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cooperation     
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  合作
     A Study on Sino-Russian Agricultural Economic and Trade Cooperation
     中俄农业经贸合作研究
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     Study on Multi-agent Cooperation Mechanism and Cooperation Structure
     多Agent合作机制与合作结构研究
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     China's Energy Security and Energy Cooperation with Other Counties at the Beginning of the 21~(st) Century
     21世纪初中国的能源安全与中外能源合作
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     Study on the Incentiving and Cooperation Mechanism Based on Game Theory
     基于博弈论的员工激励与合作的机制研究
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     Research on Conflict Analysis and Cooperation Theory
     冲突分析与合作理论研究
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  协作
     TASK COOPERATION FOR DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS IN THE DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENT
     动态环境下分布式智能系统的任务协作理论研究
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     Research and Implementation of Complex Dynamic Real-Time Cooperation Model DReaSCoM
     复杂的动态实时强协同协作模型DReaSCoM研究与实现
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     Research and Application on Multi-agent System Modeling, Learning and Cooperation
     多智能体模型、学习和协作研究与应用
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     Research on Cooperation and Approximate Reasoning Mechanism among Multi-Agents under the Environment of Abdidss
     ABDIDSS环境下多Agents之间协作与近似推理机制研究
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     Research on Cooperation and Coordination of Multi-robot System Based on Reinforcement Learning and Swarm Intelligence Method
     基于强化学习和群集智能方法的多机器人协作协调研究
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  协同
     Research and Implementation of Complex Dynamic Real-Time Cooperation Model DReaSCoM
     复杂的动态实时强协同协作模型DReaSCoM研究与实现
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     The Method of Component Delta_Oriented Version Control for Version Control & Management in Large Application Software Distributed Cooperation Development
     大型应用软件协同开发的版本控制和管理—面向组件增量的版本控制方法
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     Research on Autonomic Computing Oriented Policy-based Multi-agent Cooperation System
     面向自治计算的基于政策的多agent协同体系研究
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     Research on Theory and Method for Cooperation of Urban Traffic Control System with Urban Traffic Flow Guidance System Based on Synergetics
     基于协同学的城市交通控制与诱导系统协同的理论与方法研究
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     Research on the Key Technology of Formation and Cooperation Air-to-ground Attack's Intelligent Command and Control System
     编队协同对地攻击智能指挥与控制系统关键技术研究
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  配合
     PROGRAMME OF COLLECTING TOPOGRAPHIC DATA FOR PC-1500 COMPUTER IN COOPERATION WITH COMPARATOR
     PC-1500机配合坐标仪的地形数据采集程序
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     Compared with other non-human resources,human resource has its own existing characteristic of depending on individuals,that is individuals' active cooperation is needed when human resource is used.
     人力资源不同于其它非人力资源的根本特征是,人力资本依附于人体而存在,其它人或机构要使用人力资源,都要经由它的天然所有者个人的“积极主动”配合才能实现。
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     After comparing the two ways,it was found that the cooperation of manual and automatic location could locate the character code quickly and exactly.
     通过对两种方法特点的比较和分析得出结论:手动定位和自动定位配合使用,可以快速、准确地实现木马文件特征码的定位。
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     The results indicated that, in cooperation with scientific method of applying fertilizer, the suitable amount of N applied would be 270~300 kg hm-2, and optimum grain yield of maize 11 550-12 750 kg hm-2. Meanwhile, the N recovery in plant could be raised up to 50%.
     结果表明,在科学的施肥方法配合下,适宜的N肥用量在N 270~300 kg hm-2左右, 最佳产量在11 550—12 750 kg hm-2左右; 同时可使N肥利用率提高到50%左右。
     Cooperation about SF_6 Breaker and ISA-1 Micro-comuter Protection Relay
     SF_6开关与ISA-1微机保护装置的配合
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  cooperation
Our contact model focuses on the periodic contact pattern of nodes with actual inter-contact time involved, in order to get an accurate realization of network cooperation and connectivity status.
      
