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commercial drugs
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  商品药材
     Based on the herbal study and study of the origins of the snake drugs, a comprehensive studies were conducted in the following aspects: taxonomic identification of original animals,crude drugs description, microdermatoglyphic identification, commercial drugs identification, physico- chemical analysis and molecular genetic marker identification.
     我们在文献查考、药源调查的基础上,对蛇类药材原动物的分类学、生药性状、微皮纹鉴定、商品药材鉴定、理化分析及分子遗传标记鉴定等方面进行了研究。
短句来源
     Objective:To identify the commercial drugs of Herba Cistanches collected from 10 different areas.
     目的 :对来自全国 10个地区的肉苁蓉类商品药材进行数码显微鉴定。
短句来源
     This paper reports the rationale and methods of DNA extraction and purification from nine species of Compositae and four commercial drugs of corresponding plant Elephantopus scaber. The comparison of three methods: CsCl gradient, CTAB/CsCl gradient and CTAB miniprep extraction by yield, purity and factors affecting PCR was carried out. In conclusion, CTAB miniprep method provides a rapid, effective, economic approach for isolating genomic DNA for Chinese drug identification by genomic fingerprints.
     本文探讨了菊科9种植物和地胆草的4种对口商品药材基因组DNA提取与纯化的原理、方法通过对3种常用植物基因组DNA提取方法(CsCl梯度超速离心法、CTABCsCl梯度超速离心法和CTAB微量提取法)的条件摸索在DNA产率、纯度以及提取纯化过程中影响PCR扩增因子方面进行比较,认为CTAB微量提取法是植物类药材基因组DNA一种比较省时、有效、经济的提取方法
短句来源
     Method:Investigating the medicinal plant resources in the growing area and conducting morphological identification of more than 40 pieces of these two commercial drugs.
     方法:到产地进行原植物调查,并对收集到的国内40余件商品药材进行性状鉴别。
短句来源
     The Chinese drug Qiyeyizhihua (Rhizoma Paridis) was screened for its inhibition on reverse transcriptase activity. Examined samples were 8 species or varieties of Gen. Paris and 10 commercial drugs.
     本文研究了重楼属(Paris)8个种和变种以及10种市售商品药材对RNA癌瘤病毒逆转录酶的抑制作用。
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     Eight solanesyl derivatives including N solanesylamides(5a~5d) and N acyl N ′ solanesylpiperazines(6a~6d) were synthesized with solanesol as starting material and four commercial drugs as the sources of acyl groups. All the products were characterized by 1 H NMR, IR, MS and elemental analyses.
     以茄呢淳为原料,以4种药物为酰化基团,合成了N茄呢基酰胺(5a~5d)和N酰基N′茄呢基哌嗪(6a~6d)8种新的茄呢醇衍生物,其结构经元素分析、IR、1HNMR、MS测试技术确证。
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     All the target compounds, together with the four commercial drugs, naproxen, 4-biphenylacetic acid, brufen (as the acyl agents) and 5-fluorouracil, were tested in vitro for their inhibition on four kinds of human cancer cells, KB, A-549, MDA and Bel-7402. The data showed that all the synthesized compounds exhibited positive effect on KB and Bel-7402 cells, but negative effect on A-549 and MDA cells, while the commercial medicines had the similar results unexpect- edly.
     合成的化合物与三个作为酰化剂的消炎药物萘普生、布洛芬和联苯乙酸及抗癌药物五氟尿嘧啶一并对人口腔上皮癌细胞(KB)、人肺癌细胞(A-549)、乳腺癌细胞(MDA)、人肝癌细胞(Bel-7402)四种肿瘤细胞进行了体外抑制率测试.
短句来源
     ResultsThe original plants of the commercial drugs were three species,which are,Siegesbeckia orientalis L.,S.
     结果市场上流通豨莶草均为正品,3种基原植物分别为豨莶Siegesbeckia orientalisL. 、腺梗豨莶S.
短句来源
     and Dendrobium lohohense Tang et Wang, Keys for both plants and commercial drugs as well as some photograph of them have been provided to facilitate the identification.
     和罗河石斛Dendrobium lohohense Tang et Wang等产量较大,使用最广; 作了原植物检索表和药材检索表,对原植物产地和生境作了记载,提供药材鉴别和采集加工方法,并附药材照片。
短句来源
     UAP control group was given commercial drugs. Zoloft group was given both commercial drugs and Zoloft(50 mg,1 time/d,8 weeks).
     在常规心绞痛药物治疗基础上,治疗组给予心理治疗及抗抑郁药物左洛复(舍曲林)50 mg/d,顿服,疗程8周。
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  相似匹配句对
     commercial
     商业
短句来源
     Commercial Investigation and Identification for the Snake Drugs
     蛇类药材的商品调查及鉴定
短句来源
     Results:11 commercial crude drugs were analyzed.
     结果 :分析了 11批商品药材。
短句来源
     4. Drugs;
     4.药品:纤维蛋白粘合剂、顺铂。
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     Commercial Capital
     商业·资本
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  commercial drugs
A kinetic study on decomposition processes of some penicillin and some commercial drugs was carried out.
      
