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response
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  响应
    A Study on Response of Dominant Plants to Global Climate Change in Maowusu Sandland
    毛乌素沙地优势植物对全球气候变化的响应研究
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    Physiological Function of Chloroplastic NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase under Low Temperature and Its Response to Light Quantity
    低温条件下叶绿体NAD(P)H脱氢酶复合体的生理功能及其对光质的响应
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    Comparative Study on Phenotypic Plasticity of Four Mosla Species in Response to Soil Water Status
    石荠苧属(Mosla)四种植物响应土壤水分的表型可塑性比较研究
短句来源
    Study on the Molecular Mechanism in Alpine Plant Response to Cold-stress and UV-B Radiation Stress
    高寒植物对低温和强UV-B辐射胁迫响应的分子机制研究
短句来源
    Mechanisms of Response to Mechanical Strain in Differentiation of Osteogenic from Mesenchymal Stem Cells
    应变对间充质干细胞向成骨细胞分化的力学响应机制研究
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  反应
    Influence of Monaural Plugging on Postnatal Development of Auditory Spatial Response Properties of Inferior Collicular Neurons in Bat, Myotis Chinensis and the Mechanism
    单耳堵塞对鼠耳蝠(Myotis chinensis)中脑下丘神经元听空间反应特性发育的影响及其机制研究
短句来源
    Morphological Study on Response of Astrocytes in Rat Brain to Change of Osmotic Pressure and Relationship with Neurons
    大鼠脑内星形胶质细胞对渗透压改变的反应及其和神经元相互关系的形态学研究
短句来源
    Morphological Study on Response and Relationship Of Neurons and Astrocytes in Rat Brain and Spinal Cord to Pain Induced by the Unilateral Tibia and Fibula Fracture
    大鼠脑和脊髓星形胶质细胞及神经元对一侧胫、腓骨骨折所致疼痛的反应及其关系的形态学研究
短句来源
    Study of the Influence of Lateral Amygdaloid Nucleus on the Acoustic Response of Cortical Neuron in A-Ⅰ of Rats and Its Mechanism
    大鼠杏仁外侧核对皮层AⅠ区神经元纯音反应的影响及其机制的研究
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    Biphasic Visual Temporal Impulse Response and Optokinetic Nystagmus
    双相视觉脉冲反应与Optokinetic Nystagmus(OKN)眼动
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  应答
    The Effects of the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) in ER on Cell Adesion and Migration in HEK293 Cells in Vitro
    非折叠蛋白质应答对HEK293细胞迁移与粘附的影响
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    Molecular Cloning, Expression and Functional Analysis of zlg10 Gene Involved in Response of SPC-A1 Cells to RSV infection
    SPC-A1细胞应答呼吸道合胞病毒感染的敏感基因zlg10的克隆、表达及功能探讨
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    Antibody Response to Antigenic Polypeplides of Two Viruses Causing Epidemic Hemorrhagic Fever
    流行性出血热患者对野、家鼠型病毒多肽抗原的抗体应答
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    Autoimmune syndrome induced by chronic mucosal immune response
    慢性粘膜免疫应答诱导的小鼠自身免疫综合征
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    Biological Response Modifier, BRM
    生物应答调节剂
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  “response”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Study on the Impact of Hot-spot Mutations in HBV/C Gene on the Immune Response of Mice by Gene Transfer Mediated by Recombinant Adenovirus
    用腺病毒载体介导的基因转移研究HBV/C区热点变异对小鼠免疫应答的影响
短句来源
    Amygdaloid Influence on the Light Evoked Neuronal Response of Visual Area 1 in Rabbits
    杏仁复合体对兔视1区神经元光诱发活动的影响及其作用机制的研究
短句来源
    Proteome Analysis of Sinorhizobium Fredii in Response to Salt Stress
    费氏中华根瘤菌(Sinorhizobium fredii)盐胁迫蛋白质组学的研究
短句来源
    HCV C-FC Engineered Mice Dendritic Cells in Enhancing Immune Response Against HCV
    HCV C-Fc融合基因疫苗修饰的树突状细胞功能研究
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    Role of Toll Like Receptor 9 in Innate Immune Response of Mice Skin
    Toll样受体9在小鼠皮肤天然免疫中作用的研究
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  response
The compound 12 was found to be five times more potent than 11 in reducing twitch response to nerve stimulations, indicating the importance of extended interonium distances and 17-acetoxy function for potent antagonist activity.
      
in 1998, statistical curvature, and the local influence of the response vector perturbations are investigated in NRDM.
      
