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marine
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  海洋
    Study on Husbandry and Veterinary of dolphins in Captivity and Establishment of Chinese Marine Mammal Environmental Specimen Bank
    馆养海豚的饲养、疾病防治研究及海洋哺乳动物环境标本库的建立
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    Characterization of three marine fish cell lines FG,SPH and RSBF and their application to toxicity assay of aquatic pollutants
    海水鱼细胞系FG、SPH和RSBF的特性分析及其在典型海洋污染物毒性检测上的应用
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    Study on Sustainable Development of Marine Fishery of China
    中国海洋渔业可持续发展研究
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    Marine and Fishery GIS Spatial_Temporal Data Organizing and Analyzing
    海洋渔业GIS时空数据组织与分析
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    Study of Marine and Fishery GIS Based on the Raster Data Model
    基于栅格模型的海洋渔业GIS研究
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  海水
    Characterization of three marine fish cell lines FG,SPH and RSBF and their application to toxicity assay of aquatic pollutants
    海水鱼细胞系FG、SPH和RSBF的特性分析及其在典型海洋污染物毒性检测上的应用
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    The Application Prospect of Gene Engineering to Marine Fish Culture
    基因工程在海水鱼类养殖中的应用前景
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    A RAPID IDENTIFICATION METHOD FOR VIBRIOSIS PATHOGENS IN MARINE CAGE-CULTURE FISHES
    海水网箱养殖鱼类弧菌病病原菌快速诊检方法的初步研究
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    DYNAMICS OF BACTERIAL NUMBERS AND PRODUCTIVITYS IN MARINE SHRIMP PONDS
    海水养虾池细菌数量动态及细菌生产力的研究
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    PATHOLOGICAL STUDIES ON THE VIBRIOSIS OF MARINE CAGE CULTURED SERIOLA DUMERILI
    海水网箱养殖高体鰤弧菌病病理学研究
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  海洋的
    Man has been puzzled by some contradictions increasingly such as resources shortage, population explosion and environmental deterioration since the Twentieth century and they have quickened to exploit and utilize the ocean. Without exaggeration, the 21th century has become marine economy century gradually.
    当以陆地为主要活动舞台的人类进入20世纪以后,日益为陆地资源短缺、人口膨胀、环境恶化等所困扰时,人们加快了对海洋的开发和利用,使21世纪正逐渐成为海洋经济的世纪。
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  “marine”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Study of Bacterial Diversity Related to Marine Aquaculture and Evaluation of the Methods Applied
    与海水养殖相关的细菌多样性的研究及方法评价
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    Genetic Structure Analysis of Selected Populations and Construction of Genetic Linkage Map of Marine Shrimp Fenneropenaeus Chinensis
    中国对虾人工选育群体遗传结构分析及遗传连锁图谱的构建
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    The Cloning, Expression and Polymorphism of MHC Class Ⅱ Gene from Three Marine Fishes
    重要海水养殖鱼类MHCⅡ基因克隆、表达及多态性分析
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    THE DETERMINATION OF ~(40)K CONTENTS OF SOME MARINE ORGANISMS OF THE YELLOW SEA AND THE POHAI SEA
    黄渤海一些经济海洋生物~(40)K的测定
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    A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON CONCENTRATION OF ~(60)Co AND ~(137)Cs BY SEVERAL MARINE ORGANISM
    ~(60)Co、~(137)Cs在几种海洋生物中浓集问题的初步研究
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  marine
ROLE OF INTERMEDIARY BIOMARKERS IN DETERMINING THE ANTICANCER EFFICACY OF MARINE COMPOUNDS
      
In the present study, two of the probable an umor marine compounds, manzamine A and sarcophine, were screened using benzo[a]pyrene (BP)-derived DNA adduct formation in MCF-7 cells as intermediary biomarker.
      
The results show that low concentrations of NO were self-produced by marine algae during the exponential growth period and were about nmol/L level.
      
The NO threshold concentration exists according to the influence of exogenous NO on the marine phytoplankton growth.
      
