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maintaining     
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  维护
     An Enhanced Version of MAKE for Maintaining Software System in Language C
     维护C语言软件系统的加型MAKE
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     MANAGING AND MAINTAINING THE VAX COMPUTER
     VAX计算机的管理与维护
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     Accurate Using and Maintaining The Atomic Absorption Spectrometer WFX-Ⅱ
     WFX-Ⅱ型原子吸收光谱仪的正确使用与维护
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     A SOFTWARE AGENT INTEROPERATION SYSTEM FOR MAINTAINING KNOWLEDGE BASES
     一个维护知识库的软件agent互操作系统
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     The paper introduces the SOA technology into the construction of modern railway freight logistics information platform and puts forward a new framework of the platform, in which a service level is added between the UL and BLL in order to recede the coupling between levels, to enhance the flexibility of system and reduce the cost of developing and maintaining the system.
     将当前IT行业的前沿技术SOA引入现代铁路货运物流信息平台建设理念,提出了现代铁路货运物流信息集成系统的新架构。 该架构在原来三层架构中的表示层和业务逻辑层之间增加了服务层,应用SOA的层次结构、粗粒度服务和新型会话链路,降低了层与层之间的耦合性,增强了系统的灵活性,减少了系统的开发和维护成本。
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  维持
     The Molecular Mechanisms for Oct4 and Nanog Maintaining Stem Cell Pluripotency
     多能性基因-Oct4,Nanog维持胚胎干细胞多能性机制的研究
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     THE CALCULATION OF CURRENT OF MAINTAINING FIELD IN TOROIDAL PLASMA EQUILIBRIUM
     环形等离子体平衡时维持场电流的计算
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     METHODS OF MAINTAINING VARIETAL CHARACTERS OF BOMBYX MORI
     试论家蚕品种性状维持方法
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     The Influence of the Tibetan Plateau on the Summer Thermal and Circulation Fields over East AsiaⅢ. Physical Mechanisms of Maintaining the Stable Circulation Fields
     夏季青藏高原热力场和环流场的诊断分析——Ⅲ:环流场稳定维持的物理机制
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     STUDY OF PHENOLOGY IN SUBALPINE MEADOW COMMUNITY IN GANNAN──CONSIDERING THE MECHANISM OF MAINTAINING SPECIES DIVERSITY IN HERBACEOUS COMMUNITIES
     甘南亚高山草甸群落的物候谱研究──兼论群落种多样性维持的机制
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  保持
     Customer Value Advantage System Research Based on Customer Value 's Creation and Maintaining
     基于创造和保持的顾客价值优势系统研究
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     Some Experiences in the Operation of 420t/h Boiler in Pingxiang Power Plant——Maintaining High Efficiency Combustion
     萍乡发电厂 420t/h 锅炉保持高燃烧效率运行的经验
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     After 2 weeks activation,two animals were sacrificed at the end of 0, 1, 2, 4, 6 weeks of fixation maintaining respectively,then examinations and measurements were performed.
     加力2周后分别于保持0、1、2、4、6周时处死2只动物,标本行大体观察、X线片检查及测量。
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     Results The ocular inflammation was controlled and the ocular surface maintaining stable in 92 patients(107 eyes) 10 days postoperatively.
     结果术后10天有92例(107眼)术眼眼部炎症控制,眼表保持稳定。
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     The rate of post-partum haemorrhage is 1.27%,maintaining a lower level.
     产后出血发生率为1.27%,保持较低水平。
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  维修
     Principle and Maintaining of CDROM
     CDROM驱动器的原理与维修
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     The Examples of Maintaining Rigacu 3080E3 Type X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer
     理学3080E3型X射线荧光光谱仪维修实例
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     Main Malfunction and Simple Maintaining of 630EⅢ Truck Front Suspension
     630EⅢ电动轮前悬架主要故障与简易维修
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     The maintaining methods of I~2C bus-mastering color TV
     I~2C总线控制彩电的维修方法
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     Engineering BOM (EBOM), Process planning BOM( PP-BOM), Manufacturing BOM(MBOM), Cost BOM( CBOM), Quality BOM(QBOM), Buying BOM(BBOM), Sale BOM(SBOM) with maintaining BOM integrate, Set up BOM Warehouse.
     把设计BOM(EBOM)、工艺BOM(PP-BOM)、制造BOM(MBOM)、成本BOM(CBOM)、质量管理BOM(QualityBOM,QBOM)、采购BOM(BuyingBOM,BBOM)、销售BOM(SaleBOM,SBOM)和维修BOM集成起来,建立BOM库,提出以BOM库为基础的数据挖掘系统模型。
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      maintaining
    The problem comes from the discussion of a growth model of self-maintaining protocell in multidimensional case.
          
