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   plasma albumin 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.009秒
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plasma albumin     
相关语句
  血浆白蛋白
     ⑤ plasma albumin≤30 g/L;
     ⑤血浆白蛋白≤ 30 g/L ;
短句来源
     plasma albumin was increased(25.2±7.2)g/L VS (36.3±6.7)g/L,P<0.05);
     血浆白蛋白升高 [治疗前后为 (2 5 .2± 7.2 ) g/L、(36 .3± 6 .7)g/L ,P <0 .0 5 ];
短句来源
     Results Plasma albumin were 24.17±4.98g/L and 34.76±5.67g/L respectively before and after treatment .
     结果治疗前后血浆白蛋白分别为24.17±4.98g/L和34.76±5.67g/L;
短句来源
     Results Plasma albumin was decreased after CLP, which was higher in group B than in group C(P<0.05).
     结果:CLP后大鼠血浆白蛋白浓度降低,而C组下降较B组明显(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     The liver cancer patients plasma albumin<29 g/L ICG reserve rates were higher than those of the group of plasma albumin>30 g/L(75.00%±22.75%,35.85%±7.00%,P<0.05).
     而且,肝癌患者的血浆白蛋白≤29g/L组的潴留率高于血浆白蛋白≥30g/L组(75.00%±22.75%,35.85%±7.00%,P<0.05)。
短句来源
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  血浆清蛋白
     FLI showed positive correlation with plasma albumin, HDL, apoA and negative correlation with LDL and insulin in patient group.
     肾病组游离Leptin指数(FLI)与血浆清蛋白、HDL、apoA呈正相关,与LDL、胰岛素呈负相关。
短句来源
     Anthropometry index,hemoglobin(Hb),plasma albumin(ALB) and transferrin(TFN) were detected before and after operation.
     检测手术前后人体测量学指标及血红蛋白(Hb)、血浆清蛋白(ALB)、转铁蛋白(TFN)和纤维连接蛋白(Fn),同时观察胃肠功能恢复情况。
短句来源
     In contrast to the mitochondrial preparations from migratory locust and some other insects, the isolated armyworm moth mitochondria did not need bovine serum or plasma albumin for the coupling of phosphorylation with oxidation.
     与东亚飞蝗和其他昆虫綫粒体制剂不同,粘虫蛾胸肌綫粒体的偶联磷酸化反应并不需要血浆清蛋白的保护。
短句来源
     Results LDL, TC, TG and apoB levels were increased in the PNS group, and plasma albumin and insulin were decreased compared with that in the control group. HDL and apoA levels were similar in two groups.
     结果肾病组血胆固醇(TC)、三酰甘油(TG)、低密度脂蛋白(LDL)、载脂蛋白B(apoB)水平增高,血浆清蛋白、胰岛素水平较对照组降低。
短句来源
  血白蛋白
     The plasma albumin concontration in 18 cirrhotic patients with gallstones was significantly lower than that of 42cirrhotic patients without gallstones(25.72±5.63 and 29.54±3.46 respectively, P<0.01).
     18例并发胆石的肝硬化患者及42例无胆石的肝硬化患者血白蛋白浓度分别为25.72±5.63及29.54±3.46,二者比较差异显著(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The plasma albumin and inflammatory level(CRP) had significant difference in CAPD, HD and CRF patients compared to control group (P <0.01).
     CAPD组、HD组、CRF组与对照组的血白蛋白、炎症因子CRP水平差异均有显著性(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The plasma NO was positively related to urinary NO ( r= 0.499 , P < 0.05 ) and not to urinary ET, plasma albumin and urinary protein (all of P > 0.05 ).
     血NO与尿NO呈显著正相关 (r =0 .4 99,P <0 .0 5 ) ,与尿ET、血白蛋白、尿蛋白均无相关性。
短句来源
     EXPERIMENT ON PYROGEN REMOVAL PROCESS FOR HUMAN PLASMA ALBUMIN PRODUCTION
     人血白蛋白热原去除工艺的实验
短句来源
     NO correlation between plasma ET and plasma NO, urinary ET, urinary NO, plasma albumin or urinary protein was found (all of P> 0.05 ).
     血ET与血NO、尿EF、尿NO、血白蛋白、尿蛋白均无相关性 ;
短句来源
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  血浆蛋白
     In NS group plasma albumin levels were decreased mildly,slowly(P>0.05) on the 1st,3rd day of postoperation.
     术后第1、3天血浆蛋白虽有下降 ,但下降幅度平缓 (P>0.05) ;
短句来源
     2.Proteinuria was severe and plasma albumin was very low;
     (2 )蛋白尿程度极重、血浆蛋白极低 ;
短句来源
     Results Five risk factors commonly related to infection. Lung infection and UTI infection were all correlated to age,disease progression,fasting blood-glucose,plasma albumin and complications(P<0.05 or 0.01);
     结果与感染有关的共同因素有5个,肺部与尿路感染均显示与年龄、病程、空腹血糖、血浆蛋白及并发症有关(P<0.05或0.01);
短句来源
     Plasma albumin,T lymphocyte subgroup,immune globulin were detected respectively and complications were ob-served in the two group at 1st,3-day and 7-day in postoperation, then obtained data were statistical analyzed.
     两组分别于术前及术后1d、3d、7d检测血浆蛋白、T淋巴细胞亚群、免疫球蛋白,观察并发症发生情况。
短句来源
     Conclusion The risk factors for SBP in patients with liver Cirrhosis may be associated with patients duration of hospitalization, low plasma albumin content,hypersplenism,hepatic encephalopathy,and hemorrhage of digestive tract.
     结果表明,SBP的危险因素与患者住院时间长短、血浆蛋白水平、脾功能亢进以及是否合并肝性脑病和消化道出血等因素密切相关。
短句来源
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      plasma albumin
    As determined by in vivo studies using [1-14C]l-leucine and [1-14C] glycine, vitamin E deficiency in young rabbits caused a higher turnover rate of liver proteins and of plasma albumin and globulin fractions.
          
