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electrical response     
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  电响应
     Study on electrical response of PZT95/5 subjected to shock stress
     冲击应力作用下PZT95/5铁电陶瓷电响应的理论分析
短句来源
     Experimental study on electrical response of PZT95/5 subjected to shock stress
     冲击应力加载下PZT95/5电响应的试验研究
短句来源
     The electrical response of P VDF film along polarization direction under shock loading was studied experiment ally and numerically.
     应用冲击加载技术 ,研究了PVDF膜在与其极化矢量方向平行的冲击波压缩下的冲击电响应
短句来源
     The electrical response of PZT95/5 ferroelectric ceramics subjected to normal mode shock stress was investigated. Based on the improved experimental devices and solving the matching problem of experimental specimens and loads, the maximum output current on a 60μH inductive load is 1660A, and the maximum peak voltage on resistive load is over 100kV.
     应用爆炸冲击波加载技术,改进试验装置,解决了PZT95/5样品与负载的匹配问题,对PZT95/5铁电陶瓷在电感和电阻负载下的电响应进行了试验研究,得到了很好的试验结果:在60μH的电感负载上获得1660A的电流、在电阻负载上得到100kV以上的脉冲电压。
短句来源
     Copolymerized AMPS/AAM hydrogel were synthesized by free-radical polymerization , its swelling performance and electrical response performance were also studied. The results showed that the monomer ratio of hydrogel, the ionic strength of solution and the applied electric field strength have influnce on the swelling performance and electrical response performance of the AMPS/AAM hydrogel.
     利用自由基聚合法合成了AMPS/AAM共聚凝胶,研究了该凝胶的溶胀性能和电响应性能,实验结果表明:凝胶的溶胀性能和电响应性能受凝胶的单体配比、溶液的离子强度和所施加的电场强度等因素的影响。
短句来源
  电阻响应
     SWELLING AND ELECTRICAL RESPONSE OF CB/PMMA COMPOSITES IN ORGANIC SOLVENT VAPORS
     CB/PMMA导电复合材料在有机溶剂蒸气中的溶胀及电阻响应
短句来源
  电学响应
     Study on Electrical Response of Transducing Piezoelectric Sensor
     压电换能型传感器电学响应特性研究
短句来源
     Electrical Response of Conductive Composites under Dynamic Mechanical Loads:An Experimental Approach on Materials Structure
     交变载荷下复合材料的电学响应:一个新的材料结构研究方法
短句来源
  电性响应
     In order to improve the accuracy and the dependence of the technique used to predict the risk of mine coal and gas outburst, the paper studied the physical property premise based on which we can explore the tectonic coal by the technique of radio ware pit perspective and electrical response when electromagnetic wave spreads in outburst coal constituted by tectonic coal and solid coal.
     为提高矿井煤与瓦斯突出危险性预测的准确性和可靠性 ,研究了利用无线电波坑道透视技术探测构造煤的物性前提及电磁波在由构造煤和硬煤组成的瓦斯突出煤层中传播时的电性响应 .
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  electrical response
An equivalent electrical circuit corresponding to the total electrical response of all individual components is proposed for the composite studied.
      
It is established that the electrical response of a DNA molecule to an applied electric field depends on the boundary conditions and the potential profile along the molecule.
      
Electrical response of a polydomain ferroelectric to cyclic temperature variations
      
It is shown experimentally that the electrical response to temperature changes by a polydomain ferroelectric, as recorded in measurements of the electric dipole and quadrupole moments, is quite different during heating and during cooling.
      
The temperature dependences of the real and imaginary parts of the complex permittivity of diserine sulfate monohydrate crystals and of their electrical response in different crystallographic directions to a change in temperature are investigated.
      
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Soy-bean phosphatides, sodium oleate and rabbit serum are able to revive the contractility of toad heart inhibited by high potassium(0.054 to 0.074 gram of KCl in 100 ml Ringer solution) and by acetylcholine. During the recovery of the mechanical activity of the cardiac muscle in potassium inhibition, there is always an augmentation of its electrical response. Adrenaline stimulates the potassium as well as the acetylcholine inhibited toad hearts. The action of adrenaline differs from that of the lipids...

Soy-bean phosphatides, sodium oleate and rabbit serum are able to revive the contractility of toad heart inhibited by high potassium(0.054 to 0.074 gram of KCl in 100 ml Ringer solution) and by acetylcholine. During the recovery of the mechanical activity of the cardiac muscle in potassium inhibition, there is always an augmentation of its electrical response. Adrenaline stimulates the potassium as well as the acetylcholine inhibited toad hearts. The action of adrenaline differs from that of the lipids in(i) adrenaline produces no A-V block and(ii) adrenaline promotes the contractility and accelerates the rhythm of the heart.