    These results suggest that a high pollen-mediated gene flow among subpopulations counteract genetic drift and/or genetic differentiation and plays an important role in maintaining a random and panmictic population structure in C.
          
    By the modification reactions of B4C, the volatiles including CO was converted into amorphous carbon and remained in the resin matrix, which was responsible for maintaining the stability of the resin at high temperatures.
          
    Especially, the preservation conditions played a key role in maintaining marine oil and gas accumulations on a regional or local scale.
          
    The optimal ratio of d/W is 0.8-1.2 for maintaining better plug flow pattern.
          
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    1. The albino mice were used for this study. The Golgi apparatus in the cells of the epididymis and the vas deferens of normal, starved, and refed animals were studied.2. The amount of the Golgi elements can be maintained by feeding, not only by the sex hormone.3. The Golgi apparatus may be regarded as a product of food assimilation, not a definite cell organ.4. It is suggested that the Golgi apparatus has similar organ with that of mitochondria and secretion granules, but with different quantity of lipoids....

    1. The albino mice were used for this study. The Golgi apparatus in the cells of the epididymis and the vas deferens of normal, starved, and refed animals were studied.2. The amount of the Golgi elements can be maintained by feeding, not only by the sex hormone.3. The Golgi apparatus may be regarded as a product of food assimilation, not a definite cell organ.4. It is suggested that the Golgi apparatus has similar organ with that of mitochondria and secretion granules, but with different quantity of lipoids.

    (1)本研究以白鼠为材料,就常态白鼠绝食及再餵之白鼠观察其副睾丸及输精管上皮细胞内之高基體。查得在绝食期内副睾上皮细胞之高基體逐渐減少,由网状體变为颗粒,先集于前端後卽散开,至三十六小时高基體绝少,再餵後復有颗粒出现於前端。 (2)输精管上皮细胞内高基體原作线状,列於细胞前部。绝食十三时後,变为颗粒。俟三十六小时後再餵,卽有许多小粒在细胞前端边缘或卽係高基體 (3)由此结果可知高基體之多寡,既视绝食与否而定,或可谓为食物同化之产物,非固定之细胞器官也。 (4)高基體之起源或与粒线體,及分泌粒同,但其所含类脂質之量不同。

    In order to determine the practical value of the Bordeaux mixture as acontrol measure for the cotton leafhopper, a field experiment was designedand carried out in 1943 at Shatang, Liuchow, Kwangsi. Three known effective contact poisons, namely, a water suspension ofYam bean seed power (Gross Smith value 1%) (1:1000), a water suspension ofpyrethrum powder (1:600), and a water extract of tobacco (Nicotine content2.35%) (1:100) were applied at the same time with two types of Bordeauxmixture (4-6-50 and 2-4-50)...

