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female athletes
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  女运动员
     ⑤The serum testosterone in female athletes shall be no less than 21.7 nmol/L, and that in females shall be no less than 1.1 nmol/L.
     ⑤血清睾酮男运动员不应低于21.7nmol/L,女运动员不应低于1.1nmol/L。
短句来源
     ④The urea nitrogen in female athletes shall be less than 6.50 mmol/L, and that in females shall be less than 6.00 mmol/L.
     ④尿素氮男运动员不应高于6.50mmol/L,女运动员不应高于6.00mmol/L。
短句来源
     ②The red cells in male athletes shall be greater than 5.00×1012 L-1, and that in female athletes shall be greater than 4.70×1012 L-1. The volume packed cells in female athletes shall be no less than 47.0%, and that in female athletes shall be no less than 44.0%.
     ②红细胞男运动员不应低于5.00×1012L-1,女运动员不应低于4.70×1012L-1; 红细胞压积男运动员不应低于47.0%,女运动员不应低于44.0%。
短句来源
     ③The SCK in female athletes shall be less than 5 001 nkat/L, and that in females shall less than 3 334 nkat/L.
     ③血清肌酸激酶男运动员不应高于5001nkat/L,女运动员不应高于3334nkat/L。
短句来源
     The restored values of different biochemical indicators in plateau-living athletes after training: ①The hematoglobin of whole blood in female athletes shall be no less than 155 g/L, and that in female athletes shall be no less than 140 g/L.
     世居高原运动员训练后不同生化指标恢复值:①全血血红蛋白男运动员不应低于155g/L,女运动员不应低于140g/L。
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  女子运动员
     3. The incidence of anemia in the athletes tested was 19%, however, the incidence in female athletes (36.8%) was significantly higher than that in males (9%, P<0.01).
     3.105名优秀运动员的贫血检出率为19.0%,其中女子运动员的贫血(36.8%)极显著地高于男子运动员的贫血(9.0%,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Technical statistics of female athletes at 3~(rd) Wushu Sanda Wrold Cup
     第3届世界杯武术散打比赛女子运动员技术统计与分析
短句来源
     Through literature study,observation and mathematical statistics,the technical statistics of the female athletes at the 3th Wushu Sanda Wrold Cup was studied.
     运用文献资料、观察和数理统计等研究方法,对第3届世界杯武术散打比赛中女子运动员技术动作的运用情况进行统计与分析。
短句来源
     Taking the female athletes of national trampoline team as research subject and using the method of literature,investigation,interview and measurement,this paper made study on structure and evaluation criterion of specific physical fitness of Chinese elite female trampolinists.
     以国家蹦床集训队女子运动员为研究对象,采用文献资料调研、调查、访谈、测量等研究方法,对我国优秀女子蹦床运动员的专项身体素质结构及评价标准进行研究。
短句来源
     The mitochondrial DNA D-LOOP polymorphism and the maximal aerobic power were determined in 27 Chinese junior female athletes.
     对 2 7名少年女子运动员线粒体DNA调控区 (D -LOOP)遗传多态性进行了分析 ,同时还测定了所有受试者的VO2max。
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  女子田径运动员
     The percentage of input of time efficiency for elite male athletes is 75%~80%,while this value for our elite female athletes is higher than 75%.
     优秀男子田径运动员的专项训练投入时间效益百分比约为 75 %~ 80 % ,中国优秀女子田径运动员中也有 6 0 %的人专项训练投入时间效益高于 75 % ;
短句来源
     Study on Response of Immune Function and Recovery Characteristics to Much Exercise and Intense Training in Excellent Female Athletes
     优秀女子田径运动员某些免疫机能对不同运动负荷应答及恢复特征的研究
短句来源
     Characteristics of response and recovery to different exercise load of female athletes’immunologic cell
     女子田径运动员免疫细胞对不同运动负荷应答及恢复的特征
短句来源
     Therefore, the probability of Chinese female athletes entering T&F Final competition in 2008 Olympic Games has been predicated.
     预测了2008年奥运会田径第8名与10、11届全运会第1名的成绩,从而估算我国女子田径运动员在2008年奥运会上进入决赛的可能性。
短句来源
     Research on Influence of Large Intensity and Heavy Stress Training on Female Athletes' Immunoglobulins
     一次大运动量训练课和400m跑对女子田径运动员血IgA、IgM、IgG的影响
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  “female athletes”译为未确定词的双语例句
     2. Serum cholesterol levels of athletes were 202±32 and 201±30 mg/dL and serum triglyceride concentrations were 87.4±14.2 and 88.5±13.4 mg/dL for male and female athletes respectively.
     2.运动员血清总胆固醇水平:男、女分别是202±32和201±30mg/dL,甘油三酯分别是87.4±14.2和88.5±13.4mg/dL。
短句来源
     Hb of 36 (22 males and 14females) adolescent athletes of wrestling,judo and free sparring from the Capital Institute of Physical Education has been measured during a training session of 9 weeks. Results show that the Hb indicators of these male and female athletes fluctuate around the averaged level of 145.8g/L,130.0g/L,151.1g/L,140.0g/L and 145.2g/L respectively.
     对首都体育学院36名(22男,14女)青少年摔跤、柔道与散打运动员在集训期间9周的Hb(血红蛋白)检测发现,男女青少年摔跤、柔道与散打运动员在集训期间Hb分别围绕145.8g/L、130.0g/L、151.1g/L、140.0g/L和145.2g/L平均水平波动变化;
短句来源
     Result:The result shows that trainning at the two altitudes of 1 570 m and 2 865 m, both male and female athletes show distinct differences(P<0.05) and (P<0.01) in T, E 2, Cort, Zn, Cu and CP in their blood.
     结果 :男、女队员的T、E2 、Cort、Zn、Cu在两个海拔高度训练后相差显著 (P <0 .0 5 )和非常显著 (P <0 .0 1)。
短句来源
     In order to provide some references for the development of our country's track & field and formulating training plan of Beijing Olympic Games, the author compared the best results of our country female athletes with the world first eight average results during 1999~2004, and analyzed the development and alternative tendency of our country and the world female's athletics with the gray theory GM (1.1) model in 6 years.
     以1999~2004年我国女子田径各项最好成绩和世界前8名平均成绩为基础,利用灰色理论的GM(1,1)模型探讨了6年来我国和世界女子田径项目的发展变化趋势,旨在为我国田径运动的发展和制定奥运田径训练计划提供参考。
短句来源
     Female athletes' T item is nearly 3 times (0.75~3.15)nmol/L higher (from the upper limit) than ordinary group, and 3 times higher than that of the trainning under 1 570m altitude.
     女子的T要高于正常人群 (0 .75~ 3.15nmol L)上限近 3倍 ,大于 15 70m训练时的 3倍。
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  female athletes
Changes in Prolactin and Testosterone Levels Induced by Acute Physical Exertion in Young Female Athletes
      
