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tourism     
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  旅游
     The Sociocultural Changes of Beijing Hutong and the Development of Tourism
     北京胡同的社会文化变迁与旅游开发
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     A Research on the Development History of Modern Tourism in Zhangjiajie
     张家界现代旅游发展史研究
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     Study on the Evolvement of Contemporary Tourism Planning Thoughts in China
     当代中国旅游规划思想演变研究
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     Research on Tourism Decision-Making in the Psychological Paradigm
     心理学范式的旅游决策研究
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     A Study on Aesthetic Evaluation and Impact on Ecological Tourism of Forest Landscape in Wuyuan County
     婺源县森林景观美学评价及其对生态旅游影响的研究
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  旅游业
     Theoretical and Positive Study on the Tourism Regional Cooperative Development--Mechanism, Mode and Coordinative System
     旅游业跨区域联合发展的理论与实证研究——机理、模式与协调机制
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     Research on the Theories and Practices of the Sustainable Development in Tourism
     旅游业可持续发展的理论与实践
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     Study on the Theoies and Steategiel of Tourism Diveisipication
     旅游业多元化发展的理论与战略研究
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     DEVELOPMENT AND PROSPECT OF INDIA'S TOURISM
     印度旅游业的发展与前景
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     Discussion on the Development Tourism Trade in China From the Main Part of Tourism
     从旅游主体的角度探讨我国旅游业的发展
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  旅游产业
     The Study of Urban Tourism Industry Competitiveness
     城市旅游产业竞争力研究
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     A Study of Competition model and the Coopetition Pattern on Regional Tourism Industry
     区域旅游产业竞争力模型及区域旅游产业“竞合”模式研究
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     Our country has all kinds of numerous tourism resources,and has good basic felement to develop the tourism,but as for demand conditions,factor conditions,related and supporting industries,firm strategy,structure and rivalry,government behavior,chance and challenge these six fields,we have some distance comparing with the developed countries.
     我国旅游资源数量众多,门类齐全,旅游产业发展的基础性要素较好,但在要素条件、需求条件、支持性产业和相关产业、企业战略、结构和竞争、政府行为及机遇等方面均与发达国家存在一定的差距。
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     Based on proper protection of cultural tradition of,the paper fixes the standpoint of Henan women manual art ware that participates globalization and depends on regional economy,develop its original function with decorating function,combine the industry with tourism and foreign trade,and follow development of the modern world economy.
     在正确保护文化传统的基础上,确立河南妇女手工艺术品参与全球化的社会化发展方向,以区域文化产业为其商品化发展的立足点,借鉴“三加一”的发展模式,将传统的使用功能转化为装饰功能,与旅游产业相结合,积极向涉外型企业靠拢,以此来实现河南妇女手工艺术品与现代社会的同步发展。
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     A Quantitative Analysis on the Position of Beijing's Tourism Industry
     北京旅游产业地位的定量分析
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  旅游的
     Some Thoughts on Domestic Tourism
     对国内旅游的几点思考
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     Thoughts on the Strategic Combination of the Yangtse Three Gorges (Hubei Area) with the Shennongjia Tourism Area
     对长江三峡湖北峡区与神农架旅游实施战略结合的思考──兼及长江三峡湖北峡区风光旅游的新思路
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     Beirfly on the Relationship Between Tourism and Climate Resources in China
     试论我国的气候资源与旅游的关系
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     GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS OF URBAN TEENAGERS'TOURISM
     城市青少年旅游的地理分析
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     On the Image of Hongkong's Urban Tourism and Its Advantages for Competition
     香港都市旅游的形象及竞争优势
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      tourism
    The simulation was used to consider scenarios of various environmental influences of the region-climatic factors (warming and changed rainfall) as well as anthropogenic disturbances (development of tourism, agriculture, and commercial hunting).
          
    Impacts of Yulong Mountain glacier on tourism in Lijiang
          
    But it keeps retreating these years due to global warming, which is bound to influence regional tourism significantly in Lijiang.
          
    This study estimates the effects of the glacier retreat of the Yulong Mountains on tourism there.
          
    These data were used to analyze the proportion of the contribution of glacier to the tourism in Lijiang and estimate the impact of glacier on the regional tourism quantitatively.
          
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    The four special economic zones so far set up In china Lave varied backgrounds which affect their growth. Three groups of factors are identified for appraising the growth potential of the special economic zones, viz. proximity to an international trading city, kinship con-nections with the overseas Chinese, and factors of production and transportation. The Shen-zhen SEZ seems to be in a most advantageous position because of its proximity to Hong Kong, an important financial centre, the third container port in...