These ideas were inspired by two aspects: 1) the evolutionary algorithms, the agent, the human-computer cooperation, and the collaborative design theory; 2) the emergency behaviors in ant colonies.
      
Following the ideas, first we constructed the human-computer cooperation agents (hereinafter called the HC-Agents) that combine the human intelligence with evolutionary algorithms.
      
The positioning of the motor is achieved by the cooperation between the stator projections and rotor teeth, and the number of the rotors determines the stepping angle of the motor.
      
Furthermore, the interaction and cooperation requirement between software units and running environment in service computing increase the complexity of software systems.
      
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By the end of 1958 the speciality of , high voltage technique and the speciality of electricalapparatus with the help of Soviet specialist A. I. Dolginov and. in cooperation with the SianInstitute of Apparatus and the Sian Insulator workn, have made the design of 330-kv magnetic-type lightning arrester and produced it. In this paper the test result of the interrupting abilityof gap is given and the method of calculating lightning arrester characteristics discussed.

1958年底高压专业与电器专业和西安高压电器研究所及西安电瓷厂协作,在苏联专家阿·约·多耳吉诺夫同志帮助下,设计并制造了330仟伏磁吹避雷器。本文中给出了火花间隙灭弧能力的试验结果,并讨论了避雷器特性计算的方法。

Jin-ding duck is noted for egg-production in Fujien Province. Jin-ding village, the native place of the Jin-ding duck, offers favorable environmental conditions for raising ducks. It has a long history of duck breeding of more than 200 years, and possesses a complete controlling system for rearing(?)ducks on the sea-shore. A high record of egg-production averaging 250 eggs per duck per year has been creared by this village.With the cooperation of the Jin-ding production team, we attempted to increase the...

Jin-ding duck is noted for egg-production in Fujien Province. Jin-ding village, the native place of the Jin-ding duck, offers favorable environmental conditions for raising ducks. It has a long history of duck breeding of more than 200 years, and possesses a complete controlling system for rearing(?)ducks on the sea-shore. A high record of egg-production averaging 250 eggs per duck per year has been creared by this village.With the cooperation of the Jin-ding production team, we attempted to increase the Jin-ding duck's egg-production. In October, 1958, 240 fernale ducks of good quality were selected to carry out the first experiment. As a result of improving the method of feeding and controlling, and of artificial acceleration of the metabolic rate, a high record of annual production(346,2 eggs per female)was attained. The success of the experiment was achieved mainly by the elimination of the resting period, i. e. the period without egg production.Upon the basis of the experience gained in the first experiment, second experiment was carried out in April, 1959, with the object of giving better care arid rearing during the duckling stage. The outcome of the experiment was shown in the further increase of egg-productlon, reaching a higher record of annual production(average 360.9 eggs per female).The two experiments mentioned above were not only successful in eliminating the resting period in egg-production but also in altering the habit of moulting, i. e. change of feathers independent of seasons.

本文报导本教研组与福建省龙海县金定生产大队协作,大搞土洋结合,就提高金定鸭产蛋量的问题进行了试验研究的成果。 1958年10月,我们精选240只优良母鸭组成第一试验鸭(?)进行实验,在金定村原有养鸭经验的基础上,从加强饲养管理的措拖及人工地促进鸭子新陈代谢入手,突破了鸭子的秋冬季休产期,创造了鸭(?)平均每只年产蛋量346.2枚的成绩。 1959年4月,在第一试验鸭(?)已取得的经验基础上建立第二试验鸭(?)。试验系自雏鸭阶段开始,就给予良好的培育和训练。实践的结果产蛋量达到更高的水平,大(?)饲养平均每只母鸭的年产蛋量360.9枚,年平均产蛋率达到98.63%。 (?)阵鸭(?)试验的结果,除了突破休产期,产蛋量显著提高外,同时,换羽特(?)也发生改变,换羽不集中在一个季节,并是边换羽边产蛋。

Six species of stem-borers injurious to rice plant have been hitherto known from China. The paddy borer, Tryporyza incertulas (Walker), does the greatest damage and is distributed in the principal rice area in Central and South China. The main factors influencing the fluctuation of population include climate, food, cropping system and biotic factors, among which rice as a food plant and its cropping system play a more marked role. In has been proven that the infestation, survival, reproduction and the degree...

