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perinatal children
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  围产儿
     267 cases (17. 19%) of congenital malformation were found in 1553 cases of children's necropsy (male 165 cases, female 102 cases,the ratio was 1. 6: 1. ) Among 495 cases of perinatal children there were 122 cases(24. 65%)with birth defects.
     1553例儿童尸检中发现各种先天性畸形267例,检出率为17.19%,其中围产儿尸检495例,畸形122例,检出率为24.65%,男165例,女102例,男女之比为1.6:1。
短句来源
     Result:The mean gestational weeks of pregnancy with diabetes were greatly decreased (P <0.01), weight of newborn clearly heavier (P <0.01) and the rate of caesarean birth higher(P<0.01), the mortality rate of perinatal children increased greatly.
     结果:妊娠糖尿病组平均孕周明显小于对照组(P<0.01),出生时体重明显高于对照组(P<0.01),剖宫产率明显高于对照组(P<0.01),围产儿死亡率增高。
短句来源
     Methods:Based on the request of the state birth defect minitoring scheme,from January 2001 to December 2003,parturient perinatal children conceived for full 28 weeks to 7 days after birth in three city proper hospitals monitoring brith defect were monitored.
     方法 :按照全国出生缺陷监测方案的要求 ,对 2 0 0 1年 1月~ 2 0 0 3年 12月河源市城区 3家出生缺陷监测医院住院分娩的孕满2 8周至产后 7d内的围产儿进行监测。
短句来源
     Objective To reduce the rate of neonatal asphyxia and neonatal handicap rate,to decrease the perinatal children's mortality rate.
     目的 为减少新生儿窒息的发生率,降低围产儿死亡率和减少新生儿伤残率。
短句来源
     Conclusion: It can improve the condition of perinatal children that diagnosis and checking earlier,enhancing the guardianship and treatment in time.
     结论:早期诊断、筛查羊水过少,加强监护,适时处理,可改善围产儿的不良结局。
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  围生儿
     Objective To discuss the function of nitric oxide(NO) in the bad end of intrahepatic cholestasis during pregnancy(ICP) in perinatal children through determining the change of serum nitric-oxide and endothelin nitric-oxide synthase(eNOS),the expressive intensity of nitric oxide synthase(iNOS) in placenta villus.
     目的测定妊娠肝内胆汁淤积症(ICP)孕妇血清、脐血清一氧化氮(NO)水平及胎盘一氧化氮合酶(NOS)的表达强度,探讨NO在ICP围生儿不良结局中的作用。
短句来源
     Methods The case mortality rate of perinatal children was detecte d by every 5 years in recent 20 years.
     方法 总结 2 0年围生儿死亡情况 ,按 5年为一个阶段并加以对照。
短句来源
     Conclusion The overall delivery monitoring can decrease the case mortality rate of perinatal children by decreasing the stillbirth and the early neonatal death.
     结论 分娩全程监护可有效地降低死产和早期新生儿死亡 ,从而降低围生儿病死率
短句来源
     Objective:To investigate the influence of pregnancy on hysteromyoma and hysteromyoma on pregnancy, delivery and perinatal children.
     目的 :探讨妊娠对子宫肌瘤的影响以及子宫肌瘤对妊娠、分娩和围生儿的影响。
短句来源
     Results The morbidity of severe asphyxia in newborn and the case mo rtality rate of perinatal children in the 4 th stage were lower than those in the other 3stages.
     结果 第四阶段新生儿重度窒息发生率及围生儿病死率较前三个阶段均有明显下降 ;
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Seventyfive women were diveded into four groups: (1) Normotensive pregnant women (N=25). (2) Patients with pregnancy-induced-hypertension (PIN, N=32). (3) chronic hypertensive pregnant women (N=6). and (4 ) Nonpregnant women (N=12). Vessel diameter, mean blood flow velocity of intrarenal small artery in all women and umbilical artery were measured with pulse and color Doppler ultrasound in the third trimester of all pregnant women. Blood flow volume (BFV) was calculated. Results showed: (1) the difference...