    The four special economic zones so far set up In china Lave varied backgrounds which affect their growth. Three groups of factors are identified for appraising the growth potential of the special economic zones, viz. proximity to an international trading city, kinship con-nections with the overseas Chinese, and factors of production and transportation. The Shen-zhen SEZ seems to be in a most advantageous position because of its proximity to Hong Kong, an important financial centre, the third container port in the world, an industrial city and a huge market. It has good transportation links with Guangzhou and Hong Kong, but its port at Shekou is less than satisfactory for its limited draught. This can only be re-medied by the completion of the deep-water berths at Chiwan. The poor infrastructure of Shenzhen presents another problem, for it is difficult to expand its infrastructure of fast enough to keep pace witr its rapidly growing industry and population. The Zhuhai SEZ is relatively poorly located. Macau, the city next to it, is much less prosperous than Hong Kong. In respect of transportation, it is only connected with Guangzhou by a third class road. It has no deep-water port except a shallow one. It has little infrastructure to support rapid growth. Yet its potential for tourism seems rather promising. Shantou is a city with abundant supply of skilled labour and sound light industrial infrastructure. Quite a num-ber of overseas Chinese now residing in Hong Kong, Macau and particularly Thailand are from this general1 area. The Shantou SEZ thus has been endowed with plentiful supply of production. The only deficiencies are its limited electricity supply and the absence of ra-ilway connections. Xiamen, in many respects similar to Shantou, but its transportation links are far better than Srantou. A deep draught port is under construction and its air-port is to be expanded. It is also well served by rail transport. Indeed, its transport reso-urce is the best among the four Chinese special economic zones. Judging from existing con-ditions and in terms of their potentiality for investment, the four zones are ranked as follows: Shenzhen, Xiamen, Shantou and Zhuhai.

    关于我国经济特区的建设是海外侨胞十分关心的问题,香港中文大学朱剑如、吴仁德二先生特撰文投寄本刊,我们欢迎港澳学者对这一问题进行研究并提出建议,以利于吸引外资,促进国际合作,对特区建设作出贡献。我们认为本文有一定参考价值,除略加节删外,均按原文文体刊出。

    The exploitation and utilization of water resources affects environmental development and quality. In the early 1970's water resource in Hai He and Luan He drainage basins was exploited and utilized very greatly, once the natural environment was changed enormously. In the past 35 years, the total storage of new reservoirs was 25.9 billion cubic meters, and areas of new agricultural irrigation was 100 million mu, at the same time questions of flood control and water supply in cities, industrial and mining areas...

    The exploitation and utilization of water resources affects environmental development and quality. In the early 1970's water resource in Hai He and Luan He drainage basins was exploited and utilized very greatly, once the natural environment was changed enormously. In the past 35 years, the total storage of new reservoirs was 25.9 billion cubic meters, and areas of new agricultural irrigation was 100 million mu, at the same time questions of flood control and water supply in cities, industrial and mining areas were partly solved, About 10.17 million mu of saline-alkali soil were improved and 23 million mu of low-lying and frequently flooded land were treated in a comprehensive way The drainage conditions in the plain of China were improved and soil has been changed into drab soil. The distribution of water resources in time and space varied greatly. The average annual discharge to the sea has been decreased half as much as the amount of 21 billion cubic meters in 1965 Utilizing ratio of water resources increased from 23% in the 1950' s to 59% in the 1970's. Annual extraction of groundwater amounted to 17.8 billion cubic meters, Groundwater levels went down and infiltration of precipitation increased. The utilizable and effective water resources that changed from evaporation of groundwater by some rational ways amounted annually to about 2 bilion cubic meters per year. The changes in the elements of water balance gave rise to harmful changes in environment, the main aspects being as follows.( 1 ) Natural water area of river and lakes greatly decreased, and aquatic products and their quality were also decreased due to water pollution and construction of sluice gates.2 ) As drainge of waste water increased, the quality of surface water and ground water deteriorated. The most serious conditions were in the Long Yang He. Generally, the water quality of the first flood each year is very poor.( 3 ) The variation of runoff of rivers often gave rise to siltation of resar-voirs, river courses and estuaries.( 4 ) Exploitation of groundwater in depth made groundwater levels decrease greatly over large area and cause surface subsidence. For instance, the area of land subsidence in Tianjing was 2,308 square km and the highest subsidence was 2.04m. In some areas, deep groundwater contains heavy fluoride and alkali materals, having effects on human health, on soil and plant.( 5 ) Due to decrease of discharge in some rivers, shipping was reduced, indirectly affecting environmental quality.The main reason for harmful impacts on environment is the shortage of water resources. The water transfer from south to north is a strategic measure to solve questions of environmental water conservancy When we consider water supply to cities, industry and agriculture, we must simultaneously consider water supply for fishery, shipping, treatment of siltaion, protection of water quality and tourism We must prevent water pollution and do well for management of environmental water conservancy and assessment of environmental impacts.

    水利工程设施对防治旱涝及人民生活起了重要作用,但也出现了对环境不良影响的环境水利问题并指出了解决这些问题的措施和意见。

    Tourism can help renovation and protection of ancient relics and historical sites, and accelerate urban construction and beautify environment. Tourism may, however, promote damage to scenic places and resources, dislocate ecological balance and bring changes to traditional customs. In that case tourism and ecology are complementary in both positive and negative ways.

    旅游促进了文化古迹的修复和保护、城乡建设的发展和环境的美化,但同时又导致旅游资源的破坏、生态平衡的失调和传统文化的改观.旅游与生态始终是既相互作用又互为依存.京津地区旅游环境的基本特征之一是背山面海、地形多样,拥有北国少有的多种绮丽风景资源和多种形态的风景地貌.特征之二是历史悠久、古迹遍布.随着历史上帝王都城的兴建,近代都市人口的急剧增加,不合理的经济活动使永定河上游及山区植被破坏日益严重,从而导致生态环境失调与旅游环境的破坏,其中以植被的破坏与减少.山泉湖泊的消失与水源的污染对旅游环境带来的不良后果尤为严重.根据当前京津地区旅游业蓬勃发展的新形势,本文对如何防止环境质量下降提出若干建议.

     
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