Six species of stem-borers injurious to rice plant have been hitherto known from China. The paddy borer, Tryporyza incertulas (Walker), does the greatest damage and is distributed in the principal rice area in Central and South China. The main factors influencing the fluctuation of population include climate, food, cropping system and biotic factors, among which rice as a food plant and its cropping system play a more marked role. In has been proven that the infestation, survival, reproduction and the degree of damage done are closely related to the growth stages of rice. The tillering and booting stages are advantageous to this pest, while the seedling, transplanting to rejuvenating, prebooting, and ripening stages are disadvantageous. The initial population and living conditions of the paddy borer have a very profound in- fluence on the subsequent changes of the population, and both of which are affected by the cropping system of rice. The size of initial population is determined by the effective pest sources in spring, and has a close bearing on the population size of the current year, especially the first and the second generations. The degree of borer damage depends upon the growth stage of rice plants during the prevailing period of larval hatching and also the population size of the borers. In different regions, it is necessary to utilize as much as possible the cultural practices to eliminate the sources of infestation, repress the initial population and prevent the epidemic of the later generations. Moreover, it is important also to improve cultural practices, regulate the growth stage of rice and deteriorate the living conditions of the paddy borer in order to avoid or reduce borer injury. Chemical control plays also an important role in paddy borer control. The insecticide commonly used now is 6% γ BHC. The effective dosage is 1.5 carries~* per mow to prevent dead hearts and 2 catties each mow in preventing white heads. The essential methods used to apply BHC for borer control are splashing and toxic-earth-casting, both of which are equally effective for the prevention of dead hearts. Although splashing is less satisfactory in preventing white heads, but due to its higher efficiency it is also adopted. As to the proper time of applicaton, during the prevailing period of larval hatching, rice plants at tillering or booting stages should be carefully protected. However, if the borer damage is less than 1% according to forecasting, the application of insecticides will be unnecessary. For the prevention of dead hearts, the proper time of application is 1-2 days before the hatching peak under normal conditions. In an outbreak year, nevertheless, insecticides should be applied at the beginning of the peak. In order to prevent white heads, the booting as well as the early heading stages are recommended as the right time for BHC application. When the booting stage of the rice plant occurs before the hatching peak, the insecticide is usually applied at the beginning of the peak; while the hatching peak happens before the booting stage, application should be done at the beginning of booting. The paddy borer is the chief pest of rice in China, causing an annual loss not less than 10% in average years before liberation. Since the founding of New China, significant advances have been made in scientific research work. The paddy borer control work have been Carried out under the guidance of the policy of plant protection "to promote prevention and elimination simultaneously, with prevention playing the leading role". And the proper tactics of control "to carry on systematic control with cultural control as the basis and recruiting with necessary applications of insecticides", effective control measures and methods of prognosis have been adopted. The control campaign are carried on as mass movements. Therefore, the borer damage has been practically kept in check. In 1963, the average damage due to riceborers was reduced to around 29%, and in many localities even below 1%. All these were achieved by the cooperation among the leading cadres, techanical personnel and masses, under the light of the three red banners of the general line, the big leap forward and the people's communes.

