There are many methods to solve it, but all the solutions have the basic thought that is to precede the demand as a whole in the course of developing the information system, Product Life-cycle Management (PLM) is one of the solutions, it has considered the product’s each stage from market demand to finally discard.
The integration product model based on the reusable purpose carry on the uniform definition and description of product model, establish integrated, highly consistent integration product information, to realize the reuse and sharing of integrated product model in product life-cycle. It’s an important way that manufacturing reply to the market request and market competition.
In the product life-cycle, robustness helps the designer to perform changes as a result of product updates, integration of new components and subsystems, or modifications of the environment.
The empirical results, in the context of the product life-cycle framework, show that small firms enjoy a higher probability of survival in stages of high technological activity, and in products that are more technical in nature.
Economic performance and "frontier" efficiency: A product life-cycle approach
Although they are intended to overcome incompatibility problems for the computer-based applications that are used during the product life-cycle, they turned out to be semantically incompatible among themselves.
It is shown that at different stages of the product life-cycle, different intelligent and knowledge-oriented techniques are used, mainly because of the varied levels of complexity associated with those stages.