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ecosystem services     
相关语句
  生态系统服务
     (2) The linear changes of ecosystem services' value of the two indices could be modeled with equations Y-1=-199.62X-1+25088(R~2=0.906)and(Y-2=)-121.25X-2+17342(R~2=0.907).
     (2)昆山的生态系统服务价值在评价年份内随时间的变化趋势可分别用线性函数Y1=-121.25X1+17342(R2=0.907)和Y2=-199.62X2+25088(R2=0.906)较好的表示;
短句来源
     In 1993, 1998 and 2003 our forest ecosystem seven categories ecosystem services of the total economic value of 21411.80×10~8 yuan, 36433.26×10~8 yuan and 41237.23×10~8 yuan respectively, which has separately took up 98.81%、91.73% and 71.82% of GDP.
     1993、1998、2003年我国森林生态系统7类生态系统服务功能的总生态经济价值分别为21411.80×10~8元、36433.26×10~8元、41237.23×10~8元,分别占当年GDP的98.81%、91.73%和71.82%。
短句来源
     the ecosystem services value of wetland dropped to 0.9×108$ from 2.62×108$,and that of cropland rised to 0.03×108$ from 0.01×108$.
     湿地生态系统服务的总价值由2.62×108美元下降为0.9×108美元,下降了65.1%;
短句来源
     The results indicate that the value of ecosystem services is 3 377.1×10~(8) yuan·a~(-1).
     结果表明:三江源地区生态系统服务功能总价值为 3 377. 1×108 yuan·a-1。
短句来源
     Assessment of ecosystem services of Macao in 1983-2003
     1983—2003年澳门生态系统服务价值的变化
短句来源
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  生态系统服务功能
     In 1993, 1998 and 2003 our forest ecosystem seven categories ecosystem services of the total economic value of 21411.80×10~8 yuan, 36433.26×10~8 yuan and 41237.23×10~8 yuan respectively, which has separately took up 98.81%、91.73% and 71.82% of GDP.
     1993、1998、2003年我国森林生态系统7类生态系统服务功能的总生态经济价值分别为21411.80×10~8元、36433.26×10~8元、41237.23×10~8元,分别占当年GDP的98.81%、91.73%和71.82%。
短句来源
     The results indicate that the value of ecosystem services is 3 377.1×10~(8) yuan·a~(-1).
     结果表明:三江源地区生态系统服务功能总价值为 3 377. 1×108 yuan·a-1。
短句来源
     The results showed that the total use value of the wetland ecosystem services is 71 792. 7×104RMB/a, in it, the direct value is 34 678. 4×104 RMB/a, the indirect value is 37 114. 3X104 RMB/a.
     经过计算,该湿地生态系统服务功能的总利用价值为71792.7×104元/a,其中,直接利用价值为34678.4×104元/a,间接利用价值为37114.3×104元/a。
短句来源
     The annual value of the ecosystem services was¥8 751.9×106 in 1994, and¥8 636.5×106 in 2004, which indicated the ecosystem services of Nanning urban was deteriorating obviously.
     区域生态系统服务价值由1994年的8751.9×106元/a下降到2004年的8 636.5×106元/a,区域生态系统服务功能出现明显衰退。
短句来源
     The result shows that the total value of the steppe ecosystem services generally amounts to 3325.9×10~8 yuan annually. Among which,the value of gas regulation equals 272.3×10~8 yuan yearly, taking 8.19% of the total;
     结果表明:内蒙古典型草原生态系统服务功能的总经济价值3325.9×108元/a,其中,气体调节价值272.3×108元/a,占8.19%;
短句来源