    The reason for this is not known but a dietetically induced modulation of the binding properties of plasma albumin for DHEAS appears possible.
          
    These results were confirmed when patients with a blood brain barrier damage, as assessed by the CSF/plasma albumin ratio, were excluded from the analysis.
          
    Plasma albumin levels were measured as an index of nutritional status.
          
    There was no significant difference in plasma albumin levels between two groups.
          
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    After treating the myofibrils of the glycerinated honey bee indirect flight muscle with dilute acid solution, the band pattern of the myofibrils either remains unchanged or changes to one with practically only the Z band still clearly visible, depending on whether the sarcomere length is larger or less than 6μ. In both cases the myofibrils swell. The threshold concentrations of acid solutions for causing swelling are 0.0003 to 0.0004N for nitric acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid and 0.001 to 0.002N for...

    After treating the myofibrils of the glycerinated honey bee indirect flight muscle with dilute acid solution, the band pattern of the myofibrils either remains unchanged or changes to one with practically only the Z band still clearly visible, depending on whether the sarcomere length is larger or less than 6μ. In both cases the myofibrils swell. The threshold concentrations of acid solutions for causing swelling are 0.0003 to 0.0004N for nitric acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid and 0.001 to 0.002N for citric acid, oxalic acid or phosphoric acid. The swelling is reversible, after rinsing the muscle with distilled water or after adding electrolytes to the acid solution, the diameter of the myofibrils may return to its original value or even to a value smaller than the original. In the case of the myofibrils of the toad sartorius muscle, the results obtained are practically the same as those obtained from the myofibrils of the honey bee muscle with the sarcomere length less than 6μ, except for two myofibrils, having A band width equal to about 2.8μ instead of 1.5μ as found in other myofibrils and yielding results similar to those obtained from the myofibrils of the honey bee muscle with the sarcomere length longer than 6μ. The possible mechanism of swelling, that it might be due to the swelling of the protein molecules as in the case of bovine plasma albumin reported by Yang and Foster, is discussed.

    蜜蜂间接飞翔肌的肌原纤维经稀酸溶液处理后出现两种情况,在肌小节长度短于6微米的肌原纤维中大部分蛋白被抽提掉,带的图形有改变,而在肌小节长度大于6微米的肌原纤维則带的图形基本上不改变,可是不論在那一种情况中,肌原纤维都肿胀。引起肿胀所需的酸溶液的最低浓度在盐酸、硝酸和硫酸为0.0003—0.0004N,在草酸、柠檬酸和磷酸則为0.001—0.002N。肿胀是可逆的,用蒸馏水冲洗或在酸溶液中加入电解质以后肌原纤维又会变细。蟾蜍缝匠肌的肌原纤维经稀酸溶液处理后的情况一般和肌小节长度小于6微米的蜜蜂肌原纤维的相同,但有肌小节长度大于5微米的两例,A带的长度比一般肌原纤维中的要大,达到2.8微米左右,得到的结果和肌小节长度大于6微米的蜜蜂肌原纤维相同。肿胀的可能机制曾加以讨论。

    The present paper deals with the respiration and oxidative phosphorylation in the isolated flight muscle mitochondria of the armyworm moth. The experimental results obtained showed that mitochondrial preparations from this insect not only oxidized many citric acid cycle intermediates (pyruvate plus malate, citrate, α-ketoglutarate, succinate, fumarate and malate), but also rapidly oxidized α-glycerophosphate and glutamate. In a phosphorylating medium the respiratory rate (Q_(O_2)) varied considerably with the...