(一)在高鉀抑制的心臟,大豆磷脂與油脂酸鈉和血清有恢復或增強心臟搏動的能力。 (二)磷脂在加強高鉀抑制中的機械反應同時,亦加強心肌的動作電流。 (三)腎上腺素亦有興奮高鉀與乙醯胆鹼抑制心臟的作用。與磷脂所表現有所不同,腎上腺素在高鉀任氏溶液中不出現房室阻滯;在乙醯胆鹼抑制下,則不但興奮心肌的機械反應且增加心搏的頻率。

In cat under the influence of a suitable combination of anesthetic and convulsant, e.g. chloralose and semicarbazide, both click and flash elicited electrical response in extensive regions of the cerebral cortex. Making use of the response in the sensorimotor cortex as the indicator, the nervous pathways mediating the productions of such response were analysed. The initial complex positive phase of the electric response in the sensorimotor cortex elicited by a click showed three distinct...

In cat under the influence of a suitable combination of anesthetic and convulsant, e.g. chloralose and semicarbazide, both click and flash elicited electrical response in extensive regions of the cerebral cortex. Making use of the response in the sensorimotor cortex as the indicator, the nervous pathways mediating the productions of such response were analysed. The initial complex positive phase of the electric response in the sensorimotor cortex elicited by a click showed three distinct wavelets having latencies of 8-9, 18-20 and 30-35 msecs respectively, the 2nd and 3rd wavelets being much larger than the 1st. The response persisted essentially unchanged after complete bilateral destruction of the auditory cortex, but disappeared completely after bilateral destruction of the medial geniculate bodies(MG). Conversely direct stimulation of MG elicited a response in the sensorimotor cortex practically the same as that called forth by a click. When the regions around the thalamic nuclei ventralis medialis(VM) and ventralis anterior(VA) were destroyed, the 2nd and 3rd wavelets of the response disappeared together. The 1st wavelet appeared to be a subcortical event electrically spread to the cortex, as it could be still picked up from the white matter after the removal of the cortex. Under the same experimental conditions the response set up in the sensorimotor cortex by a flash of light in comparison with that elicited by a click, appeared to have a longer latency of 29-33 msec. Three suscessive positive wavelets could also be distinguished in this response, although the separation of these wavelets was not always as distinct as in the case of auditory stimu- lation. The second and the third wavelets had a latency of about 38-42 msec. and 48-52 msec. respectively. Complete bilateral removal of the visual cortices decreased the size of the response and increased its latency. However, even in the complete absence of the visual cortices, stimulation of the lateral geniculate body(LG) could elicit essentially the same electrical response in the sensorimotor cortex as usually called forth by a flash of light, apart from the difference in latency. Analogously as in the case of auditory stimulation, bilateral destruction of LG caused a complete disappearance of the response to the flash. An amount of destruction in the region of VA and VM such as sufficient to abolish completely the 2nd and 3rd wavelets of the response due to a click, usually also greatly diminished the 2nd and 3rd wavelets of the response to a flash, leaving the 1st wavelet practically unaffected. This 1st wavelet in the response to a flash, like the 1st wavelet in the response to a click, was also due to thalamic activity electrically spread to cortex. Our general conclusion regarding the irradiation of auditory and visual impulses to the sensorimotor cortex as indicated by the kind of responses being studied is that the pathways involved are basically subcortical, the chief routes being from the geniculate bodies via the thalamic diffuse projection system. However, the effective working of the subcortical pathways may require varying degrees of facilitation from the cortex. Results such as that the removal of the visual cortex decreased the size and lengthened the latency of the response of the sensorimotor cortex to the photic stimulus, may be interpreted on this basis.

用适当剂量的麻醉剂和兴奋剂(如氯醛醣和胺基脲)混合处理的貓,短声和闪光均能在大脑皮层引起分布广泛的电反应。我们用运动区的电反应作为指标,分析了产生此反应的神经路径基础。短声在运动区激起的电反应包括三个正相的小波,潜伏期分别为8—9,18—20及30—35毫秒。除去两侧皮层听区对各波无甚影响,毁两侧内膝体则各波均消失。刺激内膝体在运动区引起的电反应舆短声引起的一样,只是潜伏期略短。毁丘脑(氵弥)散投射系统的VA,VM一带,第二及第三波即告消失。至於第一波,吸去皮层运动区後在白质上仍可引到,是皮层下的电活动波及到皮层的结果。在闪光所引起的电反应裹,也可分辨得出三个正相的小波,其潜伏期分别为29—33,38—42及48—52毫秒,但一般各波间分界不明。除去两侧皮层视区,反应即不易出现,且潜伏期增长,但此时刺激外膝体仍可恒定地引起和在视区存在时闪光所引起的同样的反应(仅潜伏期缩短)。毁外膝体,各波均消失。毁VA,VM一带,第二第三波大为减小,第一波不受影响。第一波亦同样为皮层下电流扩布的结果。概言之,我们所形容声和光在皮层运动区引起的电反应,是内膝体和外膝体兴奋丘脑(氵弥)散投射系统的结果,但皮层听区或视区可能对皮层...