Existence of positive solution for a two-patches competition system with diffusion and time delay and functional response
      
The parameter estimation and the coefficient of contamination for the regression models with repeated measures are studied when its response variables are contaminated by another random variable sequence.
      
This paper is devoted to studying a free boundary problem modeling the effects of drug resistance and vasculature on the response of solid tumors to therapy.
      
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Soy-bean phosphatides, sodium oleate and rabbit serum are able to revive the contractility of toad heart inhibited by high potassium(0.054 to 0.074 gram of KCl in 100 ml Ringer solution) and by acetylcholine. During the recovery of the mechanical activity of the cardiac muscle in potassium inhibition, there is always an augmentation of its electrical response. Adrenaline stimulates the potassium as well as the acetylcholine inhibited toad hearts. The action of adrenaline differs from that of the lipids...

Soy-bean phosphatides, sodium oleate and rabbit serum are able to revive the contractility of toad heart inhibited by high potassium(0.054 to 0.074 gram of KCl in 100 ml Ringer solution) and by acetylcholine. During the recovery of the mechanical activity of the cardiac muscle in potassium inhibition, there is always an augmentation of its electrical response. Adrenaline stimulates the potassium as well as the acetylcholine inhibited toad hearts. The action of adrenaline differs from that of the lipids in(i) adrenaline produces no A-V block and(ii) adrenaline promotes the contractility and accelerates the rhythm of the heart.

(一)在高鉀抑制的心臟,大豆磷脂與油脂酸鈉和血清有恢復或增強心臟搏動的能力。 (二)磷脂在加強高鉀抑制中的機械反應同時,亦加強心肌的動作電流。 (三)腎上腺素亦有興奮高鉀與乙醯胆鹼抑制心臟的作用。與磷脂所表現有所不同,腎上腺素在高鉀任氏溶液中不出現房室阻滯;在乙醯胆鹼抑制下,則不但興奮心肌的機械反應且增加心搏的頻率。

It has been shown in our previous paper that intravenous injection of adrenalin and stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in the dog produced an inhibition of gastric secretion induced by histamine. Baxter, working on cats under experimental conditions comparable to ours, however, reported that intravenous injection of adrenalin either had no marked effect or a slightly augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, and that stimulation of the splanchnic nerve yielded similar results. The question thus...

It has been shown in our previous paper that intravenous injection of adrenalin and stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in the dog produced an inhibition of gastric secretion induced by histamine. Baxter, working on cats under experimental conditions comparable to ours, however, reported that intravenous injection of adrenalin either had no marked effect or a slightly augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, and that stimulation of the splanchnic nerve yielded similar results. The question thus arose as to whether the discrepancy between Baxter's and our reports was due to the use of different experimental animals. Experiments were therefore carried out on cats in our laboratory in an attempt to throw some light on the question. It was observed that, in both acute and chronic experiments, intraveous injection of adrenalin in most cases produced a marked diphasic effect on the secretion induced by histamine. The effect consisted of an initial phase of inhibition followed by one of augmentation, the two phases being usually about equal in size, sometimes the second phase somewhat larger than the first. When a dose of 0.02-0.1mg of adrenalin was administered in a single injection intravenously, the total duration of the diphasic response lasted 10-15min. It would be evident that if rather long intervals, e.g. 10-30min. were chosen for the collection of gastric juice, the diphasic feature of the response would be missed, and one might easily come to the conclusion that in the cat adrenalin either had no marked effect or an augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, as Baxter did. In acute experiments, the stimulation of the splanchnic nerve showed an inhibitory effect on the secretion, disregarding whether the adrenal veins were ligated or not. In contrast with the adrenalin effect, that of splanchnic stimulation was rarely diphasic. We wish to express our deep gratitude to Prof. T. P. Feng for his constant guidance throughout this work.