Characterization of iodine species in the marine aerosol: To understand their roles in particle formation processes
      
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The chief chemical composition of some marine zooplanktonic crustaceans, Acetes, chin-ensis,Euphausia sp, Acanthomysis longirostris and Copepods-mainly Schmakeria poplesia, offAmoy water and its vicinity has been analysed, with special emphasis laid on the proteinand the essential amino-acids contents. The results reported in this paper show that theprotein content of these animals is quite rich, amounting to 50% or over in the dry matterbase and the essential amino acids of the protein are fairly complete....

The chief chemical composition of some marine zooplanktonic crustaceans, Acetes, chin-ensis,Euphausia sp, Acanthomysis longirostris and Copepods-mainly Schmakeria poplesia, offAmoy water and its vicinity has been analysed, with special emphasis laid on the proteinand the essential amino-acids contents. The results reported in this paper show that theprotein content of these animals is quite rich, amounting to 50% or over in the dry matterbase and the essential amino acids of the protein are fairly complete. Among the animalspecies analyzed,the copepod is especially prominent in these respects and contains essentialamino acids in higher proportion than the other species. When prepared dry, both the con-tents of protein and the proportion of essential amino acids are without much lost. The content of the lipid in the zooplankton is higher than that in the benthos, but thereverse is true of the ash. The results show that the marine zooplanktonic crustaceans have a relatively high nut-ritive value as the food for human consumption as well as for the marine economic animals,and, therefore are of great importance to the fisheries.

1.本文分析的几种海洋浮游甲壳动物都含有占干物质50%以上的蛋白质,氨基酸的组分也相当完整。其中必需氨基酸的含量相当丰富,特别是色氨酸。如桡足类的色氨酸含量比牛肉多了三分之二。 2.经过加工处理的甲壳动物干制品,无论是蛋白质或必需氨基酸的含量损失不大,基本上保持其原有的营养值。 3.一般浮游甲壳类比底栖型的甲壳类,所含的脂肪多而灰分的含量正相反,这是营浮游生活的一种适应现象。 实验结果表明,以上几种海洋浮游甲壳动物,无论作为人类的食品或其他海洋经济动物的饵料,都具有很高的营养价值,在渔业上具有重大的意义。

Undaria pinnatifida (Harv.) Sur. is one of the important economic seaweeds ofChina. So far it has not yet been brought under cultivation by the artificial method,because there is no effective method to cultivate the sporelings. Although the cultiva-tion of sporelings was successful to a certain extent in the sea, there still exist somehandicaps which hinder the growing of the sporelings. The spores of some other sea-weeds and larvae of various invertebrates adhere to the same substratum on which Un-daria spores...

Undaria pinnatifida (Harv.) Sur. is one of the important economic seaweeds ofChina. So far it has not yet been brought under cultivation by the artificial method,because there is no effective method to cultivate the sporelings. Although the cultiva-tion of sporelings was successful to a certain extent in the sea, there still exist somehandicaps which hinder the growing of the sporelings. The spores of some other sea-weeds and larvae of various invertebrates adhere to the same substratum on which Un-daria spores set, and hence they chock the development of the spores of Undaria. Be-sides, the artificial substrata are often washed away by the waves, so the cultivationin the sea is not safe during the summer. Tseng, Sun and Wu (1955) suggested that cultivation of sporelings of Undaria bemade at low temperature. According to our studies the gametophytes of Undaria growwell at 25-27℃, and the temperature of sea water seldom rises above 28℃ at Tsingtao.As temperature is not a limiting factor for cultivating gametophytes, so low tempera-ture method sccms not necessary. We collected the spotes of Undaria in July and culti-vated them in pools indoors.When temperature dropped to below 25℃, the gametophy-tes began to develop into sporophytes. Under good light condition the sporelings grewlarger and denser. When the temperature of the sea water dropped down to 22-23℃,the sporelings were transfered from the pool to the sea. A month later the sporelingsgrew to such sizes as 1.8-2.3 cm. There are three advantages in the artificial cultivation of Undaria sporelings inpools: (1). The temperature of sea water in pools lowers more quickly than the tem-perature of water in the sea after middle autumn. Under lower temperature the youngsporophytes grow larger than those in open sea. (2). Filtered sea water is free fromvarious marine invertebrates, so that Undaria sporelings may grow denser. (3). Thismethod of cultivation in pools is safe, simple and economical along northern Chinacoast.

