有代偿的发展:右侧的锥体束(包括乖离的锥体束);左侧的锥体外系核簇——豆状核、尾状核、丘脑底核和黑貭。在小脑系,左侧结合臂及右侧的红核和橄榄下核都见增扩。左侧的薄核、楔核,右侧的内侧丘索,以及右侧脊髓的前索、后角和背核也都增大。生后器官使用的加强自然引致中枢及其它结构的增扩。本例生活期短,发育迟滞,运动机会甚少,难以影响中枢的形相。此外,在本例,中枢系的若干核团表现代偿性的增大,指证胚胎期神经细胞的有丝分裂格外旺盛。因此,这个代偿发展多是先天性的。现有的代偿理论——自行调节、机能的替代和转移等概念都不够满意。这些概念的后边有一个更基本的,尚未知的生长因素。本例表现的代偿事实较前人所见为多。我们对于代偿的理论...

本文描述一例八个月乳婴的脑和脊髓的异状。它们经甲醛固定,用棉胶包埋,作30微米的间歇连续切片,每隔一定距离留取一片,分装两套。此两套切片,分别用Weil和Nissl法染色。此例属脑孔洞症。左侧的大脑半球小于右侧,脑沟较深,脑回也比右侧狭窄。在此侧,岛叶缺如,也无额、顶、颞部岛盖。空缺区与侧脑室相通,表面被有增厚的膜(4×0.8厘米)。额叶、顶叶和颞叶的大部以及枕叶还都存在。左侧的锥体束不发育。中枢系有些部分有代偿的发展:右侧的锥体束(包括乖离的锥体束);左侧的锥体外系核簇——豆状核、尾状核、丘脑底核和黑貭。在小脑系,左侧结合臂及右侧的红核和橄榄下核都见增扩。左侧的薄核、楔核,右侧的内侧丘索,以及右侧脊髓的前索、后角和背核也都增大。生后器官使用的加强自然引致中枢及其它结构的增扩。本例生活期短,发育迟滞,运动机会甚少,难以影响中枢的形相。此外,在本例,中枢系的若干核团表现代偿性的增大,指证胚胎期神经细胞的有丝分裂格外旺盛。因此,这个代偿发展多是先天性的。现有的代偿理论——自行调节、机能的替代和转移等概念都不够满意。这些概念的后边有一个更基本的,尚未知的生长因素。本例表现的代偿事实较前人所见为多。我们对于代偿的理论暂不做肯定的推断。

 
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