(一)靜脈注射腎上腺素對組織胺引起的貓胃分泌不論在急性或慢性實驗,通常是双相的,開頭抑制分泌,接着增加分泌,兩相大小相似,有時第二相還稍為大些。在一次注射0.02—0.1毫克腎上腺素之後,整個效應過程歷時約10—15分钟。若用較長的間隔如每10—30分鐘收集一次胃分泌,則此双相效應就會被掩蓋,因而得出腎上腺素對貓胃分泌無明顯效應或有增加分泌的效應的結論,如Baxter等人所得到的一樣。 (二)在急性實驗中,刺激大内臟神經對组織胺引起的貓胃分泌有顯著的抑制效應。与腎上腺素的效應不同,刺激大內臟神經的效應通常是單相的。我們在工作中经常得到馮德培所长的指导。谨致谢意.

The purpose of this study was to find the response of the teleost's brain toward chemical stimuli.In carrying out the series of experiments, four species of teleost fishes were selected as working materials. They were Carassius auratus, Ophiocephalus argus, Monopterus javanensis and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis.The chemical agents for the experiments were selected as follows: Janus green, methylene blue, neutral red and crystal violet for staining purpose, i. e. for primary oxidation (Child' 47), in which...

The purpose of this study was to find the response of the teleost's brain toward chemical stimuli.In carrying out the series of experiments, four species of teleost fishes were selected as working materials. They were Carassius auratus, Ophiocephalus argus, Monopterus javanensis and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis.The chemical agents for the experiments were selected as follows: Janus green, methylene blue, neutral red and crystal violet for staining purpose, i. e. for primary oxidation (Child' 47), in which the specimens were examined with the results recorded before reduction process set in; and in addition potassuim permanganate was used for complete oxidation-reduction purpose. The concentrations of the former agents in Ringer's solution and the latter in distilled water were experimentally determined, and are given in Table 1-4.In all cases of the stain experiments, the metabolic rates of the nosebrain (including only the olfactory bulbs and primitive endbrain in the present case) are higher than any other division, and that of the cerebellum, the balancing brain, comes out to be the next, being higher than all the other parts of the organ (with the exception of Carassius). The midbrain (part of the eyebrain) is less responsive than the cerebellum; and the medulla oblongata, without the facial and vagal lobes (brain centers for taste buds) and with its anterior regions (the earbrain) overshadowed largely by the cerebellum or only with little parts visible from above; i. e., the skinbrain, is, on the average, least responsive of allIn Carassius, the vagal lobes showed somewhat greater sensitivity than the cerebellum, and in Hypophthalmichthys they were less so than the facial lobes, which in turn almost matched up with the cerebellum. As a whole, it may be said that the olfactory lobes and primitive endbrain are most responsive and the midbrain and medulla oblongata least so, the cerebellum somewhat between them, while the facial and vagal lobes vary in their responses to these stains, but they fall between the endbrain and the medulla. If the records of both these lobes were removed from the curves on Carassius and Hypophthalmichthys, (Chart V (A)-(D)), these four curves would have a much closer resemblance in the general tendency of responses among themselves; i. e., the centers of greatest activities are located in the nosebrain, there is a considerable dropping in the eyebrain, while the cerebellum, the balancing brain, shows a great deal of rise in responsiveness, though it does not go so high as either the olfactory lobes or the primitive endbrain, and finally the medulla oblongata, the skinbrain, shows least responsiveness to the stains.The results of the oxidation-reduction process (Chart VI (A)-(D)) show more or less a general resemblance to those o?the stain experiments, but there are some differences, which should be noted. In the case of Carassius the primitive endbrain falls in its functional features a great deal below the olfactory lobes and is now even lower than the cerebellum, and the vagal lobes are about on the same level with the midbrain, while in the case of Monoptenis the cerebellum is the most active division of the brain and the medulla oblongata is similar to the midbrain. In general, it is reasonable to assume that the physiological gradients in the brains of Carassius and Hypophthalmichlhys are similar to each other, as they are of the same family, and those of Ophiocephalus and Monopterus are likewise, though they are of different families. In spite of some deviations these brains in both stain and oxidation-reduction experimentes show a general trend of similarity in their responses.It is concluded that the sensitivities of the brain surface to these chemicals are in direct proportion to its functional activities and in reverse proportion to their histogenetic age. Besides these factors, the polarity of the organ and the size of its division also have a significant bearings on the physiological gradient, but the latter should be considered together with the organization and developmental st

