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policy
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  政策
    The Citrus Industry in China: An Economic Analysis and Policy Studies
    中国柑橘产业的经济分析与政策研究
短句来源
    Adjustment of Input Subsity Policy and Effect on Agricultural Production & Income
    投入品补贴政策调整对农业生产和农民收入的影响分析
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    Study on the Policy of Feed Industry Development in China
    中国饲料产业发展政策研究
短句来源
    Trade Liberalization and Food Security Policy in China
    贸易自由化与中国粮食安全政策
短句来源
    Policy, Institution and Technology in the Growth of Jiangsu Cotton Industry
    政策、制度、技术与江苏棉花产业发展
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  对策
    Problems of ecology and economy in development of agriculture in mountainous regions in Henan province--present status and policy
    河南省山区农业开发中的生态经济问题:现状和对策
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    Forest policy measures ate to improve the investment behavior and the ecological compensation system and improve the credit guarantee system, standardize the financing and development of cooperation in forestry organizations.
    对策,公益林要完善政府投资行为与生态效益补偿制度、生态效益交易服务市场体系等; 商品林应加快推进林业信用体系建设及完善担保体系,规范民间融资和发展林业合作组织等。
短句来源
    STUDY ON COUNTERMEASURE AND EFFECTS OF FORESTRY POLICY AND FOREST CHANGE TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN CHINA
    中国林业政策和森林变化对气候变化的影响及对策研究
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    The agricultural and rural policy of Japan during its rapid economy growth period
    高速经济增长时期日本政府的农业和农村对策
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    India's Agricultural Policy Measures in Relation to WTO and their Enlightenment on China
    印度农业的世贸(WTO)对策及其启示
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  政策性
    Study on Production Risk and Policy Agricultural Insurance in Chinese Cropping Sector
    中国种植业生产风险与政策性农业保险研究
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    The attribute of quasi-public product of middle and small agricultural infrastructure makes market mechanism or government mechanism unable to meet its financing need,which determines that agricultural policy finance with the combination of government mechanism and market mechanism is an effective way to solve the financing problem of middle and small agricultural infrastructure.
    中小型农业基础设施准公共产品的属性,使市场机制与政府机制无法单方面满足其融资需求,这就决定了政府机制与市场机制相结合的农业政策性金融才是解决中小型农业基础设施融资困境的有效途径。
短句来源
    To do the work of agricultural policy finance supporting the construction of middle and small agricultural infrastructure well,we can use for reference the successful experience of other countries and make more efforts to reinforce the service orientation of agricultural policy finance,strengthen its financing capability and perfect the mechanism for financing benefit compensation.
    要做好农业政策性金融体系支持中小型农业基础设施建设的工作,我们可以借鉴国际上的成功经验,在强化农业政策性金融的服务导向,重构农业政策性金融组织体系,拓展农业政策性金融机构的筹资渠道、增强其融资能力,完善融资利益补偿机制等方面多做工作。
短句来源
    Thinking about the Issue of Peasant's Income from Policy
    关于农民收入问题的政策性思考
短句来源
    The Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of Rural Industrial Structure Adjustment and Policy Finance
    农村产业结构调整与政策性金融支持的理论及实证分析——农村产业与金融视角下的市场融资失灵和政策导向
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  “policy”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Study on Modernization Policy of China Agriculture from 1840-1937
    中国近代农业现代化研究
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    Study on History of Forestry Policy of China Since Qing Dynasty
    中国清代以来林政史研究
短句来源
    ANALYSIS OF POLICY DECISION IN COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING OF THE REGIONAL TERRITORITY
    区域国土综合开发规划的决策分析——以甘肃省定西地区为例
短句来源
    A Study on the Model of Policy Decision in Regional Comprehensive Territoirty Planning
    区域国土综合开发规划决策模型研究
短句来源
    The Coordinational Policy Decision of Energy Base Between Water Resources and Economy in Northern Shaanxi
    陕北能源基地水资源与经济发展的协调决策研究
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  policy
Implications of this study in the policy context are discussed.
      
The optimal harvest policy is formulated and solved as an optimal control problem.
      
Recursive utility, productive government expenditure and optimal fiscal policy
      
Finally, a flexible optimal tax policy which can be internally adjusted to a certain extent is derived, and it is found that the distribution of factor income plays an important role in designing the optimal tax policy.
      