    The present paper deals with the respiration and oxidative phosphorylation in the isolated flight muscle mitochondria of the armyworm moth. The experimental results obtained showed that mitochondrial preparations from this insect not only oxidized many citric acid cycle intermediates (pyruvate plus malate, citrate, α-ketoglutarate, succinate, fumarate and malate), but also rapidly oxidized α-glycerophosphate and glutamate. In a phosphorylating medium the respiratory rate (Q_(O_2)) varied considerably with the substrates used. The Q_(O_2), of α-glycerophosphate was several times (2.5—6.0) higher than those of some citric acid cycle intermediates and glutamate. However, it was only 1.2 times that of succinate. Pyruvate (plus malate) was oxidized at the lowest rate (Q_(O_2)=16.6), which could be increased by the addition of some cofactors, such as CoA, thiamine pyrophosphate, NAD~+ and NADP~+, and under such conditions the Q_(O_2), of pyruvate as high as 50 was obtained. Combinations of pyruvate with some of the citric acid cycle intermediates individually also significantly enchanted the respiratory rate of mitochondrial preparations, which may approach or reach the level of α-glycerophosphate oxidation.It was demonstrated that a significant portion of the esterifieation of inorganic phosphate was coupled with the oxidation of those substrates. The average P/O ratios nearly reached the corresponding theoretical values. In contrast to the mitochondrial preparations from migratory locust and some other insects, the isolated armyworm moth mitochondria did not need bovine serum or plasma albumin for the coupling of phosphorylation with oxidation.2,4-Dinitrophenol was capable of uncoupling the reactions of phosphorylation from oxidation, as well as stimulating the latent ATPase activity in the mitochondria. In addition, the freshly prepared mitochondria also exhibited a strong Mg~(++)-sti- mulated ATPase activity, which was found to be inhibited partly by the additon of Ca~(++).Changes in the respiration and effeciency of oxidative phosphorylation during adult development (1, 2, 3, 4 and 8 days after emergence of the moth) have also been investigated and the results indicated that Q_(O_2), and P/O ratios of the mitochondria varied slightly with age. Generally, the mitochondria from the first-day moth were characterized by the low Q_(O_2)'S of pyruvate, α-glycerophosphate and succinate, and also by the low P/O ratio of glutamate.Finally, the problems concerning the characteristics of energy metabolism in the flight muscles of the armyworm moth and the relative importance of α-glycerophosphate and pyruvate oxidation via citric acid cycle in the maintenance of energy expenditure in muscle contraction during flight were discussed.

    离体的粘虫蛾胸肌綫粒体制剂不仅能氧化三羧酸循环各中間产物,如丙酮酸(加苹果酸),檸檬酸,α-酮戊二酸,琥珀酸,延胡索酸以及苹果酸,而且尚能迅速氧化α-甘油磷酸和谷氨酸。在有磷酸受体系統存在时,α-甘油磷酸的呼吸率最高(Q_(O_2)值平均为101.4),比上述其他各底物高2.5—6.0倍,但仅比琥珀酸高1.2倍。丙酮酸的氧化速率最低(Q_(O_2),值平均为16.6),在后种情况下,反应系統中再加入輔酶A,輔羧酶,NAD~+以及NADP等輔助因子,可使丙酮酸的Q_(O_2)值提高2—3倍而达到50左右。丙酮酸与三羧循环各中間产物等分别組合进行同时氧化时,可使綫粒体的呼吸率接近或达到α-甘油磷酸的Q_(O_2)水平。在上述各底物氧化时,均表現偶联的呼吸鏈磷酸化反应。各底物的P/O比值基本上接近或达到相应的理論值。与东亚飞蝗和其他昆虫綫粒体制剂不同,粘虫蛾胸肌綫粒体的偶联磷酸化反应并不需要血浆清蛋白的保护。2,4-二硝基酚可使氧化和磷酸化发生解偶联現象,并激活綫粒体制剂的“潜在”ATP酶活力。同时,新鮮的粘虫胸肌綫粒体亦表現較高的Mg~(++)激活的ATP酶活力,后者,并受到Ca~(++)的部分抑制。不同发育日龄...