(一)此研究限于鱼脑的背面(因由腹面观察,不能看到全脑各部)。所用四种硬骨鱼是鲫鱼、乌鱼、黄鳝与黑鲢。 (二)鱼脑背面,分为五部分:嗅球、原始端脑、中脑、小脑与延脑。鲫鱼延脑背面前部有迷叶长出,鲢鱼延脑背面前部有面叶与迷叶长出。为研究便利计,将迷叶与面叶划为另外部分,分别观察其代谢现象。 (三)染剂用以刺激鱼脑者,为简氏绿、次甲基蓝、中性红与晶紫。此外,又用过锰酸钾作完全氧化—还原实验。 (四)对于以上各剂,鱼脑反应程度最高处是嗅球,大约与嗅球相等者,是原始端脑,稍次是小脑,再次是中脑,最次是延脑。黑鲢面叶与迷叶低于小脑,高于中脑,而面叶高于迷叶(曲线图Ⅴ(D)与Ⅵ(D))。鲫鱼的迷叶,对染剂的反应,高于小脑,对氧化—还原剂的反应,低于小脑(图Ⅴ(A)与Ⅵ(A))。 整个结论是鱼脑表面,对于化学药剂的感性与其生理功用成正比例,与其组织之年龄成反比例。除此二因素外,脑的极性(polarity)、脑各部分之体积,都与生理量度有密切的关系。唯体积关系,须与以后数点共同考虑:(1)组织的构成;(2)组织发达的程度;(3)在演化过程中该组织对于脑部继续发达,及其功用所有关系的重要性(不能单看体积的大小)。鼻脑在脑前端,...

(一)此研究限于鱼脑的背面(因由腹面观察,不能看到全脑各部)。所用四种硬骨鱼是鲫鱼、乌鱼、黄鳝与黑鲢。 (二)鱼脑背面,分为五部分:嗅球、原始端脑、中脑、小脑与延脑。鲫鱼延脑背面前部有迷叶长出,鲢鱼延脑背面前部有面叶与迷叶长出。为研究便利计,将迷叶与面叶划为另外部分,分别观察其代谢现象。 (三)染剂用以刺激鱼脑者,为简氏绿、次甲基蓝、中性红与晶紫。此外,又用过锰酸钾作完全氧化—还原实验。 (四)对于以上各剂,鱼脑反应程度最高处是嗅球,大约与嗅球相等者,是原始端脑,稍次是小脑,再次是中脑,最次是延脑。黑鲢面叶与迷叶低于小脑,高于中脑,而面叶高于迷叶(曲线图Ⅴ(D)与Ⅵ(D))。鲫鱼的迷叶,对染剂的反应,高于小脑,对氧化—还原剂的反应,低于小脑(图Ⅴ(A)与Ⅵ(A))。 整个结论是鱼脑表面,对于化学药剂的感性与其生理功用成正比例,与其组织之年龄成反比例。除此二因素外,脑的极性(polarity)、脑各部分之体积,都与生理量度有密切的关系。唯体积关系,须与以后数点共同考虑:(1)组织的构成;(2)组织发达的程度;(3)在演化过程中该组织对于脑部继续发达,及其功用所有关系的重要性(不能单看体积的大小)。鼻脑在脑前端,屡次实验,表现为最高生理量度之所在;此处之势力,支配全脑各部分。高等脊椎动物的大脑,

 
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