用适当剂量的麻醉剂和兴奋剂(如氯醛醣和胺基脲)混合处理的貓,短声和闪光均能在大脑皮层引起分布广泛的电反应。我们用运动区的电反应作为指标,分析了产生此反应的神经路径基础。短声在运动区激起的电反应包括三个正相的小波,潜伏期分别为8—9,18—20及30—35毫秒。除去两侧皮层听区对各波无甚影响,毁两侧内膝体则各波均消失。刺激内膝体在运动区引起的电反应舆短声引起的一样,只是潜伏期略短。毁丘脑(氵弥)散投射系统的VA,VM一带,第二及第三波即告消失。至於第一波,吸去皮层运动区後在白质上仍可引到,是皮层下的电活动波及到皮层的结果。在闪光所引起的电反应裹,也可分辨得出三个正相的小波,其潜伏期分别为29—33,38—42及48—52毫秒,但一般各波间分界不明。除去两侧皮层视区,反应即不易出现,且潜伏期增长,但此时刺激外膝体仍可恒定地引起和在视区存在时闪光所引起的同样的反应(仅潜伏期缩短)。毁外膝体,各波均消失。毁VA,VM一带,第二第三波大为减小,第一波不受影响。第一波亦同样为皮层下电流扩布的结果。概言之,我们所形容声和光在皮层运动区引起的电反应,是内膝体和外膝体兴奋丘脑(氵弥)散投射系统的结果,但皮层听区或视区可能对皮层下的传导发生易化作用。

Under the convulsive action of certain drugs, such as chloralose, a diffuse electrical response due to peripheral nerve stimulation could be evoked in extensive regions of the cerebral cortex of the cat. In sensorimotor cortex, besides the primary response, the initial potential complex of the response consisted of two positive wavelets having respectively a latency of 20—25 msec, and 30—40 msec, when peroneal nerve was stimulated. After injection of nembutal, the response was suppressed...

Under the convulsive action of certain drugs, such as chloralose, a diffuse electrical response due to peripheral nerve stimulation could be evoked in extensive regions of the cerebral cortex of the cat. In sensorimotor cortex, besides the primary response, the initial potential complex of the response consisted of two positive wavelets having respectively a latency of 20—25 msec, and 30—40 msec, when peroneal nerve was stimulated. After injection of nembutal, the response was suppressed and a more delayed wave with a latency of about 50—80 msec, appeared. The latter was identified as the well known secondary response. For the sake of briefness the former response was referred to as the "intermediate response" on account of its latency being intermediate between that of the primary and secondary response. The pathways mediating the production of the intermediate response and that of the secondary response are different. The two wavelets of the intermediate response could be separately abolished by selective destruction of VP and CM, or together by destruction of VA—VM. The conclusion that the initiation of these wavelets was due to activation of the thalamic diffuse projection system by VP and CM was further supported by the fact that the intermediate response showed a similar form and distribution over the cortex as that evoked by a brief auditory stimulus previously shown to be also due to activation of the thalamic diffuse projection system by the medial geniculate body. After destruction of the diencephalic structures mediating the production of the intermediate response, injection of nembutal could still bring out the secondary response, wich could be abolished by destruction of subthalamus and hypothalamus at the mammillary level, a fact confirming the finding of Dempsey and Morison.

在惊厥性药物(如氯醛醣)作用下,刺激周边神经,可在猫大脑皮层引起分布广泛的电反应。在体觉运动区,除原初反应外,这反应的正相复合电位包含二个正波,潜伏期各为20—25毫秒及30—40毫秒(刺激腓神经)。注身戊巴比妥钠可抑制这反应,而代之以Forbes等所形容的副反应,潜伏期为50—80毫秒。为敍述方便起见,我们称前者为“中间反应”,因为它的潜伏期介於始反应与副反应之间。产生中间反应与副反应的神经路径基础是不同的。中间反应的两个正波的产生分别为VP及CM核兴奮丘脑(氵弥)散投射系统的结果。毁去产生中间反应的间脑组织後,再注射戊巴比妥钠仍能得到副反应。在乳头体部位毁底丘脑和下丘脑,副反应即被取消,与Dempsey和Morison的结果相符。

 
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