    离体的粘虫蛾胸肌綫粒体制剂不仅能氧化三羧酸循环各中間产物,如丙酮酸(加苹果酸),檸檬酸,α-酮戊二酸,琥珀酸,延胡索酸以及苹果酸,而且尚能迅速氧化α-甘油磷酸和谷氨酸。在有磷酸受体系統存在时,α-甘油磷酸的呼吸率最高(Q_(O_2)值平均为101.4),比上述其他各底物高2.5—6.0倍,但仅比琥珀酸高1.2倍。丙酮酸的氧化速率最低(Q_(O_2),值平均为16.6),在后种情况下,反应系統中再加入輔酶A,輔羧酶,NAD~+以及NADP等輔助因子,可使丙酮酸的Q_(O_2)值提高2—3倍而达到50左右。丙酮酸与三羧循环各中間产物等分别組合进行同时氧化时,可使綫粒体的呼吸率接近或达到α-甘油磷酸的Q_(O_2)水平。在上述各底物氧化时,均表現偶联的呼吸鏈磷酸化反应。各底物的P/O比值基本上接近或达到相应的理論值。与东亚飞蝗和其他昆虫綫粒体制剂不同,粘虫蛾胸肌綫粒体的偶联磷酸化反应并不需要血浆清蛋白的保护。2,4-二硝基酚可使氧化和磷酸化发生解偶联現象,并激活綫粒体制剂的“潜在”ATP酶活力。同时,新鮮的粘虫胸肌綫粒体亦表現較高的Mg~(++)激活的ATP酶活力,后者,并受到Ca~(++)的部分抑制。不同发育日龄的粘虫蛾胸肌綫粒体的呼吸率和P/O比值也略呈差异,并与氧化底物有关。羽化后第一天,丙酮酸的Q_(O_2)值較低,第四天以后即增高并趋恒定。P/O比值除谷氨酸在第一天略低外,一般均不因发育日龄而显著变化。本文討論了粘虫蛾飞翔肌綫粒体能量代謝的若干特点井此較了α-甘油磷酸和丙酮酸-三羧酸循环底物的氧化在維持昆虫飞翔肌的能量需要方面的重要性。同时对肌綫粒体Mg~(++)-激活的ATP酶的功能和来源的問題也略加討論。

    The present investigation was undertaken in 1965-1966 to study the oxidative phosphorylation and the fine structure of the flight muscle mitochondria in the housefly Musca domestica vicina Macq. Comparisons were made between the normal (= susceptible) and DDT-resistant strains before and after DDT treatment in order to analyse the relationship between structure and function of the mitochondria. The results may be summarized as follows:1. The mitochondrial suspensions prepared from the flight muscles oxidized...

    The present investigation was undertaken in 1965-1966 to study the oxidative phosphorylation and the fine structure of the flight muscle mitochondria in the housefly Musca domestica vicina Macq. Comparisons were made between the normal (= susceptible) and DDT-resistant strains before and after DDT treatment in order to analyse the relationship between structure and function of the mitochondria. The results may be summarized as follows:1. The mitochondrial suspensions prepared from the flight muscles oxidized rapidly a-glycerophosphate and succinate, but slowly or did not oxidize most of the other citric acid cycle intermediates such as pyruvate, a-ketoglutarate, malate and fumarate as well as β-hydroxybutyrate and glutamate. The same results could be obtained when the muscle homogenate or the mitochondria plus supernatant were tested. This result may serve as the evidence in favour of the view that the isolated housefly mitochondria are not readily permeable to these intermediate compounds of citric acid cycle.2. In the cases where a-glycerophosphate was used as the substrate, a high rate of respiration (Qo2 = 413.3) and a high yield of oxidative phosphorylation (P/0 -2.00) may be obtained in the following incubation conditions: the dilute mitochondrial suspension (about 2 mg of protein of mitochondria in 2.0 ml reaction mixture), the short incubation time (about 10 minutes), and the addition of bovine plasma albumin.3. The rates of respiration and oxidative phosphrylation of the mitochondria were significantly inhibited by DDT in vitro and in vivo, but the degree of inhibition was different in normal and DDT-resistant houseflies. In the mitochondria from the normal strain the inhibition of respiration and that of phosphorylation caused by DDT (0.1 mM) in vitro were 40% and 60.9% respectively, whereas in the DDT-resistant strain the corresponding values were 23.4% and 42.7%. AVhen bovine plasma albumin was added into the incubation medium, the inhibition of respiration and that of phosphorylation of the normal housefly mitochondria were 71.1% and 94.8%, whereas in the DDT-resistant houseflies the values were 59.7% and 87.1% respectively. When the houseflies were treated with DDT (0.5%) suspension in vivo, the inhibitions of respiration and phosphorylation in the normal housefly mitochondria were 21% and 33%, whereas in DDT-resistant houseflies the values were 11.5% and 26.9% respectively. After the addition of bovine plasma albumin into the reaction medium the inhibitions of respiration and phosphorylation in the normal housefly mitochondria were 7.0% and 6.1% respectively, whereas in DDT-resistant houseflies no inhibition was observed. These results indicated that the DDT-resistant houseflies in some degree exhibited at the level of mitochondrial function more resistance to the action of DDT than the normal strain.4. An electron microscopic examination on the fine structure of the flight muscle mitochondria from the two strains of the housefly also confirmed that at the level of the cellular organelles the DDT-resistant houseflies were more resistant to the action of DDT. After the insects were treated with DDT in vivo, the mitochondra from the normal strain showed marked lysis, but in the DDT-resistant strain only some mitochondria were slightly damaged. The result demonstrated clearly that in the housefly the changes in structure and function of the mitochondria were correlative during the development of insecticide resistance.

