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criminal code
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  刑法典
     New Exploration of Some Important Problems since the Amendment of Criminal Code(Ⅰ)──New Development of the Textbook of Criminal Law (Edition of 2000)
     刑法典修订以来若干重要理论问题新探索(上)──《刑法教科书》(2000年版)的新发展
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     Talking about the 18th Regulation of Criminal Code
     漫谈刑法典第18条
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     After the criminal code was revised, the civil code was drafted.
     在刑法典修改工作完成后,民法典的起草工作已经在悄悄的准备起来。
短句来源
     Russian Federal Criminal Code was adopted in DuMa, a Russian country, on May 24th,1996. It has been approved by the Federal Committee on June 5th, 1996 and by Federal President of Russia on June 13th, 1996. It has come into being on January 1st, 1997. Qualification penalty performs a very important part in Russia Federal Criminal Code.
     《俄罗斯联邦刑法典》由俄罗斯国家杜马1996年5月24日通过,联邦委员会于1996年6月5日批准,俄罗斯联邦总统于1996年6月13日批准,1997年1月1日起施行。
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     The 1996 new Criminal Code continues the legislation mode of formal-substantive conception adopted since 1958 in Soviet Russia concerning the conception of crime.
     俄罗斯1996年新刑法典关于犯罪概念的立法模式沿袭了1958年以来苏俄刑事立法采取的形式———实质概念模式。
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  刑法
     New Exploration of Some Important Problems since the Amendment of Criminal Code(Ⅰ)──New Development of the Textbook of Criminal Law (Edition of 2000)
     刑法典修订以来若干重要理论问题新探索(上)──《刑法教科书》(2000年版)的新发展
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     Crime of fraud of contract is a new charge regulated by 1997 criminal code.
     合同诈骗罪是1997年刑法规定的一个新罪名。
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     Our Criminal Code already meets its negative requirements.
     对刑事立法的要求并不高 ,我国刑法已实现其消极方面的要求。
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     Charge naming is different from other concepts in the criminal code.
     罪名概念与刑法中一般概念具有不同的性质和特征,罪名概念具有规定性,分为属罪名和种罪名。
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     The Specific Provisions of Criminal Code and the Basic Theory of Criminal Law' s Interpretation
     刑法分则与刑法解释的基本理论
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  刑事法典
     The Amendment of the Criminal Code of the Russia Union and the Enlightenment to Our Criminal Legisation
     俄联邦刑事法典的修改与增补对我国刑事立法的启示
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  “criminal code”译为未确定词的双语例句
     A Study on the Classification of Accomplices in the New Criminal Code of the Qing Dynasty
     《大清新刑律》中共同犯罪人分类之研究
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     Shen Jiaben and the Ethical Revolution of New Criminal Code Draft
     沈家本与新刑律草案的伦理革命
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     It expatiates the reasons of making the New Criminal Code of Qing Dynasty in the aspects of politics, economy, diplomatism and legislation.
     本章从政治、经济、外交、立法等方面阐述了制定《大清新刑律》的原因。
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     Therefore, in the eyes of descendants, Xiongnu was lack of law and criminal code.
     在汉代人的著作中,匈奴的法律往往被视作习俗,而不是法律,以至于在后人眼中,匈奴缺少法律和司法制度。
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     As the embodiment of punishment decided by law in the deep level of criminal code legislation,it accords with the requirements of modern democracy and the society ruled by law,as well as being helpful to guarantee human rights,perfect ruling by law,and promote juridical justice and efficiency.
     作为罪刑法定原则在刑事立法领域的深层次体现,它符合建立现代民主和法治社会的要求,有助于保障人权、健全法治,促进司法公正和提高司法效率。
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  criminal code
This is the Criminal Code definition of sexual homicide.
      
Further results suggest that participants believed that their sentencing judgments mirrored the New Jersey Criminal Code, modeled after the MPC, although they were actually discrepant from it.
      
However, diminished culpability (§ 21 German Criminal Code) was granted in only 32 cases.
      
There is no distinction in the Canadian Criminal Code between assaults committed on strangers and assaults of spouses.
      
The New Russian Criminal Code: A Window Onto Democratic Russia
      
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In the past few years,quite a number of representatives of Iegal persons, under the cloak of legal persons, engaged in unlawful business or even committed crimes, often leading to serious consequences. However, owing to the lack of laws stipulated specifically for meting out duepenalty on the said representatives for their said crimes, the court more often than not rules such cases as the legal persons′ transgression of the limits of lawful business range, and therefore, deals economic punishment with the legal...

