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rural economy
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  农村经济
     The Development of Rural Economy and the Transition of Peansant Household Economy in Jianghan Plain
     江汉平原农村经济发展与农户行为变迁
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     Research on Rural Economy in Region of Upstream Yellow River (1644-1949)
     黄河上游区域农村经济研究(1644-1949)
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     Rural Financial Resources Supply and Their Effects during Rural Economy Growth
     农村经济增长中的农村金融资源供给及效应
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     A Preliminary Discussion of Strategy in the Development of the Rural Economy in Yulin Prefecture
     榆林地区农村经济发展战略初探
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     SEVERAL PROBLEMS CONCERNING THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL ECONOMY
     关于农村经济发展的几个问题
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  农业经济
     The transfer of rural surplus labour should coordinate with the rural economy.
     组织农村剩余劳动力转移应与促进农村经济发展、壮大农业经济同步进行。
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     Quantitative Analysis Between the Agricultural Production Condition Modernization and the Development of The Rural Economy in Shanxi Province
     山西省农业生产条件现代化与农业经济发展的定量分析
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     The cultivation of the agricultural market economy and the realization of the new span of the development of rural economy
     培育市场农业经济实现农村经济发展的新跨越
     The important exposition of Comrade Deng Xiaoping on such problems as agricultural basic position, grain, agricultural development orientation, rural economic systematic reform, the motive force of agricultural economy growth, the role of rural enterprises and rural poverty points out the way for rural economy development of our country.
     邓小平同志关于农业的基础地位问题、粮食问题、农业的发展方向问题、农村经济体制改革问题、农业经济增长的动力问题、乡镇企业的作用问题、农村贫困问题的重要论述,为我国农村经济的发展指明了方向。
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     County economy is not only the combined point between macro and micro economy,industry and agriculture economy,and urban and rural economy,but also the base of regional economy and guarantee to regional economy development.
     县域经济是宏观经济与微观经济、工业经济与农业经济、城市经济与农村经济的结合点,是地方经济发展的基石和支撑,是地方经济腾飞的基础和保证。
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  乡村经济
     Ecological Agriculture and Sustainable Development of Rural Economy
     生态农业与乡村经济持续发展
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     Social Forestry Improves Comprehensive Development of Forestry and Rural Economy in India
     社会林业促进印度林业与乡村经济综合发展
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     The Broker in Song Dynasty and the Marketization of Rural Economy
     宋代牙人与乡村经济的市场化
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     On the Influence of Natural Disaster to Rural Economy in the Republic Period
     论民国时期自然灾害对乡村经济的影响
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     The sustainable development of rural tourism is a goal system with multiple-course construction, which includes rural ecology sustainable development, rural society and cultural sustainable development, rural economy sustainable development.
     乡村旅游的可持续发展是多层面的目标体系,它包括乡村生态可持续发展、乡村社会和文化可持续发展、乡村经济可持续发展。
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  “rural economy”译为未确定词的双语例句
     How to promote the relationship between economic development and rural human resource transference, how to creat more employment opportunities by developing the rural economy, are hot issues in our modern society.
     如何将发展经济与农村人力资源开发及转移互相促进,既能通过大量农村人力资源合理利用促进经济的发展,又能通过经济的发展安置更多的农村人力资源就业是当前社会探讨的热点问题。
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     Study on New Rural Economy Cooperative Organization Development
     我国新型农村合作经济组织发展研究
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     Agricultural universities have three great functions: agricultural talents' training,agricultural scientific-technical innovation and serving the development of the local rural economy.
     为更好地发挥高等农业院校肩负的农业人才培养、农业科技创新、服务地方经济社会发展三大职能,结合河北农业大学的实际,对高等农业教育服务社会主义新农村建设的实践进行了探索。
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     2.Economy:the unsteadiness of rural economy
     2、经济:农本经济的不稳定性。
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     Based on the theories related to urban expansion and industrial arrangement as well as the evolutional tendency of urban spatial structure, this article analyzes the structure and arrangement of wuxi urban spatial structure and investigates the present situation and tendency of urban and rural spatial structure in Wuxi with a view to developing a sustained developing environment for Wuxi urban and rural economy.
     文章运用国内外城市扩展与产业布局的相关理论和城市空间形态结构演化规律,对无锡城市化进程中城市空间形态结构与分布的演变过程进行了分析,对无锡城乡空间结构现状和变化趋势进行了研究,力图在理论层面和实践层面上构筑一个科学合理的无锡城乡经济社会可持续发展环境,以及统筹无锡城乡一体化空间形态结构与布局的对策建议。
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  rural economy
It illustrates adynamic set of concerns that impinge on health issues:development and underdevelopment, experts and laypeople, young and old, in a context of thetransformation of a rural economy to a prison-basedindustry.
      
