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head injuries     
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  头部损伤
     At least 61 5% of the deceased were due to head injuries,the majority(about 74 6%) of them resulted from head collision with concrete or asphalt road.
     其中至少有 61 5 %的死亡者为头部损伤 ,其中大部分 (74 6% )由头部与水泥或柏油路面碰撞引起。
短句来源
     The results indicated that intracranial pressure increased with serious degrees of head injuries.
     实验结果表明,随头部损伤程度的加重,颅内压也随着增高;
短句来源
  脑损伤
     Results NSE levels in serum of patients with major(a), minor(b) head injuries and control individuals(c) were (25 78 ± 10 80)ng/ml, (19 58 ± 8 91)ng/ml and (9 51 ± 2 79)ng/ml respectively, differences of which were significant (P a-b <0 05, P a-c <0 01, P b-c <0 01).
     结果 ⑴重型 (a)、轻型 (b)颅脑损伤患者与对照组(c)的血清NSE水平分别为 ( 2 5 8± 10 8)ng/ml、( 19 6± 8 9)ng/ml和 ( 9 5± 2 8)ng/ml ,存在显著性差异 (Pa -b<0 0 5 ,Pa -c<0 0 1,Pb -c<0 0 1) ;
短句来源
     274 cases(74.9%)were with closed head injuries and theremaining 92(25.1%)with open injuries.
     闭合性颅脑损伤274例(74.9%); 开放性颅脑损伤92例(25.1%)。
短句来源
     Clinical analysis of 453 cases of acute severe head injuries
     急性重型脑损伤453例临床分析
短句来源
     Methods: The dynamical levels of serum follicular stimulating hormone (FSH), luleinizing hormone (LH), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine(T 3), thyroxin(T 4), growth hormone(GH), and prolactin(PRL) were studied in 24 undergoing craniotomy patients with acute head injuries in the first 10 days after trauma.
     方法:对24例开颅手术的颅脑损伤患者的血清卵泡刺激素(FSH)、黄体生成激素(LH)、促甲状腺激素(TSH)、三碘甲状腺原氨酸(T3)、甲状腺素(T4)、生长激素(GH)、催乳素(PRL)在伤后10天内作了动态观察。
短句来源
     CT manifestation of 105 cases of brain swelling among 126 patients with, head injuries were analyzed.
     本文分析了126例颅脑损伤中105例脑肿胀的CT表现。
短句来源
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  “head injuries”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Methods To summarize trauma cases in our department from 2000 to 2004. 97 cases were severe head injuries,divided into two groups:the large trauma craniectomy group (n = 47) got unilateral or bilateral frontotemporoparietal bone flap(12× 14cm)and routine temporoparietal craniectomy group(n = 50) received routine temporoparietal scalp flap(6 × 8cm).
     方法总结我科2000-2004年间颅脑外伤病例符合重度颅脑损伤的97例,分两组,一组是大骨瓣(n=47)行单侧或双侧额颞顶骨瓣(12×14cm),另一组为常规骨瓣(n=50)颞顶瓣、额颞瓣、额瓣(6×8cm)开颅术。
短句来源
     The results showed that the detection of CD_4~+, CD_(25)~+, IL-2, TNFα and IL-6 had important clinical significance in diagnosing and treating severe head injuries combined with infection.
     提示CD_4~+、CD_(25)~+和IL-2、TNFα及IL-6的测定,对于早期判断脑外伤并发感染以及采取相应的防治措施具有重要的临床意义。
短句来源
     Objective To summarize the therapeutic experience of 21 patients of traumatic head injuries with a score of 3 on GCS.
     目的总结21例GCS3分特重型颅脑伤病人的救治经验。
短句来源
     At admission,levels of AVP in Glosgow coma scale(GCS)<8 group were significantly higher than that in GCS>8 group(P<0.05),and levels of AVP in CSF pressure>200 mmH2O group were singnificantly higher than that in CSF pressure<200 mmH2O group(P<0.05). It is suggested that the more severe head injuries are,the more significantly AVP's levels rise.
     入院时GCS<8分者CSF中AVP含量显著高于GCS>8分者(P<0.05); CSF压力>200mmH2O组CSF中AVP含量高于CSF压力<200mmH2O组(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     Traumas on extremities constituted the first associate injuries (51.5%), head injuries constituted 32%, and thoracic injuries (30%).
     最常见的合并伤是四肢创伤 (约5 1.5 % ) ,其次为头伤 (约 32 % )和胸伤 (约 30 % )。
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  head injuries
Subgroup analysis shows under-estimation of ROD by APACHE II in elderly patients and patients with head injuries.
      
Epidemiology of hospital admitted traumatic head injuries of children in a rural district of Germany
      
3168 consecutive cases of blunt head injuries were evaluated.
      
All cases of dementia due to head injuries, cerebral infections, cerebral infarctions, exogenous or endogenous intoxications or circulatory diseases were excluded from this study, but no classification of the dementias was made.
      
After head injuries, particularly mild or moderate ones, a range of post-concussion symptoms (PCS) are often reported by patients.
      