    本文报道有关家蝇胸肌线粒体氧化磷酸化作用和亚显微结构的实验和观察结果。试验证明,家蝇胸肌线粒体在离体条件下对α-甘油磷酸有很高的氧化和磷酸化活力,而对三羧酸循环各底物及其他氧化底物的氧化和磷酸化速率则极为微弱。胸肌匀浆以及线粒体与上清液的重组合试验结果和单独用分离的线粒体试验结果基本相同,从而有利于说明造成上述现象的原因可能不是由于线粒体在制备过程中受到损伤,而是家蝇胸肌线粒体膜对这些底物存在着特殊的透性屏障。在以α-甘油磷酸为氧化底物时,线粒体在下述保温条件下可获得很高的氧化速率和P/O比值:线粒体浓度较稀(2毫升反应液中含1—2毫克线粒体蛋白);保温时间较短(10—20分钟之内)以及外加一定量的牛血浆清蛋白(0.2%)。DDT对线粒体的氧化和磷酸化反应均表现强烈的抑制作用,但在正常家蝇和抗性家蝇中则表现出一定的差别。在离体试验的条件下,DDT(0.1mM)对正常家蝇线粒体的氧化抑制40%,对磷酸化抑制60.9%,而抗性家蝇则分别为23.4%和42.7%;在反应系统中外加牛血浆清蛋白时,DDT对正常家蝇线粒体的氧化抑制71.1%,磷酸化抑制94.8%,而抗性家蝇则分别为59.7%和87.1%。在DDT(5%...

    本文报道有关家蝇胸肌线粒体氧化磷酸化作用和亚显微结构的实验和观察结果。试验证明,家蝇胸肌线粒体在离体条件下对α-甘油磷酸有很高的氧化和磷酸化活力,而对三羧酸循环各底物及其他氧化底物的氧化和磷酸化速率则极为微弱。胸肌匀浆以及线粒体与上清液的重组合试验结果和单独用分离的线粒体试验结果基本相同,从而有利于说明造成上述现象的原因可能不是由于线粒体在制备过程中受到损伤,而是家蝇胸肌线粒体膜对这些底物存在着特殊的透性屏障。在以α-甘油磷酸为氧化底物时,线粒体在下述保温条件下可获得很高的氧化速率和P/O比值:线粒体浓度较稀(2毫升反应液中含1—2毫克线粒体蛋白);保温时间较短(10—20分钟之内)以及外加一定量的牛血浆清蛋白(0.2%)。DDT对线粒体的氧化和磷酸化反应均表现强烈的抑制作用,但在正常家蝇和抗性家蝇中则表现出一定的差别。在离体试验的条件下,DDT(0.1mM)对正常家蝇线粒体的氧化抑制40%,对磷酸化抑制60.9%,而抗性家蝇则分别为23.4%和42.7%;在反应系统中外加牛血浆清蛋白时,DDT对正常家蝇线粒体的氧化抑制71.1%,磷酸化抑制94.8%,而抗性家蝇则分别为59.7%和87.1%。在DDT(5%)处理整体家蝇时,正常家蝇线粒体的氧化被抑制21%,磷酸化被抑制33%,而抗性家蝇则分别为11.5

     
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