    In order to determine the practical value of the Bordeaux mixture as acontrol measure for the cotton leafhopper, a field experiment was designedand carried out in 1943 at Shatang, Liuchow, Kwangsi. Three known effective contact poisons, namely, a water suspension ofYam bean seed power (Gross Smith value 1%) (1:1000), a water suspension ofpyrethrum powder (1:600), and a water extract of tobacco (Nicotine content2.35%) (1:100) were applied at the same time with two types of Bordeauxmixture (4-6-50 and 2-4-50) for four applications at a fifteen-day intervalduring the early growth season of cotton from June 15 to July 30. The popula-tion of leafhopper, the degree of infestation, the number of green bolls andthe yield of lint cotton were statistically analyzed and discussed. Population observations showed that the three contact poisons greatlyreduced the leafhopper population on the first day after application. Butthey soon lost their effectiveness three days later, so that the population startedto rebuild up and was practically with no significant difference from that ofhe untreated plots at the end of the fifteen-day interval. While the Bordeaux mixture showed a maximum reduction of population on the third day afterapplication, and maintained its effectiveness for a considerable time; the pop-ulation was constantly checked to such an extent that no serious damage wouldoccur during the spray interval. The degree of infestation as indicated by the symptom of cyrtosis onleaves was 40.83, 47.21, 55.85, 57.66, 62.48, and 60.39 per cent in average for4-6-50 Bordeaux mixture, 2-4-50 Bordeaux mixture, yam bean seed powdersuspension, pyrethrum powder suspension and tobacco water extract and theuntreated check plots respectively. Moreover, the percentage of heavily in-fested plants for the treated and untreated plots in the fore-mentioned orderwas 5.61, 8.24, 21.88, 23.68, 28.88 and 25.27 respectively.It was evident thatin the long run the Bordeaux mixture was the most effective insecticide inreducing the degree of infestation. The number of bolls per plant was 15.27, 13.24, 10.17, 9.53, 8.75 and6.75 in average, and the yield of lint cotton was 19.50, 17.84, 11.69, 10.11and 6.24 catties per mou (1 catty=0.5 kilogram, 1 mou=0.164 acre) for thetwo types of Bordeaux mixture and three kinds of contact poisons and theuntreated check plots respectively. The yield of cotton was generally much lower in 1943 than in 1942 forthe same experimental field. This was apparently due to the poorer soilfertility and heavier leafhopper infestation in 1943. But the ratio of the yieldbetween the Bordeaux mixture treated plots and the check plots was quitedifferent in the two years, i.e. 55.62 to 31 catties per mou in 1942, and 19.50to 6.24 catties per mou in 1943. This revealed a fact that the Bordeauxmixture treatment will he applied more effectively and profitably where thecotton field is not fertile and when the leafhopper outbreak is severe. 4-6-50 Bordeaux mixture and 2-4-50 Bordeaux mixture were in all casesinsignificantly different in their effectiveness. Theiefore a 2-4-50 Bordeauxmixture would be a more economical and practical measure for the cottonleafhopper control.

    (一)本试验应用三种防治棉浮(鹿土)子之有效接触剂,烟草、除虫菊、及豆薯种子,与两种配合式之波尔多液;4—6—50式及2—4—50式,同时在棉田内每半月施用一次,自六月半至七月底共施用四次。比较其消减虫口,减轻受害程度及增加产量诸功能,藉以证明波尔多液之特性。 (二)1000倍豆薯种子粉悬液、600倍除虫菊粉悬液、及100倍烟草水,三者不论在消减虫口,减轻受害程度,以及增加产量各方面,其功能均相若,无显著差异。 (三)4—6—50式波尔多液与2—4—50式波尔多液,对于治虫、减害及增产各功能,亦无显著差异。 (四)豆薯种子粉悬液、除虫菊粉悬液、及烟草水三种接触剂经施用后一天之治虫效力,均显较波尔多液为优,惟至第三天,差异便不显著,三天以后,波尔多液之功效反日见优越。此显示波尔多液之持久特性。 (五)棉浮(鹿土)子之虫口发生愈多,则波尔多液之功效愈著。因其效力持久,所抑制之虫口可还较接触剂为低。 (六)波尔多液减轻棉叶之受害程度,因其药效持久,附属牢固,保护力强,故亦较三种接触剂为优。 (七)施用波尔多液后,结铃数显然增加。其功效亦优于三种接触剂。 (八)施用波尔多液后,每亩皮棉产量亦显著增加。本年结果,施用4...