Material evidence at Goodland re-introduces the Highland Scot to the contested landscape of contemporary Ulster identity, while also facilitating analysis of continuity, change, and cultural complexity in the rural economy of early modern Ireland.
      
Archaeological Explorations of Cultural Identity and Rural Economy in the North of Ireland: Goodland, County Antrim
      
An analysis based on this approach indicates that conservation and development organizations in Petén should place greater emphasis on the rural economy and on fostering the conditions that would stimulate more intensive, sustainable land use.
      
Unemployment in agriculture and opportunities for and contributions of off-farm employment to rural economy: A case study from s
      
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The Sixth International Seminar of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture on "The Changing Rural Habitat" was held Oct. 19-21 in Beijing, and was attended by about 70 delegates from more than 20 countries. His Highness the Aga Khan personally presided over the meeting. On behalf of ASC, President Yang Tingbao first expressed hearty congratulations and warm welcome to His Highness the Aga Khan and all the celebrated delegates. He pointed out that it was a valuable academic activity. Speaking of the rural development...

The Sixth International Seminar of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture on "The Changing Rural Habitat" was held Oct. 19-21 in Beijing, and was attended by about 70 delegates from more than 20 countries. His Highness the Aga Khan personally presided over the meeting. On behalf of ASC, President Yang Tingbao first expressed hearty congratulations and warm welcome to His Highness the Aga Khan and all the celebrated delegates. He pointed out that it was a valuable academic activity. Speaking of the rural development in China, he reviewed the past experiences and the present-day need for rural reconstruction and housing, and the problems concerned. He believed that discussion with fellow architects and specialists of various countries would be very beneficial and significant and would give great help in subsequent work. Mr. Han Guang, Director of State Capital Construction Commission of PRC, spoke of the importance of rural habitat as a topic of great concern in the world today. He reviewed the rural development in New China, the encouraging perspective of rural economy, the increased pace of rural reconstruction, and the policy of "self-built with public aid" adopted in China. He looked at the seminar as a good opportunity to learn from experiences of other nations.Speaking of the seminar, his Highness the Aga Khan said: "This as an historic occasion. The people gathered here represent a unique concentration of intelligence and expertise in the topic that is to be delt with and on the questions that will be raised and must be answered. The place-the People's Republic of China-will provide the stimulus to encourage the innovation so desperately needed to solve the problems of rural peoples all over the world, but especially of the poor among them-and it will also supply the kind of perspective that only a country with millennia of history behind it can inspire. Finally, the ocassion coincides with-and is indeed a response to-the increasingly urgent demands on the part of rural peoples in the developing world not only for a longer, happier, and healthier life, but for achieving it without violating the regional differences, obliterating the traditional cultures, and destroying the natural environment that make life worth living." He explained that the word "habitat" refers not only to places where people live, but also the places where people ought to live.He further pointed out that the problem of the rural habitat is an almost overwhelming one for the developing countries of Asia and Africa. "The great cities of Asia and Africa are already almost at the point of collapse beneath the unrelenting pressures of immigration from the rural hinterlands. Somehow ways have to be found to make the countryside itself a more desirable place to live in, which in turn demands an ability to earn more and to save enough as individuals or families or communes to begin the process of self-generated economic growth and thus social wellbeing. The Aga Khan Award for Architecture seeks to identify and premiate all successful efforts in the resolution of man's built environment, and cearly the fate and future of the rural habitat must be of prime concern tous.......... Our central purpose here, then, is to increase understanding of the ruralhabitat and, from that understanding, to devise appropriate strategies for change, both for our colleagues in planning, architecture and other related fields, and for a wider audience of decision makers and concerned people everywhere."The following papers were read and discussed in the seminar:1. CHOLISTAN......................................................Kamil Khan Mumtaz2. THE PESANTREN: RURAL HOUSING AND DEVELOPMENT IN JAVA, INDONESIA.......................Hasan Uddin Khan, Farokh Afshar3. DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL HOUSING IN CHINA.........Zhao Bainian4. A SYSTEM OF SELF-HELP CONSTRUCTION ADOPTED IN RURAL SENEGALPart 1. .........................................................Brian Brace TaylorPart 2. ................................................................Kamal El Jack5. RATIONALIZED BUILDING SYSTEMS