在中国为害水稻較重的螟虫已知有6种,以三化螟 Tryporyza incertulas (Wlk.)最为重要,分布于我国中南部稻区。本文阐述了气候、食料、水稻栽培制度和生物等因素对三化螟种群数量变动的影响,并指出作为螟虫食料的水稻及其栽培制度的作用更为明显。研究証明,三化螟的产卵、侵入、成活、繁殖和为害都与水稻的生育期有密切关系,水稻的分蘖期及孕穗期,都是水稻最易受害的生育期,在这两个时期被害,会造成枯心或白穗;而秧田期、移植至回青期、圓稈期和成熟期都对螟虫不利。螟虫的发生基数和生活环境条件,密切影响种群数量的变动,而这些都受水稻栽培制度的影响。发生基数决定于春季螟虫的有效虫源,其数量的大小对当年的螟虫,尤其对第一、二代的发生量有密切关系。螟害程度主要决定于:(1)种群数量和(2)水稻最易受害的生育期与螟虫盛发期配合程度的综合作用。为了加強防治,各地区必须因地制宜,利用耕作栽培措施,一方面尽可能消灭虫源、压低发生基数、控制以后各代螟虫的发生;另一方面力求改进栽培技术、調节水稻生育期,恶化螟虫的生活条件,避免或減輕螟害。化学防治也是治螟的一項重要措施。目前广泛应用的药剂是6%丙体六六六,每亩用量在防治枯心时为1...

在中国为害水稻較重的螟虫已知有6种,以三化螟 Tryporyza incertulas (Wlk.)最为重要,分布于我国中南部稻区。本文阐述了气候、食料、水稻栽培制度和生物等因素对三化螟种群数量变动的影响,并指出作为螟虫食料的水稻及其栽培制度的作用更为明显。研究証明,三化螟的产卵、侵入、成活、繁殖和为害都与水稻的生育期有密切关系,水稻的分蘖期及孕穗期,都是水稻最易受害的生育期,在这两个时期被害,会造成枯心或白穗;而秧田期、移植至回青期、圓稈期和成熟期都对螟虫不利。螟虫的发生基数和生活环境条件,密切影响种群数量的变动,而这些都受水稻栽培制度的影响。发生基数决定于春季螟虫的有效虫源,其数量的大小对当年的螟虫,尤其对第一、二代的发生量有密切关系。螟害程度主要决定于:(1)种群数量和(2)水稻最易受害的生育期与螟虫盛发期配合程度的综合作用。为了加強防治,各地区必须因地制宜,利用耕作栽培措施,一方面尽可能消灭虫源、压低发生基数、控制以后各代螟虫的发生;另一方面力求改进栽培技术、調节水稻生育期,恶化螟虫的生活条件,避免或減輕螟害。化学防治也是治螟的一項重要措施。目前广泛应用的药剂是6%丙体六六六,每亩用量在防治枯心时为1.5斤,防治白穗为2斤。主要的施药方法为泼浇和撒毒土,两者对防治枯心的效果都很好;撒毒土防治白穗的效果虽稍差,但操作簡便易行。在螟虫发生期內,适值分蘖和孕穗的水稻田一般都要施药;但預测螟害低于1%的田块,可不防治。防治枯心的施药适期一般在孵化高峯前1—2天天开始,如虫量很大,要提前到盛孵始期用药。防治白穗的施药适期是:在蚁螟盛孵前孕穗的水稻,普通在盛孵始期开始施药;蚁螟盛孵后孕穗的水稻,在孕穗始期开始用药。稻螟是我国长期以来的一种严重害虫,解放前因螟害常年損失稻谷10%以上。解放后,在党和政府的領导下,科学技术有了显著的进展,治螟工作貫彻了“防治并举、以防为主”的方針,“以农业防治为基础,重点使用药剂綜合防治”的策略;采用了准确的預测預报;开展了群众性的防治活动,基本上控制了螟虫的危害,1663年的螟害率已压低到2%左右,不少地区已降低到1%以下。这都是在总路线、大跃进、人民公社三面紅旗光輝照耀下,領导、技术人員、群众三結合所取得的成果的

 
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