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  生态服务
     Beginning with the ecosystem services of water conservation forests, the connotation and evaluation methods of the ecosystem services for ecology and economy are discussed.
     从水源保护林的生态服务功能角度出发 ,探讨了水源保护林生态服务功能的内涵 ,并从生态和经济两个角度阐述水源保护林的评价方法。
短句来源
     Urban green space has important ecosystem services. Ecosystem services depend on science and rationality of its planning and management.
     城市绿色空间具有重要的生态服务功能,生态服务功能的强弱取决于绿色空间规划的科学性、合理性以及管理水平等。
短句来源
     Study on the Land Use/Cover Changes and Ecosystem Services Value of the Study Area in the Plain of the Peacock River Basin
     基于3S技术的孔雀河流域平原研究区土地利用/覆盖变化及其生态服务价值的研究
短句来源
     Analysis on the balance between supply and consumption of ecosystem services
     生态系统生态服务的供应与消耗平衡关系分析
短句来源
     Advance of Researches on Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital
     生态服务功能与自然资本的研究进展
短句来源
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  生态系统公益
     According to the association,the growth rate of ecosystem services of forest in Fujian from 1987 to 1997 can be compartmentalized into four parts: two parts of high growth rate in the south and east of Fujian and two parts of low growth rate of ecosystem services of forest in the northwestern and some coastal areas. In the end,some suggestions are given.
     并用空间统计分析方法研究了这一时期福建省森林生态系统公益价值增长率的空间关联关系,1987~1997年福建省森林生态系统公益价值增长率可分为福建省南部森林生态系统公益价值高增长率区域、福建省东部森林生态系统公益价值较高增长率区域、福建省西北部森林生态系统公益价值较低增长率区域及部分沿海地区森林生态系统公益价值低增长率区域,最后对实证研究结果进行了分析。
短句来源
     ESTIMATION OF ECOSYSTEM SERVICES OF MAJOR FOREST IN CHINA
     中国主要森林生态系统公益的评估
短句来源
     Grassland Ecosystem Services Protection and Exploitation of the West of China.
     草地生态系统公益保护与西部开发
短句来源
     (9) The gross value of the ecosystem services of Larix gmelinii forest was about 2409.96><106US$-a~1. Its values of ecological and social benefits were 3.03 times as more as those of its economic benefits. This result reflects importance of forests' ecological and social benefits, ces.
     (9)兴安落叶松林所创造的生态系统公益的总价值约为 2409.96 X10‘US$·a“‘,其生态效益的价值是其所创造的经济价值的 2.52倍,反映了生态效益的显著性。
短句来源
     (10) Based on the Evaluation of ecosystem services of the forests in China, we built the regress equation between ecosystem service and NPP:Va=108.25xl06x(Tp)? 93 It was helpful for simplifying the procedure of estimating the value of ecosystem servi
     (10)在对我国各类型森林的生态系统公益价值评估的基础上建立了森林生态系统公益价值与其生产力的回归关系:Va-108.25X 10‘X厂广刃,简化了生态系统公益价值的评估计算工作。
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      ecosystem services
    This landscape pattern had an obviously negative effect on the stability and ecosystem services of forests.
          