以“变化中的乡村居住建设”为主题的阿卡·汗建筑奖第六次国际学术讨论会,共发表了十三篇论文,其中有中国提供的三篇论文。此外,还散发了《乡村发展政策:居民点和住房的比较评价》等五篇参考材料,其中有中国提供的《有关中国农村住宅建设的一些情况》等两篇参考材料。 除《河南荥阳田禄窑居》一篇论文的详细内容已在本刊1981年第10期《向黄土地层争取合理的新空间》一文中发表以外,现将其余十一篇论文的摘要刊登,供读者参考。

This paper provides a general analysis of the problems of agricul-tural production in Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia arid and semiarid areas basedon a bulk of inventoried information. To begin with, it was pointed inthis paper that scantiness of rainfall and complicated natural conditionsconstitute the very great constraints to agricultural production-foodproduction in particular, while both forestry and livestock productionis much more stable than agricultural production. The recovery of vege-tation, control of water...

This paper provides a general analysis of the problems of agricul-tural production in Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia arid and semiarid areas basedon a bulk of inventoried information. To begin with, it was pointed inthis paper that scantiness of rainfall and complicated natural conditionsconstitute the very great constraints to agricultural production-foodproduction in particular, while both forestry and livestock productionis much more stable than agricultural production. The recovery of vege-tation, control of water and soil erosion and rational land use can onlybe achieved by gradually changing the present land use types of takinggrain production as the major undertaking, increasing the ratio of fore-stry and livestock production and taking an all-round way to developagriculture, forestry and livestock in order to enhance the advancementof rural economy in these areas. In this process, it is highly importantto deal with the ratio relationships among different kinds of under-takings. In view of this, this paper further presents the following impor-tant measures to be taken:1. Grain production should be served as the foundation and basiclink to stimulate an all-round development of agriculture while payingattention to the development of forestry and livestock. It is unrealistic tolet peasants make large amount of irrational use of land restored toplantation for growing trees and grasses because the food problem cannot be well solved.2. The solution of the food problem should start from the localexisting conditions Such as serious dryness, shortage of water and waterand soil erosion, and hence, rainfed farming should be extended in abig way, including building drought-resistant and harvest-ensuring basicfarm lands, drought resistant tillage methods, breeding drought-resistantcrop strains and changing the wasted fallow practice into that of grassfallow, etc. 3. Pursuing an effective policy and making rational use of nationalaid funds: for example, to change the "aids with the pure release fund"into the supporting aids with a production nature; to determine the ratio-nal direction for investment and to carry out a rewarding and tech-nical policy.4. Effective measures should be taken to control the growth of po-pulation in these areas, wbich is an unneglected and important aspectin an allround development of agriculture.Despite a large number of constraints to the development of agricul-ture in these areas, it holds a great potential for developing agriculture,forestry and animal husbandry because of vast land areas, abundantheat-energy resources and 300-400 mm of precipitation in most areas.As long as people do everything according to natural laws, the back-wardness of agricultural production in these areas will be bound to bechanged as quickly as possible starting from the local conditions andnatural features and seriously carrying out some policy and relatedmeasures.

本文根据大量调查材料,对陕甘宁干旱半干旱地区的农业生产问题作了概括性的分析。首先指出本区雨量稀少、自然条件复杂,对农业(粮食)生产的限制性很大,而林业和畜牧业要比农业生产稳得多。逐步改变目前以粮食为主的土地利用方式,增加林牧业的比重,走农、林、牧全面发展的道路,才能恢复植被,控制水土流失,合理利用土地,促进本地区农业经济的发展。而在此过程中,正确解决各业之间的比例关系尤为重要。由此观点出发,进一步提出了下列几项重要措施: 1、在重视发展林牧业的同时,应把发展粮食生产作为推动农业全面发展的基础和基本环节。因为吃饭问题不解决,要农民将大量利用不合理的土地退耕下来造林种草,是不现实的。 2、解决粮食问题,要从本地区干旱缺水、水土流失严重的特点出发,大力推广旱作农业,包括修建抗旱保收的基本农田,抗旱耕作法,培育抗旱作物品种以及改撩荒耕作为草田轮作等内容。 3、推行有效政策措施,合理利用国家援助资金,如改“单纯救济”性的援助为生产性的资助,确定合理的投资方向以及执行有关奖励政策和技术政策等。 4、采取有效措施,切实控制本区人口增长速度,这是全面发展本区农业生产不可忽视的重要方面。 本地区发展农业的限制因素虽然较多,但这...