A thermal analysis and kinetic study on decomposition processes of some commercial drugs have been carried out to find their thermal stability.
      
Application of TA and Kinetic Study to Compatibility and Stability Problems in Some Commercial Drugs.
      
For many commercial drugs, reaching the central nervous system in large amount without damaging the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) remains a challenging task.
      
17:119-131, 2002) together with spectroscopic assays were applied to investigate the catalytic activity of CYP102A1 towards 19 xenobiotics, including 17 commercial drugs.
      
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This work deals with a number of commercial drugs all known in China as Pai Tou Weng (白头翁). Collected from 15 provinces and municipal districts in this country, the material on hand, consists of 16 species of different plants tearing this name. In Chinese herbals Pai Tou Weng is represented by several plants of different botanical origin, but the one mentioned in the "Pen Tsao of the Tang Dynasty" by Su-Kong should be adopted as the correct one, because his descriptions of this medicinal herb can be definitely...

This work deals with a number of commercial drugs all known in China as Pai Tou Weng (白头翁). Collected from 15 provinces and municipal districts in this country, the material on hand, consists of 16 species of different plants tearing this name. In Chinese herbals Pai Tou Weng is represented by several plants of different botanical origin, but the one mentioned in the "Pen Tsao of the Tang Dynasty" by Su-Kong should be adopted as the correct one, because his descriptions of this medicinal herb can be definitely referred to the plant Pulsatilla chinensis (Bge.) Reg. Botanical and pharmacognostical descriptions, histological studies of roots, and observations and identifications of root powders and trichomes of rootstocks are carefully made on three most important species, namely, (1) Pulsatilla ckinensis (Bge.) Reg. (Ranunculaceae), (2) Potentilla chinensis Ser. and (3) Potentilla discolor Bge. (Rosaceae), which are comparatively commonly used as remedies for amoebic dysentery in China. The distinguished pharmacognostical characteristics of each of the above-mentioned species are tabulated as follows:

本文就目前全國十五个省市調查收集所得的“白头翁”商品的品种,作了报導,計有16种不同的原植物來源。結合本草所載,对正品“白头翁”作了初步考証,認为本草白头翁确有同名異物存在,但应以最早有完备記載的唐本草“白头翁”,即今日毛茛科白头翁(Pulsatilla chinensis(Bge.)Reg.)为正品。並就目前应用較廣而有确切療效的主要三种,即毛茛科的白头翁、薔薇科的委陵菜(Potentilla chinensis Ser.)及翻白草(Potentilla discolorBge.),作了植物形态、生藥性狀、根部組織、粉末及毛茸等的观察鑑定研究,除用文字說明外,並附插图及照片共36幅。今將上述三种生藥的主要区別点摘述如下:

The scientific name for Pai-tsiang (败酱) used nowadays is usually referred to either as patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. ex Link or as P. villosa (Thunb.) Juss., of the family Valerianaceae, but the botanical origin of the Chinese drug "Pai-tsiang" is in great confusion in its herbal names as well as in the present drug market. On a critical study of the ancient herbals, it is obvious that this drug is at least represented by five different plants: a) Tao Hung Ching's (陶宏景) "Ming I Pieh Lu" (名医别录)...