    (一)本试验应用三种防治棉浮(鹿土)子之有效接触剂,烟草、除虫菊、及豆薯种子,与两种配合式之波尔多液;4—6—50式及2—4—50式,同时在棉田内每半月施用一次,自六月半至七月底共施用四次。比较其消减虫口,减轻受害程度及增加产量诸功能,藉以证明波尔多液之特性。 (二)1000倍豆薯种子粉悬液、600倍除虫菊粉悬液、及100倍烟草水,三者不论在消减虫口,减轻受害程度,以及增加产量各方面,其功能均相若,无显著差异。 (三)4—6—50式波尔多液与2—4—50式波尔多液,对于治虫、减害及增产各功能,亦无显著差异。 (四)豆薯种子粉悬液、除虫菊粉悬液、及烟草水三种接触剂经施用后一天之治虫效力,均显较波尔多液为优,惟至第三天,差异便不显著,三天以后,波尔多液之功效反日见优越。此显示波尔多液之持久特性。 (五)棉浮(鹿土)子之虫口发生愈多,则波尔多液之功效愈著。因其效力持久,所抑制之虫口可还较接触剂为低。 (六)波尔多液减轻棉叶之受害程度,因其药效持久,附属牢固,保护力强,故亦较三种接触剂为优。 (七)施用波尔多液后,结铃数显然增加。其功效亦优于三种接触剂。 (八)施用波尔多液后,每亩皮棉产量亦显著增加。本年结果,施用4—6—50式波尔多液者,产量较对照区增多3.12倍,2—4—50式波尔多液区较对照区增产2.85倍

    By continuous perfusion with calcium free Ringer solution, the activity of the hypodynamic toad heart may be augmented with certain phosphatides or soaps. Among those lipids, crude soy-bean phosphatides are most powerful. Crude egg yolk phosphatides and its alcoholic insoluble fraction and sodium or ammonium oleates are also effective; whereas the alcohol soluble fraction of egg yolk phosphatides(i.e. lecithin) and potassium oleate are ineffective. The perfusion fluids, which revive the activities of the hearts...

    By continuous perfusion with calcium free Ringer solution, the activity of the hypodynamic toad heart may be augmented with certain phosphatides or soaps. Among those lipids, crude soy-bean phosphatides are most powerful. Crude egg yolk phosphatides and its alcoholic insoluble fraction and sodium or ammonium oleates are also effective; whereas the alcohol soluble fraction of egg yolk phosphatides(i.e. lecithin) and potassium oleate are ineffective. The perfusion fluids, which revive the activities of the hearts and which are drained after experiments contain about 1/8 to 1/4 the quantity of calcium of normal Ringer. Such calcium is speculated to be liberated from the cardiac tissue. In conclusion, the presence of a minute quantity of calcium in the perfusing fluid is necessary to aid the action of phosphatides in maintaining the contractility of the hearts.

    (一)在無鈣任氏液中,蟾蜍心臟搏動停止,某些磷脂和皂類可以使心臟搏動恢復,並維持幾小時。 (二)在上述情况中,有效的脂類為大豆磷脂、粗製雞卵璘脂及其不溶於酒精的部分、油脂酸鈉和油脂酸銨等;溶於酒精的雞卵磷脂和油脂酸鉀,並無作用。 (三)心搏在無鈣任氏液中經磷脂作用而恢復後,鈣自心肌向灌流液釋出。 (四)心肌鈣質或灌流液中存在的微量鈣質是磷脂對心肌的興奮作用所必需。

     
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