In order to establish the influence of acute untypical exercise on prolactin and testosterone levels in young female athletes, the authors selected a group of 13 short distance runners who were subjected to exercise on a cycle ergometer.
      
Morphological and functional characteristics of 9-to 22-year-old female athletes involved in sports aerobics
      
Parameters of physical development, the cardiorespiratory system, and physical fitness were studied in female athletes aged 9-22 years.
      
The aim of this study is to determine the mean right and left knee Q angles of male and female athletes of taekwondo and soccer in standing and supine positions.
      
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According to the information about the ages, heights and ueights of two hundred and sixty-two male athletes and two hundred and fifty-six female athletes in the gym- nastics competition of the 22nd Olympic Games and the 22nd World Gymnastics cham- pionship, we've made an analysis of by mathematical statistics method and computed the weight range values of different sexes, age groups and heights by one-place re- gression equation and plus or minus the remain standard deviation. The results show that among...

According to the information about the ages, heights and ueights of two hundred and sixty-two male athletes and two hundred and fifty-six female athletes in the gym- nastics competition of the 22nd Olympic Games and the 22nd World Gymnastics cham- pionship, we've made an analysis of by mathematical statistics method and computed the weight range values of different sexes, age groups and heights by one-place re- gression equation and plus or minus the remain standard deviation. The results show that among the winners in the two competitions, the weight of 76.36% of male athle- tes and the weight of 81.58% of female athletes are between (?)-Sy~(?) +Sy. The ueights of most of our winners also agree with the result showed above. Therefore, we regard the weight range values reckonecl with the help of Y-Sy~Y+Sy equation as the reference of controlling the weight of our elite male and female gymnasts.

根据参加22届奥运会体操比赛和22届世界体操锦标赛的262名男运动员与256名女运动员的年龄、身高、体重等资料,用数理统计方法推算他们的体重范围。其结果是:上述两次比赛名次获得者及23届奥运会体操比赛的全能与单项前三名获得者中,男76.36%、女81.58%;其体重范围落在一元线性回归值(?)、减一个剩余标差Sy(即(?)-Sy~(?)+Sy)之间。我国参加世体操比赛的得名者,大部分人的体重也落在上述范围中。因此,我们认为用(?)-Sy~(?)+Sy推算出的体重范围值,可作为控制我国体操运动员的体重之参考。

This paper reports total energy expenditure in 32 male and 24 female members of the Shanghai Rowing Teams, according to average body surface area using indirect calorimetry. The total energy expenditure a day consisted of expenditure in basal metabolic rate, quality training, special training, activities out of training and expenditure in quiescence.The average basal metabolic rate in the male and female were 2.999 kilo-Joule/Er9 per minute and 2.682 kiloJoule/m2 per minute respectively. The energy expenditure...