The scientific name for Pai-tsiang (败酱) used nowadays is usually referred to either as patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. ex Link or as P. villosa (Thunb.) Juss., of the family Valerianaceae, but the botanical origin of the Chinese drug "Pai-tsiang" is in great confusion in its herbal names as well as in the present drug market. On a critical study of the ancient herbals, it is obvious that this drug is at least represented by five different plants: a) Tao Hung Ching's (陶宏景) "Ming I Pieh Lu" (名医别录) (452-536) pro- bably referred to P. villosa (Thunb.) Juss.; b) Su-koon's (苏恭) "Hsin Shiu Pen T'sao" (新修本草) (659) and Su-soon's (苏颂) "Tu Ching Pen T'sao" (图经本草) (1057) probably referred to P. scabiosaefolia Fisch. ex Link; c) the description given by Li Shi Chen (李时珍) in his "Pen T'sao Kang Mu" (本草纲目) (1592) on the said drug com- prised two different kinds of plants, one was apparently Sonchus brachyotis DC., family Compositae, and the other was probably the only white-flowered Patrinia - P. villosa (Thunb.) Juss.; d) the figures under the name "Pai-tsiang" given by Tang Shen Wei (唐慎微) in his "Chen Lei Pen T'sao" (证类本草) (1211) and Wu Chi Chun (吴其濬) in his "Chi Wu Ming Shih Tu K'ao" (植物名实图考) (1848) represented two other kinds of plants not mentioned by any previous herbalists. The results of a taxonomic study of the twenty specimens of commercial drug sold under the name "Pai-tsiang" in the present markets at twenty cities and districts be- longing to sixteen provinces and autonomous regions of China are given in the following table. Botanical descriptions of the plants are given accompanied by four illustrations.

本文根据从16省和自治区所收集的20号中药“败酱”商品的标本,共鉴定了5种原植物:黄花龙芽、苣荬菜、山苦荬、兰草和菥蓂.本草考证的结果表明历代以“败酱”为名的中药至少也有5种,可以肯定者3种:白花败酱(名医别录、本草纲目一部分)、黄花龙芽(新修本草、图经本草、植物名实图考)和苣荬菜(本草纲目一部分).

This report accounts for eight different chinese commercial drugs Du-Huo which were sorted out among fifteen sources recently obtained from 46 districts (hsiens) of 15 provinces. All of them are the members of the Umbelliferae, namely, Angelica pubescens Maxim. f. biserrata Shan et Yuan f. nov., Angelica apaensis Shan et Yuan sp. nov., Angelica erythrocarpa Wolff, Heracleum hemsleyanum Diels, Heracleum candicans Wall., Heracleum lanatum Michx., Heracleum yungningense and Peucedanum medicum Dunn. With...