In the past few years,quite a number of representatives of Iegal persons, under the cloak of legal persons, engaged in unlawful business or even committed crimes, often leading to serious consequences. However, owing to the lack of laws stipulated specifically for meting out duepenalty on the said representatives for their said crimes, the court more often than not rules such cases as the legal persons′ transgression of the limits of lawful business range, and therefore, deals economic punishment with the legal persons involved, without directly affixing the said representatives′ crimhal responsibility. As a result, we see″economic punishment replacing criminal penalty″. The writer of this paper deems that the criminal activities committed in the name of legal persons have become one of the new features of economic crimes in the new period. The essence of the issue is that the representatives of legal persons commit crimes by abusing their authorities. Therefore,it is a must to reinforce the criminal code with a view to checking such crimes effectively.

几年来,很多法人代表以法人名义进行非法经营,甚至进行犯罪活动,造成了严重的恶果。但由于缺乏惩治法人代表以法人名义进行犯罪活动的立法,法院对此类案件,往往以法人超越经营范围为由给法人以经济制裁,而不追究直接责任者的刑事责任,出现了“以罚代刑”的现象。作者认为:以法人名义进行犯罪活动,已成为新时期经济犯罪的一个新特点,实际是法人代表利用职务犯罪。因此,有必要根据新的情况完善刑事立法,以有效地打击法人代表以法人名义进行犯罪活动。

As regards the terms of imprisonment stipulated by the criminal code of the Qindynasty,the current academic circle is divded among three views.1.five years forKunqian(with hair cut and neck shackled with an iron ring)Chengdan(be exiled to theGreat Wall to do penalty servitude)and Chong(for women convicts to husk rice orother grains with mortar and pestle as penalty servitude);four yearsfor non-kunqianChengdan and Chong;three years for Guixin(supplying firewood to temples)andBaican(for women to selecting...

As regards the terms of imprisonment stipulated by the criminal code of the Qindynasty,the current academic circle is divded among three views.1.five years forKunqian(with hair cut and neck shackled with an iron ring)Chengdan(be exiled to theGreat Wall to do penalty servitude)and Chong(for women convicts to husk rice orother grains with mortar and pestle as penalty servitude);four yearsfor non-kunqianChengdan and Chong;three years for Guixin(supplying firewood to temples)andBaican(for women to selecting rice as a penalty servitude);two years for Sikoukeeping night watches as a penalty servitude);and one year for forced labour(then called Fazuo for men and Fuzuo for women);2.six years for those imposed withadditional punishment;3.life sentence for all convictes in the Qin dynasty.Thewriter of this paper agrees to the last view and,with due evidence,proves that inQin dynasty the term for the prisoners were without exception Iife sertences,and theprisoners were of the character of official slaves for life.It is the writer's opinionthat the view which holds set terms of imprisonment in the Qin dynasty is short ofhistorical ground.

对于秦代徒刑的刑期问题,当前学术界有三种观点:一是传统观点,即:髠钳城旦、舂五年,完城旦、舂四年,凫薪、白粲三年,司寇二年,罚作和复作一年;第二种观点认为加重时为6年;第三种观点认为秦代徒刑都是无期的.本文同意第三种观点,通过论证,指出:秦代徒刑是无期的,徒刑具有官奴婢的性质,是终身奴婢;认为秦代徒刑有期的观点缺乏历史依据,是不正确的.

It concludes that Enviromental Crime is a kind of behavior that the naturalperson or legal Person destroys enviroment and ecological balance and brings about seriousresults or the danger to cause the serious results exist by means of draining off pollutants orexploiting natural resources unreasonablly. "The Theory of Tolerating "Should be adopted tothis kind of crime for it's illegal judgement. Due to the characteristic of this Crime. the authorSuggests it should be regnrded as crime once the dangerous state...

It concludes that Enviromental Crime is a kind of behavior that the naturalperson or legal Person destroys enviroment and ecological balance and brings about seriousresults or the danger to cause the serious results exist by means of draining off pollutants orexploiting natural resources unreasonablly. "The Theory of Tolerating "Should be adopted tothis kind of crime for it's illegal judgement. Due to the characteristic of this Crime. the authorSuggests it should be regnrded as crime once the dangerous state comes out and this kind ofcrime should be put into the criminal code and be one chapter by itself in the code. For thenatural person committing such a crime, penalty of deprivation of freedom and fine can beused. for the legal person. fine and confiscate illegal earnings can be used.

认为危害环境罪是自然人或法人违反环境保护法规.故意或过失地超标准排污或不合理地开发资源、破坏环像和生态平衡,造成严重后果或有造成严重后果危险的行为。对这种犯罪的违法性判断应采用“容忍性危险论”。鉴于危害环境罪的特性.作者认为在环境刑事立法过程中.应规定危害环境罪为危险犯。并且主张采用法典式立法形态,即规定危害环境罪专章。对实施危害环境罪的自然人可判短期自由刑和罚金;对法人可判罚金.没收非法所得。

 
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