The optimal tax policy is analyzed, and the optimal pollution is derived.
      
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In this paper, attempts were made to highlight some of the basic experiences in both technical as well as economic progresses in their courses of agricultural modernization in the advanced industrialised countries and to put forth the national targets for agricultural modernization in the PRC. Rudimental situations and constraints in labour force, capital, energy source, technological level and time requirement between the advanced industrialised countries and the PRC were compared and the possible orientation...

In this paper, attempts were made to highlight some of the basic experiences in both technical as well as economic progresses in their courses of agricultural modernization in the advanced industrialised countries and to put forth the national targets for agricultural modernization in the PRC. Rudimental situations and constraints in labour force, capital, energy source, technological level and time requirement between the advanced industrialised countries and the PRC were compared and the possible orientation and some technical and economic policies for the Chinese agricultural modernization/mechanization in the PRC were formulated for further discussion and reference. In the mean time, characferistics of various models of agricultural modernization/mechanization were tabulafed and their differences stressed.

本文试图总结工业先进国家实现农业现代化在技术发展上和经济发展上的根本经验,拟定国家目标,对比基本条件和在劳力、资金、能源、技术、时间方面的不同约束,提出我国农业现代化机械化的途径商榷以及技术经济模型特征,抛砖引玉。

The article studied the eight issues which concerning agricultural mechanization in China. They are as follows:1. Capital accumulation and optimum project for investment.2. Allocation of labour forces and productivity of all manpower.3. The kind of agriculture that should be developed. Coexistence of manpower, machinery and electrical power.4. Energy resources.5. Combination of agronomy and farm machines, and of biological and mechanical technical measures. Ecological balance.6. Our economical structure and...

The article studied the eight issues which concerning agricultural mechanization in China. They are as follows:1. Capital accumulation and optimum project for investment.2. Allocation of labour forces and productivity of all manpower.3. The kind of agriculture that should be developed. Coexistence of manpower, machinery and electrical power.4. Energy resources.5. Combination of agronomy and farm machines, and of biological and mechanical technical measures. Ecological balance.6. Our economical structure and the system of the people's commune.7. Professional personnel in the field of agriculture machinery. Scientific, technical and culture level.8. Quality, finalization of the design, and forming complete sets of farm machines. Their service.Only when these problems are solved, can agricultural mechanization be realized in China.In addition, the article made a brief account of the way farm machines were used by the Chinese Academy of Science in the National Comprehensive Scientific Experimental Center for Agriculture Modernization. Taking the eight issues into consideration, the article suggested that the policy of"mechanization in a selective way"be adopted instead of"overall meehanization"in the near future.Finally, five suggestions were made on the program for China's agricultural mechanization.

本文探讨制约中国农业机械化的八个问题: 一、资金积累与投资最优方案问题;二、劳动力安排和全员劳动生产率问题;三、搞什么样的农业与人、畜、机电并存局面问题;四、能源问题;五、农艺和农机、生物技术措施和机械技术措施相结合与生态平衡的问题;六、中国经济结构和人民公社的体制问题;七、农机人材和科学技术文化水平问题;八、农机本身的质量、定型、配套、服务问题。 本文还谈了中国科学院在中国的农业现代化综合科学实验基地县对使用机械的做法。 最后,提出对中国农业机械化规划的五点建议。

This paper provides a general analysis of the problems of agricul-tural production in Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia arid and semiarid areas basedon a bulk of inventoried information. To begin with, it was pointed inthis paper that scantiness of rainfall and complicated natural conditionsconstitute the very great constraints to agricultural production-foodproduction in particular, while both forestry and livestock productionis much more stable than agricultural production. The recovery of vege-tation, control of water...