This paper reports total energy expenditure in 32 male and 24 female members of the Shanghai Rowing Teams, according to average body surface area using indirect calorimetry. The total energy expenditure a day consisted of expenditure in basal metabolic rate, quality training, special training, activities out of training and expenditure in quiescence.The average basal metabolic rate in the male and female were 2.999 kilo-Joule/Er9 per minute and 2.682 kiloJoule/m2 per minute respectively. The energy expenditure in quality training was 13.272-27.874 kiloJoule/m2 per minute in the male and 9.146-25.242 kiloJoule/m2 per minute in the female. The averagy energy expenditure in special training in male and female were 29.949-43.283 kiloJoule/m2 per minute and 28.815-36.606 kiloJoule/m2 per minute separatery, in which energy expenditure in men using two oars racing sculls was maximum, while using one oar racing sculls in women.Fat supplied energy in quality training and special training was important, when the training intensity was increased, extra energy was suppned by carbohydrates,The total energy expenditure was 16138 - 17 481 IciloJoule/day in male athletes, and 14916-15623 kiloJoule/day in female athletes. The average of male and female were 16 916 kiloJoule/day and 15213 kiloJoule/day respectively. If there was more special training, the total energy expenditure was also increased, the averagy value being 19 974 kilo Joule/day in the male and 18 046 kilo Joule/clay in the female.

作者采用间接测热法对上海市男女划船运动员能量代谢进行了研究,包括基础代谢率、安静代谢率、各项运动的能量消耗及24h总的能量消耗等项目。结果以每分钟kJ/m~2计:男女基础代谢率分别为2.999和2.682;安静代谢率分别为4.770和3.724;素质训练各项的能量消耗分别为13.272~27.874和9.146~25.242;专项训练分别为29.949~43.283和28.815~36.606。糖和脂肪为运动员训练时能量的主要来源。素质训练中糖和脂肪供能比约为0.6:0.4;专项训练中约为0.5:0.5。运动员全日总的能量代谢,男、女运动员各队能量消耗分别为16138~17481kJ/d和14916~15623kJ/d,平均分别为16916和15213kJ/d。若增加水上运动,男女平均分别为19974和18046kJ/d。

In order to provide scientific data useful in determining the dietary RDA of Zn and Cu forChinese athletes, we studied the serum Zn and Cu levels and some of their affecting factors of 360elite Chinese athletes in the spring and the winter training during 1983-1984. 55 medical collegestudents served as controls. The effects of different exercise loads on serum Zn and Cu were studiesas well. HCT and Hb levels were examined to correct the plasma volume changes induced by exercises.The GGX-1 type of atomic absorption...

In order to provide scientific data useful in determining the dietary RDA of Zn and Cu forChinese athletes, we studied the serum Zn and Cu levels and some of their affecting factors of 360elite Chinese athletes in the spring and the winter training during 1983-1984. 55 medical collegestudents served as controls. The effects of different exercise loads on serum Zn and Cu were studiesas well. HCT and Hb levels were examined to correct the plasma volume changes induced by exercises.The GGX-1 type of atomic absorption photometry were used to measure serum element levels. Themain results were as follows: 1. Average serum Zn levels of the elite Chinese athletes in spring were all above 100 ug.dl~(-1)(100-140 ug.dl~(-1)). However, serum Zn levels were lower in winter; the average was 96±19 ug.dl~(-1).Data of paired T-test also showed that serum Zn levels were lower in the winter. Average serum Culevels were all above 100 ug.dl~(-1) except those of the track and field athletes. 2. Incidences of "low" serum Zn and Cu levels (lower than 90 ug.dl~(-1)) were 32.7% and 14.3%respectively; data showed that percentages of low serum Zn and high serum Cu were higher in the athletes than those of the college students, and their frequency of distribution were in accordancewith this phenomenon. 3. Serum Zn levels of male and female athletes in winter training were 101±20.7 and 92±17.8ug.dl~(-1) respectively; their serum Cu levels were 108±20.3 and 122±17.8 ug.dl~(-1) respectively. Levelsof serum Zn were low and Cu high in female athletes. Serum Cu levels were lower in athletes agedbelow 18 years than that of the adult athletes. 4. Intakes of Zn and Cu from the diet of the elite Chinese athletes averaged 30 mg.d~(-1) and7 mg.d~(-1) respectively. Sweat Zn and Cu concentrations were 117±67 and 49±25 ug.dl~(-1) respec-tively. 5. Serum Cu levels of athletes with a 2-hr. aerobic exercise on a Monark ergometer (HR keptaround 150 beats/min) decreased significantly from 127±12.7 to 101±17.0 ug.dl~(-1) 24 hours afterthe exercise. There were no serum Zn changes after the same exercise loading. 6. No significant changes of serum Zn or Cu levels of athletes were shown by the Wingate testafter a short period of anaerobic exercise loading while serum Mg and K levels increased under thesame conditions.

为研究参加系统训练运动员冬春两季的血清锌、铜水平的变化及影响因素,作者对9个运动项目360名优秀运动员测定了血清锌、铜水平。结果表明:运动员在冬训期的血清锌水平偏低、血清铜水平偏高,18岁以下的运动员血清铜低于成年运动员。25名优秀运动员冬春两季血清锌、铜水平配对T检验的数据表明,女运动员在冬季时的血清锌远低于春季时的水平。本文数据为运动员微量元素的合理补充提供了依据。

 
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