本文分析了裙带菜海上育苗产生的附着物问题,风浪对筏子的安全影响以及其他技术问题,因而提出了裙带菜育苗与海带相同的方向,以室内培育比较适宜,同时阐明了在室温条件下培育的原因。 实践的结果表明:1.室内水池育苗在每天的最大光强900~1000米烛,水温不超过海上温度,以过滤海水进行培养,裙带菜的配子体可以安全渡夏,秋后可以达到肉眼可见程度的幼苗,而基本不受附着物的危害;2.在水池环境育苗,竹皮比棕绳的育苗效果好,所以竹皮是裙带菜育苗的适宜生长基质;3.水池育苗的幼苗发生稠密,个体大,比海上育苗的幼苗发生量高20~128%。 我们对这一新的育苗法讨论了它的问题,并且认为:1.裙带菜的配子体有耐高温的性能,已为国内外的研究所证实,配子体于室内条件可以发育,也为斋藤报道过,因此配子体在水池渡夏并能培育出幼苗是可靠的。2.这种方法培育出的幼苗可以满足养殖嫩菜或成菜的要求,所以是一种有效的育苗方法。3.水池育苗比海上育苗安全,劳动条件好;比低温育苗成本低。由于水池育苗形式符合海藻培养业的专门经营;又因其技术简易又适于小型分散经营,这种育苗法比海上育苗和低温育苗在我国北方沿海更有广泛的应用价值。

Carpospore-germlings of the marine alga Gracilariopsis sjstedtii (Kylin) Daw- son cultured at different temperatures in enriched sea water showed a maximum rate of growth at 25℃ (Tables 1--5, Fig.2). In addition, the germlings demonst- rated a marked ability to withstand temperature as high as 35℃. This distinct behaviour indicates that the sporelings of this species play an important role in with standing the high-temperature months in the biennial cycle of vegetative growth. Ecological observations confirm...

Carpospore-germlings of the marine alga Gracilariopsis sjstedtii (Kylin) Daw- son cultured at different temperatures in enriched sea water showed a maximum rate of growth at 25℃ (Tables 1--5, Fig.2). In addition, the germlings demonst- rated a marked ability to withstand temperature as high as 35℃. This distinct behaviour indicates that the sporelings of this species play an important role in with standing the high-temperature months in the biennial cycle of vegetative growth. Ecological observations confirm our assumption. According to our survey data, plant- lets about 1 cm in height do exist in the natural habitat at Zhan-jiang from July to September when the larger thalli are completely damaged. The most luxurious population of the sporelings appeared in April, May and June with an apparent diminution in the hottest months (from July through Septem- ber). At that time of the year, the vegetative growth almost entirely stopped. These dormancy-like plantets, however, grew anew and formed the plantlets of October and early November as the water temperature declines. They grew vigorously throughout the winter and attained the tallest growth in the following spring. Cutting experiments for the wild plant have been carried out in the field. The average growth rate obtained for the generative thalli (Table 6) was found to be 0.6 cm per day.

我们研究了不同温度对龙须菜果孢子萌发体生长的影响,发现25℃为萌发体的生长最适温度。此外,果孢子在35℃下仍能萌发及生长成盘状体,这表明在龙须菜的二年生的生长周期中,其幼株是起了抗高温的作用。自然生态方面的研究证明了这个推论。在湛江地区,水温最高的季节为7—9月份,该时,龙须菜的成长藻体已完全消失,但在自然海区仍可发现有长约1厘米左右的幼株存在。在湛江及其附近,自然海区中所出现的龙须菜的幼苗群落以4—6月份为最多。7—9月份则显著地减少,该时,藻体的营养生长几乎完全受到抑制。这些受抑制的幼株以后随着水温的降低而又能重新生长,并形成10月及11月初所见的幼株群落。这些幼株在冬季及翌年春旺盛地生长,长成长大的藻体。根据上述的试验及观察,我们认为人工采苗的季节可在3、4月份龙须菜的收获季节中进行,利用幼苗渡夏,集中管理,争取在水温降低时早日分散放养。在有条件的地区,可以考虑室内适温(20—25℃)育苗。从野外观察及人工割切试验,证明龙须菜藻体具有显著的再生能力。根据我们的初步割切试验(见表6),藻体的再生长速率为每日0.6厘米。因此,生产上可以考虑充分利用这种能力以得到一年较多次的收获。

 
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