    The type and area of terrestrial ecosystems were extracted from Vegetation Map of China (1:4 000 OOO), and then the distribution map of ecosystem services of China was drawn.
          
    According to our calculation, the total value of ecosystem services in China is 77 834.48×108 RMB yuan per annum.
          
    The value of ecosystem services in China is 1.73 times bigger than GDP in 1994.
          
    The value for forest ecosystem services is 15 433.98×8 yuan per annum, which is 27.51% of the total annual ecosystem services in China.
          
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    In order to analyze ecological values of an urban ecosystem, this paper provided a systematic analysis on the value of urban ecosystem services based on the concept of sustainable development in ecological economics.There are several appraisal approaches that could be used in ecosystem valuation.Because the urban ecosystem services are uncertain,it must be considered with a minimum estimate.For the total capital,natural capital contributes to human welfare more than 1/3 in the urban ecosystem...

    In order to analyze ecological values of an urban ecosystem, this paper provided a systematic analysis on the value of urban ecosystem services based on the concept of sustainable development in ecological economics.There are several appraisal approaches that could be used in ecosystem valuation.Because the urban ecosystem services are uncertain,it must be considered with a minimum estimate.For the total capital,natural capital contributes to human welfare more than 1/3 in the urban ecosystem every year,and therefore represents part of the total economic and social value.Sustainable development can only be achieved when natural capital is increasing in a urban ecosystem.

    :本文从城市生态系统价值体系出发,探讨城市自然资本、经济资本和社会资本综合测算的理论与方法,结果表明:示范区的自然总资本以年均4%的速度递减,其真实总资本年均增长率为45%而不是国内生产总值的126%。自然资本的增减应成为衡量一个城市或区域是否实现可持续发展的核心指标。城市生态系统中自然资本由持续递减变为递增,是实现人类共同追求的可持续发展目标必由之路。

    The mangrove forest ecosystem service functions are very important, including fishery resource, environmental quality, conservation of coast and biodiversity. Poorness of mangrove forest resource and endangered by the pressures of human activities is the present status in China, although conservation of mangrove forest has been made recently, treating of coast region development and protection of mangrove forest ecosystem should be laid on priority.

    红树林有多种生态系统服务功能,包括促进渔业生产、护岸减灾、保护生物多样性、改善环境质量等。中国红树植物种类少,分布范围窄,资源面积小,质量差,尤其人类活动加剧了其脆弱和濒危程度。近年保护工作有一定进展,资源有所恢复,但仍需正确处理沿海地区发展和红树林生态系统保护的关系,在国土资源保护中给予红树林最高保护等级的地位。

    Ecosystem services are the conditions and processing through which the natural ecosystems and the species,that make them up,sustain and fulfill the human life.They not only supply to the human being with the production of ecosystem goods,but also perform the fundamental life support services,which include the purification of air and water,detoxification and decomposition of wastes,regulation of climate,regeneration of soil fertility,and production and maintenance of biodiversity,mitigation of floods and droughts.The...

    Ecosystem services are the conditions and processing through which the natural ecosystems and the species,that make them up,sustain and fulfill the human life.They not only supply to the human being with the production of ecosystem goods,but also perform the fundamental life support services,which include the purification of air and water,detoxification and decomposition of wastes,regulation of climate,regeneration of soil fertility,and production and maintenance of biodiversity,mitigation of floods and droughts.The Chinese ecosystem services and their indirect economic values were estimated based on ecological function analysis.The study showed that the indirect economic values in RMB of organic matter production,CO 2 fixation,O 2 release,nutrient recycle,soil protection,water holding capacity and environmental purification were 1 57×10 13 Yuan/a,2 84×10 2 Yuan/a,2 84×10 12 Yuan/a,3 24×10 11 Yuan/a,5 69×10 12 Yuan/a,2 71×10 11 Yuan/a,4 90×10 12 Yuan/a,respectively.

    生态系统服务功能主要表现为提供保存生物进化所需要的丰富的物种与遗传资源,太阳能,二氧化碳的固定,有机质的合成,区域气候调节,维持水及营养物质的循环,土壤的形成与保护,污染物的吸收与降解及创造物种赖以生存与繁育的条件,维持整个大气化学组分的平衡与稳定,以及由于丰富的生物多样性所形成的自然景观及其具有的美学、文化、科学、教育的价值。生态系统的这些功能虽不表现为直接的生产与消费价值,但它们是生物资源直接价值产生与形成的环境。可以说,正是生态系统的服务功能,才使人类的生态环境条件得以维持和稳定。从生态系统的服务功能着手,首先研究中国陆地生态系统在有机物质的生产、CO2的固定、O2的释放、重要污染物质降解,以及在涵养水源、保护土壤中的生态功能作用,然后再运用影子价格,替代工程或损益分析等方法探讨了中国生态系统的间接经济价值。研究表明我国陆地生态系统具有巨大的生态经济效益,对维持我国社会经济的可持续发展具有不可替代的作用。

     
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