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By means of an improved separation method, we have prepared cytidine diphosphate choline from 5'-cytidine monophosphate and phosphoryl choline with Tsingtao beer yeast as enzyme source. This procedure has been successfully applied to industrial scale production. The average yield is better than 0.5g of product containing about 95% CDP-choline for 1 g of 5'-cytidine monophosphate and the produot meets the requirements of pyrogen and hypersensitivity tests.It has been demonstrated clinically that cytidine diphosphate...

By means of an improved separation method, we have prepared cytidine diphosphate choline from 5'-cytidine monophosphate and phosphoryl choline with Tsingtao beer yeast as enzyme source. This procedure has been successfully applied to industrial scale production. The average yield is better than 0.5g of product containing about 95% CDP-choline for 1 g of 5'-cytidine monophosphate and the produot meets the requirements of pyrogen and hypersensitivity tests.It has been demonstrated clinically that cytidine diphosphate choline is reasonably effective in the treatment of unconsciousness caused by traumatic head-injury and cerebral operation.The biosynthetic preparation of cytidine diphosphate choline, its identification and clinioal applications have been briefly treated.

根据教学、科研、生产三结合的原则,以我国啤酒工业中常用的青岛啤酒酵母作酶制剂,用改进了的、适用于工业生产的提取方法制备了胞嘧啶核苷二磷酸胆碱,并用于小批量生产。临床实践证明本品对于脑外伤所引起的意识障碍有肯定疗效。

The effects of controlled hyperventilation(HV)on increased intracranial pressure(ICP)were studied both experimentally and clinically.Intracranial hypertension in 8cats was created by extradural balloon technic.When the ICP was maintained above 30 mmHg,HV minute volume increased by 50% for 15 min was carried out altogether16 times.There was 33% drop in ICP after 15 min.With stoppage of HV the ICPreturned to the pre-HV level in 5 min.There was a decrease in PaCO_2 from 36.53±6.08 to 21.99±3.35 mmHg,and increase...

The effects of controlled hyperventilation(HV)on increased intracranial pressure(ICP)were studied both experimentally and clinically.Intracranial hypertension in 8cats was created by extradural balloon technic.When the ICP was maintained above 30 mmHg,HV minute volume increased by 50% for 15 min was carried out altogether16 times.There was 33% drop in ICP after 15 min.With stoppage of HV the ICPreturned to the pre-HV level in 5 min.There was a decrease in PaCO_2 from 36.53±6.08 to 21.99±3.35 mmHg,and increase in PaO_2 from 79.44±17.24 to 119.63±11.93mmHg after 15 min HV.The results were statistically significant.HV was used in 5head injury cases with deep coma.HV(tidal volume 0.6~1.0 L)lasted for 15~60min was used 9 times.In 3 cases there were no response to HV,and patients diedeventually.In the remaining 2 cases,HV was given 6 times,and the ICP dropped about10.9 mmHg in 5 instances,they survived inspire of severe injury.It is concluded thatunder appropriate HV,considerable drop in ICP could occur.

本文报道在8只猫和5名重度脑损伤患者中,用过度通气法(每分钟通气量较实验前约增加50%)降低颅内压的效果。8只猫共进行16次实验,过度通气后5分钟,硬脑膜外压力平均下降16毫米汞柱,相当于原水平的33%(P<0.01).停止通气后即回升,一般在5分钟后恢复到原有水平。5例重度脑损伤中有2例最终存活者共进行6次过度通气治疗,其中5次有明显降压效果,3例最终死亡者各进行一次过度通气治疗,降颅内压作用不明显.

One hundred ninety neurosurgical patients between 56 and 87 years of age were ana-lyzed.Among 89 cases of severe head injuries,36(41%)recovered with good results,3(3%) fair,7(8%)poor and 43(48%)died;among 66 cases of intracranial tumorsand other lesions,the results were 18(27%)good,19(29%)fair,11(17%)poorand 18(27%)died;and in 35 cases of myelopathies,9(25.5%)good,14(40%)fair,7(20%)poor and 5(14.5%)died.The total mortality of the 190 cases was 35%.Itwas concluded that old age itself should not be a contraindication...

One hundred ninety neurosurgical patients between 56 and 87 years of age were ana-lyzed.Among 89 cases of severe head injuries,36(41%)recovered with good results,3(3%) fair,7(8%)poor and 43(48%)died;among 66 cases of intracranial tumorsand other lesions,the results were 18(27%)good,19(29%)fair,11(17%)poorand 18(27%)died;and in 35 cases of myelopathies,9(25.5%)good,14(40%)fair,7(20%)poor and 5(14.5%)died.The total mortality of the 190 cases was 35%.Itwas concluded that old age itself should not be a contraindication of major neurosurgi-cal operations,but pulmonary complications were most frequently encountered andshould be prevented in order to improve post-operative results.

本文报道老年神经外科(56岁以上)190例,包括颅脑外伤89例,颅内病变66例及脊髓病变35例。其中疗效好与一般者,在颅脑外伤组为43.8%(39/89),另两组为56.1%(37/66)及65.7%(23/35),三组的死亡率分别为48.3%、27.3%及14.3%。作者指出应加强预防术后感染,尤其是肺部感染,认为不应把老年列为神经外科手术的反指征。

 
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