Seventyfive women were diveded into four groups: (1) Normotensive pregnant women (N=25). (2) Patients with pregnancy-induced-hypertension (PIN, N=32). (3) chronic hypertensive pregnant women (N=6). and (4 ) Nonpregnant women (N=12). Vessel diameter, mean blood flow velocity of intrarenal small artery in all women and umbilical artery were measured with pulse and color Doppler ultrasound in the third trimester of all pregnant women. Blood flow volume (BFV) was calculated. Results showed: (1) the difference of mean vessel diameter and mean BFV in intrarenal small artery (BFV inra) was significant in normotensive pregnant women and nonpregnant women and the same findings were found in normotensive pregnant women and PIH patients. BFV was negatively correlated to the amount of proteinuria. (2) mean vessel diameter of the umbilical artery (BFV ua) was positively correlated to the mean BFV in normal group and mild and modorate PIH group. Neonatal birth-weight and BFV showed significant positive correlation in the severe PLH group. (3 ) BFV inra/BFV ua ratio was risen severe PIH. Our findings may be valuable in the evaluation of prognosis in women with high-risk pregnancy and in the anticipation of outcome in perinatal child.

用彩超对63例妊娠和12例非妊娠妇女肾内小动脉(Inra)和脐动脉(Ua)内径、平均血流速度,分别进行检测,并计算出它们的血流量(BFV)。结果:(1)孕妇Inra内径和BFV较非孕妇内径宽、血流量多;正常妊娠组内径和BFV较妊高征组内径宽、血流量多;妊高征组BFV与尿蛋白量呈负相关;(2)Ua内径和BFV,在正常妊娠组和妊高征组,分别呈正相关;在重度妊高征时,新生儿出生体重与BFVua呈正相关;(3)BFVinra/BFVua值,在重度妊高征该值上升。说明用彩超检测BFVinra和BFVua及它们间比值变化,对高危妊娠预后及预测围产儿结局有一定价值。

267 cases (17. 19%) of congenital malformation were found in 1553 cases of children's necropsy (male 165 cases, female 102 cases,the ratio was 1. 6: 1. )Among 495 cases of perinatal children there were 122 cases(24. 65%)with birth defects.To the fregnency of congenital malformation in various systems,osteomuscular system was the most of all in variety of deformities (20. 47%); alimentary system was most common in anatomical positions (20.11%).133 cases (49.85%) are of single malformation, and 134 cases...

267 cases (17. 19%) of congenital malformation were found in 1553 cases of children's necropsy (male 165 cases, female 102 cases,the ratio was 1. 6: 1. )Among 495 cases of perinatal children there were 122 cases(24. 65%)with birth defects.To the fregnency of congenital malformation in various systems,osteomuscular system was the most of all in variety of deformities (20. 47%); alimentary system was most common in anatomical positions (20.11%).133 cases (49.85%) are of single malformation, and 134 cases (50.19%) are multiple. These abnormalities are distributed mainly over the internal organs (65. 92% ),body surface (22. 47%) and both positions (11. 61%).According to health conditions of patients affected by malformations, four degrees are divided: O, +, and , the incidences are 15. 36%, 13. 11%, 34. 83% and 36.70% respectively. The importance for examination of the abnormalities in autopsy are discussed.

1553例儿童尸检中发现各种先天性畸形267例,检出率为17.19%,其中围产儿尸检495例,畸形122例,检出率为24.65%,男165例,女102例,男女之比为1.6:1。按病种以骨骼肌肉系统为最多(20.47%),按系及部位数,以消化系统为最多(20.11%)。单一畸形133例(49.81%),多发畸形134例(50.19%),二者基本相等。多数畸形发生于体内(65.92%),其次为体表(22.47%),二者并存者较少(11.61%)。根据畸形对健康的影响程度,分为0、+、++、+++四类,分别占15.36%、13.11%、34.83%及36.70%。本文还对尸检在畸形检查中的重要性,进行了讨论。

Objective To reduce the rate of neonatal asphyxia and neonatal handicap rate,to decrease the perinatal children's mortality rate. Methods Analysis of 120 neonate endouterine asphyxia cases and 97 neonatal asphyxia cases from January 1997 to July 1997 in our hospital. Results The asphyxia rate of the infant with endouterine asphyxia history is higher than that of the infant with on endouterine asphyxia (P<0. 01) . Conclusion Endouterine asphyxia is one of the main factors of asphyxia neonatorum.

目的 为减少新生儿窒息的发生率,降低围产儿死亡率和减少新生儿伤残率。方法 对1997年1~7月在我院出生的宫内窘迫新生儿120例、新生儿窒息97例进行分析。结果 有宫内窘迫史的胎儿娩出时窒息的发生率明显高于无宫内窘迫的胎儿(P<0.01)。结论 宫内窘迫是造成新生儿窒息的主要原因之一。

 
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