In this paper, we use type B nichrome wire as a substitute for type A one as bridgewire, for inproving safety ignition current for insert-bridgewire instantaneous electric detonators and coming up to "Electric Detonators"GB8031 standard.
The catalyst fines(<40μ)recovered by the third stage cyclone of a FCC unit were used as substitute of clay in the final treatment of heavy lube oil stocks and excellent result was obtained with a big saving in costs.
Theoretical analysis and testing results demonstrated that Viton, a new substitute of the former plasticizer, could noticeably improve its performances, which has been proved as the important improvements of the mixture.
Measures such as mixing ore with small lump of coke,using coking heavy oil as a substitute for part of petroleum heavy oil for injecting and adopting water hot medium to recover the heat of HS exhaust gas, which have been used to reduce fuel consumption and make use of coking heavy oil, are presented also.
The results indicated that the extracts contain a considerable amount of small aromatic units and higher heteroatoms contents. The aromatic ring number of the extracts is from 2 to 5. About 28～46% of the available substitute sites of these aromatic substances carry alkyls and phenolic hydroxyl groups.
Based on the SAR (structure activity relationship) of TZDs (thiazolidinediones), 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-5-one was selected as a substitute for TZD.
The DTV positioning that has a sub-meter level ranging error and meter level positioning accuracy can parallel with and even taken as a beneficial substitute for the tradition positioning technology.
The occurrence of substitute species is determined by the function of common species between adjacent belts.
It indicates that the new solvent A is a good substitute for the solvent used in the classic route and achieves a greener synthesis of CdSe NCs.
The models and approaches for this study can be applied to other regions of China as long as all the assumptions are well defined and modified to find a substitute automotive energy source and establish an energy policy in a specific region.