This report accounts for eight different chinese commercial drugs Du-Huo which were sorted out among fifteen sources recently obtained from 46 districts (hsiens) of 15 provinces. All of them are the members of the Umbelliferae, namely, Angelica pubescens Maxim. f. biserrata Shan et Yuan f. nov., Angelica apaensis Shan et Yuan sp. nov., Angelica erythrocarpa Wolff, Heracleum hemsleyanum Diels, Heracleum candicans Wall., Heracleum lanatum Michx., Heracleum yungningense and Peucedanum medicum Dunn. With reference to the chinese herbal literatures, the authors scrutinized the various informations about the plant sources of Du-Huo. It was found that various plant materials of Umbelliferae, i.e. many species belong to Heracleum L. and some belong to Angelica L., have long been used in ancient theraupeutics. As regards to the present status in drug market, the mostly widely used drugs Du-Huo are the roots of Angelica pubescens Maxim. f.biserrata Shan et Yuan and Angelica pubescens Maxim. being estimated as the first class materials, and those of Angelica dahurica Benth. & Hook.,Heracleum hemsleyanum Diels and Heracleum lanatum Michx. as the lowers. This account also describes the morphological and histological characteristics for the eight species investigated. A new species and a new form are herewith described: 1. Angelica apaensis Shan et Yuan sp. nov. Herba perennis ad 1.5 m alta. Rhizoma crassum, radix teres circ. 20cm longa. Caulis erectus, simplex, sulcatus, violaceo-tinctus, fistulosus, puberulus. Folia inferiora bipinnatisecta, petiolis 8—15 cm longis, subito latissime vaginatis, vaginis compressis, cucullatis, ovato-rotundis, amplexicaulibus, 6—8 cm longis, circ. 10cm latis, viridis vel purpureis, membranaceis, in nervo puberulis; folia superiora ambitu triangulara ovata, bitripinnatisecta, laminis 3—4-jugo-pinnatisectis, circ. 15cm longis, 17cm latis supra perviribus glabris, subtus pallidis, petiolis brevissime vel nullis et latissime vaginato-membranaceis saepe cucullatis longo-ellipticis, amplexicaulis, 5—7cm longis, 6cm latis, ad apicem concavis; pinnae Ⅰ.ordinis 3-jugo-pinnatisectae, segmentis ultimis 3—5-jugo-pinnatis, lanceolatis, sessilibus, saepe decurrentibus. Umbellae terminales et laterales, radiis 35—65, inaequilongis, strictis, 2.5—5cm longis, postremo submaturo pluries longioris usque 15 cm longis, purpureis, densis puberulis; involucri phylla 5—9, longo-lanceolata vel lanceolata, 0.8—2cm longa, 1.5—8mm lata, ad apicem acuta subpellucida membranacea; involucellorum phylla 4—8 lineari-lanceolata, 0.3—1cm longa,1.5—8mm lata. Umbellulae 25—50-florae, pedicellis 2—5 mm longis sub fr.submat.1cm longis, antheris albis. Fructus glaber ellipticus vel suborbicularis fulvidus, crassiusculis, fructis in umbellis terminales grandes 5—10mm longis, 5—9mm latis, ad basin et ad apicem emarginatis, jugis dorsalibus centralibus manifeste prominentibus, lateralibus alatis, alis ovaris subaequilatis vel latioribus, stylopodis plano-conicis, valleculis 1-vittatis, commissuris evittatis. Szechuan: Apa, T. S. Yue 64066. 2. Angelica pubescens Maxim. f. biserrata Shan et Yuan f.nov. A typo tenuifoliis marginibus inaequalibus duplicato-serratis, fructis grandioribus, valleculis 1—4 vittatis, commissuris 4—5 differt. Hupeh: Tzu-chiu, H. C. Cheng s.m.; Patung, W. C. Li s.m. Szechuan: Wushan M. L. Sheh 64168; Wuchi M.L.Sheh 6491. Chiangsi: Tsui-chuan, T.S.Yue 4347.

本文就目前国內15个省区调查收集所得15种商品独活中的8种作了报导,计资丘独活、牛尾独活、白独活、山独活、光头独活、骚独活、猪独活及毛独活,全部属于繖形科植物。根据初步考证,认为本草所载的独活有多种植物来源,大多是繖形科独活属(Heracleum Linn.)植物,也有为当归属(Angelica Linn.)的。本文对上述8种药材的主产区、植物形态、药材性状以及根部组织等作了叙述。

 
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