本文根据大量调查材料,对陕甘宁干旱半干旱地区的农业生产问题作了概括性的分析。首先指出本区雨量稀少、自然条件复杂,对农业(粮食)生产的限制性很大,而林业和畜牧业要比农业生产稳得多。逐步改变目前以粮食为主的土地利用方式,增加林牧业的比重,走农、林、牧全面发展的道路,才能恢复植被,控制水土流失,合理利用土地,促进本地区农业经济的发展。而在此过程中,正确解决各业之间的比例关系尤为重要。由此观点出发,进一步提出了下列几项重要措施: 1、在重视发展林牧业的同时,应把发展粮食生产作为推动农业全面发展的基础和基本环节。因为吃饭问题不解决,要农民将大量利用不合理的土地退耕下来造林种草,是不现实的。 2、解决粮食问题,要从本地区干旱缺水、水土流失严重的特点出发,大力推广旱作农业,包括修建抗旱保收的基本农田,抗旱耕作法,培育抗旱作物品种以及改撩荒耕作为草田轮作等内容。 3、推行有效政策措施,合理利用国家援助资金,如改“单纯救济”性的援助为生产性的资助,确定合理的投资方向以及执行有关奖励政策和技术政策等。 4、采取有效措施,切实控制本区人口增长速度,这是全面发展本区农业生产不可忽视的重要方面。 本地区发展农业的限制因素虽然较多,但这里有辽阔的土地、丰富的热量资源,而且?

The southern part of Jiangsu Province is one of the relatively developed regions in our country.In recent two years,a new form of rural responsibilitysystem,with production quotas fixed to the households or labourers,has beenwidely established in many communes and production brigades in this area.Thissystem has brought tangible,positive results to the peasants.Facts have toldus that the setting up of the responsibility system is a good way to make therural area rich and prosperous.Compared with the job responsibility...

The southern part of Jiangsu Province is one of the relatively developed regions in our country.In recent two years,a new form of rural responsibilitysystem,with production quotas fixed to the households or labourers,has beenwidely established in many communes and production brigades in this area.Thissystem has brought tangible,positive results to the peasants.Facts have toldus that the setting up of the responsibility system is a good way to make therural area rich and prosperous.Compared with the job responsibility system,the responsibility system,withproduction quotas fixed to the households or labourers,has the following strongpoints:First,it integrates more closely the benefits of the peasants with theresults of production;Secondly,it suits the characteristics of agricultural production better;Thirdly,it raises labour efficiency,liberates a lot of labour forces andpromotes the diversification of rural economy.In a word,it brings the peasants' enthusiasm of production into full play.However,a large amount of surplus labour force appeared in the country-side after the institution of the responsibility systme.How to fully utilize itis a pressing problem we are now faced with. According to the experience ofthe southern part of liangsu Province,the following prove to be effective mea-sures:——develop a diversified economy;——develop rural industry;——develop various service trades.

江苏省苏南地区大部份属于经济相对比较发达的地区。近两年来苏南地区很多社队实行了专业承包、联产到劳的生产责任制,取得了良好的效果.事实证明.联产到劳、到户责任制不仅是治“穷”之道,也是致“富”的良法。为什么在经济发达地区实行联产到劳、到户责任制形式能够取得良好的经济效果,受到广大农民群众的欢迎。首先, 由于这种责任制形式能够使劳动者的经济利益和生产成果更为密切的结合起来;其次,它更能够适合农业生产的特点;第三,它进一步促进了劳动资源的大解放,提高了劳动力的利用率。总之,实行联产到劳责任制最大的好处,就是能够更好地发挥农民的生产积极性和创造性,使每个劳动者真正成为物质财富的创造者。苏南地区实行联产到劳以后,出现最突出的或者是带有根本性的问题是劳动力的出路问题.对农业劳力的“离农”倾向不能单纯地靠“限”,而应当“引”,引导农民广开生产门路,提高农业生产专业化、社会化程度,提高农业劳动生产率.解决农村剩余劳力出路何在呢?从苏南地区的实践来看,主要有三个方面:其一是发展多种经营;其二是发展农村工业;其三是发展农村各项公用事业和服务事业.

 
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