This paper provides a general analysis of the problems of agricul-tural production in Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia arid and semiarid areas basedon a bulk of inventoried information. To begin with, it was pointed inthis paper that scantiness of rainfall and complicated natural conditionsconstitute the very great constraints to agricultural production-foodproduction in particular, while both forestry and livestock productionis much more stable than agricultural production. The recovery of vege-tation, control of water and soil erosion and rational land use can onlybe achieved by gradually changing the present land use types of takinggrain production as the major undertaking, increasing the ratio of fore-stry and livestock production and taking an all-round way to developagriculture, forestry and livestock in order to enhance the advancementof rural economy in these areas. In this process, it is highly importantto deal with the ratio relationships among different kinds of under-takings. In view of this, this paper further presents the following impor-tant measures to be taken:1. Grain production should be served as the foundation and basiclink to stimulate an all-round development of agriculture while payingattention to the development of forestry and livestock. It is unrealistic tolet peasants make large amount of irrational use of land restored toplantation for growing trees and grasses because the food problem cannot be well solved.2. The solution of the food problem should start from the localexisting conditions Such as serious dryness, shortage of water and waterand soil erosion, and hence, rainfed farming should be extended in abig way, including building drought-resistant and harvest-ensuring basicfarm lands, drought resistant tillage methods, breeding drought-resistantcrop strains and changing the wasted fallow practice into that of grassfallow, etc. 3. Pursuing an effective policy and making rational use of nationalaid funds: for example, to change the "aids with the pure release fund"into the supporting aids with a production nature; to determine the ratio-nal direction for investment and to carry out a rewarding and tech-nical policy.4. Effective measures should be taken to control the growth of po-pulation in these areas, wbich is an unneglected and important aspectin an allround development of agriculture.Despite a large number of constraints to the development of agricul-ture in these areas, it holds a great potential for developing agriculture,forestry and animal husbandry because of vast land areas, abundantheat-energy resources and 300-400 mm of precipitation in most areas.As long as people do everything according to natural laws, the back-wardness of agricultural production in these areas will be bound to bechanged as quickly as possible starting from the local conditions andnatural features and seriously carrying out some policy and relatedmeasures.

本文根据大量调查材料,对陕甘宁干旱半干旱地区的农业生产问题作了概括性的分析。首先指出本区雨量稀少、自然条件复杂,对农业(粮食)生产的限制性很大,而林业和畜牧业要比农业生产稳得多。逐步改变目前以粮食为主的土地利用方式,增加林牧业的比重,走农、林、牧全面发展的道路,才能恢复植被,控制水土流失,合理利用土地,促进本地区农业经济的发展。而在此过程中,正确解决各业之间的比例关系尤为重要。由此观点出发,进一步提出了下列几项重要措施: 1、在重视发展林牧业的同时,应把发展粮食生产作为推动农业全面发展的基础和基本环节。因为吃饭问题不解决,要农民将大量利用不合理的土地退耕下来造林种草,是不现实的。 2、解决粮食问题,要从本地区干旱缺水、水土流失严重的特点出发,大力推广旱作农业,包括修建抗旱保收的基本农田,抗旱耕作法,培育抗旱作物品种以及改撩荒耕作为草田轮作等内容。 3、推行有效政策措施,合理利用国家援助资金,如改“单纯救济”性的援助为生产性的资助,确定合理的投资方向以及执行有关奖励政策和技术政策等。 4、采取有效措施,切实控制本区人口增长速度,这是全面发展本区农业生产不可忽视的重要方面。 本地区发展农业的限制因素虽然较多,但这...

本文根据大量调查材料,对陕甘宁干旱半干旱地区的农业生产问题作了概括性的分析。首先指出本区雨量稀少、自然条件复杂,对农业(粮食)生产的限制性很大,而林业和畜牧业要比农业生产稳得多。逐步改变目前以粮食为主的土地利用方式,增加林牧业的比重,走农、林、牧全面发展的道路,才能恢复植被,控制水土流失,合理利用土地,促进本地区农业经济的发展。而在此过程中,正确解决各业之间的比例关系尤为重要。由此观点出发,进一步提出了下列几项重要措施: 1、在重视发展林牧业的同时,应把发展粮食生产作为推动农业全面发展的基础和基本环节。因为吃饭问题不解决,要农民将大量利用不合理的土地退耕下来造林种草,是不现实的。 2、解决粮食问题,要从本地区干旱缺水、水土流失严重的特点出发,大力推广旱作农业,包括修建抗旱保收的基本农田,抗旱耕作法,培育抗旱作物品种以及改撩荒耕作为草田轮作等内容。 3、推行有效政策措施,合理利用国家援助资金,如改“单纯救济”性的援助为生产性的资助,确定合理的投资方向以及执行有关奖励政策和技术政策等。 4、采取有效措施,切实控制本区人口增长速度,这是全面发展本区农业生产不可忽视的重要方面。 本地区发展农业的限制因素虽然较多,但这里有辽阔的土地、丰富的热量资源,而且?

 
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